Interviews by NameOral Histories
Dr. Timothy Naftali
A noted presidential historian and former director of the Richard Nixon Presidential Library and Museum, Naftali is the author of One Hell of a Gamble: Khrushchev, Castro, and Kennedy (1997). He participated in a museum program on the politics of memory. Recorded February 19, 2013.
A U.S. postal worker in Michigan for 33 years, Nash immediately lowered her post office's flag to half-staff following the announcement of the president's death. A letter she wrote to Jackie Kennedy the next day was included in Dr. Ellen Fitzpatrick's book, Letters to Jackie: Condolences from a Grieving Nation (2010). Recorded October 11, 2010.
A mechanical engineer with the Dictaphone Corporation in Bridgeport, Connecticut, in the early 1960s, Nash worked on a modified system for Air Force One. This customized Dictaphone was later used to record the swearing-in of President Johnson. Recorded February 7, 2011.
A local reporter for KXOL Radio, Neal was riding in the presidential motorcade in the press bus. Recorded June 8, 1994.
A U.S. Marine stationed at the barracks at 8th and I Streets in Washington, D.C., Neal participated in the funeral services for President Kennedy. Recorded December 5, 2009.
Bill and Nelda Neale
Politically active conservatives, the Neales were acquainted with members of the Dallas Russian community and met Marina Oswald prior to the Kennedy assassination. Bill Neale, a member of the Citizens Charter Association, was a longtime advertising executive in Dallas. Recorded January 14, 2011.
A native of London, England, Neller was an advertising executive living in Toronto at the time of the assassination. He moved to Dallas, where he opened his own advertising firm, in 1968. Recorded July 1, 2010.
Karen Knight Neukom
Neukom's late father, Reuben Knight, served as John F. Kennedy's 1960 campaign manager for Wichita County in Texas. Her parents attended the inauguration in January 1961. Neukom and her family were later at Dallas Love Field in the aftermath of the assassination. She was interviewed with her sister, Chrissy Knight Doherty. Recorded January 22, 2013.
A commercial engineer in Dallas, Newby was at a job site in Oak Cliff when the assassination took place. Although not a Kennedy supporter, his views on the late president changed after 1963. Recorded April 26, 2013.
Newell was inspired by news coverage of the Kennedy assassination to become a journalist. In the 1990s, while working for the television program A Current Affair, he did many assassination-related stories, including the first on-camera interview with one of the infamous "three tramps" arrested in Dealey Plaza. Recorded August 16, 2012.
Bill and Gayle Newman
The closest civilian eyewitnesses to President Kennedy at the time of the fatal shot, the Newmans were on the north side of Dealey Plaza and shielded their small children after the shots were fired. They were then interviewed on live television approximately fifteen minutes after the assassination. Recorded March 10, 1993, July 10, 2003, November 22, 2004, July 15 and November 17, 2008, June 17 and November 11, 2009, September 25, 2010, February 17 and May 12, 2011, November 9, 2012, January 26 and November 9, 2013.
Billy and Clayton Newman
Standing with their parents, Bill and Gayle Newman, on the north side of Elm Street, Billy, age four, and Clayton, age two, were among the closest civilian eyewitnesses to the assassination. They were shielded by their parents following the shooting. Recorded November 8 and 9, 2013.
Newman was in attendance at the Dallas Trade Mart luncheon where President Kennedy was scheduled to speak. Recorded September 13, 1999.
Newman was a seventh-grade teacher at Highland Park Jr. High School in Dallas at the time of the assassination. A few years later, she taught seventh-grade math to John Hinckley Jr., who shot President Ronald Reagan in 1981. Recorded June 29, 2006.
Education specialist at the George W. Bush Presidential Library and Museum in Dallas, Nice participated in a Sixth Floor Museum panel discussion on presidential education. Recorded April 13, 2012.
An Alabama native, eleven-year-old Nichols and her family visited Dealey Plaza the Sunday following the assassination to pay their respects. In 1965, the family moved to Dallas. Recorded July 23, 2009.
H. Louis Nichols
Nichols was head of the Dallas Bar Association in 1963 and offered Lee Harvey Oswald legal assistance, which Oswald refused. Recorded June 1, 1999, and May 19, 2004.
Joan Bickerstaff Nichols
A friend of Texas Theatre cashier Julia Postal, Nichols was on her way to visit Postal at the theater when the assassination took place. Nichols believed that Postal was traumatized and frightened after the assassination, and as a result, she lost touch with her by the end of 1963. Recorded September 19, 2005.
Orville Nix, Jr.
Nix is the son of the late Orville Nix Sr., a Dallas air conditioning engineer who recorded a famous film of the assassination across the street from Abraham Zapruder. The Nix film is considered one of the most important films made in Dealey Plaza. Recorded November 22, 1996, November 21, 2000, and August 15, 2002.
An ambulance driver with Camp and Son Funeral Home in Mesquite, Texas, Noah was inside Parkland Memorial Hospital when the presidential party arrived. He briefly examined the backseat of the Kennedy limousine. Recorded July 6, 2010.
Dr. Allen Norman
Currently a battalion chief with the Los Angeles Fire Department, Norman briefly spoke with Senator John F. Kennedy at a 1960 campaign rally in California. The encounter was captured in a photograph by Stanley Tretick and published in Life magazine. Recorded May 6, 2009.
An employee of the Texas School Book Depository in 1963, Norman was on the fifth floor underneath the alleged sniper's perch at the time of the assassination. Recorded July 31, 1991.
Richard A. Nunis
A 44-year employee with the Walt Disney Company, Nunis met Sen. John F. Kennedy when he visited Disneyland in 1960. As director of operations for the park in 1963, Nunis was in New York preparing for Disney's role in the 1964 World's Fair. He rushed back to California to close Disneyland on November 23, in memory of President Kennedy. Recorded October 8, 2007.