Interviews by NameOral Histories
An engineer doing survey work at Parkland Memorial Hospital in 1963, Lacy observed the Kennedy motorcade. Several of his conservative coworkers clapped when they learned of the assassination. Recorded January 24, 2013.
President of the Dallas Textile Club in 1963, Ladd saw the Kennedy motorcade on Main Street. He was acquainted with both Abraham Zapruder and George de Mohrenschildt. Recorded September 21, 2012.
Joe F. Laird, Jr.
A Dallas Morning News photographer from 1953 to 1996, Laird photographed the Kennedy motorcade at the corner of Main and Harwood Streets. On that Friday and Sunday, Laird covered the scene at Parkland Memorial Hospital. Recorded September 8, 2011.
A former graduate student at the University of North Texas, Lambert spent two years compiling and producing a feature-length documentary on the history of Dealey Plaza, the Kennedy assassination, and The Sixth Floor Museum. His interest in the assassination was initially inspired by Oliver Stone's 1991 film JFK. Recorded August 23, 2005.
A native Dallasite, Laminack was working as a secretary on Commerce Street in 1963. She observed the Kennedy motorcade with coworkers on Main Street. Recorded February 12, 2013.
A Dallas fifth grader in 1963, Landis photographed the Kennedy motorcade on Harwood Street. Recorded May 1, 2014.
Landon was a student at John J. Pershing Elementary in Dallas in 1963. He was with his classmate Fred Ruby, the nephew of Jack Ruby, on Sunday, November 24. Recorded March 22, 2010.
Assistant administrator for professional services at Parkland Memorial Hospital in 1963, Landregan was heavily involved in hospital activities during the treatment of Kennedy, Connally, and Oswald. He was briefly in Trauma Room One, worked with Secret Service and officials, and later witnessed Oswald's autopsy, all while supervising public relations throughout the weekend. Recorded September 10, 2002, and August 26, 2013.
Longtime coach of the Dallas Cowboys football team, Landry recalled the infamous game the Cowboys were forced to play against the Cleveland Browns shortly after the assassination on Sunday, November 24, 1963. Recorded April 18, 1995.
The owner of Lane Container Company in Dallas, Lane was hired by the Dallas County Historical Foundation in 1988 to produce hundreds of replica schoolbook boxes for the two recreated evidentiary areas in The Sixth Floor exhibit. Recorded June 26, 2009.
An award-winning young artist, Langley, as a twelve-year-old student at Lakehill Preparatory School in Dallas, created a piece in memory of President Kennedy that was donated to The Sixth Floor Museum in 2013. This conversation about her art was recorded as part of a Museum teacher workshop. Recorded July 17, 2014.
A founding member of the Dallas Theater Center, Latimer saw President Kennedy's motorcade on November 22, 1963. Latimer later played the title character in the theater center's 1974 production, Jack Ruby, All-American Boy. Recorded April 9, 2012.
Lavin is an award-winning folksinger and songwriter based in New York who has recorded more than twenty solo albums since 1981. After visiting The Sixth Floor Museum at Dealey Plaza, she was inspired to write and record the song, "The Sixth Floor," which appeared on her album Please Don't Make Me Too Happy (1995). Recorded August 7, 2013, and August 8 and 9, 2014.
A U.S. Secret Service agent assigned to the White House detail during the Kennedy years, Lawson was in charge of security in Dallas and did 10 days of advance work before the presidential party's arrival. In the motorcade, he rode in the lead car with Dallas Police Chief Jesse Curry. Recorded September 5, 2003.
Leavelle was the Dallas police detective immortalized in Bob Jackson's Pulitzer Prize-winning photograph of the shooting of Lee Harvey Oswald. Wearing a light-colored suit and a cowboy hat, Leavelle was handcuffed to Oswald and helped wrestle Jack Ruby to the ground. Recorded on June 10, 2002, June 2, 2005, January 24 and October 12, 2007, November 19, 2008, September 10, 2010, and November 10, 2012.
George and Schatzie Lee
Longtime leaders in the Dallas arts community, the Lees attended the Trade Mart luncheon. Active Democrats at the time, Schatzie Lee was a member of the Dallas chapter of the Operation Support program, in support of President Kennedy's administration, and George Lee volunteered during the 1960 presidential campaign. Recorded June 14, 2013.
Major William F. Lee
A lieutenant in the U.S. Marine Corps in 1963, Lee commanded the Silent Drill Platoon and was involved in numerous ceremonies at the White House and Camp David during the Kennedy years. After the assassination, he actively participated in the "Death Watch" rotations at the White House and in the U.S. Capitol rotunda. Recorded November 16, 2007, and May 11, 2013.
Opal Mitchell Lee
Lee was a dedicated civil rights activist in Texas and California throughout the 1960s and 1970s. She worked for a variety of organizations, including as a specialist with the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC). Recorded June 29, 2011.
