Oral History

Oral Histories -

Bess C. Abell

Personal secretary to Lady Bird Johnson in 1963, Abell was at the Johnson Ranch preparing for the arrival of the Kennedys when the assassination took place. Abell then served as the White House social secretary to Mrs. Johnson from 1963 to 1969. Recorded July 25 and August 2, 2011.

Alan Abrams

A senior at Thomas Jefferson High School in Dallas, Abrams saw the Kennedy motorcade on Lemmon Avenue on November 22, 1963. Recorded October 25, 2014.

Jackie Acres

A special needs educator and consultant for more than thirty-five years, Acres was a twelve-year-old student in Indiana at the time of the assassination. Recorded December 14, 2015.

Harold L. Adams

A fellow of the American Institute of Architects and longtime chairman and CEO of RTKL Associates Inc. (1987-2003), Adams worked for noted American architect John Carl Warnecke in the early 1960s. In that capacity, Adams consulted directly with President and Mrs. Kennedy on the Lafayette Square Historic District in Washington, D.C., and supervised a personal project for Robert Kennedy. Adams was actively involved in the planning, design and construction of President Kennedy’s gravesite at Arlington National Cemetery and consulted on early planning for the John F. Kennedy Presidential Library and Museum. Recorded July 5, 2011.

Katherine Adams

An employee of the National Bank of Commerce in Dallas, Adams saw the Kennedy motorcade near the corner of Main and Houston Streets and heard shots fired in Dealey Plaza. Recorded September 8, 2010.

Lindalyn Adams

A community leader and an award-winning champion of historic preservation, Adams is Chairman Emerita of the Dallas County Historical Foundation. She was a key leader in establishing The Sixth Floor Museum at Dealey Plaza and devoted more than a decade to the project. Recorded January 15, 1997, and May 29, 2013.

Suzanne Adams

Adams had hoped to take her two children to Dallas Love Field to see the Kennedys depart Dallas, but after the assassination, she decided to go to Parkland Memorial Hospital. There she shot a few seconds of film with her home movie camera and was interviewed on ABC Television. Recorded April 3, 2009.

Barbara Adamson

Co-founder of the Woodrow Wilson High School Alumni Association, Inc., Adamson and her husband drove the Kennedy motorcade route through downtown Dallas moments before police closed off the streets for the presidential parade. Recorded January 28, 2013.

Ray Addington

As a high school senior, Addington briefly shook hands with President Kennedy as his motorcade passed by on Turtle Creek Boulevard in Dallas. Addington later served in the Vietnam War. Recorded April 12, 2015.

Ray Adler

An employee of the First National Bank of Dallas, Adler photographed a portion of the Kennedy motorcade and then sold his film to Life magazine. Later, he served as the chief photographer at the Dallas Times Herald and managed its file of JFK negatives. Recorded February 3, 1995.

Mr. Adler passed away on December 15, 2002.

Eileen Albert

A home economics teacher in 1963, Albert visited the Capitol Rotunda on the weekend of the assassination to pay her respects to President Kennedy. At that time, her parents were participating in “Operation Peter Pan,” caring for a twelve-year-old Cuban girl for one year until her mother could settle in Miami. Recorded July 1, 2010.

Jac Alder

In 1961, Alder co-founded the historic Theatre Three in Dallas, which tackled controversial subjects such as civil rights. He saw the Kennedy motorcade on November 22, 1963. Recorded October 29, 2012.

Mr. Alder passed away on May 22, 2015.

Imogene Alexander

A Dallas housewife in 1963, Alexander was an avid viewer of the long-running soap opera, As The World Turns. She recalls news of the president’s shooting interrupting the November 22nd broadcast. Recorded October 21, 2015.

Jack T. Alexander

A lieutenant with the Dallas Fire Department in 1963, Alexander did a safety inspection of the Dallas Trade Mart prior to the presidential luncheon. He was also acquainted with Jack Ruby, having inspected his nightclubs over the years. Recorded October 21, 2015.

Jamie Allen

Allen is currently education director at the Dallas Symphony Orchestra. His presentation on music and the Kennedy assassination was recorded as part of a Museum teacher workshop. Recorded July 17, 2014.

Mark Allen

As a clerk with the Federal Bureau of Investigation in the 1970s, Allen spent one year working with the House Select Committee on Assassinations. He is a longtime collector of Kennedy memorabilia. Recorded January 30, 2014.

Ralph Allen

A state trooper with the Texas Highway Patrol in 1963, Allen was assigned guard duty for Gov. John Connally during his recovery at Parkland Memorial Hospital. Allen was interviewed with his partner, Paul Boone. Recorded April 14, 2010.

The Rev. Earl Allen

A civil rights activist, Allen was pastor of the Highland Hills Methodist Church in Dallas in 1963. A leader with the Congress of Racial Equality (CORE), he helped organize a prominent 28-day civil rights protest at the downtown Piccadilly Cafeteria in 1964. Recorded June 23, 2006, and June 11, 2008.

William Allen

An United Press International photographer on the staff of the Dallas Times Herald in 1963, Allen photographed President Kennedy at the Hotel Texas in Fort Worth and took a number of images in Dealey Plaza and on the sixth floor of the Texas School Book Depository following the assassination. His photographs of the infamous “three tramps” arrested in Dealey Plaza have generated significant research interest over the years. In 1964, Allen covered the Jack Ruby trial. Recorded November 17 and November 18, 2014.

Billy R. Allen

A community leader and minority advocate for many years, Allen served on the founding board of the African American Museum in Dallas. He was attending Henderson County Junior College in 1963.  Recorded May 11, 2015.

Pierce Allman

Program director at WFAA Radio in 1963, Allman witnessed the assassination from the corner of Houston and Elm Streets. He was then one of the first reporters inside the Texas School Book Depository, where he is believed to have encountered Lee Harvey Oswald leaving the building. Recorded November 30, 1995, November 20, 2006, September 25, 2010, January 26, 2013, October 4, 2014, and February 17, 2016.

Chuck Altman

A Massachusetts native, Altman served in the U.S. Army during the Kennedy years. While stationed in Germany in 1962, he knew conservative activist Bernard Weissman who later lent his name to the infamous black-bordered advertisement published in The Dallas Morning News on November 22, 1963. Recorded October 22, 2010.

Ruth Collins Sharp Altshuler

A nationally renowned philanthropist and longtime member of the Southern Methodist University board of trustees, Altshuler was waiting at the Trade Mart for President Kennedy’s arrival and then served on the grand jury that indicted Jack Ruby the following Monday. Recorded May 25, 2001.

Dr. Lee Alvoid

Currently chair of the education department at Southern Methodist University, Alvoid was co-editor of her high school newspaper in San Antonio at the time of his assassination. She met President and Mrs. Kennedy, and attended a student press conference with the First Family, during their visit on November 21, 1963. Recorded February 6, 2013.

Jan Amos

Amos is the widow of Col. William Amos, a longtime U.S. Air Force Intelligence Officer.  At a private dinner in 1969, she recalls hearing Brig. Gen. Joseph J. Cappucci implicate President Lyndon Johnson in the Kennedy assassination.  Recorded July 14, 2015.

Paul Amundsen

In 1963, Amundsen was a student at St. Mark’s School of Texas – Dallas. He has since written a book about the period. Recorded December 31, 1998.

Jim Anderson

From 1984 to 2010, Anderson was the City of Dallas Urban Planner in charge of historic preservation. During his career he worked with a number of historic buildings in Dallas, including the Texas School Book Depository, the Old Red Courthouse, and the Texas Theatre in Oak Cliff. Recorded February 25, 2015.

Dean Angel

The overnight news broadcaster for KRLD radio in 1963, Angel worked for twenty-seven straight hours editing and processing film on the weekend of the assassination. He spent the following month on the payroll of CBS News working on the Kennedy story in Dallas. Recorded June 12, 2008.

Anna Angorina

A native of Kiev, Ukraine, Angorina shared memories of working as a schoolteacher under Communist rule during the Cold War. She immigrated to the United States in 1993. Recorded January 27, 2016.

Don Archer

A Dallas Police Department auto-theft detective assigned to the Trade Mart for President Kennedy’s luncheon, Archer later witnessed the shooting of Lee Harvey Oswald and extensively interviewed Jack Ruby that afternoon. He ultimately informed Ruby that he was going to be charged with murder. Recorded March 11, 2002.

Mr. Archer passed away on April 26, 2014.

Gordon Arnold

An admitted eyewitness to the assassination, Arnold did not come forward until 1978. He was reportedly standing on the grassy knoll and fell to the ground when shots were fired. He also claimed to have encountered a man wearing a Dallas police officer uniform. Recorded June 5, 1989.

Mr. Arnold passed away on October 15, 1997.

Mary & Les Arnold

The widow and son of controversial assassination eyewitness Gordon Arnold, the Arnolds share their thoughts and memories of his life and experiences, including his reluctance to share his story of the president’s shooting. Recorded January 13, 2006.

Dorothy Ashenhurst

An eighth-grade schoolteacher in Garland, Texas, in 1963, Ashenhurst recalls how the events of November 22, 1963, affected the school and her students. Recorded July 22, 1999.

Ms. Ashenhurst passed away on September 19, 2011.

Samuel Atchison

A student at Sunset High School in 1963, Atchison worked as an usher at the Texas Theatre in Oak Cliff. He was scheduled to work on the evening of Friday, November 22, 1963, but the theater closed following the arrest of Lee Harvey Oswald. Recorded February 3, 2014.

Thomas Atkins

Assigned by the U.S. Navy as the White House Cinematographer from 1963 to 1969, Atkins extensively filmed President’s Kennedy’s trip to Texas. His recognizable color footage was edited into the documentary film, “The Last Two Days.” Recorded March 14, 2011.

Mr. Atkins passed away on August 24, 2011.

Kathey Atkinson

A Dallas schoolgirl, Atkinson shook hands with President and Mrs. Kennedy at Dallas Love Field and later waited outside Parkland Memorial Hospital for news of the president’s condition. A Dallas Times Herald photograph of Atkinson in tearful prayer was distributed internationally. One year after the Kennedy assassination, Atkinson produced a charity event at Southern Methodist University to benefit the John F. Kennedy Presidential Library and Museum. Recorded July 29, 2011.

Ms. Atkinson passed away on May 1, 2013.

Ann Atterberry

A reporter for the Dallas Morning News in 1963, Atterberry was standing along Elm Street and witnessed the assassination. She can be seen in the Zapruder film. Recorded November 10, 2003.

Ms. Atterberry passed away on October 23, 2009.

Charles Augins

A noted dancer and choreographer, Augins is currently Chair of the Dance Department at the Duke Ellington School of the Arts in Washington, D.C. After experiencing high school desegregation in Virginia, Augins was a civil rights activist and participated in the March on Washington on August 28, 1963. Recorded April 3, 2015.

Donna Axum-Whitworth

Miss America 1964, Axum-Whitworth was in Dallas making a personal appearance on November 22, 1963. Recorded April 8, 1995.

Hugh Aynesworth

A science and aviation reporter for The Dallas Morning News, Aynesworth was the only known reporter to witness the president’s assassination, the arrest of Lee Harvey Oswald, and the shooting of Oswald by Jack Ruby. The author of JFK: Breaking the News (2003) and November 22, 1963: Witness to History (2013), he is considered an authority on the assassination. Recorded July 28, 1994, November 19, 1998, April 18 and November 19, 2007, October 5, 2013, September 18, 2014, August 7 and 24, 2015, and February 17, 2016.

Bettye Baccus

An enthusiastic Kennedy supporter, Baccus shook hands with the Kennedys and Lady Bird Johnson at Carswell Air Force Base in Fort Worth on November 21, 1963. She saw the president a second time outside the Hotel Texas the following morning. Recorded June 23, 2014.

Mary Badham

A ten-year-old native of Alabama, Badham portrayed “Scout” Finch in the Academy Award-winning film To Kill a Mockingbird (1962). She continues to lecture around the world on the film’s messages of tolerance and compassion. Recorded November 12, 2014.

Joe Bagley

Bagley was an elementary school student in Colorado in 1963. His late grandmother, Georgia Ella Beale Smith, observed the motorcade from the corner of Main and Houston Streets and heard shots fired in Dealey Plaza. Recorded April 24, 2013.

The Rev. Wilfred Bailey

As minister of the Casa View Methodist Church in the 1960s, Bailey served as a community leader and took a prominent position on civic matters, particularly in the area of racial integration. He was at the Trade Mart luncheon on the day of the assassination. Recorded October 15, 1999.

The Rev. Bailey passed away on July 7, 2006.

J.I. “Jim” Baker

A journalist, editor, and novelist, Baker contributed an article on conspiracy theories to the 2013 publication, LIFE: The Day Kennedy Died. He participated in a Museum panel discussion on the creation of that publication. Recorded October 26, 2013.

Russ Baker

An award-winning investigative journalist, Baker wrote the book Family of Secrets(2008), which includes new information on the Kennedy assassination. He continues to research and speak on the subject. Recorded November 12, 2012.

Barbara Baker

An employee of Atlantic Refining Company in Dallas in 1963, Baker saw the Kennedy motorcade at the corner of Mockingbird Lane and Lemmon Avenue.  At the time, her family was close friends with Dallas Police Chief Jesse Curry.  Recorded March 18, 2016.

Dr. H. Charles Baker

Baker was a professor of electrical engineering at Southern Methodist University (SMU) in Dallas from 1956 to 2014. Although not a Kennedy supporter, he had an emotional reaction to the assassination.  Recorded March 18, 2016.

Jorge Baldor

A native of Havana, Cuba, Baldor and his family moved to the United States in the early 1960s. He has since become a successful entrepreneur and founder of the Latino Center for Leadership Development in Dallas. Recorded October 7, 2016.

Mark Balma

A Minnesota artist who studied in Florence, Italy, Balma has done portrait sittings with several U.S. presidents and British prime ministers. His 2004 painting Pietà, depicting President and Mrs. Kennedy at Parkland Memorial Hospital after the assassination, generated some controversy. Recorded May 31, 2016.

Jimmy Bankston

Bankston is the son of the late Dallas business leader W.O. Bankston, who attended the Dallas Trade Mart luncheon. W.O. Bankston was close friends with Dallas County Sheriff Bill Decker, and Jimmy Bankston has maintained a collection of Decker papers and memorabilia. Recorded January 24, 2014.

Betty Bankston

In 1963, Bankston was a secretary at the Southwestern Bell Telephone Company in Dallas. She remembers some coworkers making disparaging remarks about President Kennedy following the assassination. She later helped retrieve telephone records related to Jack Ruby for investigators. Recorded June 19, 2015.

Joseph Barabe

As the Director of Scientific Imaging at McCrone Associates in the 1990s, Barabe photographed every frame of the original Abraham Zapruder film at the National Archives for use in the MPI Home Video documentary, Image of an Assassination(1998). Recorded May 21, 2014.

Eddie Barker

In 1963, Barker was news director for Dallas CBS affiliate KRLD-TV/Channel 4. He was heavily involved in the coverage of the Kennedy assassination. Recorded April 14, 1993, November 22, 1998, October 23, 2003, June 8, 2006, and January 24, 2007.

Mr. Barker passed away on July 23, 2012.

Malcolm E. Barker

A native of Great Britain, Barker was living in California at the time of the assassination. Six months later, he visited Dallas as part of a two-month cross-country tour, during which he witnessed and extensively photographed the FBI and Secret Service reenactment of the shooting on May 24, 1964. In 2008, Barker donated his photographs to The Sixth Floor Museum at Dealey Plaza. Recorded August 8, 2008.

Laurel Barkley

A native of Kansas, Barkley shared a birthday with John F. Kennedy on May 29th. An ardent supporter, she wrote him several letters during the 1960 presidential campaign and received a personal response. Recorded July 10, 2013.

Antony Anson Barnes

Barnes and his mother left the United States in 1952 after she was exposed by the FBI as a Communist sympathizer in the 1930s. Barnes returned in 1961 and enrolled in the University of Texas at Austin. He was attending a Russian language class at the time of the assassination. Recorded January 9, 2008.

Archie Barnes

A Dallas County deputy sheriff for 26 years, Barnes spent three months guarding Jack Ruby in his jail cell in 1965. He and Ruby talked and played board games, and Ruby drew pictures for Barnes’ children. Recorded September 29, 2006.

Mr. Barnes passed away on January 20, 2010.

Mary Barnes

Barnes is the widow of the late W.E. “Pete” Barnes, an investigator with the Dallas Police Crime Scene Search Unit who gathered evidence and took photographs at the Texas School Book Depository and Tippit shooting scene. Recorded June 25, 2013.

W.E. “Gene” Barnett

Working crowd control at the corner of Elm and Houston Streets, Barnett was the closest Dallas police officer to the Texas School Book Depository entrance at the time of the assassination. Prior to 1963, Barnett knew Jack Ruby and once arrested him for fighting. Recorded January 18 and November 20, 2013.

Charles Barnette

A car enthusiast and JFK memorabilia collector, Barnette refurbished a 1962 Lincoln convertible to resemble the Kennedy limousine, complete with flag stands and identical license plates. It was featured in a 2003 Discovery Channel special. Recorded November 4, 2003.

Mr. Barnette passed away on June 13, 2011.

Mel Barney

A longtime engineer with Texas Instruments, Barney worked with the CIA on a number of high-level security projects during the Cold War. An acquaintance of Jack Ruby, he recalls that Ruby participated in two top-secret flights in 1961. Barney is the author of Four Wars (2011) and Socialism vs. Capitalism (2013). Recorded January 8, 2014.

Bud Barnum

Barnum was serving in the U.S. Coast Guard in 1963 and was assigned to the Honor Guard at the time of the assassination. He was part of the security detail for President Kennedy’s casket upon its arrival in Washington, D.C. During the funeral, he served as a pallbearer and marched in the processional to Arlington National Cemetery. Recorded April 24, 2007.

Jason Baron

Baron was a third grader in Massachusetts in 1963. Decades later, as director of litigation at the National Archives from 2000 to 2013, he worked with the President John F. Kennedy Assassination Records Collection. Recorded February 7, 2014.

Benny Bob Barrett

A Dallas County deputy sheriff from 1966 to 1977, Barrett was often assigned guard duty inside Jack Ruby’s cell at the Dallas County Jail and later in his room at Parkland Memorial Hospital. Over a period of approximately seven months, Barrett had numerous personal conversations and interactions with Ruby about a variety of topics, including the shooting of Lee Harvey Oswald. Recorded September 22, 2009.

Mr. Barrett passed away on July 28, 2015.

Robert Barrett

A Dallas FBI agent in 1963, Barrett was at the Texas School Book Depository, the scene of the J.D. Tippit shooting, and the Texas Theatre following the Kennedy assassination. Later he followed up investigative leads and took detailed measurements in Dealey Plaza for the FBI’s scale model. Recorded February 22, 2011.

Robbins Barstow

An amateur filmmaker for over 70 years, Barstow shot a color home movie of his family’s 1956 California vacation that was added to the National Film Registry by the Librarian of Congress in 2008. Barstow was an active Democrat during the 1960 presidential election and saw Senator Kennedy at a Connecticut rally. Recorded January 25, 2010.

Mr. Barstow passed away on November 7, 2010.

Patsy Barton

The sister of the late Texas State Senator Mike McKool (1969-72) shares memories of his life and career, including his early efforts to save the Texas School Book Depository from demolition. Barton was driving to a hair appointment when she learned of the assassination. Recorded July 17, 2013.

Betty Barton

As a member of the Kilgore College Rangerettes drill team, Barton marched in the 1960 campaign parades in Dallas for both John F. Kennedy and Richard Nixon. She was attending the University of Texas at Austin at the time of the assassination. Recorded October 5, 2016.

Jerry Bartos

A former Dallas city councilman (1987-1993), Bartos watched the motorcade on Lemmon Avenue on November 22, 1963. In 1960, he witnessed the Johnsons accosted by right-wing supporters in front of the Adolphus Hotel in Dallas. Recorded March 8, 2004.

Mr. Bartos passed away on November 28, 2008.

Janice Norman Bassett

Bassett was a waitress at Jack Ruby’s Carousel Club in 1962 and 1963. Following the assassination, her family cared for one of Ruby’s dogs. Bassett, who was interviewed by the FBI, visited Ruby in jail in 1966. Recorded January 16, 2015.

Marshall Bateman

A longtime Dallas businessman, Bateman drove to the Texas School Book Depository out of curiosity within ninety minutes of the assassination. There he lingered, listening to a Dallas police radio. Recorded November 17, 2016.

Lucy Bateman

A Dallas housewife in 1963, Bateman was carrying for two small children on the day of the assassination. Recorded November 17, 2016.

Betty Ann Beachy

Beachy worked in the public relations department of the Trammell Crow Company in 1963 and assisted with preparations for the presidential luncheon at the Dallas Trade Mart. Recorded September 17, 2013.

Calvin S. Beauregard

Longtime transportation manager for the Ford Motor Company’s office of public affairs, Beauregard worked with the U.S. Secret Service on the construction and maintenance of presidential limousines. Recorded October 15, 2005.

Mr. Beauregard passed away on April 14, 2013.

Dr. William R. Beavers

A psychiatrist at Woodlawn Hospital in Dallas, Beavers was at Parkland Memorial Hospital when the assassination took place. Later, following the Jack Ruby trial, Beavers was hired by the Ruby family to conduct a psychiatric evaluation of Ruby. Beavers spent eleven hours with Ruby and was present for his polygraph test. Recorded May 8, 2013.

C. T. Beckham

A real estate developer who moved to Dallas in the summer of 1963, Beckham and his daughters saw the presidential motorcade on both Lemmon Avenue and Stemmons Freeway. Beckham can be seen in a widely distributed Associated Press photograph taken shortly after the shooting. Recorded February 4, 2010.

Leslie Beilharz

A Dallas police motorcycle officer in 1963, Beilharz was at the Dallas Trade Mart and Parkland Memorial Hospital on the day of the assassination. Some researchers believe that his radio microphone was stuck that day, resulting in controversial acoustics evidence later investigated by the House Select Committee on Assassinations. Recorded January 9, 2014.

Mavis Belisle

A sophomore at the University of Texas at Austin in 1963, Belisle contributed to the university newspaper and was locally involved in the Civil Rights Movement. From 1966 to 1969, she served in the Peace Corps in Micronesia in the western Pacific. Recorded September 13, 2010.

Alvie & Patricia Bell

Bell and his wife Patricia, a native of Great Britain, were Kennedy supporters living in Dallas in 1963. Alvie Bell was being treated for pneumonia at a local hospital at the time of the assassination. Recorded October 7, 2014.

Andrew Bell

Owner of radio station KSKY in Dallas, Bell had been an acquaintance of Jack Ruby since the early 1950s. He recalled the advertisements Ruby read on the air for his clubs. Recorded November 7, 1997.

Mr. Bell passed away in July 1999.

Mark Bell

Bell was an eyewitness to the assassination. His memories were briefly recorded as part of a group interview with Dealey Plaza eyewitnesses. Recorded November 22, 1996.

Mr. Bell passed away on March 26, 1998.

Jim Bendat

As a twelve-year-old, Bendat met Sen. John F. Kennedy at the 1960 Democratic National Convention. This encounter inspired an interest in politics, and decades later, as a historian of presidential inaugurations, he wrote the book Democracy’s Big Day(2012). Recorded September 12, 2014.

Jane Bender

As a New York high school student, Bender saw John F. Kennedy twice during the 1960 presidential campaign. She was a freshman at Vassar College in 1963. Recorded February 17, 2014.

Mary Sue Bennett

A twenty-two-year employee with Allyn and Bacon publishing company, Bennett was working on the third floor of the Texas School Book Depository in 1963. Standing on Elm Street, she witnessed the assassination. Recorded July 29, 2010.

Susan Bennett

Director of international exhibits at the Newseum and co-editor of the 2003 book President Kennedy Has Been Shot, Bennett moderated a live panel discussion with retired journalists Eddie Barker, Bob Jackson, Darwin Payne and Bert Shipp. Recorded October 23, 2003.

Paul Bentley

Chief polygraph examiner with the Dallas Police Department in 1963, Bentley was involved in the arrest of Lee Harvey Oswald at the Texas Theatre. Recorded February 16, 1994, April 18 and September 14, 2007, and January 22 and May 16, 2008.

Mr. Bentley passed away on July 21, 2008.

The Rev. Don Benton

The Rev. Benton was minister of Spring Valley Methodist Church in Dallas in 1963. He preached a sermon about the assassination on Sunday, November 24, 1963. Recorded June 19, 2015.

Donna Benton

The daughter of longtime Methodist minister Don Benton, Benton was a second grade student at the Lamplighter School in Dallas at the time of the assassination. Recorded June 19, 2015.

Sam Berger

An employee of the Peacock Jewelry Company in Dallas, Berger sold Abraham Zapruder the Bell & Howell home movie camera used to film the Kennedy assassination. Berger observed and photographed the motorcade himself on Main Street. Recorded October 10, 2011.

Mr. Berger passed away on November 13, 2016.

Judy Bergstrom

A senior at Thomas Jefferson High School in Dallas, Bergstrom skipped school on November 22, 1963, and saw the Kennedys arrive at Dallas Love Field. Recorded October 15, 2014.

Harold B. Berman

A Dallas attorney for more than sixty years, Berman worked with both Abraham Zapruder and Jack Ruby’s brother, Sam. Berman saw the Kennedy motorcade from his office window and later testified for the defense at the change-of-venue hearing that preceded the Jack Ruby trial in 1964. Recorded June 17, 2015.

Joyce Bernard

A Dallas housewife in 1963, Bernard was at a doctor’s office with her infant daughter at the time of the assassination. Recorded January 13, 2015, and January 27, 2016.

Michael R. Beschloss

A recognized presidential historian and author of several books, including The Crisis Years: Kennedy and Khrushchev (1991) and Presidential Courage (2007), Beschloss was seven years old at the time of the Kennedy assassination. Recorded June 12, 2007.

Fred Bieberdorf

A first aid technician working at Dallas police headquarters on November 24, 1963, Bieberdorf was the first individual to examine Lee Harvey Oswald after he was shot. After riding in an ambulance with Oswald to Parkland Memorial Hospital, Bieberdorf returned to police headquarters and conducted an examination of Jack Ruby. Recorded March 9, 2007.

Mr. Bieberdorf passed away on April 19, 2009.

Kent Biffle

A reporter for the Dallas Morning News, Biffle was one of the only journalists inside the Texas School Book Depository while investigators gathered evidence on the sixth floor of the building. He later covered the Clay Shaw trial for Newsweek magazine. In 1959, as a reporter for the Fort Worth Press, he wrote stories about Lee Harvey Oswald’s defection and tried to reach Oswald by telephone in Moscow. Recorded June 28, 1993.

Mr. Biffle passed away on August 23, 2015.

Delbrook Binns

A freelance photographer in Massachusetts, Binns photographed John F. Kennedy at various times between 1953 and 1960. At the time of the assassination, he was serving jury duty in Boston. Recorded July 5, 2007.

Marca Lee Bircher

A conservative Dallas housewife, Bircher stayed indoors with a neighbor after the assassination, fearing that the president’s death was the start of a foreign invasion. Recorded November 9, 2010.

Diane Birdwell

A longtime Dallas educator, Birdwell celebrated her third birthday three days before the Kennedy assassination. Following the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, she conducted an oral history project with firefighters and police officials in New York City. Birdwell was interviewed with her mother, Jeanette Green. Recorded August 11, 2011.

Jo Ann Birkmeyer

During the Kennedy years, Birkmeyer and her family lived on Little Rock Air Force Base in Arkansas where her husband worked as a radar technician. Following the assassination, the base was put on high alert. Recorded April 20, 2010.

Bernard Birnbaum

A longtime producer, editor and director with CBS News in New York, Birnbaum was in the studio with Walter Cronkite when Cronkite announced President Kennedy’s death on national television. Birnbaum flew to Dallas on Saturday to cover the breaking news with Dan Rather and went on to work extensively in the development and production of every major CBS program related to the Kennedy assassination from 1964 to 2003. Recorded March 8, 2007.

Mr. Birnbaum passed away on November 26, 2009.

Dr. Earl Black

A political science professor at Rice University, Earl Black, with brother Merle Black, is the author of several books about southern politics, including The Vital South: How Presidents are Elected (1992) and The Rise of Southern Republicans (2002). Recorded February 21, 2012.

Dr. Merle Black

A political science professor at Emory University, Merle Black, with brother Earl Black, is the author of several books about southern politics, including The Vital South: How Presidents are Elected (1992) and The Rise of Southern Republicans (2002). Recorded February 21, 2012.

Randy Black

A junior at Highland Park High School, Black was an intern at the Dallas Times Heraldin 1963. He shook hands with President Kennedy at Dallas Love Field. Black later joined the photography staff at the Dallas Times Herald in 1972. Recorded January 14, 2015.

Gerald Blaine

A U.S. Secret Service agent during the Kennedy years, Blaine was in Austin, Texas, at the time of the assassination. He later authored, with journalist Lisa McCubbin, the book The Kennedy Detail (2010).  Recorded November 18, November 19, and November 20, 2010.

Amanda Blake

Blake is currently head of Family, Access, and School Experiences at the Dallas Museum of Art. Her presentation on art, healing, and disabilities was recorded as part of a Museum teacher workshop. Recorded July 17, 2014.

Joanne Bland

As a young child in Selma, Alabama, Bland participated in the famous civil rights march on “Bloody Sunday,” March 7, 1965. Later that month, she joined Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. on his march from Selma to Montgomery, Alabama. Her memories were recorded with those of other civil rights activists. Recorded February 28, 2006.

Camille Blankenship

Living in Arizona in 1963, Blankenship moved to Dallas the following year.  She celebrated her 20th birthday one week prior to the assassination. Recorded January 26, 2010.

Ann Blankinship

A student at Highland Park High School in 1963, Blankinship observed the Kennedy motorcade with friends on Main Street. Recorded June 26, 2009.

Sarah Blaser

A senior at North Dallas High School in 1963, Blaser was co-editor of the school yearbook, which featured a memorial tribute to President Kennedy the following year. Recorded February 27, 2015.

Rose Blatch

Blatch was secretary of the Time-Life bureau in Dallas (1961-62) and Houston (1963-72). During their coverage of the Kennedy assassination and Jack Ruby trial, Blatch managed temporary Time-Life offices out of Dallas hotel suites. Recorded January 9, 2012, and February 26, 2013.

Isadore “Izzy” Bleckman

A photographer for Fox Movietone News in 1963, Bleckman filmed the shooting of Lee Harvey Oswald. Earlier that weekend, he filmed on the sixth floor of the Texas School Book Depository, at the Texas Theatre, and at other assassination-related sites in the Dallas area. In 1964, he covered the Jack Ruby trial. Recorded August 15, 2009.

Karen Blessen

A Pulitzer Prize-winning writer and artist, Blessen in 2013 organized the Dallas LOVE project, the largest public art project in Dallas history, to present 10,000 pieces as a tribute to the memory and legacy of President Kennedy. Recorded July 17, 2014, February 12 and 14, 2015, and September 21, 2016.

Elizabeth Blessing

One of the first women elected to the Dallas City Council, Blessing served on the council from 1961 to 1965. On the day of the assassination, she was present at the Trade Mart luncheon. She vividly recalled a special meeting prior to the assassination when Dallas Police Chief Jesse Curry informed the City Council that he could not effectively protect President Kennedy during his Dallas visit. Recorded January 26, 2007.

Ms. Blessing passed away on June 11, 2013.

Gary Blockley

A resident of California at the time of the assassination, Blockley generously donated a camera lens for the Museum’s “The Photographers and the Evidence” exhibition, which opened in 1996. Recorded June 5, 1997.

Robert H. Bloom

Bloom is the former U.S. chairman and CEO of Publicis Worldwide and the author of The Inside Advantage (2007) and The New Experts (2010). His father, the late Sam Bloom, was a prominent Dallas advertising executive and coordinated PR for the Kennedy visit and later the Jack Ruby trial. Robert Bloom and his father were at the Trade Mart luncheon on November 22, 1963. Recorded March 6, 2012.

Steve Blow

A sixth grade student in Tyler, Texas, in 1963, Blow joined The Dallas Morning News in 1978 and wrote an award-winning column from 1989 to 2015. In addition to writing assassination anniversary stories in 1983 and 1988, he covered the opening of The Sixth Floor exhibit in 1989. Recorded August 25, 2015.

Lisa Blumberg

A longtime disability rights activist and author, Blumberg was eleven years old in 1963. A letter she wrote to Jackie Kennedy shortly after the assassination was included in Dr. Ellen Fitzpatrick’s Letters to Jackie: Condolences from a Grieving Nation (2010). Recorded September 28, 2010.

Henry Bodden

An employee of the John Sexton Company in 1963, Bodden saw the Kennedy motorcade on Stemmons Freeway immediately after the assassination. Recorded November 11, 2009.

Abraham Bolden

The first African American U.S. Secret Service agent assigned to the White House Detail, Bolden was personally selected by President Kennedy in 1961. After leaving the Secret Service amid controversy in 1964, Bolden testified before the House Select Committee on Assassinations and later wrote the book, The Echo From Dealey Plaza (2008). Recorded January 8, 2016.

Walton Bondies

An Assistant Dallas District Attorney in 1963, Bondies observed the Kennedy motorcade near the corner of Main and Houston Streets. Although not assigned to work on the case against Jack Ruby, Bondies observed part of the Ruby trial in 1964. Recorded June 21, 2013.

Eugene Boone

A Dallas County deputy sheriff in 1963, Boone saw the Kennedy motorcade on Main Street and searched the Dealey Plaza rail yards following the assassination. He then discovered the rifle on the sixth floor of the Texas School Book Depository. Prior to joining the sheriff’s department, he worked at the Dallas Times Herald and knew Jack Ruby. Recorded November 25, 2003, November 20, 2006, November 18, 2008, November 20, 2013, and March 24 and November 8, 2014.

Paul Boone

A state trooper with the Texas Highway Patrol in 1963, Boone was assigned guard duty for Gov. John Connally during his recovery at Parkland Memorial Hospital. Boone was interviewed with his partner, Ralph Allen. Recorded April 14, 2010.

Mr. Boone passed away on December 27, 2013.

Mary M. Booth

A cashier at the Skyliner Ballroom in Fort Worth in 1960, Booth had occasional contact with Jack Ruby. In 1963, she was married to the late Capt. Lloyd Booth of the Dallas County Sheriff’s Department, who served as one of Ruby’s jailers. As a result, Booth had the opportunity to visit with Ruby in prison. Recorded July 28, 2005.

Bryant C. Boren, Sr.

Boren filmed the motorcade shortly before the shooting occurred. Later he joined with other amateur photographers to form the Dallas Cinema Associates and played an active role in producing the group’s compilation film, President Kennedy’s Final Hour. Recorded October 17, 2003.

Mr. Boren passed away on December 19, 2008.

Tommy Joy Bosler

A Dallas housewife and mother of four in 1963, Bosler was acquainted with federal judges Sarah T. Hughes and Barefoot Sanders. Later, as PR manager at UT Southwestern Medical School, Bosler worked on the book, Surgery: The First Fifty Years (1993), which includes recollections of the Kennedy assassination. Recorded July 24, 2013.

Warren Bosworth

A police reporter at the Dallas Times Herald in 1963, Bosworth was an eyewitness to the shooting of Lee Harvey Oswald. Earlier that year he covered the attempted shooting of Maj. Gen. Edwin Walker. Recorded September 24, 1997, and January 31, 2014.

Roy R. Botello

As the first Scholarship Corporation Chairman of the League of United Latin American Citizens (LULAC), Botello attended the organization’s annual conference at the Rice Hotel in Houston on November 21, 1963. He captured a home movie of President and Mrs. Kennedy at the event, which he later donated to The Sixth Floor Museum. Recorded March 19, 2011.

Susan Boucher

A student nurse in Washington D.C., Boucher volunteered to serve in the rotunda of the U.S. Capitol during President Kennedy’s funeral services. Recorded August 6, 1997.

David Bourland

A Dallas high school student in 1963, Bourland saw the Kennedy motorcade on Main Street. After the assassination, he and a classmate viewed the scene at Parkland Memorial Hospital from telescopes at the top of the Southland Life Building. Recorded March 3, 2014.

Richard Bove

A Korean War veteran, Bove worked for the advertising department at WFAA Radio from 1959 to 1970. He saw the Kennedy motorcade and witnessed firsthand much of the WFAA news coverage of the assassination. Recorded August 22, 2013.

Sheriff Jim Bowles

A longtime Dallas County sheriff (1985-2005), Bowles was supervisor of the Dallas Police Department radio division in 1963. Since the 1970s, he has thoroughly researched the assassination acoustics controversy. Recorded September 14, 1993.

Elmer L. Boyd

A Dallas homicide detective in 1963, Boyd was heavily involved in the investigation November 22-24, 1963, and he served as one of Oswald’s primary handlers on Friday and Saturday. He was at the Trade Mart, Parkland Memorial Hospital, the Texas School Book Depository, and Dallas police headquarters over the weekend. He was with Oswald during his first interrogations, police lineups, paraffin tests, and the famous midnight press conference. Ironically, Boyd previously worked a security detail for Kennedy when the president briefly visited Dallas in 1962. Recorded February 23, 2007, and March 7, 2015.

Jonathan Braddick

A Dallas native, Braddick served as a Peace Corps volunteer in the Ukraine from 2001 to 2002 and was there during the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks. Recorded March 5 and August 26, 2011.

Lillian Bradshaw

Head of the Dallas Public Library System throughout the 1960s, Bradshaw was an original board member of the Dallas County Historical Foundation. As a longtime community leader, she was instrumental in fundraising for The Sixth Floor Museum at Dealey Plaza. Recorded May 11, 1998.

Ms. Bradshaw passed away on February 9, 2010.

George W. Bramblett, Jr.

A longtime partner with Haynes and Boone, LLP, Bramblett was a freshman law student at Southern Methodist University in 1964 and attended one day of the Jack Ruby trial, which turned out to be the day of the infamous Dallas County jailbreak. Recorded March 10 and 14, and May 19, 2004.

Mr. Bramblett passed away on November 21, 2016.

Ernest Brandt

An assassination eyewitness who did not come forward until the 1990s, Brandt was standing on Elm Street and can be seen in the Abraham Zapruder film. Since his first public interview in 1993, Brandt has been a regular fixture in Dealey Plaza on the annual assassination anniversary. Recorded May 12, 1994, and July 3, 2008.

Dr. Robert Breen

Thirteen years old in 1963, Breen saw the Kennedys arrive at Carswell Air Force Base in Fort Worth on November 21, 1963. The following morning Breen shook hands with President Kennedy at the Hotel Texas. Recorded June 28, 2010.

Johnny Calvin Brewer

The manager of Hardy’s Shoe Store in Oak Cliff on the day of the assassination, Brewer noticed a suspicious individual (who turned out to be Lee Harvey Oswald) and followed him down the street to the Texas Theatre. Brewer pointed Oswald out to Dallas police officers and witnessed his arrest. Recorded November 21, 2005.

Susan Bridge

A nurse’s aide in New Mexico in 1963, Bridge was battling a major dysentery outbreak impacting the local community, including her infant daughter, at the time of the assassination. Recorded September 3, 2009.

Charles A. Briggs

The former executive director of the Central Intelligence Agency, Briggs spent one year working on research for The Sixth Floor project in the Washington, D.C., offices of exhibition designers Bob Staples and Barbara Charles. Recorded February 16, 2009.

Mr. Briggs passed away on November 4, 2015.

Dr. Douglas Brinkley

A noted author and historian, Brinkley was a featured speaker on presidential history at The Sixth Floor Museum in 1999, and he later co-moderated the Museum’s 40th anniversary symposium on the life, death and legacy of President Kennedy. Recorded March 12, 1999, and November 21, 2003.

William Bristow

As technical director of Wadley Blood Bank in Dallas, Bristow personally took blood to Parkland Memorial Hospital after learning of the presidential shooting. He later arranged for blood to be sent to Parkland after Lee Harvey Oswald was shot on November 24, 1963. Recorded May 31, 2012.

Clarence Broadnax

A longtime civil rights activist, Broadnax was the first African-American hairstylist hired at Neiman Marcus and Sanger-Harris department stores in Dallas. A member of the NAACP and the Nation of Islam, he was one of the key organizers of the prominent 1964 protest of the downtown Piccadilly Cafeteria, and he was arrested on several different occasions during the civil rights movement. Recorded August 14, 2006, June 11, 2008, and August 1, 2013.

Bob Brock

The television editor at the Dallas Times Herald for three decades, Brock was well acquainted with both Jack Ruby and Frank Goldstein, a former Ruby associate from Chicago. Brock briefly spoke with Ruby on the day before the Oswald shooting. Recorded February 7, 2000, and September 25, 2015.

Mr. Brock passed away on February 16, 2016.

Howard Brodie

A noted courtroom sketch artist for more than 35 years, Brodie covered every day of the Jack Ruby trial in 1964 for CBS News. Previously, during the 1960 campaign, he sketched both Kennedy and Nixon for Newsweek. Recorded October 13, 2006.

Mr. Brodie passed away on September 24, 2010.

Tom Brokaw

Former anchor and managing editor of NBC Nightly News, Brokaw was a local television reporter at KMTV in Omaha, Nebraska, when the assassination took place. Recorded April 15, 2004.

Frances Bronson

Interviewed with her daughter, Barbara Young, Bronson was an eyewitness to the Kennedy assassination. Her late husband, Charles Bronson, was filming in Dealey Plaza and caught the fatal headshot on film from a distance. Recorded August 14 and November 22, 1996.

Ms. Bronson passed away on February 24, 2010.

Michael Brosio

A native of California, Brosio was twelve years old at the time of the assassination and later became involved in social activism. His book, The JFK Memorial and Power in America (2014), explores both the meaning of Philip Johnson’s Dallas memorial and the broader story of Cold War politics and the CIA.  Recorded July 13, 2016.

Carla Brown

A housewife in McAllen, Texas, in 1963, Brown was an avid viewer of the long-running soap opera, As The World Turns. She vividly remembers news of the president’s shooting interrupting the November 22nd broadcast. Recorded June 23, 2014.

Carroll Brown

As a student at Perkins School of Theology at Southern Methodist University, Brown became one of the earliest civil rights activists in Dallas by organizing a 1960 drugstore sit-in. Brown, one of the few white activists in the city, played a prominent role in local protests from 1960 to 1967. Recorded August 6, 2008.

Mr. Brown passed away on November 8, 2011.

Charles L. Brown

An employee of the Lone Star Gas Company in 1963, Brown photographed the Kennedy motorcade on Harwood Street. His uncle, the late Lynn Brown, was the mayor of Irving, Texas, at the time and flew with Dallas Mayor Earle Cabell to Washington, D.C., for President Kennedy’s funeral on Monday. Recorded March 1, 2007.

Gloria Brown

Brown was a student teacher at an all African American school in Marshall, Texas, at the time of the assassination. She moved to Dallas less than one year later. Recorded November 9, 2010.

Phill Brown

A teenager in 1963, Brown saw the presidential motorcade on Houston Street and ran toward the Triple Underpass after shots were fired. He then lingered for hours in the Dealey Plaza area. His father, the late Dallas County deputy sheriff Richard Brown, served as Jack Ruby’s dietician during his incarceration. Brown was interviewed with his friend, Les French. Recorded November 5, 2008.

Richard Brown

Brown served as a member of the Navy Ceremonial Guard during President Kennedy’s funeral ceremonies in Washington D.C. Recorded March 28, 1995.

Judge Joe B. Brown, Jr.

A Dallas justice of the peace in 1963, Brown held an inquest into the death of Officer Tippit and issued search warrants for several assassination-related locations. His father, the late Judge Joe B. Brown, presided over the Jack Ruby trial in 1964. Recorded March 2, March 14 and May 19, 2004, and January 24, 2007.

Judge Brown passed away on July 30, 2013.

Jewel Brown

A singer from Houston, Texas, Brown performed at Jack Ruby’s Sovereign Club in 1960. She was touring with legendary jazz musician Louis Armstrong at the time of the assassination. Recorded April 13, 2015.

Robert Bruton

As operations manager for KXOL radio in Fort Worth in 1963, Bruton covered the president’s visit to the city in 1963, Lee Harvey Oswald’s death at Parkland Memorial Hospital, and Oswald’s funeral the following day. Recorded January 24, 2011.

Archibald Bryant

A history teacher for more than three decades, Bryant grew up in Washington, D.C. As a college student, he visited the U.S. Capitol rotunda with friends during the weekend of the assassination. Recorded July 13, 1999, and November 5, 2015.

Matthew Brzezinski

A former Moscow correspondent for The Wall Street Journal, Brzezinski is the author of the 2007 book Red Moon Rising: Sputnik and the Hidden Rivalries That Ignited the Space Age, which explores the history of Sputnik’s launch on October 4, 1957. This lecture was recorded in conjunction with the World Affairs Council of Dallas. Recorded October 11, 2007.

Ruth Buckhanan

A lifelong professional quilter, Buckhanan produced numerous handmade John F. Kennedy memorial quilts after the assassination in 1963. Recorded on February 20, 2003.

Ms. Buckhanan passed away on November 2, 2015.

Donald K. Buckman

Buckman grew up in Fort Worth and was serving in the U.S. Army at Fort Hood in Killeen, Texas, in 1963. One year later, as a reporter for the Dallas Times Herald, he covered the first assassination anniversary. Recorded on August 6, 2015.

Ann H. Buell

During the 1960 presidential campaign, Buell had frequent contacts with John F. Kennedy as she helped campaign for his election. Recorded February 13, 1995.

Janice Crabtree Bunnell

Bunnell observed the Kennedy motorcade on Main Street. The letter she wrote to Jackie Kennedy six months after the assassination was selected for publication in Dr. Ellen Fitzpatrick’s book, Letters to Jackie: Condolences from a Grieving Nation (2010). Recorded March 16, 2010.

Gayla Burke

A ninth-grader in Richardson, Texas, in 1963, Burke recalled not being allowed to miss school to observe the parade in downtown Dallas. Recorded April 14, 1995.

Phil Burleson

A noted Dallas attorney, Burleson was a key member of Jack Ruby’s defense team during his 1964 trial for the murder of Lee Harvey Oswald. Burleson remained part of the counsel until Ruby’s death in 1967. Recorded April 4, 1995.

Mr. Burleson passed away on May 30, 1995.

Phil Burleson, Jr.

Burleson, an attorney in Dallas, is the son of the late Phil Burleson, who served as one of Jack Ruby’s defense attorneys until Ruby’s death in 1967. His recollections of his father were recorded in conjunction with the Center for American and International Law during a Higginbotham Inn of Court panel discussion on the Ruby trial. Recorded May 19, 2004.

Marvin Burlison

An installation supervisor with the Southwestern Bell Telephone Company in 1963, Burlison oversaw temporary communications installations at the Dallas Trade Mart in preparation for the presidential visit. Immediately after the assassination, he assisted in the emergency setup of microwave communications at Parkland Memorial Hospital. Recorded March 25, 2005.

Mr. Burlison passed away on December 6, 2006.

Gary Burnett

An Oak Cliff student in 1963, Burnett saw the Kennedy motorcade. He then went to the Texas Theatre where he witnessed the arrest of Lee Harvey Oswald. He was immediately questioned by Dallas police. Recorded October 29, 2015.

Raun Burnham

A longtime singer and songwriter, Burnham was part of a folk music tour in the New York area at the time of the assassination. She later visited Dealey Plaza in 1967. Recorded September 11, 2013.

Mike Burns

A tenth grade student in 1963, Burns was inspired in part by the Kennedy assassination to pursue a career in law enforcement, serving as an Indiana State Trooper for three decades. Recorded January 29, 2016.

Rodger & Carolyn Burson

A longtime architect, Rodger Burson worked on the first phase of the adaptive reuse of the Texas School Book Depository building after it was purchased by Dallas County. His wife, Carolyn Burson, was a member of the Dallas County Heritage Society in the 1970s. Recorded February 13, 2002, and April 18, 2014.

Alex Burton

A reporter for local NBC affiliate WBAP-TV in Fort Worth, Burton covered some of the events of the assassination weekend. Later, he served as a commentator on community affairs. Recorded August 30, 1995.

Mr. Burton passed away on September 13, 2012.

Ronald Buschbom

A student at the U.S. Naval Academy in the early 1960s, Buschbom was a member of the Navy Midshipmen football team. He was with the team at the 1963 Army-Navy game following the assassination and then visited Dealey Plaza with his teammates in January 1964. Recorded November 11, 2011.

Dorothy M. Bush

Bush taught Lee Harvey Oswald ninth-grade science at Beauregard Junior High School in New Orleans. Recorded September 11, 2003.

Ms. Bush passed away on October 22, 2005.

Eric Bushman

A broadcaster at WBAP Radio in Dallas, Bushman produced an award-winning series of programs to mark the fiftieth anniversary of the Kennedy assassination in 2013. Born more than two decades after the tragedy, Bushman has maintained a lifelong interest in the subject and has interviewed many key participants over the years. Recorded August 7 and October 23, 2015.

Bo Byers

The Austin bureau chief for the Houston Chronicle, Byers was traveling with the presidential party in Texas and was in the Dallas motorcade aboard the press bus. Recorded July 25, 1995.

Mr. Byers passed away on May 23, 2010.

Harry Cabluck

An Associated Press photographer for over forty years, Cabluck was working for the Fort Worth Star-Telegram in 1963. He covered President Kennedy’s visit to Fort Worth and Dallas, ending up at Parkland Memorial Hospital after the assassination. Recorded February 3, 2012.

Jarrold Cabluck

Fort Worth Star-Telegram photographer in 1963, Cabluck covered President Kennedy in Fort Worth and Dallas. Following the assassination, he went to Parkland Memorial Hospital and then took aerial photographs of Dealey Plaza. Recorded February 8, 2012.

Daphne Cagle

A sixth grader in Shreveport, Louisiana, in 1963, Cagle remembers that classmates at school, on the bus, and in her neighborhood cheered the death of President Kennedy because of his views on civil rights. Recorded January 27, 2014.

William Caldwell

As a student at Marquette University in Wisconsin, Caldwell saw Sen. John F. Kennedy during the 1960 campaign. Four years later, on June 7, 1964, U.S. Attorney General Robert F. Kennedy delivered the Commencement address at Caldwell’s graduation. Recorded December 29, 2014.

Tony Callaway

A native of Oklahoma, Callaway served in the Vietnam War. Years later, as a Dallas architect, he worked with his partner, Jim Hendricks, on the design of The Sixth Floor Museum’s original Visitors Center and elevator tower. Recorded January 20, 2016.

Sharon Calloway

An X-Ray Technology School intern at Parkland Memorial Hospital in 1963, Calloway saw the back of President Kennedy’s head before he was moved into Trauma Room One. She later worked closely with the Dallas County medical examiner, Dr. Earl F. Rose, and recalled his feelings about the handling of the president’s remains. Recorded January 27, 2002.

Paul Camfield

Camfield is the son of the late Dallas-Fort Worth television personality Bill Camfield. From 1955 to 1972, Bill Camfield worked at local independent KTVT-TV as a writer, reporter and host, best remembered for his character “Icky Twerp,” host of the popular children’s program Slam Bang Theater. Recorded November 7, 2011.

Steve Caminis

Caminis, a Maryland college student in 1963, traveled to Washington, D.C., twice during the assassination weekend to witness the procession of President Kennedy’s casket to and from the U.S. Capitol. Recorded June 18, 2014.

Frank Campagna

A Dallas artist and music promoter credited with helping to revitalize the city’s Deep Ellum area, Campagna was a second grade student in New Jersey at the time of the assassination. His parents were active members of the John Birch Society. Recorded January 4, 2013.

Bill Cannon

As a Dallas County deputy sheriff from 1954 to 1956, Cannon knew Jack Ruby. He interviewed Ruby in 1965 and made detailed notes of the experience, which he later donated to The Sixth Floor Museum. After retiring, Cannon wrote a series of books on Texas history and trivia. Recorded January 10, 2003, and August 29, 2014.

Ronald Cantrell

A senior at W.W. Samuell High School in Dallas, Cantrell and his friends saw the Kennedys at Dallas Love Field and again on Stemmons Freeway moments after the assassination. He then waited outside Parkland’s Emergency Room in the aftermath. Recorded December 11, 2015.

Dick Canty

Canty was an engineer with Western Electric in Chicago in 1963. He recalls that telephone lines went down for several hours following the assassination. Recorded February 7, 2014.

Joyce Pate Capper

The honorary consul to the Grand-Duchy of Luxembourg since 1992, Capper was a longtime Fort Worth civic leader whose late husband, A.M. Pate, Jr., founded the Pate Museum of Transportation (1969-2009). As a member of the Junior League of Fort Worth in 1963, she attended President Kennedy’s breakfast at the Hotel Texas. Recorded July 14, 2010.

Esteban Caras

A member of Assault Brigade 2506, Caras served as part of the Bay of Pigs invasion force. Recorded October 29, 2000.

Lt. Gen. Richard Carey

A Marine pilot stationed at the Dallas Naval Air Station, Carey was flying over downtown Dallas and the Dealey Plaza area at the time of the assassination. Recorded January 22, 1995.

Peggy Carey

A California high school student, Carey turned seventeen years old four days prior to the assassination. She was inspired in part by President Kennedy’s death to become an FBI stenographer. Recorded September 17, 2015.

David Carlson

Carlson saw Senator John F. Kennedy in Illinois during the 1960 presidential campaign. At the time of the assassination, Carlson was a freshman at the University of Illinois. Recorded March 24, 2010.

Arthur Carlson

As a nineteen-year-old U.S. Army Private First Class, Carlson led the horse Black Jack during President Kennedy’s funeral ceremonies on November 24 and 25, 1963. Recorded February 15, 2016.

John Carpenter

Carpenter skipped high school on November 22, 1963, to go with friends to Dallas Love Field to see the president’s arrival. He was interviewed with his childhood friend Greg McCone. Recorded June 1, 2012.

Liz Carpenter

A longtime journalist and press secretary for Lady Bird Johnson, Carpenter traveled with the presidential party throughout Texas and wrote the brief statement that President Johnson made to the nation the night of November 22, 1963. Recorded November 15, 2003.

Ms. Carpenter passed away on March 20, 2010.

Waggoner Carr

Carr served as attorney general of Texas from 1963 to 1967 and was traveling throughout the state with the presidential party. After the assassination, he served as the Texas liaison to the Warren Commission. Recorded on July 24, 1995.

Mr. Carr passed away on February 25, 2004.

Dr. James Carrico

A resident in general surgery at Parkland Memorial Hospital in 1963, Carrico was the first physician to see President Kennedy upon his arrival at the hospital. Recorded August 2, 1997.

Dr. Carrico passed away on July 25, 2002.

Maurice C. “Mickey” Carroll

A reporter for the New York Herald Tribune in 1963, Carroll covered the scene at Dallas police headquarters and witnessed the shooting of Lee Harvey Oswald. He returned to Dallas to cover the Jack Ruby trial in 1964. Carroll wrote attorney Melvin Belli’s memoir Dallas Justice (1964) and later authored Accidental Assassin (2013). Recorded November 30, 2007, and January 10 and January 11, 2014.

William Carron

A social worker for more than three decades, Carron was a seventh grader in New York City in 1963. Recorded January 24, 2014.

Joe Carter

A United Press International (UPI) reporter at the Dallas bureau, Carter was aboard a motorcade press bus and heard shots fired in Dealey Plaza. He covered the aftermath at Parkland Memorial Hospital and Dallas Love Field. Years later, he became a speechwriter for President Lyndon Johnson. Recorded November 18, 2013.

Jacob Carter

Born more than twenty-five years after the assassination, Carter became interested in the subject after watching Oliver Stone’s JFK. He has since become a researcher, encouraging young people to get interested in the assassination story and writing the book, Before History Dies (2015). Recorded April 8, 2016.

Gary Cartwright

A longtime writer and editor with Texas Monthly magazine, Cartwright was a sports writer at The Dallas Morning News in 1963. He and his roommate, the late Bud Shrake, often socialized with Jack Ruby and his strippers. Recorded March 18, 2011.

Gladys Cason

Cason was the widow of Jack C. Cason, who was president of the Texas School Book Depository in 1963. The Casons, a conservative family, feared for President Kennedy’s safety during his visit to Dallas. Recorded September 29, 2005.

Ms. Cason passed away on March 15, 2009.

Vivian Castleberry

Considered the “grandmother of women journalists in Dallas,” Castleberry was the longtime editor of women’s news at the Dallas Times Herald. On the day of the assassination, she was waiting at the Trade Mart to cover Jackie Kennedy’s visit to the city. After the shooting, Castleberry worked in the Times Herald newsroom and wrote several human interest stories that weekend. Recorded October 14, 1991, August 19, 2004, August 2, 2006, April 18, 2008, August 5, 2009, and June 15, 2015.

C. Keith Causey

Causey is the son of the late Max E. Causey, the first juror selected for, and later jury foreman of, the Jack Ruby trial. Recorded August 23, 2002.

Richard & Joe Cavagnaro, Jr.

The Cavagnaros are the sons of the late Joe Cavagnaro, a longtime manager at the Statler Hilton in Dallas. The senior Cavagnaro was close friends with Jack Ruby and met with him on the morning of the assassination. He later visited Ruby several times in jail. Recorded May 7, 2014.

Charles Ced

As manager of the Playboy Club in Dallas in the mid-1950s, and later the owner and operator of another private club in the 1960s, Ced knew Jack Ruby and often had breakfast with him and other nightclub operators. Recorded March 2, 2009.

Mary Certa

An eighth grade Catholic school girl living in California in 1963, Certa was playing the church organ during Mass when the assassination took place. A letter she wrote to Jackie Kennedy two days after the assassination was included in Dr. Ellen Fitzpatrick’s Letters to Jackie: Condolences from a Grieving Nation (2010). Recorded February 24, 2011.

Bill Ceverha

A reporter for KRLD-TV in 1963, Ceverha was on vacation in Chicago at the time of the assassination. In 1964, he covered the Ruby trial for KRLD-TV and Westinghouse Broadcasting. Ceverha later became an active political leader and served in the Texas House of Representatives. Recorded May 2, 2005.

Howard Chamberlain

A longtime engineer at KRLD-TV, Chamberlain was at the Trade Mart, Parkland Memorial Hospital, Dallas City Hall, and the Dallas County Jail on the weekend of the assassination. His late wife, Pollyann Chamberlain, was an employee at the Old Red Courthouse and heard the shooting take place. In 1964, Chamberlain’s late mother-in-law, Ruth Thornton, was briefly held hostage following a county jail break during the Jack Ruby trial. Recorded May 17, 2006.

Mr. Chamberlain passed away on July 28, 2013.

Phil Chamberlain

Production supervisor at the Kodak lab in Dallas, Chamberlain encountered Abraham Zapruder when his film was brought in to be processed on November 22, 1963. Recorded September 21, 1994.

Mr. Chamberlain passed away on February 10, 2014.

Gene Chamberlain

Chamberlain is the son of the late Phil Chamberlain, production supervisor at the Kodak lab in Dallas who worked with Abraham Zapruder on November 22, 1963. Gene Chamberlain, a student at the University of Oklahoma at the time, had previously worked two summers with his father at the Kodak lab. Recorded October 19, 2015.

James F. Chambers, Jr.

Publisher of the Dallas Times Herald for many years, Chambers had several personal contacts with President Kennedy and helped keep his newspaper organized and working during the weekend of the assassination. Recorded June 10, 1994.

Mr. Chambers passed away on September 21, 2006.

Marie Chancellor

An Oak Cliff resident in 1963, Chancellor saw the Kennedy motorcade on Main Street. In 1991, her daughter was an extra in Dealey Plaza during the filming of Oliver Stone’s JFK. Recorded July 31, 2009.

Toby Chandler

One of the youngest U.S. Secret Service agents assigned to the presidential detail, Chandler worked with Presidents Eisenhower, Kennedy, and Johnson. He was in Washington, D.C., at the time of the assassination. Recorded November 20, 2010.

The Rev. Wally Chappell

A longtime religious leader in Dallas, Chappell was pastor of the Ridgewood Park United Methodist Church in 1963. He held a special prayer service for President Kennedy on Friday evening. Recorded October 6, 2004.

Barbara Fahs Charles

Interviewed with her partner, Robert Staples, Charles of the firm Staples and Charles Ltd was a planner and designer for the exhibition, “John F. Kennedy and the Memory of a Nation,” which opened on the sixth floor of the Texas School Book Depository building in 1989. Recorded August 30, 1994, and February 16, 2009.

George Charlton

A community leader in the arts, Charlton played a key role in the establishment of the Dallas Museum of Art. In 1963, he was the son-in-law of community leader J. Erik Jonsson. Recorded July 18, 2001.

Mr. Charlton passed away on October 26, 2012.

Diana Chase

A Dallas high school student in 1963, Chase was resting in the school nurse’s office when she learned of the assassination. Recorded November 9, 2010.

Nikki Chayet

Chayet was a young campaign volunteer for John F. Kennedy in 1960 and Robert Kennedy in 1968. She was a seventh grader in Michigan when the assassination took place. Recorded February 17, 2014.

Carol Chazdon

Twelve years old in 1963, Chazdon wrote a poignant essay about the Kennedy assassination one week later. She shared this essay during her oral history. Recorded October 13, 2011.

Nancy Cheney

Cheney saw the Kennedy motorcade on Lemmon Avenue on November 22, 1963. Years later, as a board member of the Dallas County Historical Foundation, Cheney served as liaison to the Kennedy family during the development of The Sixth Floor Museum at Dealey Plaza. Recorded December 1, 1994.

Sam Childers

A local historian, Childers is the author of Historic Dallas Hotels (2010). This lecture on presidential visits to Dallas was recorded during a Museum public program. Recorded February 19, 2007.

Dr. Allen Childs

A sophomore at UT Southwestern Medical School in Dallas, Childs was outside the Emergency entrance to Parkland Memorial Hospital following the assassination.  He is the author of We Were There: Revelations from the Dallas Doctors Who Attended to JFK on November 22, 1963 (2013). Recorded June 1, 2015.

William R. Chiles

Co-owner and vice president of Dallas typesetting company Jaggers-Chiles-Stovall, Chiles oversaw the hiring and firing of employee Lee Harvey Oswald, who worked for the business from October 1962 to April 1963. Recorded January 26, 2011.

Mr. Chiles passed away on March 7, 2015.

Ronald E. Chinitz

Chinitz volunteered for John F. Kennedy’s 1960 campaign and Robert Kennedy’s 1968 campaign. He was in the Embassy Ballroom at the Ambassador Hotel in Los Angeles on June 5, 1968, when Sen. Kennedy was assassinated. An active Kennedy collector for several decades, his collection includes political memorabilia and rare assassination-related materials. Recorded September 15, 2016.

John Chism

A Dallas police patrolman in 1963, Chism was assigned to the corner of Mockingbird Lane and Lemmon Avenue during the presidential motorcade. Later, he was taking a robbery victim’s statement in the emergency room of Parkland Memorial Hospital when the president arrived. Chism was briefly inside Trauma Room One and offered assistance to nurses, Secret Service agents, and other officials. Recorded February 12, 2008.

Marvin Faye & Rickey Chism

Standing on Elm Street, the Chism family–the late John Chism, his wife Marvin Faye, and three-year-old son Rickey–were close eyewitnesses to the Kennedy assassination. Interviewed at length that day by the Dallas County Sheriff’s Department, they have since been reluctant to discuss the subject. Recorded January 11, 2012, January 26 and November 20, 2013, and November 22, 2015.

Olin Chism

Serving as a copy editor at the Denton Record-Chronicle in 1963, Chism later worked for other local distinguished newspapers, such as the Fort Worth Star-Telegram, the Dallas Times Herald, and the Dallas Morning News. Recorded May 20, 1995.

John A. Crichton

An oil and gas company executive and longtime chairman of the board of Arabian American Development Co., Crichton worked for Dallas Civil Defense in 1963 and obtained a translator for Marina Oswald after her husband’s arrest. Crichton was also a friend of George de Mohrenschildt, an acquaintance of Lee Harvey Oswald. Recorded July 6, 2001.

Mr. Crichton passed away on December 10, 2007.

Dr. George Christian

Christian was a private assigned to U.S. Army Intelligence at the Pentagon in 1963. He visited the Capitol Rotunda that weekend to pay his respects and captured a color home movie of the Kennedy funeral procession on Pennsylvania Avenue, which he donated to The Sixth Floor Museum at Dealey Plaza in 2008. Recorded October 28, 2008.

F. Nick Ciacelli

A collector of Kennedy memorabilia since 1963, Ciacelli opened a 1960s-themed McDonald’s restaurant in Florida and later developed the traveling exhibition “JFK Remembered.”  The centerpiece of his collection is a replica Kennedy limousine, used in numerous films and documentaries including Oliver Stone’s JFK (1991). Recorded April 8, 2011.

Dale Clark

Five years old in 1963, Clark and his family saw the Kennedy motorcade on Lemmon Avenue. Recorded January 20, 2011.

John Clark

A longtime maintenance manager with Dallas County, Clark has worked with county-owned buildings in the Dealey Plaza area since 1981. He was involved in air conditioning, lighting, and other facilities work during the early days of The Sixth Floor exhibition. Recorded October 25, 2010.

Richard Clark

A yearbook photographer at North Dallas High School in 1963, Clark took pictures of the Kennedy motorcade on Lemmon Avenue and later captured images inside school classrooms as students reacted to news of the assassination. He donated his images to The Sixth Floor Museum in 2003. Recorded January 8, 2015.

J. David Clayton

A Dallas native, Clayton was a recent graduate of Southern Methodist University in 1963 and was employed by Texas Instruments at the time of the assassination. Recorded September 8, 2010.

Katherine Clayton

Clayton was a history teacher at Thomas Jefferson High School in Dallas in 1963. She was in class with only two students at the time of the assassination because the others had been excused to see the presidential parade. Recorded September 8, 2010.

Virginia Clements

Clements is the widow of the late W.W. “Foots” Clements, president, CEO, and chairman of the board of the Dr. Pepper Company (1974-80). As vice president of marketing in 1963, W.W. Clements organized the Dr. Pepper bottlers meeting held in Dallas on the same day as the Kennedy assassination. The Clements were later instrumental in the opening of the Dr. Pepper Museum and Free Enterprise Institute in Waco, Texas. Recorded January 23, 2012.

Gilbert Clift

A World War II veteran, Clift was working in Houston, Texas, at the time of the assassination. He later joined the Peace Corps, serving in Honduras from 1978 to 1979. Recorded February 8, 2016.

Raymond R. Cline

A Dallas police officer from 1954 to 1977, Cline was assigned to the Dallas Trade Mart for President Kennedy’s planned luncheon. He once visited Jack Ruby’s Carousel Club after being told that officers received free drinks there. Later in his career, he came to know Marina Oswald when she worked at a Dallas convenience store on his patrol beat. Recorded August 6, 2009.

Mr. Cline passed away on January 9, 2013.

Ed Cloutman

A Louisiana native, Cloutman has devoted his entire law career to civil rights. Upon moving to Dallas in 1970, he became the lead attorney in the controversial court case to integrate the Dallas Independent School District.  He remained with the case until 2003 and argued it before the U.S. Supreme Court. Recorded April 8, 2011.

Francais Clymer

A longtime executive with the Meadows Foundation in Dallas, Clymer was a senior at Southern Methodist University in 1963. She spent the weekend of the Kennedy assassination with friends in New York City. Recorded April 8, 2008.

Ms. Clymer passed away on January 15, 2015.

Diana Coady

A student at a Catholic school in Fort Worth, Coady turned twelve years old on November 22, 1963. That day had a profound impact on her life. Recorded January 7, 2009, and March 16, 2012.

Gretchen Coben

A Dallas social worker in 1963, Coben watched the Kennedy motorcade and witnessed part of the assassination from the second-floor balcony of the Old Red Courthouse. Recorded June 15, 2007.

Mike Cochran

A reporter with the Associated Press for nearly four decades, Cochran covered President Kennedy in Fort Worth, the assassination aftermath at Parkland Memorial Hospital, and Lee Harvey Oswald’s funeral, where he served as a pallbearer. He later covered the Jack Ruby trial. Recorded July 14, 1993, November 19, 1998, and October 14, 2013.

Joe Cody

A burglary and theft detective with the Dallas Police Department in 1963, Cody went to the Texas School Book Depository after the assassination. A friend of Jack Ruby’s, Cody purchased a gun for Ruby in 1960 that Ruby later used to shoot Lee Harvey Oswald. Recorded October 11, 1999.

Mr. Cody passed away on June 28, 2008.

Gary Coffman

A longtime executive with the Woodbine Development Corporation in Dallas, Coffman was attending Southern Methodist University in 1963. After Woodbine purchased the former Hotel Texas property in downtown Fort Worth in 1978, Coffman was involved in the building’s renovations. Recorded December 19, 2011.

Leland & Patricia Coggan

Conservative Dallasites who had moved to New York City days prior to the Kennedy assassination, the Coggans were publicly insulted in the aftermath because of their hometown. They returned to Dallas one year later. Recorded March 25, 2013.

Sol Cohen

Living in the same Oak Cliff apartment complex as Jack Ruby in 1963, Cohen claims to have predicted the shooting of Lee Harvey Oswald on Sunday, November 24. Recorded June 25, 2014.

Ernestine Cole

A Florida native, Cole was one of five African American students selected for the first school integration in her community. Later in the 1960s, she became active with the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP). Recorded November 9, 2010.

Carrol Coleman

An insurance salesman in Dallas, Coleman made a joke about a possible shooting before learning of the assassination. Although not a Kennedy supporter, he was deeply impacted by the president’s death. Recorded April 26, 2013.

Don Coleman

A Fort Worth resident in 1963, Coleman wrote letters around the world and collected more than 200 newspapers from the days surrounding the assassination. His collection of papers from the United States and 25 other countries, written in 16 languages, was donated to the Museum in 2003. Recorded September 15, 2003.

Larry Coleman

Coleman, an insurance underwriter at Pacific Indemnity in Dallas, watched the Kennedy motorcade from the corner of Main and Ervay streets. He recalled that twice that week Secret Service agents visited his workplace looking for former employees. Recorded May 23, 2007.

Jacqueline Collins

A 23-year-old typist at the Bateson Construction Company in Dallas, Collins watched the Kennedy motorcade on Main Street. About one month prior to the assassination, she met Jack Ruby on a downtown street, and he pursued her by telephone for several weeks in the hopes of convincing her to audition at the Carousel Club. Recorded November 2, 2007.

William E. Collins

A local attorney in Dallas, Collins was one of the Dallas County Historical Foundation’s original board members. Recorded June 12, 1997.

Mr. Collins passed away on December 1, 1997.

Linda Colston

From 1962 to 1964, Colston worked at the circulation desk at The Dallas Morning News. She frequently saw Jack Ruby at the newspaper, including on the day of the Kennedy assassination. Recorded March 16, 2009.

J R Compton

Editor of the student magazine at the University of Dallas at the time of the assassination, Compton went on to serve in the Vietnam War and become a vocal anti-war critic. After working as a staff photographer at the Dallas Times Herald in the early 1970s, he was publisher of the left-wing underground newspapers Dallas NOTES and HOOKA. Recorded March 17, 2006.

Darryl Conine

A 48-year employee of the John Sexton Food Company, Conine worked in their warehouse at 411 Elm Street – later known as the Texas School Book Depository – for nine years. He shared his knowledge about the building’s history and layout. Recorded January 15, 2002, and August 14, 2013.

Nellie Connally

The widow of former Texas Gov. John Connally, Nellie Connally was in the presidential limousine at the time of the assassination and spoke the last words to President Kennedy. Connally’s memories were recorded during a public speaking appearance in Dallas. Recorded December 6, 1996.

Ms. Connally passed away on September 1, 2006.

Michael Connelly

A sports writer for the Boston Herald, Connelly is the author of The President’s Team: The 1963 Army-Navy Game and the Assassination of JFK (2009). Recorded November 11, 2011.

Chuck Conrad

Conrad began a career in broadcast news, production, and engineering in the late 1960s. Since the 1980s he has been an active collector of radio and television memorabilia.  His collection includes a WFAA-TV Dumont Telecruiser and a KRLD-TV camera used during the assassination weekend.  Recorded May 13, 2015.

Beatrice Constantino

Constantino is the daughter of the late Edmond Van Brandt, a carpenter at Brooks Air Force Base in San Antonio. Brandt built a custom lectern that was used by President Kennedy during his visit on Thursday, November 21, 1963. Constantino was interviewed with two of her siblings. Recorded April 11, 2015.

Joe Cook

A photo technician specialist in Chicago, Cook processed film for Life magazine the weekend of the assassination and was invited to an early screening of the Zapruder film. In 2003, Cook was part of a team that examined the Mary Moorman photo for the Discovery Channel. Recorded September 4, 2003.

Noel Cook

An employee of the Federal Aviation Administration, Cook was stationed at Dallas Love Field when the presidential party arrived. He later became an aviation historian. Recorded August 24, 1999.

Mr. Cook passed away on October 23, 2005.

Phil Cook

As a patrolman with the Dallas County Sheriff’s Department, Cook escorted Lyndon and Lady Bird Johnson during their visit to Dallas in November 1960. Years later, as a criminal investigator, he was assigned escort and courtroom guard duty for Jack Ruby during his 1964 trial. Recorded June 16, 2008.

Tom Cook

An associate director with CBS Television in New York in 1963, Cook was involved in covering the events of the assassination. Recorded January 31, 1992.

Elizabeth Cooper

Cooper was a Kennedy supporter living outside Houston, Texas, in 1963. She was very concerned about the John Birch Society and its strong presence in Dallas. Recorded June 23, 2014.

George & Sarah Cooper

Students at Pepperdine University in California in 1963, the Coopers met on a university-sponsored trip to Germany and were there when the Kennedy assassination took place. Recorded March 11, 2011.

The Rev. Bob Cooper

Beginning in 1965, Cooper was associate chaplain at the Perkins School of Theology at Southern Methodist University. He was heavily involved in the Dallas peace movement and participated in a number of protests, including a 17-mile march from Fort Worth to Dallas that culminated with a rally near Dealey Plaza. Recorded October 29, 2007.

William Cooper

The head of Dallas Market Hall, which included the Trade Mart, Cooper was one of the Dallas County Historical Foundation’s original board members. Recorded March 30, 1994.

Mr. Cooper passed away on March 6, 2008.

Francis J. Corbett

Working as a physicist at the ITEK Corporation in 1975, Corbett was the principal investigator for their John Kennedy Assassination Film Analysis for CBS News. In addition to related journal articles and presentations, he also did film analysis for the 1993 PBS Frontline special, “Who was Lee Harvey Oswald?”  Ironically, beginning in the late 1950s, Corbett had several personal interactions with John F. Kennedy and his family as an employee of the Hyannisport Club in Hyannis Port, Massachusetts. Recorded November 22, 2016.

Janet Cormier

Cormier was a Kennedy volunteer in Boston during the 1960 presidential election. She saw him in person that year and had hoped to volunteer for his re-election campaign in 1964. Recorded October 7, 2014.

Gary Cornwell

Cornwell was a prosecutor with the U.S. Department of Justice when he was selected to serve as the Deputy Chief Counsel for the House Select Committee on Assassinations in 1977. He headed up the HSCA’s Kennedy assassination investigation and personally interviewed a number of individuals. Cornwell later wrote the book Real Answers (1998). Recorded March 28, 2012.