John N. Leedom
A former Texas state senator (1981-96) and Dallas city councilman (1974-80), Leedom was Dallas County chairman of the Republican Party in 1963. He was among the political leaders who publicly urged Dallasites to greet President Kennedy with respect during his visit. Recorded July 16, 2010.
Serving in the U.S. Marine Corps at the time of the assassination, Legere was stationed in Quantico, Virginia. He marched in the funeral procession for President Kennedy on Monday, November 25, 1963. Recorded October 20, 2014.
An award-winning broadcast journalist, author, and frequent presidential debate moderator, Lehrer was a reporter with the Dallas Times Herald in 1963. He covered the arrival at Dallas Love Field and spent much of the assassination weekend at Dallas police headquarters. Recorded November 1, 2013.
The daughter of Louisiana Kennedy supporters, LeJeune was days away from her fourth birthday when the assassination took place. Her early memories inspired a lifelong interest in President Kennedy. Recorded January 21, 2014.
Bobby and Jan Lemons
Visiting Dealey Plaza on May 24, 1964, the Lemons filmed and photographed the FBI and Secret Service reenactment of the Kennedy assassination. They donated their images to The Sixth Floor Museum in 2012. Recorded May 11, 2012.
In 1963, Lenhart lived in a rural farming community in Missouri where her family had settled in the 1850s. She was in the third grade at the time of the Kennedy assassination. Recorded November 11, 2014.
In 1965, Leong joined a group of Ann Arbor residents to sponsor a trip by Marina Oswald to visit their community and take part in an eight-week program at the English Language Institute at the University of Michigan. Recorded October 17, 2012.
Marvin and Shirley Levin
Marvin Levin, a Dallas attorney, knew Jack Ruby and was involved in setting up his Carousel Club. Marvin's wife, Shirley, also a Dallas attorney, was the daughter of legendary Dallas pawn shop owner "Honest Joe" Goldstein, an acquaintance of Jack Ruby. Recorded December 5, 2012.
The widow of Jack Ruby's first attorney, Tom Howard, Lewis vividly recalled her late husband's involvement in the case and the controversy surrounding his death. Recorded April 7, 2004.
Dr. Glenn M. Linden
A longtime associate professor of history at Southern Methodist University, Linden was one of the founding board members of the Dallas County Historical Foundation. A prolific writer on the Civil War, he was also the author of Desegregating Schools in Dallas: Four Decades in the Federal Courts (1995). Recorded August 4, 1997, May 24, 2006, and June 9, 2008.
As advertising manager for Disneyland in Anaheim, California, Lindquist hosted Sen. John F. Kennedy in 1959 and worked directly with Robert Kennedy during the 1960 Democratic National Convention in Los Angeles. He also made preparations for Nikita Khrushchev to visit Disneyland, though the trip was canceled due to security concerns. Recorded August 21, 2014.
A longtime lineman with Southwestern Bell Telephone Company, Lindsay was working on an assignment at Dallas Love Field following the assassination. He observed Jackie Kennedy's bloodstained clothing and the late president's casket. Recorded June 25, 2009.
Dr. Edward T. Linenthal
A history professor at Indiana University Bloomington and editor of the Journal of American History, Linenthal is a leading voice in the study of violence on the American landscape and the commemoration of tragic sites. His books include Preserving Memory: The Struggle to Create America's Holocaust Museum (1995) and The Unfinished Bombing: Oklahoma City in American Memory (2001). Recorded November 20, 2001, May 16, 2012, and February 19, 2013.
A film and television actor best known for playing Det. Frank Tripp on the TV series CSI:Miami, Linn is a native Texan and had recently turned seven years old at the time of the assassination. Recorded June 15, 2007.
A native Dallasite, Linville saw President Kennedy during his visit to Baylor Hospital to see Speaker of the House Sam Rayburn in 1961 and later saw the presidential motorcade on Main Street shortly before the assassination. Linville's late mother was an active Kennedy supporter. Recorded July 13, 2011.
A professional musician who sang backing vocals on recordings by artists such as Buddy Holly and Roy Orbison, Linville worked at a small radio station in Clovis, New Mexico, in 1963. He preserved that station's Associated Press wire releases and later donated them to The Sixth Floor Museum. Recorded March 26, 1999.
William H. Lively
Onetime president and CEO of the Dallas Center for the Performing Arts, Lively was a junior at Southern Methodist University in 1963 and was asked to play "Taps" on his trumpet on November 22 as classes were dismissed at a local elementary school. Recorded July 16, 2004, and May 29, 2008.
A local precinct chair for the Republican Party in 1960, Loflin was acquainted with U.S. Congressman Bruce Alger. She was at home with her youngest son when the assassination took place. Recorded April 26, 2013.
A Fort Worth native, Logan worked on an all-female assembly line at Texas Instruments in 1963. She recalls personnel challenges when African American women later joined the workforce. Recorded October 12, 2012.
A Dallas playwright and longtime educator, Logan wrote the play Jack Ruby, All-American Boy, which was produced by the Dallas Theater Center in 1974. Recorded April 9, 2012.
The founder of the international G. Loomis fishing rod and accessories company, Loomis was serving in the U.S. Navy aboard the U.S.S. Dixie in 1963. His ship was put on high alert immediately after the assassination. Recorded January 11, 2007.
An Oak Cliff high school senior in 1963, Lopez saw the Kennedy motorcade on Main Street and later went to Parkland Memorial Hospital. Earlier that day, he tried to park his car near the grassy knoll in Dealey Plaza but was forced to leave by an unidentified official. Recorded August 4, 2010.
An internationally recognized singer and guitarist, Lopez scored his first hit single in 1963. A Dallas native, he briefly worked at Jack Ruby's Vegas Club in the 1950s and went on to become acquainted with Kennedy family members, Frank Sinatra, and other notable figures. Recorded October 5, 2012.
A German artist born shortly before President Kennedy's 1961 inauguration, Lorenzen has included images of President Kennedy in several of his works. Recorded May 2, 2014.
Jane Dryden Louis
A sixth grader in Austin, Texas, Louis was planning on attending the presidential banquet on the evening of November 22, 1963, when the assassination took place. She wrote Jackie Kennedy over two dozen letters over the next six months, one of which was included in Dr. Ellen Fitzpatrick's book, Letters to Jackie: Condolences from a Grieving Nation (2010). Recorded October 4, 2010.
A social studies teacher at an all African-American school in Dallas in 1963, Louise shared insight into race relations in the city and her students' reaction to President Kennedy's death. In 1965, Louise opened a clothing store called Dashika House, which was the first store in south Dallas owned by an African-American woman. Recorded May 18, 2007.
Capt. James Lovell
Lovell joined NASA in 1962 and became a recognized Apollo astronaut. He served as command module pilot during the Apollo 8 mission in 1968 (the first mission to orbit the moon) and as commander of the Apollo 13 mission in 1970. At the time of the assassination, he was with his friend, astronaut Neil Armstrong, who would later become the first man to walk on the moon in July 1969. Recorded January 17, 2007.
A lifelong Dallasite with a local heritage dating back to the 1840s, Loving was a Dallas police officer in 1963 and went to Dealey Plaza after the assassination. His late uncle, J.T. Yates, was allegedly involved in local organized crime and knew Jack Ruby. Recorded August 28, 2009.
Alan C. Lowe
A longtime archivist and administrator with the National Archives, Lowe was named director of the George W. Bush Presidential Library in 2009. He participated in a Museum panel discussion on the evolution of presidential legacies. Recorded February 23, 2011.
The Kennedys' personal photographer for many years, Lowe photographed John and Jackie Kennedy frequently from 1958 to 1961, taking some 40,000 images. During the 1960 presidential campaign, Lowe served as the official campaign photographer. Recorded October 9 and November 21, 1997.
The granddaughter of Massachusetts Congressman John A. Sullivan, Lowe was acquainted with the Kennedy family and married to Jacques Lowe, the Kennedys' personal photographer, from 1953 to 1960. Recorded January 8, 2004.
Lower is the nephew of the late John Fisher, a prominent Dallas attorney in the 1960s and 1970s. Fisher knew Jack Ruby and believed that Ruby shot Lee Harvey Oswald to become a hero. Recorded February 27, 2007.
Dr. David Lubin
An art historian, Lubin is a professor at Wake Forest University and the author of Shooting Kennedy: JFK and the Culture of Images (2003). He turned 13 years old on the day that Jack Ruby shot Lee Harvey Oswald. Recorded February 19, 2008.
Mary Frances Luther
A Dallas housewife raising a large family in 1963, Luther closely followed the television news coverage of the Kennedy assassination on local ABC affiliate WFAA-TV. Recorded April 20, 2010.
A Dallas Public Works employee in 1963, Lyle watched the motorcade on Main Street. In 1964, he worked on Dealey Plaza survey maps for the Warren Commission and for Dallas Area Rapid Transit in the late 1980s. Lyle's father, a conservative businessman, was a member of the John Birch Society in 1963. Recorded October 28, 2005.
Juliegh Kathleen Lyle
A 9-year-old student in Amarillo, Texas, in 1963, Lyle felt abandoned after the assassination since both of her parents worked for news organizations. Her father, the late Austin F. Schneider, was news director and chief anchor for the local NBC affiliate KGNC-TV, and her mother, the late Sue Schneider, was a composition editor for the Amarillo Globe Times and the Amarillo Daily News. Recorded October 28, 2005.
An active Kennedy assassination researcher and enthusiast, Lyons has made more than 20 visits to Dealey Plaza since 1993. He has met and communicated with several Kennedy family members and individuals connected to the assassination story, including Ruth Paine and several eyewitnesses. Recorded February 20, 2006.
A student at Kimball High School in 1963, Lyons saw the Kennedys arrive at Dallas Love Field. He later recalls driving by the Texas Theatre in Oak Cliff around the time that Lee Harvey Oswald was arrested. Recorded September 30, 2014.