Nickolas Costas

Costas’s late father, Greek immigrant Anthony Costas, owned or managed several private clubs in Dallas beginning in the 1940s. Nickolas Costas purchased the historic Cipango Club in Dallas in the 1970s. Recorded November 1, 2012.

Dr. Malcom Couch

A part-time news photographer for Dallas ABC affiliate WFAA-TV/Channel 8, Couch covered the president’s arrival at Dallas Love Field and was riding in the motorcade when he heard three shots fired and saw a rifle barrel in the sixth floor window of the Texas School Book Depository building. Recorded circa 1989, November 21, 2000, and April 2, 2007.

Dr. Couch passed away on February 12, 2013.

J. Walter Coughlin

A U.S. Secret Service agent from 1961 to 1977, Coughlin served on the details of Presidents Kennedy and Johnson and Vice President Hubert Humphrey. He was part of the advance team for San Antonio on President Kennedy’s trip to Texas. In 1973, Coughlin became the agent-in-charge of the Dallas field office. Recorded February 18, 2011, May 3, 2014, and March 21, 2016.

David Coulson

Having celebrated his seventh birthday one week earlier, Coulson was home sick from school on November 22, 1963. The assassination remains one of his earliest and most powerful childhood memories. Recorded January 29, 2010.

Robert B. Counts

A Dallas police patrolman, Counts escorted officials to the Dallas Trade Mart on the morning of November 22, 1963. Following the assassination, he was assigned guard duty at the Texas School Book Depository and Dallas police headquarters. Recorded February 20, 2012.

Will Courtney

A Fort Worth native, Courtney attended the Chamber of Commerce breakfast at the Hotel Texas on November 22, 1963. He then had a brief encounter with President Kennedy outside the hotel. Recorded March 19, 2014.

Billie Cox

Cox, a longtime teacher at Annie Webb Blanton Elementary in Dallas, was close friends with fellow teacher–and well-known assassination eyewitness–Jean Hill for more than thirty years. Cox attended many assassination talks with Hill and was in Dealey Plaza for the filming of Oliver Stone’s JFK (1991). Recorded June 16, 2014.

Ms. Cox passed away on May 10, 2015.

Don Cox

Cox was Officer of the Day for the 35th Engineer Battalion at Fort Polk, Louisiana, on November 22, 1963. He was sent by his commanding officer to retrieve black-bordered letters about the assassination to be read to all troops. Recorded March 4, 2014.

Judy Coyne

A Catholic schoolgirl in Dallas, Coyne was a fervent supporter of President Kennedy. After her class missed seeing the motorcade, Coyne responded to the assassination by compiling a scrapbook. Recorded May 3, 2013.

Horace Craig

Assistant city editor at the Fort Worth Star-Telegram in 1963, Craig was in the office on Sunday and helped coordinate coverage when Lee Harvey Oswald was shot. In later years Craig was active with the Fort Worth Stockyards National Historic District. Recorded March 10, 2004.

Mr. Craig passed away on October 1, 2006.

Herman Craighead

A Dallas police officer from 1954 to 1978, Craighead was assigned to guard the head table for the presidential luncheon at the Dallas Trade Mart on November 22, 1963. Previously, Craighead had worked with Officer J.D. Tippit. Recorded July 7, 2010.

Mr. Craighead passed away on September 29, 2012.

John Crain

Since the 1970s, Crain has worked with a variety of institutions including the Texas Historical Commission and the Texas State Historical Association.  As longtime chairman of the Dallas Historical Society, he served on the founding board of the Dallas County Historical Foundation and was involved in the development of The Sixth Floor exhibition. Recorded June 26, 2013.

Ann Crane

A history teacher at W.W. Samuell High School in Dallas, Crane remembers the vast majority of her students were not in class on November 22, 1963. Years later, in the early 1980s, she toured the empty sixth floor of the Texas School Book Depository with local preservation activist Lindalyn Adams. Recorded January 11, 2016.

Charles Cravotta

Cravotta’s family operated a first-floor showroom at the Dallas Trade Mart in 1963. As a result, five-year-old Charles was allowed to stand near the head table to await the president’s arrival at the luncheon. Recorded January 27, 2014.

Dr. John Crawford

A longtime research scientist and particle physicist, Crawford was studying in Great Britain in 1963. He began to research the Kennedy assassination, specifically the Zapruder film and the jet effect theory, in 2008 and conducted a series of tests in 2013. Recorded March 3, 2014.

George & Jeannette Crawford

The Crawfords were active in the civil rights and peace movements of the 1960s. They both recall Dallas as a city of hatred and anger at the time of the Kennedy assassination because of vocal right-wing extremism. Recorded June 12, 2009, and February 8, 2016.

Dr. Peadar Cremin

The president of Mary Immaculate College at the University of Limerick, Cremin was fourteen years old when he saw President Kennedy during his June 1963 visit to Ireland. Recorded March 12, 2009.

Gerry Cristol

The longtime archivist at Temple Emanu-El in Dallas, Cristol is the author of A Light in the Prairie: Temple Emanu-El of Dallas, 1872-1997 (1998). She saw the Kennedy motorcade on Turtle Creek Boulevard. Recorded November 13, 2013.

Tom Croft

A Fort Worth native, Croft was living in west Texas in 1963. He attended one of the few high school football games played in the state on the evening of the assassination. Recorded September 8, 2010.

James Cron

A jail clerk at the Dallas Police Department at the time of the assassination, Cron started the first Crime Scene Search Unit at the Dallas County Sheriff’s Department in 1970 and has since become a veteran crime scene investigator and law enforcement consultant. Recorded May 10 and May 16, 2007.

Walter Cronkite

A legendary broadcast journalist, Cronkite was managing editor and anchorman of the CBS Evening News during the Kennedy years. On November 22, 1963, he reported the news of the president’s death on live television. This interview was recorded in conjunction with the John F. Kennedy Presidential Library and Museum. Recorded April 14, 2004.

Mr. Cronkite passed away on July 17, 2009.

Gary Crouse

A U.S. Marine from 1961 to 1964, Crouse was part of the flight crew for the Marine helicopters used by Presidents Kennedy and Johnson. Recorded November 9, 2011.

Jerry Crow

Twelve years old in 1963, Crow saw President and Mrs. Kennedy upon their arrival at Dallas Love Field. A longtime collector of Kennedy memorabilia, Crow was deeply impacted by the assassination. Recorded February 15, 2012.

Phil Crow

A fifty-year veteran of the Dallas/Forth Worth television market, Crow was the studio supervisor at independent station KTVT-TV in 1963. He operated the camera during President Kennedy’s Fort Worth breakfast speech, at Parkland Hospital, and during the funeral services for Officer J.D. Tippit. On Sunday, Crow was prepared to shoot video of a Fort Worth memorial service when Lee Harvey Oswald was shot in Dallas. Recorded October 14, 2008.

Sue Crutchfield

Crutchfield was the cousin of the late U.S. Senator John McClellan of Arkansas (1943-77), an acquaintance of the Kennedy family.  According to Crutchfield, her cousin was sent to Dallas to survey the city’s political climate shortly before President Kennedy’s trip to Texas. Recorded June 19, 2015.

Ms. Crutchfield passed away on May 28, 2016.

Betty Culbreath

A longtime community leader, and director of Dallas County Health and Human Services for more than two decades, Culbreath became active in the civil rights movement while attending the University of Texas in Austin. She participated in protests and sit-ins, including a filmed altercation that aired on local television. Recorded April 26, 2011.

Lee Cullum

A longtime columnist and media commentator in the Dallas area, Cullum is part of a prominent local family and has been active in community affairs over the years. Recorded August 24, 2000, November 10, 2011, and May 29, 2012.

Amy Cunningham

A high school sophomore in 1963, Cunningham saw the Kennedy motorcade on Main Street. In the aftermath of the assassination, she assisted at the Cinderella Flower Shop in Oak Cliff, creating a large number of memorial floral arrangements and transporting them to Dealey Plaza. Recorded July 11, 2008.

Col. Walt Cunningham

America’s second civilian astronaut, Cunningham in 1968 was the lunar module pilot for Apollo 7, the first manned mission in the Apollo program. He joined NASA in October 1963, less than one month before the Kennedy assassination. Recorded October 4, 2007, May 27, 2011, and October 22, 2015.

Mildred Daffron

Dallas housewife Daffron, a Kennedy supporter, was friends with several women who were members of the John Birch Society. She remembers the conservative city as an unwelcoming place in 1963. Recorded June 16, 2014.

James F. Dahman

A sergeant with the Dallas Police Department in 1963, Dahman was assigned to the presidential luncheon at the Dallas Trade Mart. After the shooting of Lee Harvey Oswald on Sunday, Dahman was present for Oswald’s autopsy and family viewing of his body at Parkland Memorial Hospital. Recorded August 6, 2010.

Mr. Dahman passed away on July 16, 2012.

Joy Dale

Dale worked as a stripper at Jack Ruby’s Carousel Club in 1963. She spoke with Ruby at the club on the afternoon of the assassination and was then interviewed on live television shortly after the Oswald shooting. Recorded August 3, 2004.

Dr. Robert Dallek

An award-winning presidential historian, Dallek was teaching at Columbia University in 1963. He is the author of numerous books, including a two-volume biography of Lyndon B. Johnson (1998, 2004) and the best-selling An Unfinished Life: John F. Kennedy, 1917-1963 (2003). Recorded November 4, 2011.

William M. Dallin II

A friend of Dallas Police Chief Jesse Curry’s wife, Dallin’s late mother called Mrs. Curry following the Oswald shooting, identifying Jack Ruby from KRLD-TV news footage shot in Dealey Plaza on Saturday, November 23, 1963.  For many years, Dallin has been an avid researcher of Victorio Peak in New Mexico, believing that it may have a connection to the Kennedy assassination. Recorded September 3, 2010.

Richard Damerau

Damerau was a photo analyst with U.S. Naval Intelligence stationed in Atsugi, Japan, at the same time as Lee Harvey Oswald. Ironically, between the 1950s and early 1960s, Damerau had brief personal encounters with Senator John F. Kennedy, Oswald, and Jack Ruby. Recorded July 10, 2012.

Charles Dameron

Serving as news editor for the Dallas Times Herald in 1963, Dameron planned coverage for the Kennedy visit to Dallas and supervised the paper’s newsroom and composing room. Recorded January 12, 1995.

Mr. Dameron passed away on March 13, 2011.

Dr. Theresa Daniel

Currently a Dallas County Commissioner, Daniel moved to Dallas in 1977. Her PhD dissertation on the growth and development of Dallas included a study of the Kennedy assassination and its local impact. Recorded October 2, 2013.

Jack W. Daniel

Daniel was standing on the west side of the triple underpass with his home movie camera and captured the motorcade on film seconds after the assassination took place. He returned to Dealey Plaza afterward to take film of the flowers and memorial tributes left by mourners. Recorded November 22, 1996, February 11, 1997, and April 4, 2008.

Mr. Daniel passed away on March 22, 2015.

Alaine Dasheiff

A resident of Baltimore, Maryland, in 1963, Dasheiff was about to start a job with the Social Security Administration when the assassination took place. She recalls experiencing antisemitism in the early 1960s. Recorded November 24, 2009.

Dr. Michael Daugherty

A Grammy award-winning composer, Daugherty has written a number pieces on historical figures and popular culture. He is the composer of the opera Jackie O, which premiered at the Houston Grand Opera in 1997. Recorded May 2, 2016.

Dennis David

A petty officer in the Medical Service Corps stationed at Bethesda Naval Medical Center, David was serving as the chief of the day of the medical school on November 22, 1963. He recalled the president’s casket arriving at the back of the hospital before Jackie Kennedy’s arrival at the front of the hospital, which has become a point of controversy among researchers. On Monday, David had the opportunity to briefly examine photographs and film of the president’s autopsy. Recorded June 26, 2007.

Carrie E. Davis

A private cook in a north Dallas home for more than 25 years, Davis was preparing for a large dinner party on November 22, 1963. She was unable to finish the meal due to her grief over the president’s death. Recorded April 17, 2008.

Ms. Davis passed away on June 6, 2013.

Jack Davis

A teenager in Oak Cliff, Davis was inside the Texas Theatre when Lee Harvey Oswald arrived, and he believed Oswald sat next to him for a short time. Recorded August 6, 2002.

John E. Davis

A longtime Dallas social worker and counselor, Davis was teaching a marriage and family class for nurses at Parkland Memorial Hospital on November 22, 1963. In private counseling sessions following the assassination, he often discussed grief over the death of President Kennedy. Recorded March 16, 2006, and August 17, 2016.

John H. Davis

A first cousin of Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis, Davis was a prolific author. His books included The Bouviers: Portrait of an American Family (1969), The Kennedys: Dynasty and Disaster  (1993), and Jacqueline Bouvier: An Intimate Memoir (1998). Davis also wrote two books about the Kennedy assassination involving a mafia conspiracy. Recorded October 23, 1992.

Mr. Davis passed away on January 29, 2012.

Michael & Maria Davis

Active Democrat Michael Davis, a student at Southern Methodist University, saw President Kennedy at Dallas Love Field. His future wife, Maria Davis, was a high school student in St. Louis at the time of the assassination. The couple met at SMU in the late 1960s. Recorded May 25, 2012, and April 21, 2013.

Sid Davis

The White House correspondent for Westinghouse Broadcasting Company in 1963, Davis was traveling with the presidential party through Texas and was one of the pool reporters aboard Air Force One for the swearing in of President Johnson. Recorded November 21, 2003.

Steven L. Davis

An author, editor, and collections curator at Texas State University in San Marcos, Davis co-wrote the best-selling book Dallas 1963 (2013). Recorded November 10, 2013, and April 20, 2014.

Renée Davis

The daughter of missionaries, Davis grew up in West Africa and was eight years old at the time of the Kennedy assassination. She later pursued a long career in education. Recorded December 7, 2015.

Rodney Davis-Gilbert

A Dallas native, Davis-Gilbert served in the Peace Corps in the country of Micronesia in the late 1980s. Upon her return, she was a local recruiter for the Peace Corps. Recorded March 5 and June 28, 2011.

J. C. “Carl” Day

Head of the Dallas Police Crime Scene Search Unit in 1963, Day was in charge of examining the rifle and fingerprint evidence at the Texas School Book Depository building following the assassination. In 2006, he donated his original crime lab supplies and equipment to the Museum. Recorded May 19, 1996, and July 11, 2006.

Mr. Day passed away on October 16, 2008.

Jerry Dealey

The great-grandnephew of George Bannerman Dealey, Dealey was in the third grade in Denver, Colorado, in 1963. After the assassination, he was teased and harassed by classmates because of his last name. Dealey later became an active researcher and published a history of Dealey Plaza titled D in the Heart of Texas (2002). Recorded March 30, 2006.

Joe Dealey

President of the Dallas Morning News in 1963, Dealey was later one of the original board members of the Dallas County Historical Foundation and a longtime supporter of The Sixth Floor Museum. Recorded May 19, 1994.

Mr. Dealey passed away on April 7, 1995.

Doris Dean

Members of the U.S. Foreign Service for thirty-five years, Dean and her husband were assigned by the State Department to Brazil at the time of the assassination.  Her husband, Robert W. Dean, later served as U.S. Ambassador to Peru (1974-77). Recorded March 20, 2013.

The Rev. Richard Deats

A civil rights and peace movement activist in the 1960s, Deats participated in a Dealey Plaza rally in 1969 that was interrupted by Nazi protestors. He was living in Boston at the time of the Kennedy assassination. Recorded August 7, 2006.

Robert DeBardelaben

A U.S. Marine stationed at the barracks at 8th and I Streets in Washington, D.C., DeBardelaben participated in the funeral services for President Kennedy. Recorded December 5, 2009.

Robert W. Decherd

From 1987 to 2013, Decherd served as Chairman, President, and CEO of the A. H. Belo Corporation, which owned six daily newspapers, including The Dallas Morning News. During its last years of fundraising and development, Decherd was a vocal supporter of The Sixth Floor Museum. Recorded March 2, 2001.

Ron Decuir

In 1963, Decuir was an engineer at Chance Vought Aircraft in Dallas. He and his coworkers were particularly concerned that animosity towards Dallas following the assassination would impact their business. Recorded October 17, 2014.

Susan Decuir

A Dallas high school student in 1963, Decuir and her boyfriend skipped school to see the Kennedy motorcade right outside Dallas Love Field. She later published a story about her experiences, “A Day I’ll Never Forget,” in Mature Living Magazine (2006). Recorded October 17, 2014.

Olan DeGaugh

In 1963, DeGaugh was the yardmaster for the Union Terminal Company and supervised the rail yard switchmen. Later, he owned the parking lot adjacent to the former Texas School Book Depository building. Recorded August 29, 2002.

Mr. DeGaugh passed away on January 26, 2004.

Gary DeLaune

The police reporter for radio station KLIF in Dallas, DeLaune covered the events of that weekend, and on Sunday, he was standing next to photographer Bob Jackson as he took his Pulitzer Prize-winning photograph of Jack Ruby shooting Lee Harvey Oswald. In 1964, DeLaune covered the Ruby trial. Recorded October 21, 1998, February 4 and November 10, 2012.

Jo Taylor DeLaune

The wife of KLIF radio reporter Gary DeLaune, she was the emergency room supervisor at St. Paul Hospital in Dallas. Prior to the assassination, she had occasional contact with Jack Ruby when he would bring his nightclub employees to the hospital for treatment. Recorded April 20, 2013.

Dr. John Mark Dempsey

An associate professor at Texas A&M University-Commerce, Dempsey is the author of The Jack Ruby Trial Revisited (2000), based on the diary written by his late uncle, jury foreman Max Causey. He later co-wrote Eddie Barker’s Notebook (2006), the memoir of longtime KRLD-TV news director Eddie Barker. Recorded December 6, 2002, and March 7, 2014.

Ida Denney

An employee at a Dallas stock exchange company, Denney watched the Kennedy motorcade on Main Street. Her office closed early when the stock market shut down following the assassination. Recorded June 21, 2007.

Carolyn Dennis

An ardent JFK supporter, Dennis attended one of Senator Kennedy’s speeches during the 1960 presidential campaign. She became an early civil rights and peace movement activist during the Kennedy years and continued to participate in marches and protests throughout the 1970s. Recorded June 23, 2008.

Robert B. Denson

As chief investigator for the Jack Ruby defense team from December 1963 to March 1964, Denson interviewed more than 100 acquaintances of Ruby. Denson was heavily involved with defense preparations and sat behind Ruby during the course of the trial. Shortly after the trial, Denson wrote the book Destiny in Dallas (1964). Recorded April 24, 2008.

Mr. Denson passed away on December 18, 2010.

Sharon Denton

Denton was a typist at a Dallas insurance company in 1963. Her conservative boss threatened to fire anyone in the office who went to see the Kennedy motorcade. Recorded June 16, 2014.

Bill Dewbre

The owner of Wild Bill’s Western Store in Dallas’s West End Historic District, Dewbre worked on the Dallas television series and has served as a longtime community ambassador. As a teenager, he recalls playing guitar at Jack Ruby’s Carousel Club. Recorded July 18, 2014.

Ellen Diamond

An editorial assistant at Macmillan Publishers in New York City, Diamond saw Senator John F. Kennedy during the 1960 presidential campaign.  She wrote a letter to Jackie Kennedy following the assassination.  It was later selected for publication in Dr. Ellen Fitzpatrick’s book, Letters to Jackie: Condolences from a Grieving Nation (2010). Recorded September 15, 2010.

Jerry Diamond

A U.S. Marine stationed at the barracks at 8th and I Streets in Washington, D.C., Diamond served as one of President Kennedy’s pallbearers. Recorded April 8, 2010.

Mr. Diamond passed away on April 30, 2011.

Susan DiGeorgio

Fourteen years old in 1963, DiGeorgio wrote a letter to Jackie Kennedy on the day of the assassination. It was later included in Dr. Ellen Fitzpatrick’s Letters to Jackie: Condolences of a Grieving Nation (2010). Recorded September 18, 2010.

Tom Dillard

Chief photographer for the Dallas Morning News in 1963, Dillard was riding in a press car in the presidential motorcade and took photos of the sixth floor window of the Texas School Book Depository immediately after the shooting. Recorded July 19, 1993.

Mr. Dillard passed away on May 21, 2002.

George F. Dillman

Employed by longtime Lyndon Johnson speechwriter Horace Busby, Dillman was an LBJ campaign worker for the 1960 and 1964 presidential elections. On the day of the assassination, Dillman attended the Trade Mart luncheon and later went to Parkland Memorial Hospital where he helped set up Gov. Connally’s temporary office. Recorded June 7, 2012.

Ellen Dionna

A 1960 Kennedy campaign volunteer, Dionna was an early civil rights and peace movement activist. She participated in the March on Washington on August 28, 1963. Her late father, Sherrod East, was a longtime employee of the National Archives and was wrongfully accused of being a Communist during the McCarthy era. Recorded January 28, 2015.

Sally Dobbie

Dobbie was a student at Highland Park Junior High School in 1963. Her late father, Jack A. Titus, photographed the Kennedy motorcade from the roof of his office building on Cedar Springs Road in Dallas. The family donated the images to The Sixth Floor Museum in 2012. Recorded October 30, 2012.

John Dodd

Dodd was outside the Texas Theatre in Oak Cliff when Lee Harvey Oswald was arrested. Years later, as a member of the Dallas County Historical Commission, Dodd was involved in early discussions about a potential exhibition on the sixth floor of the Texas School Book Depository. Recorded August 21, 2013.

Chrissy Knight Doherty

Doherty’s late father, Reuben Knight, served as John F. Kennedy’s 1960 campaign manager for Wichita County in Texas. Doherty shook hands with Kennedy during his visit to Wichita Falls that year. Doherty and her family were later at Dallas Love Field in the aftermath of the assassination. She was interviewed with her sister, Karen Knight Neukom. Recorded January 22, 2013.

Jim Dolan

Dolan is the son of the late James “Doc” Dolan, who was head of the Dallas office of the American Guild of Variety Artists (AGVA) in 1963. An alleged front for organized crime, AGVA booked dancers and entertainers for local clubs, including Jack Ruby’s Carousel Club. Some researchers have linked Dolan’s father to mafia figure Carlos Marcello and the Kennedy assassination. Recorded June 2, 2006.

James H. Dorman

Dorman is the son of the late Elsie Dorman, who worked inside the Texas School Book Depository building in 1963 and shot a famous home movie of the motorcade from the fourth floor. Dorman donated his mother’s film to the Museum in 1995. Recorded on November 18, 2002.

Bob Dougherty

Twelve years old in 1963, Dougherty saw the Kennedy motorcade on Harwood Street and then heard shots fired in Dealey Plaza as he walked to his father’s furniture store on Elm Street. An Oak Cliff resident, Dougherty was good friends with J.D. Tippit’s son, Allen, and spent time with him at the Tippit home on the night of the assassination. Recorded December 6, 2007.

Liza Douglass

A documentary researcher and production coordinator for television networks including History Channel and Discovery Channel, Douglass was associate producer and researcher for The Lost JFK Tapes: The Assassination (2009) for National Geographic Channel.  She was interviewed with two of her documentary associates.  Recorded November 17, 2009.

Barbara Dowdy

A resident of Irving, Texas, Dowdy lived less than two miles from Ruth Paine in 1963. She closely followed the assassination news coverage on television. Recorded June 23, 2014.

U.S. Rep. Thomas N. Downing

U.S. representative from Virginia (1959-77), Downing introduced a bill in 1975 calling for another investigation into the Kennedy assassination. He was later named chairman of the House Select Committee on Assassinations. Recorded November 2, 1992.

Rep. Downing passed away on October 23, 2001.

Robert Drew

Life magazine editor and pioneer of American cinema verité, Drew made several documentaries about John F. Kennedy, including Primary (1960), Crisis (1963) and Faces of November (1964). Recorded January 9, 2004, and June 14, 2006.

Mr. Drew passed away on July 30, 2014.

Ronald Duckworth

A 16-year-old student at Sunset High School in Oak Cliff, Duckworth watched the Kennedy motorcade near the corner of Main and Houston streets and may have heard shots fired in Dealey Plaza. A frequent visitor to Austin’s BBQ in Oak Cliff, he knew Officer J.D. Tippit. Recorded March 15, 2007.

Michael Duffy

Duffy was attending a Catholic school in Iowa in 1963. Immediately after the shooting, he brought in his television set from home so that his class could follow the breaking news story. Recorded April 5, 2010.

Jack Duffy

A Fort Worth native, Duffy was partly inspired by the Kennedy assassination to pursue his career as a trial lawyer. After becoming a researcher in the 1970s, he interviewed a number of key participants, including Marina Oswald and Parkland physicians.  He is the author of The Man from 2063 (2012), a novel about the assassination. Recorded June 24, 2016.

David & Denise Dulworth

The son-in-law and granddaughter of Tippit shooting eyewitness Helen Markham, the Dulworths shared what they learned firsthand from Markham, as well as their own thoughts on her often criticized testimony. Recorded August 20, 2004.

William L. Duncan

A U.S. Secret Service agent assigned to the White House detail during the Kennedy years, Duncan served as the advance agent for Fort Worth during the Texas visit in November 1963. Recorded October 15, 2005.

Mary Dunn

The daughter of conservative Republicans, Dunn was one of the few students in her class at North Dallas High School that did not see the presidential motorcade. A Texas educator since 1973, Dunn has taught the Kennedy assassination for decades. Recorded August 1, 2012.

David Dunnigan

A Dallas native, Dunnigan was a reporter at the Galveston Daily News at the time of the assassination. He later went to work at the Dallas Morning News in 1966. In 1993, his PR firm handled media coverage of the 30th anniversary ceremony in Dealey Plaza. Recorded January 18, 2007.

The Rev. Fred Durham

A Nixon campaign volunteer in 1960, Durham was attending high school in Oak Cliff when the assassination took place. In 2015, he joined the board of the Dallas County Historical Foundation. Recorded August 28, 2015.

Brad Duschak

A California native, Duschak was touring The Sixth Floor Museum at Dealey Plaza on the morning of September 11, 2001. He was thirteen years old at the time of the Kennedy assassination. Recorded August 12, 2014, and April 17, 2015.

Ken DuVall

A truck driver with Central Motor Freight in Dallas, DuVall frequently picked up shipments of textbook boxes at the loading dock of the Texas School Book Depository. On November 22, 1963, he allegedly saw Lee Harvey Oswald in the second-floor lunch room approximately thirty minutes before the assassination. Recorded May 6, 2009.

Mary Eastwood

Eastwood worked for the U.S. Justice Department during the Kennedy years and attended a reception at the White House two days before the assassination. A distinguished feminist, she was later a founder of the National Organization for Women (NOW). Recorded September 17, 2010.

Ms. Eastwood passed away on October 10, 2015.

Longe Edwards

Six years old in 1963, Edwards saw the presidential party arrive at Carswell Air Force Base in Fort Worth on November 21, 1963. A brief interview with him ran in the Fort Worth Star-Telegram the following day. In the early 1990s, as the audio-visual manager at St. Paul Hospital in Dallas, he coordinated with Oliver Stone for access during the filming of JFK (1991). Recorded March 12, 2010.

Charles Eisemann

An officer in the U.S. Army in 1963, Eisemann was stationed in Germany at the time of the assassination. As Officer of the Day on November 23, 1963, he relayed coded orders while his base was at high alert. Recorded February 26, 2014.

Leah Rae Elewitz

A tenth-grade Kennedy supporter living near Houston, Texas, in 1963, Elewitz responded to the assassination by compiling an extensive scrapbook of the event. She maintained this effort for nine years and donated her volumes to The Sixth Floor Museum at Dealey Plaza. Recorded March 21, 2012.

Dorothy G. Elliot

A local music teacher in 1963, Elliot wrote a choral piece, “A City Mourns (for John F. Kennedy),” shortly after the assassination. It was never performed publicly, but a copy of the sheet music was sent to Mrs. Kennedy. Recorded December 5, 2011.

Stavis “Steve” Ellis Family

Widow Juanita, children Michael, Steve, and Patricia, and granddaughter Stefany share stories and memories of the late Dallas police sergeant Stavis “Steve” Ellis, a lead motorcycle officer in the Kennedy motorcade. Ellis heard shots fired in Dealey Plaza and was at Parkland Hospital before escorting Lyndon Johnson back to Love Field.  Previously Ellis served as motorcycle escort to John F. Kennedy during his 1960 and 1962 visits to Dallas. Recorded February 23, 2009.

Ms. Juanita Ellis passed away on November 17, 2011.

Dr. Jerry Elrod

As minister of Lake June Methodist Church in Dallas in 1963, Elrod held a memorial service for President Kennedy on the evening of the assassination. When he was a student at the Perkins School of Theology at Southern Methodist University, he was well acquainted with both the Rev. Bill Holmes, who preached a controversial sermon following the Kennedy assassination, and the Rev. Bill McElvaney, who became a vocal Vietnam War critic in 1967. Recorded May 1 and July 11, 2007.

Charles R. Elwonger

A Dallas police patrolman in 1963, Elwonger was assigned to the entrance to Dallas Love Field and remained at his post from before Air Force One’s arrival until after its departure later that afternoon with the newly sworn-in president. Recorded May 5, 2003.

Nat Emery

A U.S. Marine stationed at the barracks at 8th and I Streets in Washington, D.C., Emery participated in the funeral services for President Kennedy. Recorded December 5, 2009.

Lincoln Endelman

A longtime researcher with the PerkinElmer Corporation, Endelman helped establish the national and international industry standards for motion pictures and television still in use today. For more than two decades, he worked closely with Kodak engineer Roland Zavada, who later authenticated the Abraham Zapruder film and other assassination photographic evidence. Recorded July 16, 2015.

Jonnie England

An Oak Cliff native, England and a high school classmate saw the Kennedy motorcade on Main Street. She later wrote CBS commentator Eric Sevareid an angry letter concerning negative remarks he made about Dallas in the aftermath. Recorded February 20, 1998, and August 7, 2013.

Jim English

An engineer for KRLD-TV, English was at the Trade Mart, Parkland Memorial Hospital, and Dallas police headquarters on November 22, 1963. On Sunday, he was operating the studio camera that captured Oswald’s shooting. During the Jack Ruby trial in 1964, he operated the pool camera during the announcement of the verdict. Recorded April 14, 2006.

Mr. English passed away on October 13, 2011.

John Epps

Epps, a Dallas police officer from 1960 to 1969, was on vacation during the weekend of the Kennedy assassination.  In addition to being acquainted with Jack Ruby, he worked with J.D. Tippit and knew many of the officers involved in the investigation. Recorded July 6, 2016.

Edward Jay Epstein

A significant assassination researcher and author in the 1960s and 1970s, Epstein wrote Inquest (1966), Counterplot (1968) and Legend (1978). He was also one of the last people to speak with George de Mohrenschildt before his controversial death. Recorded April 14, 2004.

J. Elke Ertle

A native of Germany, Ertle was an eyewitness to President Kennedy’s historic speech in West Berlin on June 26, 1963. She turned eighteen on the day before the assassination. Ertle later moved to the United States and wrote a book about her early life, Walled-In: A West Berlin Girl’s Journey to Freedom (2013). Recorded May 6, 2013, and June 6 and June 7, 2014.

Ruben Esquivel

Currently a member of the Dallas County Historical Foundation’s board of directors, Esquivel was a native Cuban who fled his homeland when Fidel Castro came to power. Recorded September 15 and October 29, 2000.

Tom Evans

Fifteen years old in 1963, Evans lived in the University Park area of Dallas. On Sunday, November 24, he and his sister were driving through Dealey Plaza when the Oswald shooting occurred. Recorded May 7, 2010.

Walter Evans

The news editor at WFAA Radio in 1963, Evans was at the Dallas Trade Mart, Parkland Memorial Hospital, and Dallas Love Field on the day of the assassination. Ironically, as a young man, he worked three summers for the Texas School Book Depository Company. Recorded October 12, 1994, and December 11, 2013.

James Ewell

A police reporter at The Dallas Morning News in 1963, Ewell covered the president’s arrival at Dallas Love Field. Following the assassination, he was in Dealey Plaza, at the Tippit shooting scene, and inside the Texas Theatre in Oak Cliff during the arrest of Lee Harvey Oswald. Recorded December 14, 1993, November 1, 2013, and January 31, 2014.

Bertha Farrington

Farrington was the nurse stationed at the triage desk in Parkland Memorial Hospital’s emergency room when President Kennedy, Gov. Connally, and Lee Harvey Oswald were admitted to the hospital. It was her decision to take Vice President Johnson and his wife to Minor Medicine for safety. Recorded March 15, 2000.

Max Farris

A Dallas police officer in 1963, Farris was at Parkland Memorial Hospital when the motorcade arrived, and he saw President Kennedy’s body. On Saturday, he guarded the Homicide and Robbery Bureau doorway at Dallas police headquarters. An acquaintance of Jack Ruby, he was later involved in the production of Oliver Stone’s 1991 film JFK. Recorded September 7, 2007.

Ellen Feibel

Feibel saw Sen. John F. Kennedy in Dallas during the 1960 campaign. When she and her family toured Mexico in 1964, they were fearful to reveal that they lived in Dallas. Recorded January 13, 2015.

Jane Fennig

Fennig, a nurse at Parkland Memorial Hospital in 1963, helped escort President Kennedy’s casket out of the hospital. In December 1966, she treated Jack Ruby when he arrived at Parkland. Recorded May 8, 2014.

Mike Fenton

A senior at Oklahoma State University in 1963, Fenton defiantly walked out of his classroom following the Kennedy assassination when his professor refused to cancel class for the day. As a result, Fenton failed the course. Recorded January 23, 2009.

Linda Ferguson

A 14-year-old schoolgirl in 1963, Ferguson was standing with friends on Lemmon Avenue to watch the motorcade. In 1964, she campaigned for President Lyndon Johnson. Recorded April 26, 2002.

Lance Ferraro

A longtime photographer in Kalamazoo, Michigan, Ferraro extensively photographed Senator John F. Kennedy’s brief campaign visit there in October 1960. After the assassination, Ferraro compiled his images into a memorial booklet entitled One Hour in Our History (1964). Recorded April 7, 2010.

Barbara Fetech

Fetech’s late father served in the U.S. Air Force Security Service during the Kennedy years. As a result, Fetech was living in Germany when the Berlin Wall was constructed in 1961 and was in Key West, Florida, at the time of the assassination. Recorded April 11, 2015.

Ivonne Figueroa

Figueroa was 13 years old and living in Puerto Rico at the time of the assassination. That weekend, she and her family attended a wake for President Kennedy. Recorded August 7, 2007.

Bonnie Fisher

Fisher and her mother saw President Kennedy speak in front of the Hotel Texas on November 22, 1963. The shock of the assassination inspired in her a lifelong interest in the Kennedy family. Recorded September 20, 2012.

Charles Fisher

Art director at KRLD-TV in 1963, Fisher processed film from all over the world the weekend of the assassination. In 1964, he was a sketch artist for the Jack Ruby trial. Recorded April 8, 2004.

Raymond Fisher

The only full-time Tarrant County deputy sheriff on horseback in 1963, Fisher was stationed outside the Hotel Texas on the morning of the assassination. There he met President Kennedy, who was photographed petting Fisher’s horse, Snuffy. Recorded September 1, 2009, June 15, 2010, and June 8, 2012.

Dr. Ellen Fitzpatrick

A noted media personality and professor of history at the University of New Hampshire, Fitzpatrick saw President Kennedy at Amherst College in October 1963. Years later, at the John F. Kennedy Presidential Library, she examined thousands of letters mailed to Jackie Kennedy following the assassination.  The result of her research was the book Letters to Jackie: Condolences from a Grieving Nation (2010). Recorded March 11, 2010.

Joan Flanders

Interviewed with her son, Kip, and son-in-law, Bob Kirkpatrick, Mrs. Flanders was a Dallas housewife in 1963 with two schoolchildren. Recorded April 19, 1995.

Ms. Flanders passed away on August 4, 2010.

Jack Fletcher

An Oak Cliff postal worker in 1963, Fletcher was a longtime member of the John Birch Society and an acquaintance of Gen. Edwin Walker. Recorded September 6, 2012.

David Flick

A reporter and editor at The Dallas Morning News from 1983 to 2015, Flick was a seventh grader in Ohio in 1963. He wrote a number of assassination-related stories over the years and led the extensive Morning News coverage of the 50th anniversary in 2013.  Recorded June 10, 2015.

Dr. Lenora Follett

Follett was a student nurse in California at the time of the assassination. Although her sister later joined the counterculture of the 1960s, Follett was opposed to the social movements of the decade. Recorded January 7, 2015.

Robert Folsom

Mayor of Dallas from 1976 to 1981, Folsom was a longtime real estate developer and served as president of the Dallas School Board during the racial integration of the 1960s. Recorded September 5, 2001.

Carlos Fonts

A longtime Dallas businessman, Fonts was a Cuban native living in exile in Florida when he joined the Bay of Pigs invasion force. Recorded November 27, 2000, and January 21, 2016.

Dr. Marie Fonzi

Fonzi is the widow of investigative journalist Gaeton Fonzi, who served as a researcher for the Church Committee and the House Select Committee on Assassinations in the 1970s. He later wrote the book, The Last Investigation (1993). Recorded November 19, 2016.

Merna Ford

A housewife in Baton Rouge, Louisiana, Ford supported Richard Nixon in 1960. She later witnessed a prominent downtown march during the Civil Rights Movement. Recorded February 8, 2016.

Janet Fordham

A Dallas high school student in 1963, Fordham saw the Kennedys at Dallas Love Field. She was interviewed with her friend, Carolyn Roderick. Recorded June 25, 2010.

Charlotte Foreman

Foreman was a junior in high school and went with friends to see the motorcade–particularly Jackie Kennedy–on November 22, 1963. Foreman recalls a feeling of intense sadness after the assassination, when the city completely shut down. Recorded July 27, 1999.

Judy Foster

Foster was a junior at Arlington Heights High School in Fort Worth in 1963. From her classroom, she heard the sirens of the presidential procession as it made its way to Carswell Air Force Base for the flight to Dallas. Recorded December 8, 2008.

Claire Fowler

Fowler was the widow of Dallas attorney Clayton Fowler, a longtime friend of Jack Ruby and his legal consultant from immediately following the shooting of Lee Harvey Oswald until Ruby’s death in January 1967. Recorded July 11, 2008.

Doug Fox

During his twenty-nine years as a reporter with Dallas ABC affiliate WFAA-TV, beginning in the mid-1970s, Fox covered a number of Kennedy assassination-related stories, particularly during the House Select Committee on Assassinations investigation. Recorded April 24, 2013.

Diane Francis

Six years old in 1963, Francis watched the Kennedy motorcade from the steps of the Old Red Courthouse near Dealey Plaza. For her, the assassination prompted a lifelong interest in Jacqueline Kennedy and her children. Recorded January 22, 2009.

Juan Perez Franco

A member of Assault Brigade 2506, Franco served as part of the Bay of Pigs invasion force. Recorded October 29, 2000.

Mr. Franco passed away on September 20, 2003.

Ron Frank

An award-winning documentarian, Frank has written, directed, and edited programming for television networks including PBS, ABC, Discovery Channel, and History Channel.  He produced and edited The Lost JFK Tapes: The Assassination(2009) for National Geographic Channel.  Frank was interviewed with two of his documentary associates.  Recorded November 17, 2009.

Jeff Franzen

Six-year-old Franzen witnessed the assassination alongside his parents in Dealey Plaza. The Franzens, who can be seen in the Zapruder film, were interviewed that day by the FBI. Recorded July 8, 2014.

Buell Wesley Frazier

An employee of the Texas School Book Depository in 1963, Frazier drove Lee Harvey Oswald to work occasionally. He did so on November 22, 1963. Frazier also witnessed the assassination and was detained and questioned by Dallas police. Recorded June 19 and 21, 2002, and July 13, 2013.

Robert L. Fredland

A longtime employee of Union Switch and Signal and Rock Island Railroad, Fredland provided extensive knowledge on the inner workings of railroad switching tower mechanisms. Recorded April 30, 2004.

Linda Freeman

A resident of Idaho in 1963, Freeman was without access to radio or television while visiting family during the weekend of the assassination. As a result, she felt disconnected from the event. Recorded June 23, 2014.

Joe French

A Dallas attorney, French saw the Kennedy motorcade on Harwood Street. Prior to the assassination, he represented Jack Ruby in a tax-related matter. French visited at length with Ruby at the Carousel Club and in French’s law office. Recorded April 16, 2009.

Les French

A teenager in 1963, French saw the presidential motorcade on Houston Street and ran toward the Triple Underpass after shots were fired. After briefly lingering outside the Texas School Book Depository building, he boarded a bus to return to school. French was interviewed with his friend, Phill Brown. Recorded November 5, 2008.

Sonia Pressman Fuentes

A respected feminist, author and lawyer, Fuentes began to actively participate in women’s rights activities in 1963. She was the first female attorney in the Office of the General Counsel at the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) and was later a founder of the National Organization for Women (NOW). Recorded August 23, 2010.

Kay Fuhrman

Fuhrman was a Fort Worth housewife in 1963. Although not a Kennedy supporter, she was emotionally impacted by the assassination. Recorded June 23, 2014.

Mark Fuhrman

A bestselling author and former Los Angeles police detective best known for his involvement in the O.J. Simpson investigation, Fuhrman is the author of the 2006 Kennedy assassination book A Simple Act of Murder: November 22, 1963. Recorded May 12, 2006.

Paul Fuller

A senior at W.W. Samuell High School in 1963, Fuller worked part-time as a messenger for Western Union in downtown Dallas. With his messenger credentials, he visited Dallas police headquarters on the evening of the assassination. Recorded March 2 and November 22, 2015.

Jody Furnish

A Dallas social worker in 1963, Furnish saw the Kennedys arrive at Dallas Love Field Airport. Throughout the 1960s, she was locally active in the civil rights movement. Recorded August 21, 2008.

Chris Gallop

A friend of researcher J. Gary Shaw, Gallop was involved in the 1989 opening of the JFK Assassination Information Center in Dallas. His late grandfather, C.E. Nichols, was a longtime bell captain at the Adolphus Hotel and had many personal encounters with Jack Ruby. Recorded January 14, 2014.

Dr. Norman F. Gant

Currently the executive director of the American Board of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Gant was a senior medical student at Methodist Hospital in Dallas at the time of the assassination. On that afternoon, he participated in the retrieval of a bullet from the body of Officer J.D. Tippit. He also knew many of the doctors who treated both President Kennedy and Gov. Connally at Parkland Memorial Hospital. Recorded February 6, 2008.

Scott Garbe

A songwriter and drama teacher in Toronto, Canada, Garbe has had a lifelong interest in the Kennedy assassination. After visiting Dealey Plaza for the first time in 1993, he wrote a series of songs about the tragedy, which was produced with the Cowboy Junkies as a concept album, The Kennedy Suite (2013). Recorded June 24, 2014, and October 16 and 17, 2015.

Hector Garcia

A native Cuban who fled his homeland when Fidel Castro came to power, Garcia became an active community leader in Dallas. Recorded September 27 and October 29, 2000.

Richard Gardner

Gardner’s Waltrip Senior High School marching band performed for President Kennedy during his trips to Houston, Texas, on September 12, 1962, and November 21, 1963. Gardner and his brother, Gary, filmed home movies of Presidents Kennedy and Johnson between 1962 and 1964, which were donated to the Museum in 2012. Recorded February 4, 2013.

Tom Garner

A World War II veteran, Garner was serving in the U.S. Air Force in Bermuda at the time of the Kennedy assassination. November 22, 1963, was his fortieth birthday. Recorded February 11, 2015.

Guy & Betty Garrett

The Garretts were Methodist missionaries living and working in Malaysia at the time of the assassination. Recorded October 25, 2016.

Dr. Ronald F. Garvey

A friend of Kennedy aide Kenny O’Donnell, Garvey went to Parkland Memorial Hospital and was with O’Donnell immediately following the shooting. His late brother, Dr. Jim Garvey, worked at Parkland in 1963 and assisted in the treatment of Gov. Connally and the surgery of Lee Harvey Oswald. Recorded July 6, 2004.

Dr. Garvey passed away on March 15, 2012.

Glen Gatlin

A stock market research analyst in 1963, Gatlin observed the Kennedy motorcade from the twelfth floor of the Mercantile Bank building on Main Street. As a longtime business leader, Gatlin knew many of the political figures and law enforcement officials involved in the assassination story.  Recorded on April 17, 2003, June 17, 2008, August 12, 2009, February 21, 2012, April 5, 2013, February 21, 2014, May 12, 2015, and February 11, 2016.

Virginia Gatlin

A Dallas housewife in 1963, Gatlin was caring for her one-month-old infant at the time of the assassination. Unable to leave her home, she experienced that weekend through the incessant radio and television coverage. Recorded June 17, 2008, April 5, 2013, February 21, 2014, May 12, 2015, and February 11, 2016.

Peter N. Geilich

An administrator at Woodlawn and Parkland Memorial hospitals from 1962 to 1969, Geilich helped coordinate media relations and arrangements with the Connally and Oswald families in the aftermath of the Kennedy assassination. He also spent time with Jack Ruby during his stay at Parkland in late 1966. Recorded April 17, 2007, December 4, 2009, and November 19, 2013.

Dr. Paul Geisel

Professor emeritus at the School of Urban/Public Affairs at the University of Texas at Arlington, Geisel was a consultant to the Dallas County Historical Foundation during the planning of The Sixth Floor exhibit. In the months after the exhibit opened, he conducted a visitor reaction survey. Recorded September 5, 2008.

Robert Gemberling

An FBI agent stationed in Dallas, Gemberling was put in charge of the local investigation into the assassination in March 1964. Recorded July 30, 1997.

Mr. Gemberling passed away on December 4, 2004.

Eugene George

George served as the restoration architect for The Sixth Floor exhibit and was charged with ensuring the historical integrity of the former Texas School Book Depository building during the design and construction of the exhibit. He remained an active member of the project team from 1978 to 1989. Recorded September 11, 2008.

Mr. George passed away on January 16, 2013.

George Padilla

A Kennedy fan in high school, Padilla did a public impression of the president based upon The First Family comedy album. On November 22, 1963, he briefly saw the Kennedy motorcade as it got on Stemmons Freeway immediately after the assassination. Recorded July 2, 2012.

Judge Garvin Germany

As president of the Junior Bar Association in Dallas in 1959, Germany hired exotic dancers from Jack Ruby for a stag party for the 1959 annual meeting of the American Bar Association. Supposedly among the distinguished guests at the party was Sen. John F. Kennedy. Recorded November 1, 2005.

Judge Germany passed away on August 21, 2010.

Kenneth Giannoules

As a longtime U.S. Secret Service agent, Giannoules served on the White House Detail for Presidents Eisenhower, Kennedy, and Johnson. He worked the midnight shift at the Hotel Texas in Fort Worth on November 22, 1963, and was in Austin when the assassination took place. Recorded July 8, 2014, and May 8 and 9, 2015.

Doris Giddens

Eighteen years old in 1963, Giddens saw President Kennedy speak in front of the Hotel Texas in Fort Worth. Recorded November 4, 2013.

Dr. Adolph Giesecke

An anesthesiologist on the staff of Parkland Memorial Hospital in 1963, Giesecke was briefly in Trauma Room One with President Kennedy before actively participating in the treatment of Governor Connally. Giesecke was with the wounded governor throughout his surgery on November 22, 1963. Recorded June 11, 2010.

Dr. Giesecke passed away on December 24, 2011.

Rick Gilberti

A Massachusetts native, Gilberti saw President Kennedy in 1962. He has maintained an active interest in the assassination over the years, collecting and reading many books. Recorded August 3, 2012.

Marlene Glass

A lifelong New Yorker, Glass saw John F. Kennedy speak during the 1960 presidential campaign. She was pregnant with her second child when the assassination took place. Recorded April 15, 2013.

Dr. Brent Glass

A noted author and public speaker, Glass served as Director of the Smithsonian’s National Museum of American History from 2002 to 2011. He spoke at The Sixth Floor Museum at Dealey Plaza about his book, 50 Great American Places: Essential Historic Sites Across the U.S. (2016). Recorded May 18, 2016.

Stuart Gleichenhaus

A first grade student in San Antonio, Gleichenhaus saw President Kennedy on his visit to the city on November 21, 1963. Recorded April 4, 2014.

Dr. Toni Glover

Standing on a concrete pedestal at the corner of Houston and Elm Streets in Dealey Plaza, eleven-year-old Toni Glover witnessed the Kennedy assassination. Seeing the president’s death, connected emotionally to her abusive childhood, had a traumatic impact on her life. Recorded January 20, 1999, and March 14 and 16, 2012.

Dr. Bryghte D. Godbold

As vice president of the University of Texas at Dallas, Godbold was one of the sponsors of the Trade Mart luncheon on November 22, 1963. In 1964, he was appointed director of the significant Goals for Dallas program by Mayor J. Erik Jonsson. Recorded October 11, 2007.

Dr. Godbold passed away on October 8, 2013.

Dori Golding

A native of Mississippi, Golding had mixed feelings about John F. Kennedy because of his privileged background and the PT-109 incident during World War II. Recorded June 23, 2014.

Eddie Goldstein

Goldstein was the son of the late Rueben “Honest Joe” Goldstein, a legendary pawn shop owner in the Deep Ellum area of Dallas.  “Honest Joe,” an acquaintance of Jack Ruby, advertised his business on November 22, 1963, by driving up and down Main Street prior to the presidential parade. Recorded February 1, 2013.

Mr. Goldstein passed away on August 21, 2013.

Lynn Goldstein

Goldstein’s father passed away on November 21, 1963, the day before the Kennedy assassination, and was buried on Sunday, November 24, shortly after the Oswald shooting. Lynn Goldstein, a Dallas native, was acquainted with the Zapruder family. Recorded September 9, 2013.

Shirley Golub

A mother of three, Golub was shopping at Bloomingdale’s department store in New York City when the assassination took place. The letter she wrote to Jackie Kennedy on November 25, 1963, was selected for publication in Dr. Ellen Fitzpatrick’s book, Letters to Jackie: Condolences from a Grieving Nation (2010).  Recorded August 6, 2010.

Yolanda Gomez

Gomez was a seventh grader in Dallas at the time of the assassination. Years later she had the opportunity to work with retired Dallas police detective L.C. Graves and hear his eyewitness account of the Oswald shooting. Recorded November 2, 2016.

Albert González

Gonzalez’s family was active in the Dallas chapter of the Viva Kennedy Club in 1960. Later, as a local funeral home director, he was involved in the 1981 exhumation of Lee Harvey Oswald. Recorded October 28, 2013.

Rene Gonzalez

A member of Assault Brigade 2506, Gonzalez served as part of the Bay of Pigs invasion force. Recorded October 29, 2000.

Victor G. Gonzalez

A U.S. Secret Service agent in 1963, Gonzalez was assigned to guard duty for President Kennedy’s limousine after its arrival in Washington, D.C., on the evening of the assassination. Recorded October 15, 2005.

Charles Good

In 1963, Good was an officer with the Texas Department of Public Safety. He drove President Kennedy’s secretary, Evelyn Lincoln, and others to Parkland Memorial Hospital after the assassination and later drove several people from Parkland to Dallas Love Field. Recorded October 25, 1999.

Mr. Good passed away on April 23, 2012.

Miles Goodwin

A junior at Jesuit High School in Dallas, Goodwin was at Dallas Love Field and Parkland Memorial Hospital on November 22, 1963. For several hours that day he assisted a CBS cameraman, who was a family friend. Recorded January 31, 2014.

Alice Goodwin

Goodwin was at Dallas Love Field on November 22, 1963. Her brother, Miles Goodwin, assisted a CBS cameraman following the assassination. Recorded April 11, 2015.

Gene Gordon

As the chief photographer for the Fort Worth Press in 1963, Gordon photographed the Kennedys in Fort Worth and Lee Harvey Oswald’s funeral three days later. His images were acquired by The Sixth Floor Museum in 2014. Recorded July 23, 2003, and June 23 and November 22, 2015.

Dr. Joseph & Eva Golding

The Gouldings were living outside of Houston, Texas, in 1963. Both were Kennedy supporters, though Dr. Goulding was initially hesitant to support Lyndon Johnson as president. Recorded January 11, 2016.

James W. Graham

Seven years old in 1963, Graham was inspired by President Kennedy to pursue a career as a speechwriter and political consultant. He is the author of Victura: The Kennedys, a Sailboat, and the Sea (2014). Recorded October 1, 2015.

Michael Granberry

An award-winning journalist in Dallas and Los Angeles for more than four decades, Granberry was a Dallas sixth grader in 1963. As a longtime columnist at The Dallas Morning News, he has written numerous stories on the Kennedy assassination and interviewed many key participants.  Recorded June 5, July 30, and August 24, 2015.

Clint Grant

As assistant chief photographer for the Dallas Morning News in 1963, Grant traveled with the presidential party from Washington, D.C., to Texas and rode in the Dallas motorcade. Recorded May 4, 1994.

Mr. Grant passed away on April 21, 2010.

L. C. Graves

A Dallas police detective, Graves was on Lee Harvey Oswald’s left side when he was shot during his transfer on November 24, 1963. Recorded March 21, 1994.

Mr. Graves passed away on February 11, 1995.

Harold Green

An Oak Cliff seventh grader in 1963, Green saw the motorcade on Main Street and went to the Texas School Book Depository immediately after the assassination. His late father, Dallas attorney Lawrence Green, was acquainted with Jack Ruby and J.D. Tippit. Recorded February 14, 2014.

Jeanette Green

A secretary at the Dallas office of the U.S. Selective Service in 1963, Green saw the Kennedy motorcade on Main Street. Later, during the Vietnam War, her office received numerous bomb threats. Green was interviewed with her daughter, Diane Birdwell. Recorded August 11, 2011.

William R. Green

Green observed the Kennedy motorcade on Cedar Springs Road in Dallas. He and his family were acquainted with Col. D. Harold Byrd, then owner of the Texas School Book Depository building. Recorded January 28, 2013.

Dr. Martin Allen Greenberg

Greenberg was working as a high school aide in New York in 1963. He was partly inspired by the assassination to pursue a law degree and later became associate professor of criminal justice at Miles College in Birmingham, Alabama. Recorded March 22, 2013.

A. C. Greene

Editor of the Dallas Times Herald‘s editorial page in 1963, Greene was also a columnist, author and noted Dallas and Texas historian. Recorded June 18, 1992.

Mr. Greene passed away on April 5, 2002.

Mary Greene

A longtime Dallasite, Greene served as a Kennedy campaign worker in 1960 and became involved in the civil rights movement locally throughout the 1960s. Later, she was involved in the creation of Sesame Street for PBS and served in the Carter administration. Recorded March 9, 2006.

Ms. Greene passed away on October 28, 2015.

Monica Greene

A successful restaurateur and Dallas community leader, Greene was living in Mexico at the time of the Kennedy assassination. Recorded June 26 and July 12, 2006.

Regina Greenwell

Senior archivist at the LBJ Presidential Library and Museum, Greenwell joined their staff in 1976. As a Dallas school girl, she saw the Kennedy motorcade on November 22, 1963. Recorded April 19, 2013.

Mickey Greer

A lifelong Dallas resident, Greer did not support John F. Kennedy in 1960 for religious reasons but was later inspired by the late president to become more politically and socially active. She and her family attended Adlai Stevenson’s speech in Dallas on October 26, 1963. Recorded August 14, 2003, and August 19, 2014.

Philip Greer

Greer saw the Kennedy motorcade at the corner of Main and Harwood streets. His late mother, Edith Greer, worked at the Dal-Tex building near Dealey Plaza in 1963 and witnessed the Kennedy assassination on Elm Street. Although she never spoke to authorities, she did a video interview with researcher Larry Howard in the early 1990s. Recorded August 5, 2013.

Bobby Griffin

An Oak Cliff native, Griffin saw the presidential party arrive at Dallas Love Field on November 22, 1963. After the assassination he went to Parkland Memorial Hospital and briefly saw the inside of the Kennedy limousine. Recorded July 21, 2010.

Eddie Griffin

A Fort Worth native, Griffin was outside the Hotel Texas when the Kennedys arrived on November 21, 1963. At the height of the Civil Rights Movement, Griffin traveled across the country and became active with the Black Panthers. Recorded January 30, 2013, February 8, 2014, and November 19, 2015.

Frank Griffin

Griffin was working as a bricklayer at a construction site at the corner of Tenth and Denver Streets in Oak Cliff at the time of the assassination. He later heard shots fired nearby and witnessed the immediate aftermath of the shooting of Officer J.D. Tippit. Recorded November 7, 2008.

Judge Burt W. Griffin

Griffin, a onetime Assistant U.S. Attorney, served as Assistant Staff Counsel to the Warren Commission in 1964. His memories were recorded during a public program on the work of the Warren Commission. Recorded October 11, 2013.

Ian L. Griggs

A former Ministry of Defense police officer in England, Griggs has been an active assassination researcher since 1970. The author of No Case to Answer (2005), he was one of the founders of the British organization Dealey Plaza UK, which formed in 1995. Recorded March 30, 2007.

Robert Groden

A longtime assassination researcher and author of several books, including JFK: The Case for Conspiracy (1976) and High Treason (1989), Groden was a photographic consultant during the development of The Sixth Floor exhibit in the 1980s and was later a consultant to director Oliver Stone on the film JFK (1991). Recorded June 30, 1994.

Paul Groody

As director of the Miller Funeral Home in Fort Worth, Groody served as the undertaker for Lee Harvey Oswald and organized his funeral on Monday, November 25. In 1981, he was involved in the exhumation of Oswald and briefly viewed the body at Baylor Medical Center. Recorded October 23, 2006.

Mr. Groody passed away on October 7, 2010.

Dr. Robert G. Grossman

A neurosurgeon at Parkland Memorial Hospital in 1963, Grossman was in Trauma Room One during the treatment of President Kennedy and claims to have examined the president’s head wound; however, he was not called to testify before the Warren Commission. Recorded October 4, 2003.

John Gudjohnsen

As a U.S. Army photographer, Gudjohnsen was stationed at Fort Hood in Killeen, Texas, in 1963. He later spent more than three decades as a photographer and assignments editor at Dallas ABC affiliate, WFAA-TV, where he covered a number of assassination-related stories. Recorded September 30, 2015.

Richard A. Gump, Jr.

A student at Thomas Jefferson High School in 1963, Gump saw the Kennedys at Dallas Love Field. His late father, a local attorney, attended the Trade Mart luncheon. Lyndon Johnson called his father’s law office shortly after the assassination. Recorded February 27, 2014.

Bob Gurr

A longtime California designer, Gurr was involved in the development of several attractions for the 1964 New York World’s Fair, including the popular Ford Magic Skyway. Ironically, at the time of the Kennedy assassination, he was working on an Abraham Lincoln exhibit for the State of Illinois pavilion. Recorded October 4, 2011.

Jenyce Gush

A Dallas native, Gush skipped school to see the Kennedy motorcade on Lemmon Avenue. Her mother was a waitress at Jack Ruby’s Carousel Club in 1963. Recorded October 3, 2013.

Carol Guzy

An acclaimed photojournalist, Guzy has won the Pulitzer Prize a record four times. Her coverage has included military intervention in Haiti, Kosovo, and the 2010 Haitian earthquake. She participated in a public program to mark the centennial of the Pulitzer Prize. Recorded September 21, 2016.

Luke Haag

A forensic scientist and firearms examiner, Haag began investigating the Kennedy assassination in 2012. His work, which was featured in the PBS NOVA documentary, “JFK: Cold Case” (2013), has yielded several peer-reviewed journal articles and presentations.  Recorded May 27, 2015.

Robert Haas

Standing with his parents on Houston Street, Haas heard shots fired in Dealey Plaza. His late father, R.E. “Buster” Haas, was a reporter at The Dallas Morning News and covered the events of that weekend. Recorded November 5, 2012.

Kevin Hadacek

Four years old in 1963, Hadacek was given a PT-109 toy by his mother on the day of the assassination. It remains one of his earliest childhood memories. Recorded April 20, 2014.

Walter Henry Hagan

An executive with American Airlines, Hagan was Dallas Love Field’s celebrity greeter and met both Richard Nixon and later President Kennedy at the airport on November 22, 1963. Recorded March 9, 1994.

Mr. Hagan passed away on February 14, 2000.

C. Ray Hall

A thirty-year veteran of the Federal Bureau of Investigation, Hall was assigned to the Dallas FBI office in 1963. On Friday, he was at the Texas School Book Depository following the assassination, and on Sunday, he conducted a five-hour interview with Jack Ruby shortly after the Oswald shooting. Hall also followed up investigative leads and interviewed Ruby a second time in December 1963. Recorded February 4, 2010.

Mr. Hall passed away on February 21, 2015.

Maureece Hall

The widow of the late Dallas police homicide Det. Guy Hall, she urged her husband not to work the day of President Kennedy’s visit to Dallas. However, Guy Hall did work the weekend of the assassination and was one of Lee Harvey Oswald’s assigned handlers. Recorded February 7, 2007.

Phyllis Hall

A nurse in the outpatient clinic at Parkland Memorial Hospital in 1963, Hall was in Trauma Room One during the treatment of President Kennedy. Shortly before the assassination, Hall assisted with the care of Marina Oswald during her second pregnancy. Recorded December 16, 2010, February 7, 2011, March 9, 2012, June 5, and December 13, 2012, and February 22 and June 12, 2013.

John Haller

A sixth grader at John J. Pershing Elementary in 1963, Haller filmed the Kennedy motorcade on Turtle Creek Boulevard. He shared his film publicly for the first time at the 50th anniversary of the assassination in 2013. Recorded June 27, 2013.

Ebby Halliday

One of the first successul female entrepreneurs in Dallas, Halliday founded Ebby Halliday Realtors in 1945. At the time of the assassination, she was vice president of the North Dallas Chamber of Commerce. Recorded April 9, 2009.

Ms. Halliday passed away on September 8, 2015.

John Hambrock

A specialist assigned to the model shop of the U.S. Army Exhibit Unit from 1962 to 1965, Hambrock crafted custom trophies and awards for Presidents Kennedy and Johnson to give to friends and dignitaries. Hambrock was at work on a special wood sculpture for JFK at the time of the assassination. Recorded September 12, 2007.

Mr. Hambrock passed away on January 19, 2011.

Harold Hamilton

Hamilton was the longtime owner of Harold’s Humble service station in the Oak Cliff section of Dallas. He believes he encountered Lee and Marina Oswald on several occasions prior to the Kennedy assassination. Recorded August 7, 2015.

Mary Frances Hammond

Hammond saw the presidential motorcade at the corner of Main and Harwood Streets. She recalls the city being a hotbed of radical conservative activity. Recorded April 26, 2013.

Ms. Hammond passed away on April 26, 2014.

Becki Hampson

A Dallas schoolgirl in 1963, Hampson saw the presidential motorcade near the corner of Main and Houston Streets.  She and a friend walked to Dealey Plaza in the aftermath of the assassination.  Recorded May 10, 2013.

Wilborn Hampton

The youngest United Press International (UPI) reporter at the Dallas bureau, Hampton took the call from Merriman Smith in the motorcade with word of the president’s shooting.  Hampton spent time that weekend at Parkland Memorial Hospital and Dallas City Hall, where he attended Oswald’s midnight press conference. Years later, while serving as a longtime editor at The New York Times, Hampton wrote a series of young adult history books, including Kennedy Assassinated! The World Mourns: A Reporter’s Story (1997). Recorded November 23, 2009, and April 12 and April 13, 2013.

Kenneth Hansen

Hansen was working at the KRLD art department in 1963 and processed film from all over the world during the assassination weekend. In 1964, he was one of the station’s sketch artists for the Jack Ruby trial. Recorded April 8, 2004.

Mr. Hansen passed away on December 31, 2010.

Marilyn Hansen

A secretary in the KRLD Radio and TV news department, Hansen was the only female member of the news staff in 1963. At the time of the assassination, she was married to KRLD photographer Joe Scott and later, following Scott’s death, married to Ken Hansen of the KRLD art department. Recorded August 10, 2011.

Andy Hanson

A photographer for the Dallas Times Herald, Hanson was in charge of the darkroom on November 22, 1963. He also took many photographs that weekend and during the Jack Ruby trial in 1964. Recorded August 30, 1996.

Mr. Hanson passed away on October 29, 2008.

Billie Harding

Harding was an employee of the U.S. Postal Service in Arkansas in 1963. Her daughter, a longtime Dallas-area schoolteacher, is a collector of Kennedy memorabilia. Recorded August 21, 2015.

Linda Hardy

Hardy moved to Dallas one month before the assassination and was working in the women’s department at Sanger-Harris Department Store. Alongside coworkers and customers, she watched news of the president’s death in the store’s television department.  Recorded July 20, 2009.

Bobby Hargis

A Dallas police motorcycle officer riding to the left rear of the Kennedy limousine, Hargis was splattered by blood and debris during the assassination. He parked his motorcycle and remained in Dealey Plaza in the aftermath. Recorded September 24, 2010.

Mr. Hargis passed away on April 25, 2014.

D. V. Harkness

A Dallas police sergeant, Harkness supervised the motorcade route from Main and Field streets to Elm and Houston streets. After witnessing the assassination, he was assigned to search boxcars in the rail yard, where he helped arrest three transients who have since become controversial figures in the assassination story. Recorded June 29, 2006.

Mr. Harkness passed away on April 4, 2007.

Dr. Doug Harman

Harman witnessed both President Kennedy’s 1961 inauguration and 1963 funeral procession. He later served as Forth Worth City Manager (1985-90) and director of the Fort Worth Convention and Visitors Bureau (1990-2006), researching and advocating a local memorial to President Kennedy that was finally realized in 2012. Harman has been a Kennedy and Hotel Texas memorabilia collector for many years. Recorded April 27, 2016.

Lynda Harrell

A native of Independence, Missouri–where she frequently saw former President Harry Truman–Harrell felt that the Kennedy assassination triggered a period of national skepticism that impacted the remainder of the 1960s. Recorded April 20, 2010.

Edward Harris

A vocal African-American activist in Dallas, Harris fought for civil rights during the 1960s with local organizations such as the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee. In 1968, he attended the National Black Power Conference in Philadelphia. Recorded February 6 and September 6, 2006.

Mr. Harris passed away on January 22, 2015.

Stacy Harris

An active Kennedy supporter, Harris was a sixth grader in Minnesota in 1963. She maintained a lifelong interest in the Kennedys and met many members of the family, including Robert and Ted Kennedy. Recorded January 27, 2014.

Adlene Harrison

The first female mayor of Dallas (1976) and later the first chairman of Dallas Area Rapid Transit (1981-1986), Harrison was the only female member of the City of Dallas Planning Commission in 1963. She and her husband attended the luncheon at the Dallas Trade Mart on the day of the assassination. Recorded September 10, 2009.

John T. Harrison

An executive at Kodak’s Dallas lab in 1963, Harrison was on hand when Abraham Zapruder’s film was processed and was among those who viewed the film the afternoon of the assassination. Recorded August 30, 1994.

Patsy Harrison

A secretary with Texas Instruments for thirty-five years, Harrison witnessed the aftermath of an automobile accident shortly after the presidential parade passed her Lemmon Avenue location. She later identified Jack Ruby as one of the men involved and was twice interviewed by officials. Recorded October 7, 2014.

Charles Harrison Family

Widow Louise Coleman and sons Skeeter and John Harrison share stories and memories of the late Dallas police officer Charles Harrison, who participated in the arrest of Lee Harvey Oswald at the Texas Theatre. The Harrisons briefly lived next door to J.D. Tippit, and Charles Harrison was a pall bearer at Tippit’s funeral on November 25, 1963. Recorded September 3, 2010.

Ben Harrison

Harrison was an FBI agent from 1951 to 1978. During his career, he was part of the Bureau’s Communist squad in the 1950s and helped integrate Central High School in Little Rock, Arkansas, in 1957. Assigned to Lubbock, Texas, in 1963, Harrison spent three weeks in Dallas to assist with the local assassination investigation. Recorded September 14, 2016.

Princella Hartman

Interviewed around her 100th birthday, Hartman shared memories of the African-American community in Dallas. Owner of a Dallas rooming house and actively involved in voter registration drives, she was working in an elementary school cafeteria at the time of the assassination. Recorded May 9, 2006.

Ms. Hartman passed away on September 23, 2013.

Joe Hathaway

In 1962, Hathaway met Jack Ruby while working in the camera department at the Sanger Brothers department store in Dallas. At Ruby’s request, Hathaway frequently visited the Carousel Club for six months between 1962 and 1963 to photograph the dancers on stage. Recorded August 21, 2006.

Deacon Bronson Havard

Havard was editor of the student newspaper at Texas Tech University in 1963. Beginning in 1970, as a reporter for the Dallas Times Herald, he covered the controversy over the fate of the Texas School Book Depository building. Havard was inspired by President Kennedy to become involved in the civil rights movement. Recorded August 3, 2010.

Jess Hay

A longtime Democratic leader who attended the luncheon at the Dallas Trade Mart on November 22, 1963, Hay was a founding board member of the Dallas County Historical Foundation. Recorded February 22, 2001.

Mr. Hay passed away on April 13, 2015.

Jerry Haynes

Best known as “Mr. Peppermint” on WFAA-TV/Channel 8 for many years, Haynes was a spectator in Dealey Plaza at the time of the assassination. He then went live on the air with WFAA-TV program director Jay Watson within 15 minutes of the shooting. Recorded January 10, 1995, and January 23, 2004.

Mr. Haynes passed away on September 26, 2011.

Bob Hays

A former philosophy professor in Mexico, Hays was executive director of The Sixth Floor Museum at Dealey Plaza from 1989 to 1993. Hired one month prior to opening, he guided the exhibition through its earliest years in operation. Recorded March 25, 1993.

Darryl Heikes

An United Press International photographer working at the Dallas Times Herald in 1963, Heikes captured one of the most famous professional images of the presidential motorcade at the corner of Main and Harwood streets. He also photographed investigators at the Tippit shooting scene and Lee Harvey Oswald in police custody. Recorded April 23, 2008, and November 18, 2014.

Dell Heikes

Heikes was shopping at Sanger-Harris department store in downtown Dallas and observed the presidential motorcade from a second-floor window. In 1964, she married United Press International photographer Darryl Heikes. Recorded April 23, 2008.

Wallace Heitman

A 33-year veteran of the Federal Bureau of Investigation, Heitman worked at the Dallas FBI office from 1962 to 1970. Less than a week after the assassination, he was assigned as the primary agent to interview Marina Oswald, and he spent many hours with her in the months prior to her Warren Commission testimony. Recorded February 8, 2008.

Mr. Heitman passed away on August 24, 2012.

Lisa Hembry

A community leader who has served as president of the Dallas Historical Society (1999-2001) and Dallas County Treasurer (2002-06), Hembry was a student in Oak Cliff in 1963. She saw the Kennedy motorcade on Main Street. Recorded October 15, 2012.

James L. Hendricks

A fellow of the American Institute of Architects, Hendricks worked on the adaptive reuse of the Texas School Book Depository building after it was purchased by Dallas County in 1977. As a member of The Sixth Floor exhibit team for more than ten years, he designed the Visitors Center and exterior elevator shaft adjacent to the Depository building. Recorded September 19 and December 1, 2008.

Peter Hengstenberg

A native of Germany, Hengstenberg was a sixth grade teacher in New York at the time of the assassination. In December 1963, he visited President Kennedy’s grave site and later traveled to Dealey Plaza in 1964. Recorded March 13, 2015.

Carl Henry

A Kennedy assassination researcher and memorabilia collector since the 1970s, Henry was a volunteer consultant during the development of The Sixth Floor exhibit in the 1980s. Recorded February 12, 1998.

Mr. Henry passed away on December 6, 2008.

Bishop Mark Herbener

Herbener was pastor of the Mount Olive Lutheran Church in Dallas throughout the 1960s and 1970s, during which time he was actively involved in the civil rights movement. He held a memorial service for President Kennedy following the assassination. Recorded February 1 and September 6, 2006.

John Herbers

Herbers covered the Civil Rights Movement for the Mississippi bureau of UPI from 1953 to 1963. He joined the staff of the New York Times shortly before the assassination and wrote a number of stories from Dallas during the aftermath. Recorded March 6, 2014.

Steve Herman

Growing up in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, Herman was a politically active Kennedy supporter. He was preparing for his lead role in his high school’s senior class play when the assassination took place. Later, while in college, he protested the Vietnam War. Recorded August 13, 2009.

Rozann Hermann

Hermann met Sen. John F. Kennedy in Boston in 1958. As a student at Southern Methodist University in Dallas, she was locally involved in the Civil Rights Movement. Recorded January 13, 2015.

Harry Hermann

Serving in the U.S. Army in 1963, Hermann was stationed at Fort Polk in Louisiana. He was on his way to Dallas to spend the weekend with his parents when the assassination took place. Recorded January 27, 2016.

Linda Hernandez

A native of Indiana who moved to Dallas in the early 1970s, Hernandez saw Robert F. Kennedy in 1968 and was deeply impacted by his assassination. Recorded April 20, 2010.

Lisa Lazo Herndon

A thirteen-year-old Fort Worth native, Herndon had a brief personal encounter with Jackie Kennedy outside the ballroom at the Hotel Texas. During the 1960 election, her family was locally active with the Kennedy campaign. Recorded November 8, 2013.

Royce Herndon

Herndon is the grandson of the executive chef at the Hotel Texas in Fort Worth who prepared President Kennedy’s last meal. Recorded September 18, 1996.

Dr. Mona Hersh-Cochran

The first woman to receive a PhD from Southern Methodist University in Dallas, Hersh-Cochran taught economics at Texas Woman’s University for thirty-five years. She was preparing for an exam at SMU on the day of the assassination. Recorded September 13, 2012.

Mickey Herskowitz

As a Houston journalist, Herskowitz briefly met Sen. John F. Kennedy and also covered the desegregation of local sports. He has since become a prolific author, writing the autobiographies of numerous individuals including John and Nellie Connally, Dan Rather, and Leon Jaworski. Recorded October 31, 2014.

Howard Hertz

Hertz was a sales representative for New York clothing manufacturers in 1963 and worked with a number of companies in Dallas. He was familiar with Abraham Zapruder’s business, Jennifer Juniors, Inc., though he did not know Zapruder personally. Recorded June 23, 2014.

Don Hewitt

Best known as the creator of 60 Minutes, Hewitt produced and directed the first televised presidential debate between John F. Kennedy and Richard Nixon. In 1963, he was the executive producer of the CBS Evening News with Walter Cronkite and he was one of the producers coordinating CBS coverage of the assassination. Recorded on November 9, 2002.

Mr. Hewitt passed away on August 19, 2009.

Janice Higdon

Higdon saw President and Mrs. Kennedy in San Antonio on November 21, 1963. Her late father, Dain Higdon, was longtime friends with John Connally and worked on his 1962 gubernatorial campaign. Recorded April 20, 2014.

Brown W. Higginbotham

A truck driver with Central Motor Freight in Dallas, Higginbotham picked up a shipment of textbook boxes at the loading dock of the Texas School Book Depository building approximately 20 minutes after the assassination. He then picked up a shipment at the Dal-Tex building across the street in Dealey Plaza. Recorded October 19, 2007.

Clint Hill

The most recognized U.S. Secret Service agent on the Kennedy detail, Hill jumped onto the back of the presidential limousine during the assassination. He received an award for his service and continued to protect Mrs. Kennedy for one year after the shooting. Reluctant to speak for years about the assassination, Hill was deeply impacted by the tragedy. Recorded November 18, 19, and 20, 2010, April 19, 2012, and May 9, 2016.

Dr. Norwood Hill

A resident at Parkland Memorial Hospital, Hill was one of the physicians who treated Jack Ruby in late 1966. Hill was with Ruby at the time of his death on January 3, 1967. Recorded August 24, 2011.

Gerald Hill

A Dallas police officer in 1963, Hill was present during the search of the Texas School Book Depository and was at the Texas Theatre in Oak Cliff when Lee Harvey Oswald was arrested. Recorded August 31, 1993, and April 18, 2007.

Mr. Hill passed away on August 8, 2011.

Jean Hill

An eyewitness to the assassination, Hill was standing next to her friend, Mary Moorman, in Dealey Plaza. Seen in photographs of the assassination wearing a red raincoat, Hill believed shots were fired from the grassy knoll. Recorded February 1989.

Ms. Hill passed away on November 7, 2000.

Peggy Hill

A longtime Dallas real estate agent, Hill was a housewife in 1963 and the daughter of vocal supporters of conservative Congressman Bruce Alger. Hill saw the Kennedy motorcade at two locations, including Main Street where she heard shots fired.  Following the shooting, she and her daughter went to Parkland Memorial Hospital. Recorded October 28, 2009.

Nelson Hilliard

At the time of the assassination, Hilliard and his wife were at a doctor’s appointment in Wichita Falls, Texas, where they learned they were expecting their first child. Recorded August 21, 2015.

Rob Hinnant

Hinnant’s late father, Lt. Col. Robert Hinnant, was assigned to Carswell Air Force Base in 1963. The Hinnant family saw President and Mrs. Kennedy arrive in Fort Worth on the evening of November 21, 1963. Rob Hinnant shook hands with Gov. John Connally.  Recorded May 8, 2013.

Elizabeth Hirsch

Hirsch saw the Kennedy motorcade on Main Street. Her late father, longtime community leader Levi Olan, was rabbi at Temple Emanu-El in Dallas from 1948 to 1970. Rabbi Olan, a prominent civil rights activist, delivered two radio sermons in response to the Kennedy assassination. Recorded August 14, 2013.

Janis Hirsch

A longtime writer and producer for television (Murphy BrownFrasier), Hirsch briefly met Senator John F. Kennedy during the 1960 campaign. A letter she wrote to Jackie Kennedy shortly after the assassination was included in Dr. Ellen Fitzpatrick’s Letters to Jackie: Condolences from a Grieving Nation (2010). Recorded September 23, 2010.

Dr. Paul L. Hoch

A retired computer programmer at the University of California, Berkeley, Hoch became an early assassination researcher in 1964. Over the years he has consulted with authors, actively participated in the research community, and co-edited the book The Assassinations: Dallas and Beyond (1976). Recorded May 3, 2016.

Charles Hodges

A 17-year-old high school student in Dallas, Hodges took photos at Dallas Love Field, on Stemmons Freeway immediately following the assassination, and at Parkland Memorial Hospital. That afternoon he sold his film to an Associated Press reporter. Recorded June 29, 1989, and June 13, 2011.

Clara Hoffman

Hoffman was Director of Nursing at Parkland Memorial Hospital when new their new facility opened on Harry Hines Boulevard in 1954. While attending a conference in San Antonio, she saw President Kennedy during his visit to the city on November 21, 1963. Recorded June 25, 2014.

Ed Hogan

Longtime WFAA-TV newscaster and the host of the popular Dialing for Dollarsprogram, Hogan watched the motorcade pass and then went to Channel 8 studios. Later that day, he covered the scene at Parkland Memorial Hospital for ABC News. Recorded on December 27, 2002.

Mr. Hogan passed away on February 12, 2007.

Katrin Hogg

A native of Germany, Hogg saw President Kennedy speak in Frankfurt on June 25, 1963. Recorded October 31, 2013.

Dr. Luther Holcomb

Director of the Dallas Council of Churches in 1963, Holcomb was a community leader and said a prayer at the Trade Mart luncheon after news of the assassination reached the attendees. Recorded August 27, 1992.

Dr. Holcomb passed away on November 19, 2003.

Max Holland

A longtime journalist whose work has appeared in The New York Times, The Washington Post, The Nation, and other publications, Holland became interested in the Kennedy assassination after seeing Oliver Stone’s JFK (1991). His research has yielded a number of articles, The Kennedy Assassination Tapes (2004), and the National Geographic documentary, JFK: The Lost Bullet (2011). Recorded July 9, 2010, May 5 and May 7, 2015.

Tom & Lori Hollandsworth

Lauri Hollandsworth’s late father, Jim Martin, was a longtime Dallas attorney and was part of Jack Ruby’s original defense team. Martin left the case before jury selection began. In recent years, the Hollandsworths have investigated Martin’s life and career. Recorded August 8, 2011.

Mary Hollies

An employee of Scott Foresman publishers in 1963, Hollies worked on the fourth floor of the Texas School Book Depository and occasionally rode the same bus as Lee Harvey Oswald. Her memories of Oswald and the day of the assassination differ from other eyewitnesses and coworkers. Recorded January 18, 2011.

Robert Hollingsworth

As head of the Dallas Times Herald Washington Bureau, Hollingsworth traveled with the presidential party on the trip to Texas in November 1963. Following the assassination, he became the Times Herald‘s White House Correspondent and developed a friendship with President Johnson. Recorded March 18, 2011.

Mr. Hollingsworth passed away on September 30, 2014.

Pat Holloway

A Dallas attorney, Holloway attended a political luncheon at the Adolphus Hotel on November 22, 1963. Shortly after the assassination, his senior law partner received an unusual, business-related call from Lyndon Johnson at Parkland Memorial Hospital. Holloway later became an oil and gas operator, founding the Humble Exploration Company. Recorded January 11, 2010.

Mr. Holloway passed away on February 10, 2012.

Bert Holmes

Longtime editor for the Dallas Times Herald, Holmes wrote community affairs columns from the 1960s until the 1990s. Recorded August 3, 1993.

Helen Holmes

Holmes was public relations director at the Sam Bloom Agency and coordinated media coverage for both President Kennedy’s visit to Dallas and the Jack Ruby trial. Recorded May 3, 1993, and March 14, 2004.

The Rev. William A. Holmes

As minister of Northaven United Methodist Church, Holmes gave a powerful and controversial sermon on Sunday, November 24, 1963, in which he mentioned that some Dallas schoolchildren cheered upon learning of President Kennedy’s death. Portions of the sermon were later broadcast on CBS, bringing international attention to both Holmes and the city of Dallas. Recorded March 2, 2007, and November 20, 2008.

Winifred Holmes

While working as a freelance fashion model in Dallas, Holmes was acquainted with George and Jeanne de Mohrenschildt. She remembers a dinner party at the de Mohrenschildt home that was attended by Lee and Marina Oswald. Recorded July 22, 2011.

Bill Holt

Holt was credit manager for the Texas School Book Depository from 1970 to 1978 and was involved in the company’s move from their Dealey Plaza warehouse to a new location in Dallas. Over the years, he heard many assassination-related stories from fellow co-workers and managers. Recorded June 26, 2008.

Jennifer Holt

Holt was a fifth grade student in Dallas at the time of the assassination. Though her parents were longtime Republicans, they supported Kennedy in the 1960 presidential election. Recorded May 9, 2014.

Malcolm Holzmann

A reporter for the ABC affiliate in San Antonio, Holzmann covered the Kennedy visit on November 21, 1963, as a freelance photographer for WBAP-TV in Fort Worth. He previously photographed John F. Kennedy at the Alamo during the 1960 campaign. Recorded April 20, 2013.

Jimmie R. Hopkins

Hopkins was a sergeant in the Dallas Police Reserves in 1963. After working motorcade crowd control, he was on dispatch duty when he took a call from the Texas Theatre box office reporting that a suspicious-looking man–later determined to be Oswald–had entered without paying. His many other assignments that weekend included guarding Oswald inside his cell, guarding Jack Ruby, and guarding the entrances to both Dallas City Hall and Parkland Memorial Hospital’s emergency room. Recorded on January 8, 2003.

Mr. Hopkins passed away on February 1, 2008.

Winston & Mary Hoskins

Winston Hoskins, a teacher at W.W. Samuell High School at the time of the assassination, served on the Texas State Textbook Committee in the late 1960s and worked with executives at the Texas School Book Depository Company. His wife, Mary Jane Hoskins, was a Dallas and Fort Worth elementary school teacher in the late 1950s and early 1960s. Recorded June 3, 2015.

Martha Howard

Howard and her husband, the late Dr. Herbert R. Howard, watched the motorcade on Lemmon Avenue and also attended the Trade Mart luncheon. Dr. Howard held a special prayer service on Saturday at the Park Cities Baptist Church and then delivered a powerful sermon on Sunday. Both services were recorded. Recorded January 22, 2004.

Mike Howard

A U. S. Secret Service agent assigned to the Dallas field office, Howard served on the detail for Presidents Kennedy and Johnson. For the 1963 Texas trip, Howard was part of the advance team in Fort Worth and spent the evening of the assassination at Dallas police headquarters. Immediately thereafter he was assigned to protect the family of Lee Harvey Oswald at a secure location. Recorded November 18, 2005.

Jane Gay Howell

Howell grew up in Oak Cliff and was a sophomore at Southern Methodist University in 1963. She was very concerned about the vocal right-wing extremist minority in Dallas during this period. Recorded April 20, 2010.

Jan Howes

The daughter of the late John Mazziotta, chief photographer at the Dallas Times Herald, and Peggie Mazziotta, the city’s first female photojournalist, Howes was attending a Catholic school in Oak Cliff in 1963. Recorded April 14, 2010.

John Joe Howlett

A U.S. Secret Service agent assigned to the Dallas field office in 1963, Howlett was at the Dallas Trade Mart, Parkland Memorial Hospital, and Dallas police headquarters on the day of the assassination. In the aftermath, he was heavily involved in the local investigation and helped produce a Secret Service training film. Recorded April 6, 2011.

Mr. Howlett passed away on October 10, 2013.

Herbert Hoxie

An FBI agent in 1963, Hoxie was the Agent in Charge of the El Paso, Texas, field office at the time of the assassination. Recorded October 25, 2016.

Edward Hromatka

Inspired by President Kennedy, Hromatka was a Peace Corps volunteer in Ecuador from 1969 to 1972. He has remained an active alumnus and helped launch the National Peace Corps Association. Recorded August 12, 2011.

Dr. Patrick Huber

Huber is a cousin of the late Father Oscar Huber, who administered the Last Rites to President Kennedy at Parkland Memorial Hospital. Patrick Huber, a history professor at Missouri University of Science and Technology, is the author of “He’s Dead, All Right”: Father Oscar L. Huber, the Kennedy Assassination, and the News Leak Controversy(2013). Recorded January 12, 2015.

Beth Hudson

As the southwest correspondent for The Washington Post in 1989, Hudson covered the opening of The Sixth Floor exhibition. Her grandparents, the late Millard and Mary Heath, attended the luncheon at the Dallas Trade Mart on November 22, 1963. Recorded July 25, 2011.

Bob Huffaker

A KRLD police reporter in 1963, Huffaker broadcast the motorcade through Dallas and later covered events at Parkland Memorial Hospital. He then reported live from Dallas police headquarters on CBS and stood a few feet from Jack Ruby when Ruby shot Oswald on live television. In 1964, Huffaker covered the Jack Ruby trial. Recorded August 3, 1994, November 22, 1998, July 28, 2006, November 1, 2007, June 24 and November 20, 2008, April 3 and October 28, 2009, June 30, 2010, October 25, 2011, February 22, October 27, and November 10, 2012, February 28 and October 19, 2013.

R. Lee Huffman

A master sergeant in the U.S. Army, Huffman was assigned to the Transportation Division at the White House from 1961 to 1966. He went on the Texas trip in 1963 and was working at the Hotel Texas in Fort Worth when the assassination took place. Recorded November 22, 2008.

Maureen Hughes-Thompson

Hughes-Thompson’s late husband, Robert Hughes, was an eyewitness to the assassination and filmed a home movie of the Kennedy motorcade in Dealey Plaza and the assassination aftermath. Recorded April 27, 2002.

B. C. “Barney” Hulett

An Army presidential helicopter pilot from 1959 to 1967, Hulett flew with President Kennedy. He participated in a group interview with other Army personnel. Recorded September 19, 2008.

Conover Hunt

Hunt served as the original project director and curator for the Dallas County Historical Foundation and was instrumental in the planning, research and content of The Sixth Floor Museum’s permanent exhibition. Hunt is the author of the Museum’s official guidebook and JFK for a New Generation (1996). Recorded on March 26, 2003, February 16, 2009, May 29, 2013, and August 24, 2015.

Bill Hunter

A member of the Dallas school board in the late 1960s, Hunter was a longtime attorney whose firm represented Abraham Zapruder. Hunter’s son, Christopher, was born at St. Paul Hospital in Dallas five minutes before the assassination on November 22, 1963.  Recorded September 4, 2014.

Drew Hunter

Hunter was the creative director of the Southwestern Historical Wax Museum in Grand Prairie, Texas.  This museum, which first opened at Fair Park in September 1963, featured a Kennedy assassination section–including a reproduction of the sixth floor “sniper’s perch”–for more than two decades before it was destroyed by fire in September 1988. Recorded August 13, 2010.

Jack Hunter

Hunter saw Sen. John F. Kennedy during the 1960 presidential campaign. Years later, while working for the American Poster and Printing Company in Dallas, Hunter was involved in printing Chief Jesse Curry’s memoir, Retired Dallas Police Chief Jesse Curry Reveals His Personal JFK Assassination File (1969). Recorded February 26, 2015.

June W. Hunter

Hunter, a longtime piano teacher in Dallas, was an admirer of President Kennedy though she and her late husband did not support him politically. Recorded February 26, 2015.

J. R. Hurt

A longtime Dallas CPA, Hurt observed the hearse carrying President Kennedy’s body from Parkland Hospital to Dallas Love Field. Recorded September 4, 2009.

Darwin Hutchison

A lifelong Dallasite, Hutchison saw the presidential motorcade on Main Street. Previously, on September 13, 1960, he marched with the Jesuit High School band in a downtown Dallas parade to mark Senator John F. Kennedy’s campaign visit to the city. Recorded June 18, 2008.

Val Imm Bashour

A society columnist for the Dallas Times Herald, she was at Dallas Love Field and Parkland Memorial Hospital on November 22, 1963. Recorded September 20, 1995, and July 23, 1997.

Jake Ingebrigtson

Born sixteen years after the Kennedy assassination, Ingebrigtson has maintained a lifelong interest in the subject, collecting books and meeting a number of eyewitnesses, including the late Phil Willis. He attended the commemorative ceremony in Dealey Plaza on the fiftieth anniversary in 2013. Recorded November 20, 2015.

Lovita Irby

A teenager in 1963, Irby was near the corner of Elm and Houston streets at the time of the assassination. In 1991, she served as a consultant to Oliver Stone during the making of his film JFK. In that capacity, she met many of the key participants and extensively photographed the production in Dallas; she later donated many of those photographs to the Museum. Recorded March 9 and June 2, 2005.

Sheila Irons

Irons saw the Kennedy motorcade on Main Street. She and her family had moved from Pennsylvania to Texas ten years earlier and were all enthusiastic supporters of President and Mrs. Kennedy. Recorded March 19, 2009.

Lou Ivon

As chief investigator for New Orleans District Attorney Jim Garrison, Ivon was heavily involved in Garrison’s controversial assassination investigation and the subsequent trial of Clay Shaw. Recorded July 12, 2012.

Mr. Ivon passed away on December 18, 2012.

Mary K. Jackman

A Dallas secretary in 1963, Jackman saw the Kennedy motorcade on Harwood Street. Previously, in the mid-1950s, she worked at the Texas Theatre in Oak Cliff. Her late stepfather was acquainted with Jack Ruby. Recorded February 24, 2014.

Anne Jackson

Jackson was a secretary in the Dallas bureau of the Associated Press. In addition to her regular duties, she was enlisted to portray Jackie Kennedy in a Secret Service re-enactment of the assassination. Recorded March 2, 2000.

Ms. Jackson passed away on April 5, 2002.

Bob Jackson

In 1963, Jackson was a photographer with the Dallas Times Herald. On November 22, 1963, he covered the president’s arrival at Dallas Love Field and, while riding in the motorcade, spotted a rifle in the sixth floor window of the Texas School Book Depository building. He was also at Parkland Memorial Hospital and Dallas police headquarters that day. On Sunday, Jackson captured an iconic image of Jack Ruby shooting Lee Harvey Oswald, which won the 1964 Pulitzer Prize in News Photography. Recorded November 22, 1993, October 23, 2003, February 28, 2007, April 17 and July 22, 2009, September 10 and October 16, 2010, November 10, 2012, November 1 and 20, 2013, November 18, 2014, and September 21, 2016.

Judge Lee F. Jackson

Jackson served in the Texas House of Representatives (1976-86) and was elected four times as Dallas County Judge (1987-2002). As judge, he played a key role in the fundraising for and opening of The Sixth Floor exhibit in 1989. Two years later he vocally opposed director Oliver Stone’s request to film scenes from JFK (1991) inside the Texas School Book Depository building. Recorded January 12, 2001.

Andy Jacobsohn

As a staff photographer with The Dallas Morning News in 2015, Jacobsohn collaborated with The Sixth Floor Museum for the exhibition, “Portraits: History Lived” (2015). A Florida native, Jacobsohn was previously a photojournalist and photo editor with Major League Baseball and Newsday. Recorded November 2, 2015.

Stephen S. Jaffe

Jaffe served as an investigator for New Orleans District Attorney Jim Garrison. Jaffe’s work on the controversial Oswald backyard photographs led to him testifying as a photographic expert before the Rockefeller Commission in 1975. Recorded July 29, 2004.

Degge James

A local musician, James was in the third grade at the time of the assassination. His family, longtime residents of Garland, Texas, was friends with Dallas District Attorney Henry Wade and Dallas County Justice of the Peace Theran Ward. Recorded April 19, 2012.

Bruce Jamieson

Jamieson was the owner of the Jamieson Film Company in Dallas, where three copies of Abraham Zapruder’s film were made on November 22, 1963. Recorded February 23, 2000.

Dr. Peter Janney

The son of senior CIA official Wistar Janney, Peter Janney actively protested the Vietnam War and later researched the Kennedy assassination and its possible connection to the 1964 murder of Washington socialite Mary Meyer. He wrote the book Mary’s Mosaic(2012). Recorded November 16, 2012.

Richard Janowitz

Janowitz was in the sixth grade in Cleveland, Ohio, at the time of the assassination. In 2002, he donated to the Museum a home movie shot in September 1960 by his late grandfather, John Janowitz, of Sen. John F. Kennedy on the campaign trail in Cleveland. Recorded September 5, 2007.

Robert Jarboe

An Associated Press wire-photo operator, Jarboe transmitted the photo of President Johnson’s swearing in aboard Air Force One. Recorded May 6, 1998.

Mr. Jarboe passed away on October 9, 2008.

Betty Clo Jarrell

Jarrell was a first-year teacher at Thomas Jefferson High School in Dallas. She recalled that none of her students missed class to see the presidential parade. Recorded September 4, 2014.

Goldie Jay

A native of Buffalo, New York, Jay was born fourteen years after the assassination of President William McKinley in her hometown. She saw Sen. John F. Kennedy during the 1960 presidential campaign. Recorded January 13, 2015.

George Jefferies

A secretary for Universal Insurance in Dallas, Jefferies captured a color home movie of the Kennedy motorcade–including a stunning view of Jackie Kennedy–on Main Street less than two minutes before the assassination. After his son-in-law donated the film to the Museum in late 2006, Jefferies received international media attention. Recorded March 5, 2007, and June 6, 2008.

Mr. Jefferies passed away on February 15, 2014.

Jo Ann Jenkins

A Texas native, Jenkins was living near Oak Cliff in 1963. At the time of the assassination, she was pregnant with her son, future Dallas County Judge Clay Jenkins. Recorded June 19, 2012.

Ron Jenkins

Working under the name “Ron McAlister,” Jenkins was a reporter for KBOX Radio in 1963. He followed behind the presidential parade and covered the scene at Parkland Memorial Hospital. In 1964, he covered the Jack Ruby trial. Recorded June 30, 2014.

James E. Jennings

A Dallas police officer for thirteen years, Jennings was at Dallas Love Field and Parkland Memorial Hospital on November 22, 1963. He was later the local announcer for Dallas Cowboys football games for more than two decades. Recorded April 28, 1994.

Mr. Jennings passed away on December 2, 2004.

Peter Jennings

Longtime broadcast journalist and the late anchor of ABC World News Tonight, Jennings worked for Canadian Television in 1963 and flew to Dallas to cover the events of that weekend. He then covered the president’s funeral in Washington, D.C. Recorded January 8, 2004.

Mr. Jennings passed away on August 7, 2005.

Tom Jennings

An award-winning documentarian, Jennings has written, produced, and directed more than 400 hours of programming for television networks including CBS, Discovery Channel, and the History Channel.  He was executive producer of The Lost JFK Tapes: The Assassination (2009) for National Geographic Channel. Recorded November 17, 2009, and August 24, 2015.

Dr. A. Jack Jernigan

Chief psychologist at Dallas Veterans Hospital in 1963, Jernigan filmed the Kennedy motorcade at the exit of Dallas Love Field and later captured rare color scenes of the Trade Mart building and marquee from Stemmons Freeway. He donated his film to the Museum in 1998. Recorded August 16, 2007.

Dr. Jernigan passed away on March 9, 2008.

Dr. Samuel Jernigan

Jernigan was a resident in obstetrics and gynecology at Parkland Memorial Hospital in 1963. His offer to assist with President Kennedy’s treatment in Trauma Room One was declined by Parkland personnel. Recorded October 21, 2015.

Robert Jett

A reporter for WRR Radio, Jett was near Dealey Plaza in a radio station car and heard the shooting. He then reported live from the studio during that weekend. Recorded August 18, 2000.

Mr. Jett passed away on September 12, 2004.

Eddie Jimmerson Jr.

A native of Kerens, Texas, Jimmerson was part of the first graduating class of his community’s newly integrated high school in 1965. During the final years of the Vietnam War, he was a military policeman in Washington, D.C. Recorded September 28, 2011.

Ann Johnson

A waitress for Jetton’s Catering, Johnson served at the Forth Worth breakfast and was on her way to serve at the planned Austin banquet when the assassination took place. Her husband, the late Peter Johnson, worked at the Dallas Kodak lab and kept slides of the Zapruder film as souvenirs. Johnson was interviewed with her daughter, Jean Johnson Brown. Recorded March 1, 2007.

Ms. Johnson passed away on June 22, 2012.

Linda Johnson

Although not a Kennedy supporter, college student Johnson attended a campus memorial service for the late president shortly after the assassination. Recorded December 15, 2011.

Phil Johnson

A longtime gay rights activist in Dallas, Johnson started the first gay organization in Texas in 1965. In 1972, he was one of the leaders responsible for the first gay pride parade in downtown Dallas, which originated at the Kennedy Memorial. Recorded October 17, 2006.

Philip Johnson

An internationally recognized American architect, Johnson was acquainted with the Kennedy family and designed the John F. Kennedy Memorial in Dallas, which was dedicated in 1970. Recorded August 11, 1998.

Mr. Johnson passed away on January 25, 2005.

Sheila Johnson

A Fort Worth secretary in 1963, Johnson made arrangements for her boss to attend the Chamber of Commerce breakfast on November 22, 1963. Decades later her daughter worked with the late Edna Case, a manager with the MacMillan Publishing Company on the third floor of the Texas School Book Depository, who was interviewed by the FBI. Recorded August 12, 2013.

The Rev. Peter Johnson

A lifelong crusader for civil rights throughout the South, Johnson served on the staff of Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. and worked for the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC). He began working for civil rights in Dallas in 1969. Recorded February 23, 2006.

Frank B. Johnston

A thirty-five year photographer with The Washington Post, Johnston was working for the Austin bureau of United Press International in 1963. In the basement of Dallas police headquarters, he captured an image of Lee Harvey Oswald approximately one second before he was fatally shot by Jack Ruby. In 1964, Johnston testified at Ruby’s trial and also covered the event as a UPI photographer. Recorded August 15, 2009.

Luvada Johnston

An ardent Kennedy supporter, Johnston was a secretary in Garland, Texas, at the time of the assassination. In the aftermath, she received approximately 15 angry telephone calls from individuals all over the country blaming Dallas for the shooting. Recorded January 26, 2010.

Dr. Ronald C. Jones

Jones was the chief surgery resident in Parkland Memorial Hospital’s emergency room on November 22, 1963. He was among the team of doctors that worked on the resuscitation of President Kennedy in Trauma Room One. Less than 48 hours later, he was part of the surgical team that treated Lee Harvey Oswald. Recorded October 31, 1997, November 21, 2005, September 13 and December 13, 2012, September 24 and November 20, 2013.

Mitchell Jones

A traveling salesman in 1963, Jones saw the Kennedy motorcade on Main Street. In his travels after the assassination, he encountered some hostility because he was from Dallas. Recorded April 22, 2014.

Mr. Jones passed away on July 18, 2015.

Radford W. Jones

A U.S. Secret Service agent assigned to the White House detail during the Kennedy years, Jones guarded the Kennedys at Hyannis Port during the summer of 1963. At the time of the assassination, he was guarding young John F. Kennedy Jr. in Washington, D.C. In 1964, Jones spent several months guarding Jackie Kennedy and her children in New York. Recorded October 15, 2005.

Spaulding Jones

Jones had an office inside the Texas School Book Depository building in 1963 and believed he was on the elevator with Lee Harvey Oswald the morning of the assassination. Recorded April 6, 1995.

Mr. Jones passed away on July 2, 1997.

J. Erik Jonsson

A notable mayor in the years following the assassination (1964-71), Jonsson was a longtime community leader who is credited with helping Dallas through that traumatic period. As president of the Dallas Citizens Council in 1963, he met the presidential party at Dallas Love Field and later announced to the crowd at the Trade Mart that the president had been shot. Recorded June 30, August 17, and November 10, 1992.

Mr. Jonsson passed away on August 31, 1995.

Margaret H. Jordan

The first African American graduate of the Georgetown University School of Nursing, Jordan attended the March on Washington rally on August 28, 1963, and heard Dr. Martin Luther King’s iconic “I Have a Dream” speech. Since moving to Dallas in the 1980s, she has been an active community leader, serving on the boards of institutions such as the Dallas Museum of Art and the Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas. Recorded March 29, 2011.

Martin Jurow

The producer of such films as Breakfast at Tiffany’s (1961) and The Pink Panther (1963), Jurow was the executive producer of The Sixth Floor Museum’s films and worked with documentary filmmakers Allen and Cynthia Mondell. Recorded May 12, 1993.

Mr. Jurow passed away on February 12, 2004.

Harry Kabler

A Boston native, Kabler was serving in the U.S. Air Force in California at the time of the assassination. Recorded January 13, 2015.

Andrew Kadin

A New Jersey native, Kadin and his childhood friend Jeffrey Pickens shared an interest in the Kennedy assassination. The two made a pact in 1967 to one day visit Dealey Plaza, which was realized when they reunited at the site of the assassination in 2005. Recorded February 17, 2012.

Ed Kadleck

A college student in 1963, Kadleck worked part-time at the Terminal Annex building in Dealey Plaza. Standing at the corner of Main and Houston Streets, he heard shots fired at the presidential limousine. Recorded June 15, 2009.

Roger Kallenberg

Kallenberg’s family was active in the Dallas Jewish community and knew Jack Ruby and the Zapruder family. After graduating from college in 1967, Kallenberg became locally involved in the civil rights and peace movements. Recorded July 20, 2010.

Mr. Kallenberg passed away on September 25, 2011.

Willie Kim Kamara

A native of the Republic of Liberia on the west coast of Africa, Kamara had an inspirational encounter with the Peace Corps in 1974. Ten years later, a returned Peace Corps volunteer sponsored Kamara’s education in and permanent move to the United States. Recorded April 22, 2011.

Col. Herbert & Mary Fae Kamm

During the Cuban missile crisis, Col. Kamm was a B-2 Radar Navigator stationed in Montgomery, Alabama. The Kamms were living on Altus Air Force Base in Oklahoma at the time of the assassination. Mary Fae Kamm is the longtime executive director of the International Museum of Cultures in Duncanville, Texas. Recorded August 8, 2016.

Eleanor Kamperman

Kamperman was the administrative assistant to Dr. M.T. “Pepper” Jenkins at Parkland Memorial Hospital. Jenkins was one of the doctors who worked frantically to save President Kennedy’s life. Recorded October 5, 1995.

Ms. Kamperman passed away on February 28, 2014.

Dr. Norman Kaplan

A faculty member at UT Southwestern Medical School for more than fifty years, Kaplan was at Parkland Memorial Hospital on November 22, 1963. As one of Dallas’s leading voices for education reform in the 1960s, he helped organize the League for Education Advancement (LEAD) and later served on the education panel of the Goals for Dallas program. Recorded May 3, 2006, and January 20, 2016.

Jerry Kasten

Kasten was a social studies teacher at Bryan Adams High School in 1963. As a member of the Dallas Police Reserves, he spent the weekend of the assassination at police headquarters. He was working crowd control on Commerce Street at the time of the Oswald shooting. Recorded April 30, 2013, and September 19, 2015.

Abe Katz

Katz briefly saw the Kennedy motorcade on Main Street. At the time, he was forty-six years old, the same age as John F. Kennedy. Katz casually knew Abraham Zapruder for more than twenty years. Recorded June 25, 2014.

Shelly Katz

A freelance United Press International photographer and later a contributing Time-Life andPeople Magazine photographer, Katz covered every presidential election from 1960 to 2008. After moving to Dallas in 1965, Katz photographed Jack Ruby and was part of a Lifeteam that investigated the findings of the Warren Commission. Recorded January 24, 2012.

Ferd Kaufman

An Associated Press photographer in Dallas from 1957 to 1977, Kaufman was at the Fort Worth breakfast and the Trade Mart luncheon on November 22, 1963. During his career, he captured images of Presidents Kennedy and Johnson, Lee Harvey Oswald, Jack Ruby, and many others. Recorded July 7, 1999, August 3, 2009, and October 12, 2013.

Mr. Kaufman passed away on February 3, 2016.

Tom Keene

A law clerk and consultant for Dallas attorney Phil Burleson from 1963 to the early 1970s, Keene was involved with the Jack Ruby defense and subsequent appeal process until Ruby’s death in 1967. Recorded May 5, 2010.

Mr. Keene passed away on December 4, 2013.

Tom Keener

Eight years old in 1963, Keener saw the Kennedys at Dallas Love Field. Over the years he has met or interviewed a number of individuals connected to the assassination story, including Lady Bird Johnson, Gov. and Mrs. Connally, Sen. Ralph Yarborough, and Dr. Malcolm Perry. Recorded January 26, 2015.

Dr. Duane and Glenda Keilstrup

A professor at the University of Texas at Arlington for more than three decades, Duane Keilstrup asked his 1963 classes to write essays with their thoughts and feelings immediately following the Kennedy assassination. He and his wife, Glenda, who was also at UTA that day, donated sixty-five student essays to the Museum in 2013. Recorded February 1, 2013.

John Kelin

Seven years old in 1963, Kelin became actively interested in the Kennedy assassination in the early 1990s. He is the author of Praise from a Future Generation (2007), which is a comprehensive study of the earliest assassination critics and researchers. Recorded February 28, 2008.

Gisse Keller

A native of Denmark who immigrated to Dallas in 1959, Keller was a lab technician at UT Southwestern Medical School in 1963. She and her coworkers were outside the Emergency Room entrance to Parkland Memorial Hospital when President Kennedy’s death was announced. Recorded August 5, 2014.

Dee J. Kelly

A longtime Fort Worth community leader, Kelly met John F. Kennedy in 1960 and attended his speech at the Hotel Texas on November 22, 1963. In the following years Kelly maintained close ties to the Lyndon Johnson and John Connally families. Recorded February 8, 2012.

Mr. Kelly passed away on October 2, 2015.

William E. Kelly

An assassination researcher, Kelly was the head of the Committee for an Open Archives organization, which was formed in 1991. Recorded October 24, 1993.

Phil Kelly

A composer/arranger for more than four decades, Kelly was the primary arranger for the Fort Worth Symphony Pops series for twenty-five years. In 1988, he composed the soundtrack for The Sixth Floor Museum’s exhibit films. Recorded January 29 and February 15, 2016.

Katherine Kendrick

Kendrick was one of only two female school bus drivers in Long Island, New York, in 1963. She recalled that many in the African American community felt that President Kennedy was assassinated because of his views on civil rights. Recorded July 1, 2010.

Billy Kennedy

A junior at North Dallas High School in 1963, Billy Kennedy saw the presidential motorcade on Main Street and had the opportunity to briefly shake hands with the president. On Sunday, he was being treated for a broken wrist in the Parkland Memorial Hospital emergency room when Lee Harvey Oswald arrived. Recorded February 21, 2008.

Charlotte Kennedy

Born in East Germany, Charlotte Kennedy and her family fled to West Germany and then Canada in the 1950s. At the time of the assassination, she was living and working in Dallas, married to Dallas Times Herald photographer Eamon Kennedy. Recorded January 30, 1997.

Eamon Kennedy

A native of Ireland, Kennedy was a photographer at the Dallas Times Herald in 1963.  On the weekend of the assassination, he took images at Dallas Love Field, Parkland Memorial Hospital, the Texas Theatre, and Dallas police headquarters.  He later covered the Jack Ruby trial and the Warren Commission’s visit to Dallas. Recorded October 4, 1996, and May 16, August 1, and November 18, 2014, February 6, 2015, and January 14 and March 21, 2016.

Debbi Kennedy

A fourth grader in Sacramento, California, in 1963, Kennedy wrote a letter to Mrs. Kennedy following the assassination. At the time she also collected newspapers and other memorabilia. Recorded February 3, 2016.

David Hume Kennerly

A photojournalist for more than half a century, Kennerly won the 1972 Pulitzer Prize for his images of the Vietnam War. Previously he had covered Senator Robert F. Kennedy and was at the Ambassador Hotel in Los Angeles on June 5, 1968, when Kennedy was shot.  Recorded September 21, 2016.

David J. Kerr

A longtime Dallas businessman, Kerr was at the Trade Mart on November 22, 1963. His wife, Jeannie, had been asked to sing the national anthem at the luncheon. Recorded March 17, 2004.

Jean Kerr

Kerr was scheduled to sing the national anthem at the presidential luncheon at the Dallas Trade Mart on November 22, 1963. Recorded November 23, 2011.

Rick Kervin

Kervin’s late father, Richard J. Kervin, attended the breakfast at the Hotel Texas on November 22, 1963, and obtained one of President Kennedy’s last autographs, signed less than two hours before the assassination. Previously, at the height of the Cold War in 1962, Kervin’s family built a bomb shelter in their backyard in case of a nuclear attack. Recorded July 30, 2007.

Diana Foster Kfoury

A ninth grader in Oak Cliff in 1963, Kfoury saw the Kennedy motorcade near the corner of Main and Houston streets. Beginning in December 1963, she worked at the Wynnewood Theatre and Texas Theatre in Oak Cliff. Recorded August 9, 2013.

Salah Kfoury

A native of Beirut, Lebanon, Kfoury was attending aviation school at the time of the assassination. An admirer of President Kennedy, he and his classmates feared a Russian conspiracy and the start of a world war. Recorded August 9, 2013.

David Kilbourn

A former Colorado deputy sheriff, Kilbourn was among the first employees hired by the Dallas County Historical Foundation. He was a member of the security staff of The Sixth Floor Museum at Dealey Plaza from 1989 to 1998. Recorded June 22, 1998.

Malcolm Kilduff

Kilduff was the assistant White House press secretary traveling with President Kennedy in 1963. He made the official announcement of the president’s death at Parkland Memorial Hospital. Recorded April 16, 1993, and November 21, 1999.

Mr. Kilduff passed away on March 3, 2003.

Jane Kinch

A native of Great Britain, Kinch immigrated to the United States following World War II.  She was living in Dallas at the time of the assassination. Recorded June 19, 2015.

Glen King

In charge of media relations, Dallas Police Capt. King was part of the inner circle of the investigation the weekend of the president’s assassination, working closely with Police Chief Jesse Curry. Recorded February 2, 1996.

Mr. King passed away on November 20, 2000.

Ina B. King

While visiting San Antonio, Texas, for a PTA state convention, King saw the Kennedys on November 21, 1963. The following day, she was headed back home to Dallas on a Greyhound bus when the assassination took place. Recorded July 16, 2007.

O. H. “Karl” King

A newscaster for KBOX radio in 1963, King went live on the air moments after the assassination. Fired that evening from the station, he spent the weekend working for United Press International and witnessed Oswald’s shooting. Later, he covered the Jack Ruby trial. Recorded October 19, 1998, and October 2, 2003.

Mr. King passed away on July 25, 2005.

Stephen King

An internationally best-selling and award-winning contemporary novelist, King explored the Kennedy assassination in his book 11/22/63 (2011). His recollections were recorded during a Museum program at the Majestic Theatre in Dallas. Recorded November 10, 2011.

Travis King

An employee with the State Department, King was working in Guatemala in 1963. He was not impacted by the president’s assassination. Recorded June 23, 2014.

Sonia King

King is the daughter of the late H. Warner King, who photographed the Kennedy motorcade on Turtle Creek Blvd. and on Stemmons Freeway following the assassination. His surviving images were published for the first time in Time magazine in November 2013. Recorded June 2, 2015.

Jerry D. Kivett

A U.S. Secret Service agent in 1963, Kivett was assigned to Vice President Johnson’s detail and was riding in his follow-up car in the Dallas motorcade. Kivett remained with the Johnsons until the swearing-in ceremony aboard Air Force One and was later assigned to the White House detail. Recorded October 14, 2005.

Mr. Kivett passed away on June 26, 2010.

Rabbi Gerald J. Klein

A longtime religious leader in the community, Klein joined Temple Emanu-El in Dallas in 1952. He attended the Trade Mart luncheon on November 22, 1963, and gave a prayer for the late president at services that evening. A friend of the Zapruder family, Klein officiated at Abraham Zapruder’s funeral in 1970. Recorded March 10, 2005.

Rabbi Klein passed away on March 3, 2007.

Blanche Connally Kline

The sister of former Texas Gov. John B. Connally, Kline was at the Trade Mart luncheon awaiting the arrival of her brother and President Kennedy when the assassination took place. Recorded February 7, 1998.

Ms. Kline passed away on February 12, 2014.

David Koenig

A noted Disney historian and the author of four books about theme parks and animation, Koenig detailed the November 23, 1963, closing of Disneyland in Anaheim, California, in memory of President Kennedy–the first unscheduled closing in the park’s history. It was the only such closing until September 11, 2001. Recorded August 7, 2007.

Samuel Kogutt

A foreman at a Dallas factory in 1963, Kogutt recalled that several women on his assembly line went to see the Kennedy motorcade and were distraught following the assassination. Recorded January 13, 2015.

Morine Kovich

A newspaper reporter during World War II, Kovich ran a public relations and mailing company out of her home in Dallas during the 1960s. Later in life she was an environmental, mental health, and children’s rights activist. Recorded October 28, 2009.

Denys Koyle

A Utah native, Koyle and her family were active Kennedy supporters during the 1960 campaign. Her conservative community did not observe the national day of mourning, November 25, 1963, declining to cancel school or fly U.S. flags at half-staff. Recorded February 17, 2014.

Arlene Kreloff

A thirteen-year-old in New York in 1963, Kreloff has maintained an interest in the Kennedy family for over fifty years, collecting books and other material. In 1970, while attending college, she was active with the peace movement. Recorded October 15, 2013.

Dr. Max Krochmal

Krochmal is an assistant professor of history at Texas Christian University in Fort Worth. This lecture on the multiracial struggle for civil rights in Texas was recorded as part of a teacher institute at The Sixth Floor Museum at Dealey Plaza. Recorded July 30, 2013.

Bill Krueger

A college freshman in 1963, Krueger saw the Kennedy motorcade on Main Street and lingered with friends in Dealey Plaza for more than two hours after the assassination. His late mother, Mary Krueger, was an active leader with the Dallas Republican Party. Recorded October 21, 2010.

Jerry Kunkel

A broadcaster at KBOX Radio in 1963, Kunkel reported from Parkland Memorial Hospital and Dallas police headquarters. He encountered Jack Ruby that weekend and had a brief exchange with Lee Harvey Oswald during the midnight press showing. Recorded November 2, 2012.

James Kurtz

Inspired to become a funeral director after watching the Kennedy funeral on television as a sixth-grader, Kurtz has actively researched and collected documents related to high-profile funerals–including those of Kennedy, Oswald, Ruby, and Tippit–since the early 1970s. Recorded June 28, 2007.

Jonathan & Janet Kutner

In October 1963, the Kutners attended the Adlai Stevenson event on U.N. Day, which was marred by right-wing protests. One month later, Jonathan Kutner saw the Kennedy motorcade on Main Street. His wife, Janet Kutner, attended the Trade Mart luncheon. Recorded August 6, 2013.

Bill Lacy

An engineer doing survey work at Parkland Memorial Hospital in 1963, Lacy observed the Kennedy motorcade. Several of his conservative coworkers clapped when they learned of the assassination. Recorded January 24, 2013.

Harvey Ladd

President of the Dallas Textile Club in 1963, Ladd saw the Kennedy motorcade on Main Street. He was acquainted with both Abraham Zapruder and George de Mohrenschildt. Recorded September 21, 2012.

Joe F. Laird, Jr.

A Dallas Morning News photographer from 1953 to 1996, Laird photographed the Kennedy motorcade at the corner of Main and Harwood Streets. On that Friday and Sunday, Laird covered the scene at Parkland Memorial Hospital. Recorded September 8, 2011.

Mr. Laird passed away on August 15, 2016.

James Lambert

A former graduate student at the University of North Texas, Lambert spent two years compiling and producing a feature-length documentary on the history of Dealey Plaza, the Kennedy assassination, and The Sixth Floor Museum. His interest in the assassination was initially inspired by Oliver Stone’s 1991 film JFK. Recorded August 23, 2005.

Sharon Laminack

A native Dallasite, Laminack was working as a secretary on Commerce Street in 1963. She observed the Kennedy motorcade with coworkers on Main Street. Recorded February 12, 2013.

George Landis

A Dallas fifth grader in 1963, Landis photographed the Kennedy motorcade on Harwood Street. Recorded May 1, 2014.

Paul Landis

As a U.S. Secret Service agent on the White House Detail,  Landis was assigned at various times in the early 1960s to President Kennedy, Mrs. Kennedy, and the Kennedy children.  On November 22, 1963, he was on the running boards of the follow-up car directly behind the presidential limousine. Recorded September 12, 2016.

Robert Landon

Landon was a student at John J. Pershing Elementary in Dallas in 1963.  He was with his classmate Fred Ruby, the nephew of Jack Ruby, on Sunday, November 24. Recorded March 22, 2010.

Steve Landregan

Assistant administrator for professional services at Parkland Memorial Hospital in 1963, Landregan was heavily involved in hospital activities during the treatment of Kennedy, Connally, and Oswald. He was briefly in Trauma Room One, worked with Secret Service and officials, and later witnessed Oswald’s autopsy, all while supervising public relations throughout the weekend. Recorded September 10, 2002, August 26, 2013, November 22, 2015, and May 4, 2016.

Tom Landry

Longtime coach of the Dallas Cowboys football team, Landry recalled the infamous game the Cowboys were forced to play against the Cleveland Browns shortly after the assassination on Sunday, November 24, 1963. Recorded April 18, 1995.

Mr. Landry passed away on February 12, 2000.

Rick Lane

The owner of Lane Container Company in Dallas, Lane was hired by the Dallas County Historical Foundation in 1988 to produce hundreds of replica schoolbook boxes for the two recreated evidentiary areas in The Sixth Floor exhibit. Recorded June 26, 2009.

Kate Langley

An award-winning young artist, Langley, as a twelve-year-old student at Lakehill Preparatory School in Dallas, created a piece in memory of President Kennedy that was donated to The Sixth Floor Museum in 2013. This conversation about her art was recorded as part of a Museum teacher workshop. Recorded July 17, 2014.

John Larrabee

A native of Illinois, Larrabee and his late parents were longtime friends and business associates of Hyman Rubenstein, the eldest brother of Jack Ruby. Recorded September 21, 2015.

Kenneth Latimer

A founding member of the Dallas Theater Center, Latimer saw President Kennedy’s motorcade on November 22, 1963. Latimer later played the title character in the theater center’s 1974 production, Jack Ruby, All-American Boy. Recorded April 9, 2012.

Jerry Laughlin

A student at Marquette University in Wisconsin in 1963, Laughlin’s reaction to the assassination was captured in a photograph published on the front page of the school newspaper. Recorded April 11, 2015.

Christine Lavin

Lavin is an award-winning folksinger and songwriter based in New York who has recorded more than twenty solo albums since 1981. After visiting The Sixth Floor Museum at Dealey Plaza, she was inspired to write and record the song, “The Sixth Floor,” which appeared on her album Please Don’t Make Me Too Happy (1995). Recorded August 7, 2013, and August 8 and 9, 2014.

Gwendolyn McMillan Lawe

A native of Emory, Texas, Lawe was among the first African Americans to graduate from her community’s desegregated school system. In 1971, she became a teacher at Hillcrest High School in Dallas during its first year of full integration.  In addition to forty years in education, she has been active in historic preservation, founding the A.C. McMillan African American Museum in Rains County and writing the genealogical book, From Wolf to Wolfwood (2011). Recorded June 6, 2016.

Winston Lawson

A U.S. Secret Service agent assigned to the White House detail during the Kennedy years, Lawson was in charge of security in Dallas and did 10 days of advance work before the presidential party’s arrival. In the motorcade, he rode in the lead car with Dallas Police Chief Jesse Curry. Recorded September 5, 2003.

James Leavelle

Leavelle was the Dallas police detective immortalized in Bob Jackson’s Pulitzer Prize-winning photograph of the shooting of Lee Harvey Oswald. Wearing a light-colored suit and a cowboy hat, Leavelle was handcuffed to Oswald and helped wrestle Jack Ruby to the ground. Recorded on June 10, 2002, June 2, 2005, January 24, 2007, October 12, 2007, November 19, 2008, September 10, 2010, and November 10, 2012.

George & Schatzie Lee

Longtime leaders in the Dallas arts community, the Lees attended the Trade Mart luncheon. Active Democrats at the time, Schatzie Lee was a member of the Dallas chapter of the Operation Support program, in support of President Kennedy’s administration, and George Lee volunteered during the 1960 presidential campaign. Recorded June 14, 2013.

Major William F. Lee

A lieutenant in the U.S. Marine Corps in 1963, Lee commanded the Silent Drill Platoon and was involved in numerous ceremonies at the White House and Camp David during the Kennedy years. After the assassination, he actively participated in the “Death Watch” rotations at the White House and in the U.S. Capitol rotunda. Recorded November 16, 2007, and May 11, 2013.

Opal Mitchell Lee

Lee was a dedicated civil rights activist in Texas and California throughout the 1960s and 1970s. She worked for a variety of organizations, including as a specialist with the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC). Recorded June 29, 2011.

John N. Leedom

A former Texas state senator (1981-96) and Dallas city councilman (1974-80), Leedom was Dallas County chairman of the Republican Party in 1963. He was among the political leaders who publicly urged Dallasites to greet President Kennedy with respect during his visit. Recorded July 16, 2010.

Mr. Leedom passed away on May 31, 2011.

David Leeson

A photographer and Emmy-winning documentarian for The Dallas Morning News, Leeson won a 2004 Pulitzer Prize for his images of the war in Iraq. He participated in a public program to mark the centennial of the Pulitzer Prize. Recorded September 21, 2016.

Ronald Legere

Serving in the U.S. Marine Corps at the time of the assassination, Legere was stationed in Quantico, Virginia. He marched in the funeral procession for President Kennedy on Monday, November 25, 1963. Recorded October 20, 2014.

Jim Lehrer

An award-winning broadcast journalist, author, and frequent presidential debate moderator, Lehrer was a reporter with the Dallas Times Herald in 1963. He covered the arrival at Dallas Love Field and spent much of the assassination weekend at Dallas police headquarters. Recorded November 1, 2013.

Priscilla LeJeune

The daughter of Louisiana Kennedy supporters, LeJeune was days away from her fourth birthday when the assassination took place. Her early memories inspired a lifelong interest in President Kennedy. Recorded January 21, 2014.

Bobby & Jan Lemons

Visiting Dealey Plaza on May 24, 1964, the Lemons filmed and photographed the FBI and Secret Service reenactment of the Kennedy assassination. They donated their images to The Sixth Floor Museum in 2012. Recorded May 11, 2012.

Paula Lenhart

In 1963, Lenhart lived in a rural farming community in Missouri where her family had settled in the 1850s. She was in the third grade at the time of the Kennedy assassination. Recorded November 11, 2014.

Dr. J. Michael Lennon

Emeritus Professor of English at Wilkes University in Pennsylvania, Lennon is the late Norman Mailer’s archivist, editor, and authorized biographer. A native of Massachusetts, Lennon was living near Boston at the time of the assassination. Recorded October 29, 2015.

Sue Leong

In 1965, Leong joined a group of Ann Arbor residents to sponsor a trip by Marina Oswald to visit their community and take part in an eight-week program at the English Language Institute at the University of Michigan. Recorded October 17, 2012.

Marvin & Shirley Levin

Marvin Levin, a Dallas attorney, knew Jack Ruby and was involved in setting up his Carousel Club. Marvin’s wife, Shirley, also a Dallas attorney, was the daughter of legendary Dallas pawn shop owner “Honest Joe” Goldstein, an acquaintance of Jack Ruby. Recorded December 5, 2012.

Heidi Levine

An award-winning photojournalist, Levine covered the Israeli-Palestinian conflict and the Middle East for more than three decades. She participated in a public program to mark the centennial of the Pulitzer Prize. Recorded September 21, 2016.

Betty Lewis

The widow of Jack Ruby’s first attorney, Tom Howard, Lewis vividly recalled her late husband’s involvement in the case and the controversy surrounding his death. Recorded April 7, 2004.

Dr. Glenn M. Linden

A longtime associate professor of history at Southern Methodist University, Linden was one of the founding board members of the Dallas County Historical Foundation. A prolific writer on the Civil War, he was also the author of Desegregating Schools in Dallas: Four Decades in the Federal Courts (1995). Recorded August 4, 1997, May 24, 2006, and June 9, 2008.

Dr. Linden passed away on June 26, 2012.

Jack Lindquist

As advertising manager for Disneyland in Anaheim, California, Lindquist hosted Sen. John F. Kennedy in 1959 and worked directly with Robert Kennedy during the 1960 Democratic National Convention in Los Angeles. He also made preparations for Nikita Khrushchev to visit Disneyland, though the trip was canceled due to security concerns. Recorded August 21, 2014.

Mr. Lindquist passed away on February 28, 2016.

Bill Lindsay

A longtime lineman with Southwestern Bell Telephone Company, Lindsay was working on an assignment at Dallas Love Field following the assassination. He observed Jackie Kennedy’s bloodstained clothing and the late president’s casket. Recorded June 25, 2009.

Dr. Edward T. Linenthal

A history professor at Indiana University Bloomington and editor of the Journal of American History, Linenthal is a leading voice in the study of violence on the American landscape and the commemoration of tragic sites. His books include Preserving Memory: The Struggle to Create America’s Holocaust Museum (1995) and The Unfinished Bombing: Oklahoma City in American Memory (2001). Recorded November 20, 2001, May 16, 2012, and February 19, 2013.

Rex Linn

A film and television actor best known for playing Det. Frank Tripp on the TV seriesCSI:Miami, Linn is a native Texan and had recently turned seven years old at the time of the assassination. Recorded June 15, 2007.

David Linville

A native Dallasite, Linville saw President Kennedy during his visit to Baylor Hospital to see Speaker of the House Sam Rayburn in 1961 and later saw the presidential motorcade on Main Street shortly before the assassination. Linville’s late mother was an active Kennedy supporter. Recorded July 13, 2011.

Robert Linville

A professional musician who sang backing vocals on recordings by artists such as Buddy Holly and Roy Orbison, Linville worked at a small radio station in Clovis, New Mexico, in 1963. He preserved that station’s Associated Press wire releases and later donated them to The Sixth Floor Museum. Recorded March 26, 1999.

Mr. Linville passed away on November 3, 2001.

David T. Little

A noted composer whose music has been performed around the world, Little is the composer of the opera JFK, which had its world premiere at the Fort Worth Opera in 2016. Little was interviewed alongside JFK librettist Royce Vavrek. Recorded March 24 and April 15, 2016.

William H. Lively

Onetime president and CEO of the Dallas Center for the Performing Arts, Lively was a junior at Southern Methodist University in 1963 and was asked to play “Taps” on his trumpet on November 22 as classes were dismissed at a local elementary school. Recorded July 16, 2004, and May 29, 2008.

Kathleen Carter Livingston

Livingston is the daughter of the late Clifton C. Carter, a Texas political insider and longtime administrative assistant to Lyndon B. Johnson. Part of the 1963 Texas visit, Carter witnessed the swearing-in aboard Air Force One following the assassination.  Kathleen Carter Livingston lived between Austin, Texas, and Washington, D.C., in the early 1960s and has remained lifelong friends with Luci Baines Johnson. Recorded June 3, 2016.

Jane Loflin

A local precinct chair for the Republican Party in 1960, Loflin was acquainted with U.S. Congressman Bruce Alger. She was at home with her youngest son when the assassination took place. Recorded April 26, 2013.

Barbara Logan

A Fort Worth native, Logan worked on an all-female assembly line at Texas Instruments in 1963. She recalls personnel challenges when African American women later joined the workforce. Recorded October 12, 2012.

John Logan

A Dallas playwright and longtime educator, Logan wrote the play Jack Ruby, All-American Boy, which was produced by the Dallas Theater Center in 1974. Recorded April 9, 2012.

Gary Loomis

The founder of the international G. Loomis fishing rod and accessories company, Loomis was serving in the U.S. Navy aboard the U.S.S. Dixie in 1963. His ship was put on high alert immediately after the assassination. Recorded January 11, 2007.

Sallie Loop

A newlywed Kennedy supporter in Dallas, Loop took a photograph of the presidential motorcade on November 22, 1963. Recorded October 25, 2016.

Jesse Lopez

An Oak Cliff high school senior in 1963, Lopez saw the Kennedy motorcade on Main Street and later went to Parkland Memorial Hospital. Earlier that day, he tried to park his car near the grassy knoll in Dealey Plaza but was forced to leave by an unidentified official. Recorded August 4, 2010.

Trini Lopez

An internationally recognized singer and guitarist, Lopez scored his first hit single in 1963. A Dallas native, he briefly worked at Jack Ruby’s Vegas Club in the 1950s and went on to become acquainted with Kennedy family members, Frank Sinatra, and other notable figures. Recorded October 5, 2012.

Jens Lorenzen

A German artist born shortly before President Kennedy’s 1961 inauguration, Lorenzen has included images of President Kennedy in several of his works. Recorded May 2, 2014.

Jane Dryden Louis

A sixth grader in Austin, Texas, Louis was planning on attending the presidential banquet on the evening of November 22, 1963, when the assassination took place. She wrote Jackie Kennedy over two dozen letters over the next six months, one of which was included in Dr. Ellen Fitzpatrick’s book, Letters to Jackie: Condolences from a Grieving Nation (2010). Recorded October 4, 2010.

Lois Louise

A social studies teacher at an all African-American school in Dallas in 1963, Louise shared insight into race relations in the city and her students’ reaction to President Kennedy’s death. In 1965, Louise opened a clothing store called Dashika House, which was the first store in south Dallas owned by an African-American woman. Recorded May 18, 2007.

Ms. Louise passed away on May 24, 2012.

Capt. James Lovell

Lovell joined NASA in 1962 and became a recognized Apollo astronaut. He served as command module pilot during the Apollo 8 mission in 1968 (the first mission to orbit the moon) and as commander of the Apollo 13 mission in 1970. At the time of the assassination, he was with his friend, astronaut Neil Armstrong, who would later become the first man to walk on the moon in July 1969. Recorded January 17, 2007.

John Loving

A lifelong Dallasite with a local heritage dating back to the 1840s, Loving was a Dallas police officer in 1963 and went to Dealey Plaza after the assassination. His late uncle, J.T. Yates, was allegedly involved in local organized crime and knew Jack Ruby. Recorded August 28, 2009.

Mr. Loving passed away on April 6, 2011.

Alan C. Lowe

A longtime archivist and administrator with the National Archives, Lowe was named director of the George W. Bush Presidential Library in 2009. He participated in a Museum panel discussion on the evolution of presidential legacies. Recorded February 23, 2011.

Jacques Lowe

The Kennedys’ personal photographer for many years, Lowe photographed John and Jackie Kennedy frequently from 1958 to 1961, taking some 40,000 images. During the 1960 presidential campaign, Lowe served as the official campaign photographer. Recorded October 9 and November 21, 1997.

Mr. Lowe passed away on May 12, 2001.

Jillen Lowe

The granddaughter of Massachusetts Congressman John A. Sullivan, Lowe was acquainted with the Kennedy family and married to Jacques Lowe, the Kennedys’ personal photographer, from 1953 to 1960. Recorded January 8, 2004.

Bill Lower

Lower is the nephew of the late John Fisher, a prominent Dallas attorney in the 1960s and 1970s. Fisher knew Jack Ruby and believed that Ruby shot Lee Harvey Oswald to become a hero. Recorded February 27, 2007.

Dr. David Lubin

An art historian, Lubin is a professor at Wake Forest University and the author of Shooting Kennedy: JFK and the Culture of Images (2003). He turned 13 years old on the day that Jack Ruby shot Lee Harvey Oswald. Recorded February 19, 2008.

Father Oscar Lukefahr

Lukefahr is the nephew and namesake of the late Father Oscar Huber, who administered the Last Rites to President Kennedy at Parkland Memorial Hospital. Lukefahr was inspired by his uncle to join the same Vincentian order of priests. Recorded February 20, 2015.

Mary Francis Luther

A Dallas housewife raising a large family in 1963, Luther closely followed the television news coverage of the Kennedy assassination on local ABC affiliate WFAA-TV. Recorded April 20, 2010.

Jack Lyle

A Dallas Public Works employee in 1963, Lyle watched the motorcade on Main Street. In 1964, he worked on Dealey Plaza survey maps for the Warren Commission and for Dallas Area Rapid Transit in the late 1980s. Lyle’s father, a conservative businessman, was a member of the John Birch Society in 1963. Recorded October 28, 2005.

Juliegh Kathleen Lyle

A 9-year-old student in Amarillo, Texas, in 1963, Lyle felt abandoned after the assassination since both of her parents worked for news organizations. Her father, the late Austin F. Schneider, was news director and chief anchor for the local NBC affiliate KGNC-TV, and her mother, the late Sue Schneider, was a composition editor for the Amarillo Globe Times and the Amarillo Daily News. Recorded October 28, 2005.

Brent Lyons

An active Kennedy assassination researcher and enthusiast, Lyons has made more than 20 visits to Dealey Plaza since 1993. He has met and communicated with several Kennedy family members and individuals connected to the assassination story, including Ruth Paine and several eyewitnesses. Recorded February 20, 2006.

John Lyons

A student at Kimball High School in 1963, Lyons saw the Kennedys arrive at Dallas Love Field. He later recalls driving by the Texas Theatre in Oak Cliff around the time that Lee Harvey Oswald was arrested. Recorded September 30, 2014.

Nancy Dooley Macia

Macia was nine years old in 1963. Her late father, a City of Dallas employee, was acquainted with Jack Ruby prior to the assassination and photographed the Kennedy motorcade on Main Street. Recorded July 9, 2012.

Mary Lou Macias

The widow of the late Gabriel D. Macias, the first Hispanic police officer in Dallas, Macias was at Love Field for the arrival of President and Mrs. Kennedy on November 22, 1963. Recorded July 1, 2010.

Ms. Macias passed away on March 20, 2013.

Robert MacNeil

A veteran broadcast journalist, MacNeil covered the Cuban missile crisis from inside Cuba and, as a White House correspondent for NBC, covered President Kennedy in 1963. He was in the Dallas motorcade on November 22 and phoned NBC from the Texas School Book Depository building within minutes of the shooting. Recorded April 16, 2004.

Al Maddox

A former Dallas County deputy sheriff, Maddox went to the Texas School Book Depository building after the assassination. An acquaintance of Jack Ruby prior to the shooting, Maddox was later assigned to guard Ruby in jail and at Parkland Memorial Hospital. Recorded March 7, 2002, June 4, 2004, and May 8, 2006.

Mr. Maddox passed away on September 7, 2013.

Peggy Madsen

A Dallas native, Madsen was a secretary at IBM in 1963. Her daughter, a student at the University of North Texas, asked Madsen to pick her up on campus because she was so upset following the assassination. Recorded April 26, 2013.

Chris Maes

Born almost a decade after the assassination, Maes developed a childhood interest in John F. Kennedy. He has been a collector of Kennedy memorabilia for more than thirty years and visited Dallas on assassination anniversaries. Recorded September 25, 2015.

Isabelle Make

Make was a high school student in Philadelphia at the time of the assassination. Recorded January 6, 1998.

Thomas Mallon

An award-winning author and critic, Mallon is a contributor to The New Yorker and The New York Times Book Review. While writing Mrs. Paine’s Garage and the Murder of John F. Kennedy (2002), he interviewed Ruth Paine extensively about her experiences. Recorded May 28, 2002.

Wesley Mallory

Mallory was a police officer in Clovis, New Mexico, in 1963. All nearby U.S. military bases, including Roswell, New Mexico, were put on high alert immediately after the assassination. Recorded September 3, 2009.

Ronald & Joy Mankoff

Ardent Kennedy supporters, the Mankoffs moved to Dallas in 1959 and contemplated leaving the city after the assassination. They were inspired by the president’s death to become more politically involved in the community. Recorded October 29, 2013.

Dr. David W. Mantik

A former assistant professor of physics at the University of Wisconsin and associate professor of radiation sciences at Loma Linda University, Mantik became an assassination researcher in 1991 and has studied the president’s autopsy photographs and X-rays and the Zapruder film. Mantik has contributed essays to several books, including Assassination Science (1998) and The Great Zapruder Film Hoax (2003).  Recorded November 20, 2009.

James Marcom

Serving in the U.S. Army in 1963, Marcom was stationed in Hanau, Germany. He learned of the assassination while on board a train crossing East Germany. Recorded October 21, 2015.

Stanley Marcus

A longtime community leader and the late chairman emeritus of Neiman Marcus department stores, Marcus was U.N. Ambassador Adlai Stevenson’s host during his visit to Dallas in October 1963. As a member of the Dallas Citizens Council, Marcus openly opposed President Kennedy’s trip to Dallas in November out of concern for his safety. Recorded July 11, 1995.

Mr. Marcus passed away on January 22, 2002.

Carol Marion

As an eight-year-old, Marion spent time with Jack Ruby at the Carousel Club when her mother, the late Joan Marion, briefly performed there under the stage name, “The Black Widow.” Recorded May 3, 2011.

Kathy Forster Marot

Marot is the daughter of the late Dr. Francis Forster, former dean of the Georgetown University Medical School and a medical expert who testified at the 1964 trial of Jack Ruby. Recorded October 10, 2008.

Anthony & Louis Marotta

The son of Italian immigrants, Anthony Marotta shot a home movie of the Kennedy motorcade on Main Street. His son, Louis, was a first grade student in Dallas in 1963. Three decades later, Louis began collecting Kennedy memorabilia. Recorded October 4, 1999.

Mr. Anthony Marotta passed away in October 2000.

Jim Marrs

A former journalist and longtime conspiracy researcher, Marrs is the author of the best-selling Crossfire: The Plot That Killed Kennedy (1989), part of the basis for Oliver Stone’s film JFK (1991). Marrs taught a noncredit course on the assassination at the University of Texas at Arlington from 1976 to 2007. Recorded October 19, 1998, and June 4, 2002.

Mark Martel

Assassination news coverage is one of Martel’s earliest childhood memories. He was three years old at the time. His late mother observed the Kennedy motorcade on Main Street. Recorded September 4, 2014.

Joyce Martin

The wife of former ABC newsman Murphy Martin, Joyce Martin sat in on every day of the Jack Ruby trial, taking notes for her husband while he conducted interviews outside the courtroom. She became acquainted with both of Jack Ruby’s sisters and always sat with them during the trial. Recorded November 18, 2004.

Ms. Martin passed away on March 27, 2014.

Larry Martin

In 1963, Martin worked in the advertising department of Sears, Roebuck and Company in Chicago. He moved to Dallas a few years later, despite warnings that it was a violent city. Recorded June 16, 2014.

Murphy Martin

A longtime radio and television personality, Martin was a news anchor for ABC Television in New York at the time of the Kennedy assassination. He flew to Dallas that weekend to cover the Oswald funeral. In 1964, Martin supervised ABC’s coverage of the Jack Ruby trial. Over the years, he has interviewed many key players and developed a close friendship with Oswald’s brother, Robert. Recorded June 22, 2001, and March 14, 2004.

Mr. Martin passed away on July 3, 2008.

Ronnie Martin

The band director at Eastern Hills High School in Fort Worth in 1963, Martin’s band played “Hail to the Chief” for President Kennedy for the last time at the Hotel Texas breakfast on the morning of the assassination. A Kennedy supporter, Martin assisted the Secret Service as they made security arrangements for the president’s visit to Fort Worth. Recorded September 25, 2007.

Anita Martinez

A longtime community leader, Martinez was the first Mexican-American member of the Dallas city council (1969-73). She then served three years doing evaluations for the Peace Corps. On November 22, 1963, Martinez observed the Kennedy motorcade on Harwood Street. Recorded January 30 and February 25, 2016.

Sharon Martyn

Martyn was a first grader in Arizona at the time of the assassination. In the summer of 1972, she visited Dealey Plaza and went inside the Texas School Book Depository building. Recorded January 29, 2015.

Jerry Martynski

A U.S. Marine stationed at the barracks at 8th and I Streets in Washington, D.C., Martynski participated in the funeral services for President Kennedy.  He later went on to serve in the Vietnam War. Recorded January 14, 2010.

Anita Marx

A native of London, England, Marx was living in West Germany in 1963. She saw President Kennedy during his visit to Wiesbaden on June 25, 1963. Recorded January 13, 2015.

Jim Mast

Mast was printer and mechanical engineer at the Palatka Daily News in Palatka, Florida, in 1963. His afternoon daily detailing the president’s shooting went on sale at 2:10PM Eastern that Friday, possibly a national record among newspapers. Recorded March 7, 2011.

Quin Mathews

A Dallas native, Mathews saw President and Mrs. Kennedy arrive at Love Field on November 22, 1963. Years later, during a long career in Dallas journalism, Mathews covered some assassination-related news stories. He directed the documentary City of Hate (2013). Recorded June 7, 2013, April 12, 2014, and July 30, 2015.

Harry Mathis

A manager with Richardson and Bass Oil Producers in 1963, Mathis observed President Kennedy’s speech in the parking lot of the Hotel Texas from his seventh-floor office window. Previously, Mathis had briefly worked with future Texas governor John B. Connally. Recorded July 7, 2008.

Alphonse C. Matthews

A 32-year veteran of Southwestern Bell, Matthews recalled the telephone chaos that occurred on November 22, 1963. As an African-American living in Dallas, he also provided impressions of segregated life and race relations in the 1960s. Recorded September 25, 2002.

Chris Matthews

An author and political commentator, best known for his long-running MSNBC program,Hardball, Matthews served in the Peace Corps in Swaziland in Africa from 1968 to 1970.  Among his books are Kennedy and Nixon: The Rivalry That Shaped Postwar America(1996) and Jack Kennedy: Elusive Hero (2011). Recorded May 29, 2012.

Pat Mattingly

A longtime educator and director of the Lamplighter School in Dallas for more than twenty-five years, Mattingly was teaching second grade in Austin in 1963. She has served on a number of local boards over the years, including the Dallas Historical Society. Recorded April 13, 2016.

Robert Mayer

A politically active Democrat in Dallas, Mayer campaigned for John F. Kennedy and helped organize his 1960 campaign visit to the city. In 1963, he lobbied for tickets for Kennedy supporters to the bipartisan Trade Mart luncheon, which he attended. Recorded July 22, 2004.

Anna Maynard

A native of the Soviet Union, Maynard was living in Dallas in the early 1960s. As a member of the local Russian community, she was acquainted with Lee and Marina Oswald. Recorded April 11, 2012.

Albert Maysles

A celebrated documentary filmmaker, Maysles worked with Robert Drew on the landmark 1960 Kennedy documentary Primary. In 1975 Maysles and his late brother, David, directed the film Grey Gardens, an intimate portrait of Jacqueline Kennedy’s aunt and cousin. Recorded January 8, 2004.

Mr. Maysles passed away on March 5, 2015.

Peggie Mazziota

The city’s first female photojournalist, Mazziotta worked at both The Dallas Morning Newsand Dallas Times Herald in the 1950s and 1960s. Her late husband, John Mazziotta, was the Herald’s chief photographer at the time of the Kennedy assassination. Recorded May 14, 2009.

Ms. Mazziotta passed away on April 25, 2011.

Dr. John McAdams

A political science professor at Marquette University, McAdams created an extensive website about the Kennedy assassination after becoming interested in the case in 1993. He wrote the book JFK Assassination Logic: How to Think About Claims of Conspiracy (2011). Recorded December 9 and December 10, 2011.

Joseph McCaffery

McCaffery was a New York City taxi cab driver for three decades, including November 22, 1963. After the assassination, he frequently saw Senator Robert F. Kennedy walking the downtown streets. Recorded June 24, 2010.

Mr. McCaffery passed away on May 10, 2012.

Paul McCaghren

A Dallas police lieutenant in 1963, McCaghren was stationed at the Trade Mart when the assassination took place. He was later part of a special team assigned to investigate the shooting of Oswald in the basement of Dallas City Hall. Recorded October 31, 2003.

Gregory McCall

An Oak Cliff high school student, McCall was standing on Main Street when the presidential motorcade passed by his location. The enthusiastic crowds were so thick he was not able to clearly see President and Mrs. Kennedy. Recorded July 21, 2010.

Dr. Robert N. McClelland

An instructor in surgery at Parkland Memorial Hospital in 1963, McClelland participated in the treatment of President Kennedy in Trauma Room One. He also assisted in the surgery of Gov. John Connally and, less than two days later, the treatment of Lee Harvey Oswald. Frequently interviewed over the years, McClelland continues to research and speak on the subject. Recorded July 16, 2001, February 10, 2011, and September 24, 2013.

Jon McConal

A longtime reporter for the Fort Worth Star-Telegram, McConal spent the weekend of the assassination in the newsroom and interviewed Marguerite Oswald on Sunday. The following day he served as a pallbearer at Lee Harvey Oswald’s funeral. Recorded November 19, 1998, and October 20, 2005.

Greg McCone

A student at Jesuit High School in Dallas in 1963, McCone and friends were at Love Field for the president’s arrival and later went to Parkland Memorial Hospital after learning of the shooting. He was interviewed with his childhood friend John Carpenter. Recorded June 1, 2012.

Dr. Thomas McConnell

McConnell was the Medical Officer of the Day at the Pentagon on November 22, 1963, and was assigned duties that weekend at the White House, U.S. Capitol, and Arlington National Cemetery. A Dallas native, he worked in the pathology department at Parkland Memorial Hospital before and after the Kennedy assassination and was present for Jack Ruby’s autopsy. Recorded April 6, 2012, and August 24, 2013.

Joan McConnell

McConnell was a freshman at Texas Tech University in Lubbock, Texas, at the time of the assassination. Recorded April 20, 2010.

Don McCoy

A Dallas-based actor who has appeared in productions such as North and South (1985)and the Dallas television series, McCoy portrayed Johnny Calvin Brewer in Oliver Stone’s film JFK (1991). McCoy met Brewer on the set and later received from him a handwritten letter and photographs, which McCoy donated to The Sixth Floor Museum in 2010. Recorded March 23, 2010.

June McCoy

McCoy was the widow of Allen McCoy, the second person selected for the jury in the Jack Ruby trial in 1964. Recorded August 7, 2002.

Ms. McCoy passed away on May 17, 2015.

Lisa McCubbin

An award-winning journalist who served as a foreign correspondent in Saudi Arabia after the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks, McCubbin co-authored The Kennedy Detail with former Secret Service agent Gerald Blaine (2010) and, with former Secret Service agent Clint Hill, the books Mrs. Kennedy and Me (2012), Five Days in November (2013), and Five Presidents (2016).  Recorded November 18, 19, and 20, 2010, April 19, 2012, and May 9, 2016.

Alice McCurdy

A campaign volunteer for John F. Kennedy in 1960, McCurdy was a first-year junior high school teacher in Dallas in 1963. She recalls that some of her seventh grade students cheered when the president’s shooting was announced. Recorded July 26, 2013.

Mike McDaniel

McDaniel was a student in Oak Cliff in 1963. Decades later, as Director of Sales for Heritage Displays in Dallas, he was involved in building restoration and exhibit construction for The Sixth Floor exhibition. Recorded July 17, 2013.

Fred W. McDarrah

As staff photographer for the Village Voice in New York City, McDarrah covered the avant-garde scene, including Andy Warhol’s Factory, in the 1960s. Recorded April 11, 2003.

Mr. McDarrah passed away on November 6, 2007.

Kaye Buck McDermott

McDermott was the daughter and personal assistant of the late Fort Worth community leader, Raymond Buck, who was president of the Fort Worth Chamber of Commerce in 1963. Buck was involved in planning President Kennedy’s visit to Texas and, as host of the Hotel Texas breakfast, famously presented the president with a cowboy hat and boots. Recorded March 25, 2011.

Ed McDonald

A longtime activist with the National Federation of the Blind, McDonald was an eighth-grader at a school for the blind in West Virginia at the time of the assassination. Recorded June 30, 2006.

M. “Nick” McDonald

The Dallas police officer who arrested Lee Harvey Oswald, McDonald was the first to approach Oswald inside the Texas Theatre and was slightly wounded while scuffling with him during his arrest. Recorded November 20, 2003.

Mr. McDonald passed away on January 27, 2005.

Pat McDonald

A medical technologist at the Medical Arts Building in downtown Dallas, McDonald observed the Kennedy motorcade on Main Street. Recorded April 20, 2010.

Don McDonald

McDonald was a senior at Thomas Jefferson High School in 1963. Following the assassination, his boys’ choir performed a concert in memory of President Kennedy. Recorded March 17, 2015.

Soundra McDuff

McDuff worked at the Dal-Tex building in Dealey Plaza in the early 1960s. She was traveling to Dallas by bus from Oklahoma City at the time of the assassination. Later she participated in occasional civil rights activities in the downtown area. Recorded April 20, 2010.

Jackie McElhaney

In 1963, McElhaney was a recent graduate of Southern Methodist University and was working at the university when she decided to go with friends to see the presidential motorcade. Years later, as a Dallas historian, she worked on photographic research for The Sixth Floor exhibition. Recorded February 23, 1995, June 11, 2009, and October 13, 2012.

Donald McElroy

In 1963, McElroy was a funeral director and embalmer at Oneal Funeral Home in Dallas. He was at Parkland Memorial Hospital when the presidential limousine arrived, and he later helped carry President Kennedy’s casket into the hospital. Recorded October 20, 2008.

Mr. McElroy passed away on June 8, 2012.

John E. McElroy

McElroy served in the Pacific during World War II and was part of the rescue party sent to find John F. Kennedy and party after their ship, PT-109, was lost. Recorded March 4, 1998.

Mr. McElroy passed away on February 10, 2001.

Frances McElvaney

The wife of prominent civil rights and peace movement activist the Rev. Bill McElvaney, Frances McElvaney became involved in the women’s rights movement in the late 1960s. As part of this effort, she helped organize controversial classes for young women at Northaven United Methodist Church in Dallas. Recorded January 14, 2008.

The Rev. Bill McElvaney

The founding pastor of St. Stephen Methodist Church in Mesquite, Texas, McElvaney was involved in the 1960s desegregation of the Mesquite Independent School District in Dallas County. Throughout the 1960s and 1970s, he was a vocal peace activist and participated in silent protests in Dealey Plaza and other local sites. Recorded February 10, 2006, and January 12, 2013.

The Rev. McElvaney passed away on August 24, 2014.

Preston McGraw

A longtime United Press International reporter, McGraw was the bureau manager of the Dallas UPI office in 1963 and covered the assassination weekend. He later served as a pallbearer at Lee Harvey Oswald’s funeral. Recorded October 9, 2001.

Mr. McGraw passed away on May 26, 2009.

Iweeta McIntosh

McIntosh and her late husband were missionaries in Hong Kong at the time of the assassination. In the 1950s, she had worked for the John Sexton Company at their Dallas warehouse on Elm Street, later known as the Texas School Book Depository. Because of this connection, she was interviewed by Hong Kong news media. Recorded June 19, 2015.

William McKenzie

A longtime Dallas attorney, McKenzie represented Marina and Robert Oswald, the widow and brother of accused assassin Lee Harvey Oswald, before the Warren Commission in 1964. Decades later, McKenzie served on the board of the Dallas County Historical Foundation (1992-1996). Recorded July 29, 1999.

Mr. McKenzie passed away on April 18, 2010.

Felix McKnight

Managing editor at the Dallas Times Herald in 1963, McKnight coordinated the news coverage that weekend and wrote the paper’s original lead story, which was tossed out when news of the assassination arrived. Recorded March 9, 1995.

Mr. McKnight passed away on February 7, 2004.

Betty & Mollie McKool

The widow and daughter of the late Texas State Senator Mike McKool (1969-72) share memories of his life and career, including his early efforts to save the Texas School Book Depository from demolition. Longtime political activists, Mike and Betty McKool were leaders within the local Democratic Party. Daughter Mollie later did early publicity photography for The Sixth Floor exhibit. Recorded June 19, 2013.

H. B. McLain

A longtime Dallas police motorcycle officer, McLain rode in the presidential parade through Dallas and, following the assassination, escorted Jackie Kennedy into Parkland Memorial Hospital. In the 1970s, McLain was thought by the House Select Committee to be the officer with the open microphone who might have inadvertently recorded the assassination. Recorded July 16, 2003, and September 5, 2014.

Mr. McLain passed away on June 25, 2015.

Joe McLaughlin

Seven years old in 1963, McLaughlin and his family were waiting for the arrival of President Kennedy’s body outside Bethesda Naval Medical Center on the night of the assassination, when he believes he caught sight of Jackie Kennedy seated inside an ambulance. Later, as an elementary school educator, he wrote a novel about the Kennedy assassination titledTrail of Death (2007). Recorded November 9, 2007.

Cosy McLemore

McLemore was an employee of the Dallas County Historical Foundation from 1987 to 1990. During that time she conducted research for The Sixth Floor exhibition, and following the opening in 1989, she handled early marketing and educational initiatives. Recorded February 24, 2016.

Joel McLendon

The longest-running tenant at the Dallas Trade Mart, McLendon was among the first to open an office and showroom when the facility opened in 1959. He was a guest at the Trade Mart luncheon on the day of the assassination. Recorded March 29, 2007.

Mr. McLendon passed away on February 27, 2012.

Ernest McMillan

An outspoken African-American activist, McMillan was attending Morehouse College in Atlanta at the time of the assassination. During the 1960s, he was a prominent member of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee. Recorded January 25 and September 6, 2006, June 8, 2013, February 3, 2014, and November 18, 2015.

Eva McMillan

A longtime African-American community leader, McMillan was actively involved in voter registration drives and prison reform in Texas. In the late 1960s, she and her family were key members of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee. Recorded April 12, 2006.

Gary McMillen

A resident of Oak Cliff in 1963, McMillen lived two blocks from the Texas Theatre. From 1965 to 1966, he was a driver with Oneal Funeral Home and heard many stories about the assassination weekend. Recorded September 16, 2011.

Jack McNairy

A Dallas high-school student and Dallas Times Herald employee in 1963, McNairy saw the motorcade on Stemmons Freeway and gave an official a ride to Parkland Memorial Hospital. He had the opportunity to examine the backseat of the presidential limousine. Recorded December 10, 2003, and October 6, 2014.

Dr. William McNiece

A sixth grader in Indiana, McNiece was home sick from school on November 22, 1963. During his interview, he shared excerpts from his late mother’s diary from the assassination weekend. Recorded May 24, 2011.

Billye McSpedden

McSpedden’s late husband, Dallas attorney Richard L. McSpedden, was at the Dallas County Criminal Courts Building on November 22, 1963. He saw the Kennedy motorcade and heard shots fired in Dealey Plaza. Recorded June 16, 2014.

Shirley McVay

An employee with the United Steelworkers labor union for more than twenty-five years, McVay worked in Dallas on the 1960 and 1964 presidential campaigns. She was part of the escort for Lyndon and Lady Bird Johnson when they were accosted by protestors in Dallas on November 4, 1960. On the day of the assassination, McVay attended the Dallas Trade Mart luncheon. Recorded January 7, 2015.

Margarita McWilliams

A native of Costa Rica, McWilliams saw President Kennedy when he visited her country on March 19, 1963. She moved to Dallas in 1968. Recorded June 6, 2012.

Walter R. Mears

A Pulitzer Prize-winning political reporter for the Associated Press for more than forty years, Mears covered every presidential election from 1960 to 2000. He also covered the Cuban missile crisis from the Pentagon and, following the assassination, was the first AP reporter to cover President Lyndon Johnson. Mears wrote the books Deadlines Past (2003) and The Kennedy Brothers (2009). Recorded August 27, 2010, and September 13 and September 14, 2013.

Roberto & Ricardo Medrano

Part of a longtime politically active family, former Dallas school board member Robert Medrano (1974-87) and his brother, former city councilman Ricardo Medrano (1977-83), were members of the Dallas chapter of the Viva Kennedy Club in 1960. Robert Medrano observed the Kennedy motorcade and, shortly after the assassination, visited Dealey Plaza, Parkland Memorial Hospital, and the Dallas Trade Mart where other family members were attending the scheduled luncheon. Recorded April 22, 2011.

Howard Megredy

A flight instructor who served in World War II, Megredy was Director of Aviation for the City of Dallas from 1955-1980. He was at Dallas Love Field on November 22, 1963. Recorded January 7, 1994.

Mr. Megredy passed away on September 3, 2000.

Dr. Joan Mellen

A prolific author and professor of English at Temple University in Philadelphia, Mellen met New Orleans D.A. Jim Garrison in 1969 and maintained contact with him for twenty years. Her decade-long study of his life and career yielded the books A Farewell to Justice(2005) and Jim Garrison, His Life and Times – The Early Years (2008). Recorded August 9, 2010.

Sarah Mendoza

Mendoza served in the Peace Corps in Micronesia from 2008 to 2010. Her country host was a former Peace Corps volunteer from the 1970s. Recorded September 23, 2011.

Ardyce Mentzel

Mentzel saw the Kennedy motorcade in Dallas on November 22, 1963. Her late husband, Dallas police patrolman W.D. Mentzel, was assigned to the area in Oak Cliff where Officer J.D. Tippit was killed. Recorded May 21, 2007.

Bill Mercer

Mercer was a news and sportscaster at KRLD-TV and Radio in 1963. At the midnight press conference for Lee Harvey Oswald, he informed Oswald that he had been charged with the murder of President Kennedy. Recorded November 22, 1998, February 23, 2005,  November 1, 2007, November 20, 2008, and October 19, 2013.

Martha Ellen Metarelis

Metarelis saw Sen. John F. Kennedy twice during the 1960 campaign. As a student at the University of Texas at Austin, she had hoped to see him a third time on the evening of November 22, 1963. Recorded September 4, 2014.

Don Michel

Owner of radio station WRAJ in Anna, Illinois, in 1963, Mr. Michel reported news of the assassination and was one of the earliest to broadcast the name of suspect Lee Harvey Oswald. In 1961, he was present at the White House when President Kennedy presented astronaut Alan Shepard with the NASA Distinguished Service Medal. Recorded November 23, 2005.

Sharyl Miglio

Miglio was living in France in 1963 while her father worked as a civil servant on a U.S. Air Force-NATO base. She attended a local memorial service after the assassination, and a nearby street was renamed in memory of President Kennedy. Recorded October 4, 2013.

Konnie Miles

A student at Sunset High School in Oak Cliff, Miles visited Dealey Plaza on the day after the assassination. Her late mother was vocally opposed to President Kennedy. Recorded August 18, 2014.

Dr. Sidney Milkis

A distinguished presidential historian and author, Milkis is a political science professor and Assistant Director for Academic Studies at the Miller Center of Public Affairs at the University of Virginia. He participated in a Museum panel discussion on the evolution of presidential legacies. Recorded February 23, 2011.

Carol Miller

A conservative Dallas housewife, Miller was advised not to go downtown to see the Kennedy motorcade because she was pregnant at the time. Her husband, a local attorney, saw the parade on his lunch hour. Recorded July 1, 2010.

Mike Miller

Miller owned a private nightclub in Dallas in 1963. Acquainted with Jack Ruby, he briefly saw him the weekend of the assassination. In 1972, Miller purchased appliances and material from the Carousel Club at public auction, some of which he later donated to the Museum. Recorded August 13, 2007.

Robert Miller

Assistant city editor at the Dallas Morning News in 1963, Miller attended the Trade Mart luncheon on November 22 and served as weekend city editor at the newspaper the morning Lee Harvey Oswald was shot. Miller provided detailed information about the atmosphere in Dallas at the time of the assassination. Recorded June 24, 2005, and November 1, 2013.

Tom Miller

A longtime travel writer and a veteran of the 1960s underground press, Miller wrote The Assassination Please Almanac (1977) and Jack Ruby’s Kitchen Sink (2000). Recorded October 24, 2011.

Bob Mills

A Fort Worth businessman, Mills saw President Kennedy speak in the parking lot of the Hotel Texas on the morning of the assassination. Prior to the president’s visit to Fort Worth, Mills observed U.S. Secret Service agents during a security check of his nearby office building. Recorded July 22, 2011.

Bill Minutaglio

A native of New York, Minutaglio moved to Dallas in 1983 and worked at The Dallas Morning News.  Currently a journalism professor at the University of Texas at Austin, he is co-author of the best-selling book Dallas 1963 (2013). Recorded April 12 and 18, 2014.

Harriet Mitchell

A Dallas native, Mitchell was living on a U.S. Air Force Base in France at the time of the assassination. Because of the disconnect from her hometown, the president’s death had no emotional impact. Recorded April 26, 2013.

Carol Mitchell

A student in Oak Cliff in 1963, Mitchell saw the Kennedy motorcade on Main Street. She went on to be a school teacher for more than three decades. Recorded July 30, 2013.

Lu Mitchell

A Dallas-based songwriter and folk singer for more than 45 years, Mitchell performed at numerous civil rights and peace movement rallies, including vigils held in Dealey Plaza. She saw the presidential motorcade as it exited Dallas Love Field and wrote a poignant ballad that weekend in memory of President Kennedy. Recorded May 13, 2008.

Kathy Kilmer Moak

A student in the class of 1967 at Woodrow Wilson High School, Moak saw the presidential parade on Main Street. Four decades later, she compiled the recollections of her classmates in the book, November 22, 1963: Memories of East Dallas Students, 40 Years Later (2003).  Recorded June 13, 2012.

Don Moffeit

A clerk at the Retail Credit Company in Oak Cliff, Moffeit and some of his coworkers were standing outside the Texas Theatre when Dallas police brought Lee Harvey Oswald outside. Recorded May 31, 2007.

Frances Moffeit

Fourteen years old in 1963, Moffeit was standing in front of the Old Red Courthouse on Main Street and heard shots fired in Dealey Plaza. An Oak Cliff resident, she frequented Austin’s BBQ where Officer J.D. Tippit worked. Recorded May 31, 2007.

Harry M. Moffett III

A U.S. Marine stationed at the barracks at 8th and I Streets in Washington, D.C., Moffett participated in the funeral services for President Kennedy. Recorded December 5, 2009.

Ben Molina

A longtime employee of KRLD-TV, Molina was the station’s stage manager in 1963 and was assigned to Dallas City Hall the weekend of the assassination. On Sunday morning, he was outside the police basement with CBS correspondent Nelson Benton when Lee Harvey Oswald was shot. Recorded June 30, 2005.

Allen & Cynthia Mondell

Award-winning documentarians, the Mondells wrote, produced and directed the films seen in the permanent exhibition at The Sixth Floor Museum. Allen Mondell was working as a member of the Peace Corps in Sierra Leone at the time of the assassination. Recorded June 13, 2002, May 18, 2007, and March 5 and March 11, 2011.

Frances Monismith

A native of Fort Worth, Monismith was not a Kennedy supporter. Her late brother-in-law, C.A. Monismith, was a longtime reporter with the Fort Worth Star-Telegram and friends with Marguerite Oswald. He paid for her newspaper subscription and once invited her to spend Thanksgiving with his family. Recorded February 10, 2014.

Mary Catherine Monroe

A longtime social studies teacher in the Dallas-Fort Worth area, Monroe was a student at Texas Christian University when she and several classmates saw President Kennedy speak outside the Hotel Texas in Fort Worth on November 22, 1963. Recorded July 9, 2009.

Dr. David Montague

An associate professor of criminal justice at the University of Arkansas at Little Rock, Montague served as senior investigator for the John F. Kennedy Assassination Records Review Board from 1995 to 1997. Recorded August 28, 2012.

Dr. Marian Ann Montgomery

Montgomery was the first director of interpretation at The Sixth Floor Museum at Dealey Plaza and worked at the institution from 1994 to 1999. A fashion historian, she was given the rare opportunity to examine Jacqueline Kennedy’s famous pink suit in the National Archives. Recorded November 22, 1996, and December 12, 2008.

L. D. Montgomery

A Dallas homicide detective in 1963, Montgomery was sent to the Texas School Book Depository shortly after the assassination. He discovered a brown paper bag on the sixth floor that might have been used to carry a weapon into the building. On Sunday, Montgomery was walking directly behind Lee Harvey Oswald when Jack Ruby shot Oswald. Recorded on November 25, 2002.

Mr. Montgomery passed away on October 4, 2010.

Valda H. Montgomery

As a child in the 1960s, Montgomery was part of a prominent African-American family in Montgomery, Alabama. She observed the aftermath of the 1955 bus boycott and the activities of the civil rights Freedom Riders, and had contact with Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Her memories were recorded with those of other civil rights activists. Recorded February 28, 2006.

Lowell Moon

Employed by Sanger-Harris department store in Dallas, Moon was present when their downtown lunch counter integrated in the late 1950s. He and his late mother, Billie Moon, knew Jack Ruby. A longtime nurse at the Dallas County Jail, Billie Moon treated Ruby during his incarceration. Recorded September 10, 2014.

Luke Mooney

In 1963, Mooney was a Dallas County deputy sheriff who watched the motorcade pass and heard shots fired. Later, while investigating the sixth floor of the Texas School Book Depository building, he discovered the “sniper’s nest” and three empty rifle shells. Recorded on December 4, 2002, November 20, 2006, June 24, 2009, and July 28, 2010.

Mr. Mooney passed away on December 3, 2010.

Jim Moore

A prolific author and researcher, Moore wrote the Kennedy assassination book Conspiracy of One (1990) as well as a best-selling biography of President Bill Clinton. He served as a consultant to The Sixth Floor exhibition during its development. Recorded September 21, 2011.

Karen Moore

An Oak Cliff native, Moore was in the hospital at the time of the assassination. Her late mother, Doris Mumford, witnessed the shooting from the north side of Elm Street in Dealey Plaza. Recorded August 13, 2013.

Mary Moore

A onetime professional Irish folk dancer, Moore was living in New York City at the time of the Kennedy assassination. Recorded June 25, 2010.

Ms. Moore passed away on September 13, 2014.

Frances Moreno-Randle

Moreno-Randle was part of a large Hispanic community in Brownsville, Texas, at the time of the Kennedy assassination. She waited in line on the morning of February 20, 1989, to be among the first visitors to experience The Sixth Floor exhibit. Recorded July 1, 2010.

Doc Morgan

A radio broadcaster and voice-over artist, Morgan has worked with a wide variety of companies, including American Airlines and the Ford Motor Company. After moving to Dallas in the 1980s, Morgan recorded the narration for The Sixth Floor exhibit films. Recorded July 1, 2016.

Dr. Carlos Morton

A professor of theater and dance at the University of California, Santa Barbara, Morton was living in Panama during the Cuban Missile Crisis. On November 22, 1963, he was preparing for a high school play, which was delayed one week because of the assassination. Recorded August 16, 2013.

Judy Moseley

A junior at North Dallas High School in 1963, Moseley observed the Kennedy motorcade on Main Street, standing in front of Neiman Marcus department store.  She was interviewed with her high school classmate, Rhonda Shettle. Recorded July 20, 2016.

Franci Moses

An intern at the Pentagon during the summers of 1962 and 1963, Moses later saw President Kennedy speak in front of the Hotel Texas on November 22, 1963. Recorded July 11, 2012.

Justice Richard M. Mosk

A longtime judge on the Iran-United States Claims Tribunal, Mosk was appointed to the California Court of Appeal in 2001. He served on the staff of the Warren Commission in 1964. His memories were recorded during a public program on the work of the Warren Commission. Recorded October 11, 2013.

Judge Mosk passed away on April 17, 2016.

Dr. J. Todd Moye

Moye is an associate professor of history at the University of North Texas and director of the university’s oral history program. This lecture on civil rights oral histories was recorded as part of a teacher institute at The Sixth Floor Museum at Dealey Plaza. Recorded August 1, 2013.

Barney Mozley

A 22-year veteran of Dallas railroad switching towers, Mozley relieved tower operator Lee Bowers the day of the assassination. Recorded April 19, 2002.

Mr. Mozley passed away on November 1, 2004.

Andrea Mueller

Mueller’s late father, Harold Teague, was Lyndon Johnson’s personal pilot in the early 1960s, which allowed Mueller to spend time with the Johnson and Connally families. As an adult, working at the Dallas Convention and Visitors Bureau in the 1970s, she dealt with persistent tourist interest in the Dealey Plaza area. Recorded May 30, 2012.

Ray Murphey

Murphey was a seventh grader in Oak Cliff at the time of the assassination. His father was acquainted with Jack Ruby, who came to their home on occasion. Murphey later served in the Vietnam War. Recorded May 31, 2013.

Charles Murphy

A reporter for WBAP-TV, Murphy went live on the air shortly after the assassination. He served as an NBC correspondent that weekend and was instrumental in arranging Gov. Connally’s first press conference. On Monday, Murphy recorded a significant interview with the widow of Officer J.D. Tippit. Recorded November 19, 1998, and June 13, 2005.

Michael Musa

A native of Havana, Cuba, ten-year-old Musa and his sister came to the United States as part of “Operation Peter Pan” in May 1961. They stayed with a family in Indianapolis for six months until their parents could immigrate. Recorded September 7, 2012.

Nancy Myers

Performing under the stage name “Tammi True,” Myers was a headlining stripper at Jack Ruby’s Carousel Club around the time of the assassination. Recorded May 6, 2010, and September 6, 2014.

Dale K. Myers

A Kennedy assassination researcher since 1975, Myers is the author of With Malice: Lee Harvey Oswald and the Murder of Officer J. D. Tippit (1998).  His computer animation work was featured on the Emmy-winning ABC News documentary, The Kennedy Assassination: Beyond Conspiracy (2003). Recorded May 27, 2015.

Dr. Timothy Naftali

A noted presidential historian and former director of the Richard Nixon Presidential Library and Museum, Naftali is the author of One Hell of a Gamble: Khrushchev, Castro, and Kennedy (1997). He participated in a museum program on the politics of memory. Recorded February 19, 2013.

Juanita Nañez

A junior at North Dallas High School in 1963, Nañez got a close look at the Kennedy motorcade from Lee Park at the corner of Lemmon Avenue and Turtle Creek Boulevard. She was interviewed with two of her high school classmates. Recorded July 20, 2016.

Frances Nash

A U.S. postal worker in Michigan for 33 years, Nash immediately lowered her post office’s flag to half-staff following the announcement of the president’s death. A letter she wrote to Jackie Kennedy the next day was included in Dr. Ellen Fitzpatrick’s book, Letters to Jackie: Condolences from a Grieving Nation (2010). Recorded October 11, 2010.

Richard Nash

A mechanical engineer with the Dictaphone Corporation in Bridgeport, Connecticut, in the early 1960s, Nash worked on a modified system for Air Force One. This customized Dictaphone was later used to record the swearing-in of President Johnson. Recorded February 7, 2011.

Bruce Neal

A local reporter for KXOL Radio, Neal was riding in the presidential motorcade through Dallas aboard a press bus. Recorded June 8, 1994.

Mr. Neal passed away on October 19, 1999.

Marjorie & Denise Neal

The sister and niece of the late photographer Francis Gothard share memories of the widely-distributed image he took of the Kennedy motorcade from the balcony of the Adolphus Hotel. Marjorie Neal worked at KRLD Radio in 1963, while daughter Denise was in the sixth grade. Recorded January 17, 2014.

Robert Neal

A U.S. Marine stationed at the barracks at 8th and I Streets in Washington, D.C., Neal participated in the funeral services for President Kennedy. Recorded December 5, 2009.

Bill & Nelda Neale

Politically active conservatives, the Neales were acquainted with members of the Dallas Russian community and met Marina Oswald prior to the Kennedy assassination. Bill Neale, a member of the Citizens Charter Association, was a longtime advertising executive in Dallas. Recorded January 14, 2011.

Barrie Neller

A native of London, England, Neller was an advertising executive living in Toronto at the time of the assassination. He moved to Dallas, where he opened his own advertising firm, in 1968. Recorded July 1, 2010.

Kevin L. Nelson

Six years old in 1963, Nelson was attending an all African-American preschool at Good Street Baptist Church in Dallas.  He and his classmates saw the Kennedy motorcade.  Recorded June 19, 2015.

Ron Nessen

Nessen served as White House Press Secretary for President Gerald Ford from 1974 to 1977.  Prior to that, while working for NBC News throughout the 1960s, Nessen covered Presidents Kennedy and Johnson, civil rights, and the Vietnam War. Recorded June 8, 2015.

Karen Knight Neukom

Neukom’s late father, Reuben Knight, served as John F. Kennedy’s 1960 campaign manager for Wichita County in Texas. Her parents attended the inauguration in January 1961. Neukom and her family were later at Dallas Love Field in the aftermath of the assassination. She was interviewed with her sister, Chrissy Knight Doherty. Recorded January 22, 2013.

Ms. Neukom passed away on January 2, 2016.

Charles Newby

A commercial engineer in Dallas, Newby was at a job site in Oak Cliff when the assassination took place. Although not a Kennedy supporter, his views on the late president changed after 1963. Recorded April 26, 2013.

Scott Newell

Newell was inspired by news coverage of the Kennedy assassination to become a journalist. In the 1990s, while working for the television program A Current Affair, he did many assassination-related stories, including the first on-camera interview with one of the infamous “three tramps” arrested in Dealey Plaza. Recorded August 16, 2012.

Bill & Gayle Newman

The closest civilian eyewitnesses to President Kennedy at the time of the fatal shot, the Newmans were on the north side of Dealey Plaza and shielded their small children after the shots were fired. They were then interviewed on live television approximately fifteen minutes after the assassination.  Recorded March 10, 1993, July 10, 2003, November 22, 2004, July 15 and November 17, 2008, June 17 and November 11, 2009, September 25, 2010, February 17 and May 12, 2011, November 9, 2012, January 26 and November 9, 2013, and November 18, 2016.

Billy & Clayton Newman

Standing with their parents, Bill and Gayle Newman, on the north side of Elm Street, Billy, age four, and Clayton, age two, were among the closest civilian eyewitnesses to the assassination. They were shielded by their parents following the shooting. Recorded November 8 and November 9, 2013.

Martha Newman

Newman was in attendance at the Dallas Trade Mart luncheon where President Kennedy was scheduled to speak. Recorded September 13, 1999.

Patsy Newman

Newman was a seventh-grade teacher at Highland Park Jr. High School in Dallas at the time of the assassination. A few years later, she taught seventh-grade math to John Hinckley Jr., who shot President Ronald Reagan in 1981. Recorded June 29, 2006.

Heather Nice

Education specialist at the George W. Bush Presidential Library and Museum in Dallas, Nice participated in a Sixth Floor Museum panel discussion on presidential education. Recorded April 13, 2012.

Beth Nichols

An Alabama native, eleven-year-old Nichols and her family visited Dealey Plaza the Sunday following the assassination to pay their respects. In 1965, the family moved to Dallas. Recorded July 23, 2009.

H. Louis Nichols

Nichols was head of the Dallas Bar Association in 1963 and offered Lee Harvey Oswald legal assistance, which Oswald refused. Recorded June 1, 1999, and May 19, 2004.

Mr. Nichols passed away on April 25, 2010.

Joan Bickerstaff Nichols

A friend of Texas Theatre cashier Julia Postal, Nichols was on her way to visit Postal at the theater when the assassination took place. Nichols believed that Postal was traumatized and frightened after the assassination, and as a result, she lost touch with her by the end of 1963. Recorded September 19, 2005.

Orville Nix, Jr.

Nix is the son of the late Orville Nix Sr., a Dallas air conditioning engineer who recorded a famous film of the assassination across the street from Abraham Zapruder. The Nix film is considered one of the most important films made in Dealey Plaza. Recorded November 22, 1996, November 21, 2000, and August 15, 2002.

Lyle Noah

An ambulance driver with Camp and Son Funeral Home in Mesquite, Texas, Noah was inside Parkland Memorial Hospital when the presidential party arrived. He briefly examined the backseat of the Kennedy limousine. Recorded July 6, 2010.

Virginia Nolte

Nolte and her mother arrived at Parkland Memorial Hospital shortly after the assassination on November 22, 1963. Unaware of the shooting, they were being vaccinated for international travel. Recorded February 8, 2016.

Dr. Allen Norman

Currently a battalion chief with the Los Angeles Fire Department, Norman briefly spoke with Senator John F. Kennedy at a 1960 campaign rally in California. The encounter was captured in a photograph by Stanley Tretick and published in Life magazine. Recorded May 6, 2009.

Harold Norman

An employee of the Texas School Book Depository in 1963, Norman was on the fifth floor underneath the alleged sniper’s perch at the time of the assassination. Recorded July 31, 1991.

Mr. Norman passed away on September 17, 1994.

Lynne Novack

Former director of the Dallas Committee on Foreign Relations, Novack is the daughter of the late Colorado Republican leader Peter H. Dominick. Dominick, an acquaintance of President Kennedy and his brothers, served in the U.S. House of Representatives (1961-63) and the U.S. Senate (1963-75).  Recorded May 20, 2015.

Richard A. Nunis

A 44-year employee with the Walt Disney Company, Nunis met Sen. John F. Kennedy when he visited Disneyland in 1960. As director of operations for the park in 1963, Nunis was in New York preparing for Disney’s role in the 1964 World’s Fair. He rushed back to California to close Disneyland on November 23, in memory of President Kennedy. Recorded October 8, 2007.

Cathy O’Donnell

A thirteen-year-old student at a Catholic school in Ennis, Texas, O’Donnell traveled with friends to Dallas Love Field to see the arrival of the presidential party.  Standing along the fence, she shook hands with both the Kennedys and the Johnsons. Recorded July 26, 2012.

Joe O’Dwyer

O’Dwyer was visiting Washington, D.C., on business when the assassination took place. He captured a unique color home movie of the Kennedy funeral procession from atop the Mayflower Hotel on Connecticut Avenue. His film has been part of the Museum’s collections since 2000. Recorded September 23, 2009.

Will O’Hara

A high school student in 1963, O’Hara was with friends at Dallas Love Field, on Stemmons Freeway, and at Parkland Memorial Hospital. He was present in the nurses’ classroom for the official announcement of President Kennedy’s death. Recorded June 20, 2011.

Lt. Col. Lon D. Oakley, Jr.

A decorated officer with the U.S. Army for more than two decades, Oakley was an infantry command leader in Vietnam. An Oak Cliff native, he was awaiting the president’s arrival at the Dallas Trade Mart on November 22, 1963. Oakley has since written two books about the period. Recorded April 20, 2013.

Angel Obregon

A student at St. Thomas the Apostle School in Los Angeles in 1963, Obregon and his family were deeply impacted by the assassination and attended solemn Mass in memory of President Kennedy. In 1968, he served as a volunteer for Sen. Robert Kennedy’s presidential campaign. Recorded December 18, 2007.

Michael Okon

A senior at Hillcrest High School in Dallas in 1963, Okon skipped a geometry test and went with a friend to watch the Kennedy motorcade as it left Dallas Love Field. Recorded April 25, 2006.

Beverly Oliver

A singer at the Colony Club in Dallas in 1963, Oliver knew Jack Ruby and many of his performers at the Carousel Club. In 1970, she came forward as a close eyewitness to the assassination, identified by researchers in films and photographs as the “Babushka Lady.” Recorded January 12, 2007.

Hannah Onassis

A six-year-old in Dallas in 1963, Onassis was with her mother on Stemmons Freeway when they were passed by the presidential limousine on its way to Parkland Memorial Hospital. Years later, she began writing a novel based on the Kennedy assassination. Recorded July 30, 2004.

Dr. Anthony Orme

A college student in 1963, Orme has been interested in the Kennedy assassination for many years. He has collected books, spoken with eyewitnesses, and visited Dealey Plaza on the 1988 and 1993 assassination anniversaries. Recorded May 13, 2014.

Janeen Ostby

Ostby and her husband were finalizing the adoption of their first child on November 22, 1963. The letter that she wrote to Jackie Kennedy in 1964 was later selected for publication in Dr. Ellen Fitzpatrick’s book, Letters to Jackie: Condolences from a Grieving Nation(2010). Recorded September 1, 2010.

Julia Ostteen

The daughter of Louisiana sharecroppers, Ostteen lived in the state’s economically challenged Delta region during the early 1960s. She supported President Kennedy but disliked Lyndon Johnson. Recorded September 19, 2012.

John G. Oswald

A native of New Orleans, Oswald lived in Fort Worth in 1963. His recognizable last name prompted death threats, vandalism, an FBI interview, and police protection in the aftermath of the assassination. Years later, genealogy research indicated that he may have been a distant cousin to Lee Harvey Oswald. Recorded August 12, 2010.

James R. Owen

Owen worked at Jaggers-Chiles-Stoval typesetting company in Dallas at the same time as Lee Harvey Oswald. On the day of the assassination, Owen remembers standing on Elm Street on the other side of the triple underpass, though his memories of the aftermath differ from those of other eyewitnesses. Recorded January 15, 2002, and February 16, 2015.

David F. Owens

A New York native, Owens was inspired by the assassination to pursue a career in law enforcement. A longtime assassination researcher, he interviewed noted author Harold Weisberg in the 1990s. Recorded March 22, 2013.

George Packer

A staff writer with The New Yorker Magazine since 2003, Packer was three years old in 1963 and has maintained a lifelong interest in the Kennedy assassination. His essay, “Leaving Dealey Plaza,” was published in The New Yorker on October 15, 2013. Recorded August 7, 2014.

Ike Pappas

A reporter with radio station WNEW-New York, Pappas flew to Dallas to cover the assassination story and spent the weekend at Dallas police headquarters. On Sunday, he was one of the closest bystanders to the shooting of Lee Harvey Oswald. Recorded March 1, 1993.

Mr. Pappas passed away on August 31, 2008.

Burton Paris

A Nixon supporter, Paris was a page at the 1960 Republican National Convention in Chicago. During the Vietnam War, he reported for the Armed Forces Radio Network (AFRN) in Europe. Recorded January 27, 2016.

Roy M. Parks

A member of the marketing department at WRR Radio in Dallas, Parks attended the Trade Mart luncheon on November 22, 1963. Recorded August 21, 2002.

Mr. Parks passed away on February 16, 2014.

Les Parson

A teenager in 1963, Parson began to study the Kennedy assassination in the early 1970s. During a 1988 flight to San Francisco, he engaged Gov. John Connally in lengthy conversation about the assassination. Recorded September 18, 2014.

Patsy Paschall

Paschall filmed the presidential motorcade before and after the assassination from a window in the Old Red Courthouse. Recorded November 22, 1996, and May 15, 1997.

Maribeth Ford Pate

An Oklahoma native, Pate was nine months pregnant at the time of the assassination. Her late husband, a reporter with the Madill Record, published an extra about the president’s shooting. Recorded April 26, 2013.

Sam Pate

A reporter for KBOX Radio, Pate was on Stemmons Freeway in a mobile news cruiser at the time of the assassination and covered the scene at Dealey Plaza and at Dallas City Hall. Several days later, he recorded a re-enactment of his live KBOX bulletins from November 22, including his famous remark, “It appears as though something has happened in the motorcade route.” Recorded June 22, 2005.

Mr. Pate passed away on August 3, 2009.

Robert Patrin

Patrin served under and worked directly with General Edwin Walker while stationed in Hawaii in the 25th Division of the U.S. Army in the mid-1950s. In December 1963, Patrin began to research Walker’s possible connection to the Kennedy assassination. Recorded October 28, 2011, and February 24, 2012.

Barbara Patterson

Living on Carswell Air Force Base in Fort Worth in 1963, where her late husband was stationed, Patterson saw President and Mrs. Kennedy on both November 21 and 22, 1963. Recorded June 21, 2013.

Patricia M. Patterson

Patterson attended the Trade Mart luncheon on the day of the assassination. Troubled by the atmosphere in Dallas, she moved to New York City in January 1964. As a longtime business executive and civic leader over the years, Patterson became friends with a number of notable individuals including Lady Bird Johnson, Jack Valenti, Raymond D. Nasher, and Stanley Marcus. Recorded August 16, 2011.

Jerry Patton

Patton was a sophomore at Thomas Jefferson High School in 1963. After seeing the presidential parade on Main Street, he followed the motorcade to Dealey Plaza where he recalls witnessing part of the assassination. Recorded August 3, 2016.

Bill Paxton

A popular actor (Titanic, Apollo 13, Twister) and noted director, Paxton was eight years old in 1963. He went with his father and older brother to see President Kennedy speak in front of the Hotel Texas in Fort Worth on the day of the assassination. Recorded March 23, 2007.

Dr. Darwin Payne

A reporter for the Dallas Times Herald in 1963, Payne was in Abraham Zapruder’s office shortly after the assassination and covered the events of that weekend, visiting the Texas School Book Depository and Oswald’s rooming house in Oak Cliff. A prominent Dallas historian, Payne is now professor emeritus of communications at Southern Methodist University. Recorded January 20, 1995, November 21, 1999, October 23, 2003, April 20, 2006, July 24, 2012, January 31, 2015, and May 23, 2016.

Robert B. Payne

A Dallas lawyer, Payne was acquainted with some of the conservative Dallas businessmen who funded the anti-Kennedy ad in the Dallas Morning News. Payne visited Jack Ruby’s apartment and met Ruby’s sister following the Oswald shooting. Recorded December 18, 2001.

Mr. Payne passed away on April 4, 2009.

Donald Payton

A longtime Dallas historian, Payton was a civil rights activist during the 1960s. While serving on the Dallas County Historical Commission in 1988, he participated in an archaeological dig in Dealey Plaza just prior to construction of The Sixth Floor Museum’s Visitors Center. Recorded February 26, 2016.

Nancy Pedden

Pedden, an ardent admirer of Jackie Kennedy, was a high school teacher in Tulsa, Oklahoma, in 1963. Recorded September 4, 2014.

Addie Pauline Pegues

Part of a nurses registry in 1963, Pegues worked at several Dallas-area hospitals. She was assigned to Parkland Memorial Hospital on November 22 and 24, 1963, and briefly saw Jackie Kennedy following the assassination. Recorded August 20, 2013.

Adam Peiperl

A native of Poland, Peiperl immigrated to the United States in 1953. He worked as an assistant photographer at the 1959 wedding of Jackie Kennedy’s sister, Lee Bouvier, and later captured a color home movie of President-elect Kennedy shortly after the 1960 election. Peiperl donated his film to the Museum in 2008. Recorded July 18, 2008, and July 27, 2009.

Francois Pelou

A reporter with Agence France-Presse (AFP) in 1963, Pelou flew from New York to Dallas after the assassination and covered the scene at Dallas City Hall. He was a close eyewitness to Lee Harvey Oswald’s shooting, and he was immediately interviewed by other reporters. In 1964, he covered the Jack Ruby trial. Recorded July 22, 2005.

Eugene Pender

A public accountant in Louisiana in 1963, Pender was attending a tax seminar on November 22, 1963, and recalls several individuals applauding when news of the shooting was announced. Years later, he married assassination eyewitness Tina Towner. Recorded February 1, 2008.

Fred Pendleton

An engineer in Richardson, Texas, in 1963, Pendleton knew many of the individuals involved in the assassination story.  He had personal contacts at the Dallas Police Department, Trade Mart, district attorney’s office and Parkland Memorial Hospital. Recorded June 7, 2011.

Yvonne Pendleton

A sophomore in high school in Alabama at the time of the assassination, Pendleton later moved to Dallas to work at the Dallas Times Herald. From 1971 to 1978, she served as the paper’s award-winning fashion editor. Recorded October 6, 2006.

D. A. Pennebaker

A noted documentary filmmaker, Pennebaker worked with Robert Drew on the landmark Kennedy films Primary (1960) and Crisis (1963). Later, he directed The War Room, an Academy Award-nominated documentary on the 1992 Clinton campaign. Recorded April 15, 2004.

Dr. James A. Pennebaker

Currently a professor at the University of Texas at Austin, Pennebaker was a social psychologist at Southern Methodist University in the 1980s. In that capacity, he conducted a series of studies in cooperation with the Dallas County Historical Foundation regarding the emotional impact of President Kennedy’s assassination. Some of his findings were published in his book Opening Up (1990). Recorded October 17, 2008, and March 16, 2012.

Alan Peppard

A columnist at The Dallas Morning News since 1987, he has written several assassination-related stories over the years, particularly during the fiftieth anniversary in 2013.  His late father saw the Kennedy motorcade on Main Street. Recorded June 29, 2015.

George Perrault

A longtime U.S. Navy sailor, Perrault was part of the blockade of Cuba during the Cuban missile crisis. Stationed in Washington, D.C., in 1963, he was part of the Ceremonial Guard for President Kennedy’s casket at the White House and U.S. Capitol Rotunda. Recorded November 21, 2013.

Dr. Jerry Perry

A former professor of government at Angelo State University, Perry has worked with the State Bar of Texas – Law-Related Education Program since the 1970s. This Museum lecture on presidential elections, power and succession was recorded during a Library of Congress teacher institute. Recorded July 27, 2011.

David Perry

A Kennedy assassination researcher since 1976, Perry was a volunteer at the John F. Kennedy Assassination Information Center in Dallas in the early 1990s. Over the years, he has written a number of print and online articles and consulted on a wide variety of assassination-related books and documentaries. Recorded July 30 and August 24, 2015, and January 12 and March 3, 2016.

Tom Perryman

Assistant news director for WFAA Radio in 1963, Perryman covered the Kennedys in Fort Worth and, following the assassination, reported from Dallas police headquarters. He later covered the Ruby trial. During the 1960 campaign, Perryman twice met Senator John F. Kennedy. Recorded July 7, 2014.

Eric Peschke

A lifelong assassination researcher, Peschke spent approximately three years constructing an intricate model of Dealey Plaza and Dallas Love Field using thousands of LEGO building blocks. Recorded February 16, 2006, and April 11, 2007.

Evadeane Peters

During the 1950s, Peters was chairman of the Republican Party in Rockwall County, Texas. Although not a supporter, she went to Dallas Love Field and shook hands with President and Mrs. Kennedy on November 22, 1963. Her political views later changed during the Civil Rights Movement. Recorded April 12, 2005, and January 7, 2015.

Dr. Paul C. Peters Family

The widow, brother and son of the late Parkland Memorial Hospital urologist Paul C. Peters share memories of his observations and treatment of President Kennedy in Trauma Room One. Recorded June 24, 2011.

George Phenix

A news photographer for KRLD-TV, Phenix was at Dallas Love Field and Parkland Memorial Hospital on November 22, 1963. On Sunday, he filmed the shooting of Lee Harvey Oswald. Recorded July 24, 1995, November 1, 2007, November 20, 2008, February 3, 2012, and October 19, 2013.

Jana Laird Phillips

Five years old in 1963, Phillips saw the Kennedy motorcade on Main Street. Her late father, Paul C. Laird, was mayor of Irving, Texas, from 1957 to 1959. Recorded September 25, 2013.

Michael Phillips

Four years old in 1963, Phillips stayed with family in Oak Cliff and Irving, Texas, that weekend. He has maintained a lifelong interest in the Kennedy assassination and witnessed some of the filming for Oliver Stone’s JFK (1991) in Dealey Plaza. Recorded August 15, 2014.

Jeffrey Pickens

A New Jersey native, Pickens and his childhood friend Andrew Kadin shared an interest in the Kennedy assassination. The two made a pact in 1967 to one day visit Dealey Plaza, which was realized when they reunited at the site of the assassination in 2005. Recorded February 17, 2012.

Rio Sam Pierce

A Dallas police officer for twenty-seven years, Pierce was in charge of basement security on the day of Lee Harvey Oswald’s scheduled transfer to the Dallas County Jail. Pierce drove his vehicle up the Main Street ramp at the same time that some believe Jack Ruby gained access to the basement. Recorded on November 6, 2002, September 27, 2011, and March 1, 2014.

Mr. Pierce passed away on December 23, 2015.

David Pietrusza

Pietrusza is an award-winning author and expert on presidential electoral history. His books include 1960: LBJ vs. JFK vs. Nixon (2008) and the children’s book, Mysterious Deaths: John F. Kennedy (1996). November 22, 1963, was his fourteenth birthday. Recorded September 17, 2008, and May 23, 2016.

Kari-Mette Pigmans

A flight attendant for four decades, Pigmans was a Pan Am stewardess aboard the White House press plane in 1963 and traveled around the world with President Kennedy. She was in Dallas on the day of the assassination. Recorded August 1, 2012, and March 28 and March 29, 2014.

Michael Jonathan Pike

Pike is the son of the late Roy William Pike, an acquaintance of and onetime bookkeeper for Jack Ruby, who was interviewed by the FBI in 1964. After hearing family stories and conducting research, Michael Jonathan Pike believes his father was involved in the Kennedy assassination. Recorded March 5, 2014.

Mary Woodward Pillsworth

A women’s news reporter for The Dallas Morning News in 1963, Pillsworth witnessed the assassination from the north side of Elm Street and immediately wrote an eyewitness account for her newspaper. The following year she joined the Peace Corps and served in Brazil. Recorded November 21, 2013, and November 7, 2015.

Nat Pinkston

An FBI agent in the Dallas office in 1963, Pinkston was part of the local investigation into the assassination. He traced ownership of the Mannlicher-Carcano rifle to Lee Harvey Oswald. Recorded August 5, 1994.

Mr. Pinkston passed away on September 4, 2011.

Ann Piper

Piper and her mother attended meetings of the Dallas Unit of the conservative Pro America organization in the early 1960s. At a luncheon on November 21, 1963, some group members suggested wearing black armbands to protest President Kennedy’s visit the following day. Recorded March 12, 2013.

John Pleshette

A longtime actor and screenwriter, Pleshette was part of the original off-Broadway production of MacBird! (1967), a political satire blending the Kennedy assassination with William Shakespeare’s Macbeth. A decade later he portrayed Lee Harvey Oswald in the two-part ABC television movie, The Trial of Lee Harvey Oswald (1977), much of which was filmed on location in Dallas. Recorded December 16, 2015.

John Polanichka

A U.S. Air Force staff sergeant in the 1960s, Polanichka was a security guard on Air Force One for Presidents Kennedy and Johnson. He had assigned duties at Dallas Love Field and Andrews Air Force Base on November 22, 1963. Recorded September 24, 2013.

John Polites

Polites was a member of the U.S. Navy and served in the Honor Guard outside the White House during President Kennedy’s funeral. Recorded November 12, 1998.

Justice Stuart R. Pollak

Pollak was a law clerk to Supreme Court Chief Justice Earl Warren at the time of the Kennedy assassination. He then served on the staff of the Warren Commission. His memories were recorded during a public program on the work of the Warren Commission. Recorded October 11, 2013.

Jerry Pollard

A Dallas police patrolman in 1963, Pollard participated in the arrest of Lee Harvey Oswald at the Texas Theatre. Recorded June 19, 2009.

Mr. Pollard passed away on August 26, 2016.

Dr. Harlan Pollock

A first-year resident at Parkland Memorial Hospital in 1963, Pollock was upstairs in an operating room when the presidential motorcade arrived. That Friday was his son’s second birthday. Less than two days later, he was part of the anesthesia team during Lee Harvey Oswald’s surgery. Recorded July 15, 2005, and July 1, 2015.

Dr. Jeremy Popkin

Currently a professor of history at the University of Kentucky, Popkin was a high school sophomore in 1963. His late father, academic philosopher Richard Popkin, was an early assassination researcher and wrote The Second Oswald (1966). Recorded January 22, 2015.

Dr. Susan Popkin

Popkin is the daughter of the late academic philosopher Richard Popkin, an early assassination researcher who wrote The Second Oswald (1966). She recalls that her father’s obsessive interest in the Kennedy assassination deeply impacted their family. Recorded February 26, 2015.

Bob Porter

A theater critic and columnist for the Dallas Times Herald, Porter was acquainted with Jack Ruby. From 1992 to 2001, Porter supervised the Oral History Project and handled public relations for The Sixth Floor Museum. Recorded January 26, 1993.

Mr. Porter passed away on November 14, 2013.

Stephen R. Porter

Porter was the apartment maintenance man for George and Jeanne de Mohrenschildt in the mid-1970s. In 1977, while working on the Dallas production of the TV movie, The Trial of Lee Harvey Oswald, Porter spent several weeks with Jeanne de Mohrenschildt, who was a consultant on the film. Recorded November 16, 2012.

Gerald Posner

An award-winning journalist and best-selling author, Posner wrote the critically-acclaimed Case Closed (1993). The book, which is considered one of the most significant works on the Kennedy assassination, was a finalist for the 1994 Pulitzer Prize for History. Posner is also the author of Killing the Dream: James Earl Ray and the Assassination of Martin Luther King, Jr. (1998). Recorded November 3, 2015.

Bill Poston

A member of the Fort Worth Chamber of Commerce in 1963, Poston loaned his Lincoln convertible to Secret Service agents for President Kennedy’s use during his brief visit to Fort Worth. The Kennedys rode in the car to and from Carswell Air Force Base on November 21 and 22, 1963. Recorded November 3, 2006.

Ilaya Potash

A Dallas native, Potash was an ardent support of President Kennedy. She was attending Hillcrest High School at the time of the assassination. Recorded January 13, 2015.

Dr. Ralph H. Poteet

Poteet served as superintendent of the Mesquite Independent School District in Dallas County from 1964 to 1986. During that time, he oversaw the desegregation of Mesquite schools. He was assistant superintendent at the time of the assassination. Recorded March 10, 2006.

Dr. Poteet passed away on September 23, 2012.

Charles W. Powers

A longtime Dallas insurance executive, Powers was attending Dr. Pepper’s first national sales conference and saw the Kennedy motorcade on Main Street. After retiring in the early 1990s, he became an active local historian and developed a Lee Harvey Oswald tour of Dallas and Oak Cliff in conjunction with the Dallas Historical Society. Recorded July 16, 2009.

James Pratt

A Dallas architect and urban planner, Pratt was a local Democratic Precinct Chair in the early 1960s and attended the Trade Mart luncheon on the day of the assassination. In the 1970s, he became the restoration architect for the Old Red Courthouse in Dealey Plaza. Recorded August 11, 2006.

Jim Pratt

As production manager for WFAA-TV in 1963, Pratt was in charge of camera coverage at Dallas Love Field, Parkland Memorial Hospital, and Dallas police headquarters. Recorded May 31, 1994.

Mr. Pratt passed away in June 1995.

Elizabeth Price

An employee of Republic National Bank in downtown Dallas for more than four decades, Price saw the Kennedy motorcade on November 22, 1963. Recorded July 29, 2013.

John Wiley Price

An outspoken community leader and civil rights activist, Price was the first African American elected to the Dallas County Commissioners Court (1985-present). He was involved at the county level in the development of The Sixth Floor Museum at Dealey Plaza and filmmaker Oliver Stone’s use of the Depository building during the production of JFK(1991). Recorded July 3, 2013.

The Rev. John Price

A student at Southern Methodist University in 1963, Price attended the October speech in Dallas by U.N. Ambassador Adlai Stevenson and was at Love Field when the Kennedys arrived. Since childhood, he has actively collected presidential and campaign memorabilia. Recorded November 24, 2008.

Willie Price

A Dallas police motorcycle officer in 1963, Price escorted Vice President Johnson’s limousine to Parkland Memorial Hospital.  At the entrance to the Emergency Room, he helped remove President Kennedy’s body from the limousine. Recorded September 21, 1994.

Mr. Price passed away on October 7, 1999.

Jim Pritchett

A student at Cistercian Preparatory School in Dallas, Pritchett received parental permission to go with a group of classmates to see the Kennedy motorcade on Lemmon Avenue. Pritchett kept his original permission slip and donated it to The Sixth Floor Museum in 2010. Recorded July 13, 2010.

Stephen D. Pritchett

Standing with his father on Main Street, Pritchett observed the Kennedy motorcade approximately two minutes before the assassination. His late father was a longtime executive with Mrs. Baird’s Bakery in Dallas. Recorded July 13, 2010.

Dr. Grover Proctor, Jr.

An assassination researcher since the mid-1970s, Proctor has written and lectured for many years about his area of focus—“The Raleigh Call,” an alleged telephone call that Lee Harvey Oswald tried to make to Raleigh, North Carolina, on Saturday, November 23, 1963. Recorded November 23, 2015.

Patricia Puckett-Hall

Eleven years old in 1963, Puckett-Hall is the granddaughter of the late Gladys Johnson, owner of the rooming house at 1026 North Beckley in Oak Cliff where Lee Harvey Oswald resided at the time of the assassination. Puckett-Hall currently provides tours of the home and speaks about her childhood memories of Oswald. Recorded June 30, 2015.

John T. Puddington

A high school sophomore in Dallas in 1963, Puddington was at Dallas Love Field airport and then drove with a friend towards the Trade Mart, ending up near the Texas School Book Depository at the time of the shooting. He was interviewed with his friend, Terry Wood. Recorded November 19, 2003.

Anthony V. Pugliese III

A prominent developer and entrepreneur in Florida, Pugliese was an avid collector of pop culture memorabilia, covering movies, television, music and history. His John F. Kennedy collection included the gun used by Jack Ruby to murder Lee Harvey Oswald, as well as letters, photographs, clothing and other unique materials. Recorded March 5, 2007.

Jack Puterbaugh

An employee with the Department of Agriculture from 1962 to 1973, Puterbaugh was part of the advance team for President Kennedy’s visit to Dallas. He rode ahead of the motorcade and was at Parkland Memorial Hospital following the assassination. Recorded June 10, 2014.

Mr. Puterbaugh passed away on March 16, 2015.

Frances Putnam

A Richardson, Texas, housewife in 1963, Putnam recalled that of her two politically opposed neighbors had a physical altercation on their lawns on the day of the Kennedy assassination. Recorded July 1, 2010.

Joe Quillin

On November 22, 1963, Quillin observed the Kennedy motorcade and went to Dealey Plaza immediately following the assassination. He returned that weekend to photograph the site. His late mother worked at First Baptist Church Dallas and served on the staff of influential conservative pastor W.A. Criswell. Recorded July 31, 2015.

Mike Quinn

Quinn was a reporter for the Dallas Morning News in 1963 and did an interview with Sen. Ralph Yarborough at Parkland Memorial Hospital. The next day, he traveled to Washington, D.C., and later covered the Warren Commission investigation. Recorded May 22, 1995.

Mr. Quinn passed away on January 22, 2006.

Dr. Stephen G. Rabe

A professor of history at the University of Texas at Dallas since 1977, Rabe has written three books on President Kennedy: The Most Dangerous Area of the World (1999),Debating the Kennedy Presidency (2003), and John F. Kennedy: World Leader (2010). Recorded December 6, 2012.

Kevin Radell

The eight-year-old son of Kennedy supporters, Radell wrote a letter to Jackie Kennedy one month after the assassination. It was included in Dr. Ellen Fitzpatrick’s Letters to Jackie: Condolences from a Grieving Nation (2010). Recorded September 20, 2010.

Lloyd & Renee Radell

The Radells were Kennedy supporters in the 1960 election. After the assassination, Renee Radell, a Post-War and Contemporary American painter, sent Jackie Kennedy a painting entitled “and death shall have no dominion” that is now in a private collection. Recorded November 11, 2010.

Louise B. Raggio

A trailblazing lawyer and longtime crusader for women’s rights, Raggio and her late husband, Grier Raggio, attended the Trade Mart luncheon on November 22, 1963. Grier Raggio, a volunteer lawyer for the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU), went to Dallas police headquarters that night to observe Oswald during his arraignment. Two weeks earlier, Louise Raggio had agreed to represent Ruth Paine during her divorce proceedings, which were delayed as a result of the assassination. Recorded August 12, 2005.

Ms. Raggio passed away on January 23, 2011.

Richard “Chick” Ramirez

In the early 1960s, Ramirez was the drummer in the Dallas-based musical group The Jumping Jacks. His band performed at Jack Ruby’s Vegas Club in 1962 and 1963. At the same time, Ramirez and his family owned and operated their own Dallas nightclub. Recorded June 8, 2010.

Pat Randolph

A freelance journalist in 1963, Randolph was sent by the North Dallas News to the Trade Mart luncheon to write a story on Jackie Kennedy. Recorded October 21, 2004.

Donald Raney

An employee of the Lone Star Gas Company in 1963, Raney saw the Kennedy motorcade at the corner of Main and Harwood Streets. Recorded August 18, 2015.

J. Robert Ransone

As a young boy, Ransone was friends with the Alfred Egan family of Dallas. The late Al Egan, grandson of wholesale grocer John Sexton, had years earlier selected the warehouse at the corner of Houston and Elm for the Sexton Company’s Dallas headquarters. Ransone spent time inside the building years before it became internationally recognized as the Texas School Book Depository. Recorded April 12, 2012.

Joel Ratliff

A Dallas police officer in the early 1970s, Ratliff knew many of the officers that worked on the Kennedy assassination investigation. Thirteen years old in 1963, he watched the motorcade on Main Street. His late father, police patrolman Marshall Ratliff, was assigned to the Trade Mart luncheon. Recorded January 28, 2008.

Cynthia S. Ray

Ray was Rose Kennedy’s personal secretary from December 1963 until the summer of 1966. Recorded July 15, 1996.

Dr. Thurman Ray

A Dallas optometrist, Ray treated Jack Ruby as a patient from the 1950s through Ruby’s death in 1967. During his incarceration, Ruby repeatedly broke or damaged his glasses, forcing Ray to regularly produce new pairs. Recorded March 11, 2009.

Richard Ray

A longtime anchor and reporter at KDFW-TV/Fox 4 in Dallas, Ray has covered numerous assassination-related stories since the early 1990s and co-produced the Emmy-winning documentary, JFK: The Dallas Tapes (1998). He was thirteen years old in 1963. Recorded August 7 and 24, 2015, and February 12, 2016.

Julian Read

A longtime public relations and political consultant, Read was press aide to Gov. John Connally in 1963.  Traveling with the presidential party in Fort Worth and Dallas, Read was aboard the White House press bus in the motorcade when he heard shots fired in Dealey Plaza. He gave media briefings at Parkland Memorial Hospital and stayed with the Connallys throughout the ordeal. Read maintained close ties to Connally family over the next four decades. Recorded November 22, 2003, June 28 and November 8, 2013, April 5, 2014, and March 21, 2016.

Meg Read

A former member of the Dallas County Historical Foundation’s board of directors, Read played a primary role in obtaining historic landmark recognition for the Dealey Plaza National Historic Landmark District. Recorded May 3, 1995.

Anthony “Tony” Record

A photographer for the Fort Worth Star-Telegram, Record covered the events of that weekend. Recorded September 23, 1997.

Mr. Record passed away on February 18, 1998.

Richard Reeves

An award-winning journalist and presidential historian, Reeves is the author of the 1993 bestseller President Kennedy: Profile of Power, one of the only Kennedy biographies that Jacqueline Onassis insisted her children read to learn about their father. At the time of the assassination, Reeves was a correspondent with the Newark Evening News in New Jersey. Recorded February 24, 2006, and February 18, 2014.

George Reid

A longtime Kennedy supporter, Reid was a Texas campaign volunteer in 1960. He also filmed President Kennedy’s arrival at Dallas Love Field on November 22, 1963. Over the next decade, he took numerous photographs and home movies in Dealey Plaza. Recorded April 24, 1996.

Mr. Reid passed away on March 15, 1999.

Terry Reid

Reid is the granddaughter of the late Dallas County Assistant D.A. Frank Watts, who was part of the prosecution team in the 1964 Jack Ruby trial. Reid, then eleven years old, attended portions of the jury selection and trial and later spoke at length with her grandfather about his recollections. Recorded June 24, 2009.

Burke Reilly

A 35-year employee of the Ford Motor Company, Reilly became head of administration in the company’s Washington D.C. office shortly after the Kennedy assassination. He worked with the Secret Service to provide presidential vehicles during the Johnson and Nixon administrations. Recorded August 17, 2009.

Dr. James F. Reilly

A NASA astronaut since 1995, Reilly has flown on the space shuttles Atlantis andEndeavor. Nine years old in 1963, he was attending a Catholic school in California at the time of the assassination. His family moved to Dallas in 1966. Recorded October 4, 2007.

Ross Reinwald

A sophomore trumpet player in the Eastern Hills High School band in Fort Worth, Reinwald’s band performed “Hail to the Chief” for President Kennedy at the Hotel Texas breakfast on the morning of the assassination. Recorded October 17, 2007.

Robert Reitz

Reitz was a student at Bryan Adams High School in Dallas when the assassination took place. Years later, while serving in the U.S. Navy and while attending the University of Texas, he became actively involved in the civil rights and peace movements. Recorded June 19, 2013.

Marty Rendleman

A longtime Texas talent agent, best known for discovering country singer LeAnn Rimes, Rendleman was a recent college graduate living in Hawaii at the time of the Kennedy assassination. Recorded June 17, 2011.

Linda Renfro

A Fort Worth junior high school student, Renfro and her classmates observed the Kennedy motorcade on its way to Carswell Air Force Base on November 22, 1963.  Her late parents, George and Arthurine Renfro, founders of Fort Worth-based Renfro Foods, attended the Hotel Texas breakfast that morning.  Recorded April 6, 2016.

James Reston, Jr.

A journalist and prolific author, Reston wrote a biography of Gov. John Connally, The Lone Star (1989), and a book on the Kennedy assassination, The Accidental Victim (2013). He worked for the Department of the Interior in 1963. His late father, New York Times reporter and editor James Reston, covered the Kennedy White House. Recorded June 13, 2014.

Oliver “Buck” Revell

A captain in the U.S. Marine Corps, Revell joined the FBI in 1964 partly because of his interest in the Kennedy assassination. During his long career with the bureau from 1964 to 1994, he achieved the rank of Executive Assistant Director-Investigations (SES-6). Revell worked with the House Select Committee on Assassinations and, as Special Agent in Charge of the Dallas Division, supervised the release of the Dallas FBI office’s assassination-related files in the early 1990s. Recorded May 20, 2009.

Gay Revi

Revi was a school teacher in Pennsylvania when she joined the Peace Corps in 1963. She was serving in Sierra Leon in west Africa when the assassination took place. Upon her return to the United States in 1966, she actively protested against the Vietnam War. Recorded April 1, 2011.

Jack Revill

Supervisor of Criminal Intelligence with the Dallas Police Department in 1963, Revill was involved in the immediate search of the Texas School Book Depository building, and he later had a controversial conversation with FBI agent James Hosty that greatly affected the bureau’s relationship with the Dallas police. On Sunday, Revill accompanied Dallas Mayor Earle Cabell to Washington, D.C., for the president’s funeral. Upon his return, he participated in a special investigation into the shooting of Lee Harvey Oswald. Recorded February 4, 2005.

Mr. Revill passed away on September 8, 2012.

Pat Revill

The wife of Dallas Police Lt. Jack Revill, Pat Revill worked as a secretary in District Attorney Henry Wade’s office from 1964 to 1973 and had daily interaction with Wade and Assistant District Attorney Bill Alexander. During that time, she worked on the Jack Ruby appeal. Recorded May 4, 2005.

Delia Reyes

A Cuban native now living in Dallas, Reyes fled her homeland when Fidel Castro came to power. Recorded September 18 and October 29, 2000.

Fred Rheinstein

A producer/director for NBC News in 1963, Rheinstein arrived in Dallas on Friday afternoon and had several encounters with Jack Ruby on Saturday. On Sunday, Rheinstein was the on-site producer for the network’s live coverage of the transfer of Lee Harvey Oswald when Ruby shot Oswald. Recorded February 15, 2010, November 9 and November 10, 2012.

Mr. Rheinstein passed away on December 22, 2013.

Peter Rice

An Army presidential helicopter pilot from 1962 to 1969, Rice flew with Presidents Kennedy and Johnson. Among his many trips, Rice accompanied Kennedy on his 1963 trip to Ireland and was the first helicopter pilot to fly Lyndon Johnson as president, on the evening of November 22, 1963. Recorded September 19, 2008, and August 26, 2009.

Ronald D. Rice

A Dealey Plaza street vendor for more than twenty years, Rice moved to Dallas in 1993. He conducted city tours for the JFK Assassination Information Center and was later the manager of the Conspiracy Museum near the John F. Kennedy Memorial. Recorded December 19, 2012.

Mr. Rice passed away on September 28, 2014.

Dennis Richard

A Boston native, Richard wrote the two-act play “Oswald” which dramatizes Lee Harvey Oswald’s interrogations with Captain Will Fritz. It opened in New York City in June 2011. Recorded June 8, 2011.

Ted Richards

As the Washington, D.C., representative of a Massachusetts jewelry company, Richards designed the official medallions for the 1961 and 1965 presidential inaugurations. He later worked with the John F. Kennedy Presidential Library and Museum to design a number of commemorative items. Recorded July 1, 2016.

Robert S. Richardson

A decorated World War II fighter pilot and the nephew of prominent oilman Ray Hubbard, Richardson witnessed the motorcade immediately after the assassination as it entered onto Stemmons Freeway. Recorded January 26, 2005.

Sherry Richmond

Inspired to become an art historian because of Jackie Kennedy’s love of art, Richmond was a teenager living in Chicago at the time of the assassination. She and her family first visited Dealey Plaza in December 1963. Recorded April 3, 2008.

Myrna Ries

The daughter of the late Abraham Zapruder, Ries saw the president arrive at Dallas Love Field and was with her father throughout the events of that weekend. Recorded March 4, 1997, and August 24, 2015.

Aubrey Rike

An ambulance driver for Oneal Funeral Home, Rike was the last person to see President Kennedy’s body in Dallas before it was sent to Washington, D.C. Moments before the shooting, Rike picked up an epileptic seizure victim in Dealey Plaza. Recorded September 26, 2001.

Mr. Rike passed away on April 22, 2010.

Shelia Riley

A flight attendant for close to three decades, Riley was a Pan Am stewardess aboard the White House press plane during the Kennedy years. She was at Love Field in Dallas on the day of the assassination. Recorded July 1, 2013.

Johnny Rincon

Rincon grew up in the Little Mexico area of Dallas and saw the Kennedy motorcade on Turtle Creek Boulevard. Recorded March 18, 2014.

Joe & Martha Ritner

A secretary in the Washington, D.C., office of U.S. Rep. Wilbur Mills of Arkansas, Martha Ritner marked her twenty-fifth birthday on November 22, 1963.  Her fiancé, Joe Ritner, was serving in the U.S. Navy at the time.  The couple postponed their wedding as a result of the assassination and observed the Kennedy funeral procession.  Recorded June 8, 2015.

David Ritz

An award-winning author of more than fifty books, including a number of collaborative autobiographies of musicians and entertainers, Ritz graduated from Thomas Jefferson High School in Dallas. Working for the Sam Bloom Advertising Agency in 1963, he was at the Dallas Trade Mart luncheon. Recorded April 30, 2016.

W. E. “Rusty” Robbins

A Dallas police officer for more than three decades, Robbins was assigned crowd control on Main Street during the presidential motorcade and, after Oswald’s shooting, guard duty at Parkland Memorial Hospital. An acquaintance of Jack Ruby, he visited the Carousel Club on several occasions. Recorded September 5, 2003, January 9, 2015, and October 26, 2016.

Dorothy Roberts

Roberts was the widow of the late Bill Roberts, who was a member of the Dallas city council in 1963. The Roberts were awaiting the president’s arrival at the Trade Mart luncheon when the assassination took place. Recorded June 23, 2008.

Ms. Roberts passed away on November 27, 2016.

Carolyn Roderick

A Dallas high school student in 1963, Roderick saw the Kennedys at Dallas Love Field. She was interviewed with her friend, Janet Fordham. Recorded June 25, 2010.

Felix Rodriguez

A member of Assault Brigade 2506, Rodriguez served as part of the Bay of Pigs invasion force. Recorded October 29, 2000.

Victoria Wahlstrom Rodriguez

Thirteen years old in 1963, she saw the Kennedy motorcade on Main Street and heard shots fired in Dealey Plaza. Several minutes later she observed three suspicious individuals in the area surrounding the grassy knoll and rail yards and felt that they may have been involved in the assassination. Recorded January 7, 2010.

Lynda Rogers

As a child, Rogers visited with President Eisenhower on several occasions when her parents worked at Walter Reed Army Medical Center in Washington, D.C. Living in West Germany in the early 1960s, she witnessed President Kennedy’s historic speech in West Berlin on June 26, 1963. Recorded January 13, 2015

Utah Rogers

A switchman for Union Terminal, Rogers was on a train traveling over the triple underpass moments before the assassination. Recorded August 30, 2001.

Donald Rokos

A thirty-year employee with General Dynamics in California, Rokos visited Dallas on business during the week of November 22, 1963. He learned of the assassination while waiting to board his return flight at Love Field. Recorded November 20, 2012.

Susan Mustard Roller

A longtime preservation activist, Roller was a member of the Dallas County Historical Commission from 1976 to 1980. In that capacity, she was involved in early discussions about an exhibition inside the Texas School Book Depository building. Recorded December 12, 2013.

Tom Roman

Roman turned sixteen years old on the day prior to the Kennedy assassination, and his parents canceled his planned birthday party for that weekend. He instead spent his time listening to KLIF radio in Dallas. Recorded February 5, 2009.

Muriel Romick

Romick gave birth to her daughter at Baylor University Medical Center at Dallas on November 22, 1963. Her late father owned a shoe store that was located next door to Jack Ruby’s Vegas Club on Oak Lawn Avenue. As a result, she was acquainted with the Ruby family. Recorded January 13, 2015.

Dr. William Rorabaugh

A professor of history at the University of Washington, Rorabaugh has written extensively on the 1960s. His books include Kennedy and the Promise of the Sixties (2002) and The Real Making of the President: Kennedy, Nixon, and the 1960 Election (2009). Recorded May 27, 2016.

Ann Rose

The wife of Ruby trial juror J. Waymon Rose, Ann Rose observed several days of the trial and kept a diary of her experiences. Over the years, she created several oversize scrapbooks about the assassination and the Ruby trial, which were donated to the Museum in 2002. Recorded June 25, 2004.

Ms. Rose passed away on January 27, 2012.

Dr. Earl F. Rose

A distinguished forensic pathologist, Rose served as Dallas County medical examiner from 1963 to 1968. In that capacity, he performed the autopsies for Officer J.D. Tippit, Lee Harvey Oswald, and Jack Ruby. He would also have performed President Kennedy’s autopsy had his body not been taken immediately back to Washington, D.C. Recorded November 8, 2005.

Dr. Rose passed away on May 1, 2012.

J. Waymon Rose

Mr. Rose was the tenth person selected to serve on the jury of the Jack Ruby trial in 1964. In 2002, he donated the diary that he kept during the trial, and other related materials, to The Sixth Floor Museum. Recorded June 12, 2002, March 14, 2004, February 15, 2008, May 19, 2009, February 8 and June 16, 2010, February 9 and March 13, 2013, and January 13, 2014.

Nan Rose

An enthusiastic Kennedy supporter, Rose was acquainted with the family of the late Dr. Charles Baxter, a Parkland Memorial Hospital physician present in Trauma Room One with President Kennedy. Recorded August 21, 2015.

Chuck Rosin

The son of Kennedy supporters, Rosin was a first grade student in California in 1963. The Kennedy assassination is the most vivid memory from his early childhood. Recorded May 9, 2013.

Mary E. Ross

Ross saw the presidential motorcade at the corner of Lemmon Avenue and Mockingbird Lane in Dallas. Her late husband took a photograph of President and Mrs. Kennedy. Recorded June 19, 2015.

Gail Fenley Rothstein

Rothstein is the daughter of the late Dallas Times Herald reporter Bob Fenley, who testified to the Warren Commission in 1964. Fenley was at Dallas Love Field, Parkland Memorial Hospital, and Dallas police headquarters on the weekend of the assassination and later covered the Jack Ruby trial. Recorded March 11, 2015.

Earl Ruby

Earl Ruby believed that his brother, Jack Ruby, killed Lee Harvey Oswald because of his love for John F. Kennedy. Recorded October 20, 1989.

Mr. Ruby passed away on February 6, 2006.

Fred Ruby

A student at John J. Pershing Elementary in Dallas in 1963, Ruby is the nephew of Dallas nightclub owner Jack Ruby. After the shooting of Lee Harvey Oswald, Fred Ruby’s family faced harassment, FBI interviews, and financial hardship. Recorded November 25, 2014.

Donna Rush

Rush and her twin boys were driving to downtown Dallas to have their 1963 holiday portraits made when the assassination took place. Recorded June 19, 2015.

Wilene Rushing

Rushing is the widow of Dallas radio evangelist the Rev. Ray Rushing, who unsuccessfully tried to visit Lee Harvey Oswald on the morning of his shooting. He allegedly encountered Jack Ruby while at Dallas police headquarters that morning–at a time when Ruby testified he was still at his apartment. Recorded January 11, 2005.

Mark Russell

A noted political satirist and performer, Russell was playing the Shoreham Hotel in Washington, D.C., at the time of the assassination. Previously, during a trip to Dallas, Russell met Jack Ruby and visited the Carousel Club. Recorded July 23, 2014.

Tom Russell

A Dallas real estate developer in 1963, Russell attended the Trade Mart luncheon and put a memorial cross for President Kennedy in Dealey Plaza after the assassination. He recalls the entire city being a hotbed of radical conservative activity. Recorded March 16, 2004.

Peter Russo

A Kennedy assassination researcher since the mid-1970s, Russo was an early advocate for saving the Texas School Book Depository from demolition. Recorded August 17, 2015, and October 3, 2016.

Frank Ryan

Ryan was serving in the U.S. Coast Guard in 1963 and was part of the Ceremonial Guard at President Kennedy’s funeral. Recorded October 9, 1995.

Jerry Ryan

A sophomore at Jesuit College Preparatory School in Dallas in 1963, Ryan spent many weekends during his childhood inside the Texas School Book Depository building when it was owned by the John Sexton Food Company. Ryan’s father, the late John Ryan, was the longtime warehouse manager of the Sexton building. Recorded October 27, 2006.

Jim Ryan

A stringer for the Chicago Tribune in 1963, Ryan took photographs at Parkland Memorial Hospital and later in Dealey Plaza and at Love Field. His image of Air Force One leaving Dallas was published the following day. Recorded January 29, 2014.

Dr. Larry Sabato

An award-winning author and political commentator, Sabato is a political science professor at the University of Virginia and director of its Center for Politics. The author of The Kennedy Half-Century (2013), he was attending a Catholic school in Virginia in 1963. Recorded November 23, 2014.

Donald Safran

The nightclub columnist for the Dallas Times Herald in 1963, Safran was an acquaintance of Jack Ruby. Recorded April 21, 1995.

Mr. Safran passed away on February 17, 2014.

Judy Sager

Sager was a first-year teacher at a Fort Worth elementary school in 1963. Her school integrated the following year. Previously, in 1956, Sager attended Arlington Heights High School with Lee Harvey Oswald. Recorded June 12, 2014.

Beatrice Saldaña

Part of a close-knit Hispanic community in Dallas, Saldana worked downtown and saw the Kennedy motorcade on Main Street.  Recorded July 19, 2013.

Senator Pierre Salinger

Salinger served as White House Press Secretary for Presidents Kennedy and Johnson (1961-64) and later as U.S. senator from California (1964). At the time of the Kennedy assassination, Salinger was en route to Japan with a group of Cabinet members. Recorded September 9, 1996.

Mr. Salinger passed away on October 16, 2004.

Paul Salos

A longtime professional entertainer and noted Frank Sinatra impersonator, Salos performed at the Theater Lounge and Adolphus Hotel in Dallas in the early 1960s. He knew Jack Ruby and spent time with him at his club and apartment. As a result, he was interviewed by the FBI following the assassination. Recorded July 20, 2004, and February 5, 2015.

Dr. Kenneth Salyer

An internationally recognized pioneer in craniofacial surgery, Salyer is the founding chairman and director of the International Craniofacial Institute at Medical City Dallas Hospital. In 1963 Salyer was a first-year surgical resident at Parkland Memorial Hospital and participated in the treatment of President Kennedy in Trauma Room One. His personal memories of the president’s head wound do not correspond with subsequently published autopsy photographs. Recorded April 11 and November 18, 2008.

Bob Ray Sanders

A respected newspaper, radio, and television journalist in the Dallas-Fort Worth area for more than four decades, Sanders was attending high school at an African-American school in Fort Worth in 1963. On Thanksgiving Day that year, his marching band performed a memorial tribute to President Kennedy. Sanders was later an active supporter of the civil rights and peace movements of the 1960s and 1970s. Recorded September 6, 2006, September 19, 2007, June 11, 2008, January 13, 2012, and November 18 and 19, 2015.

Charles & Bonnie Sanders

The Sanders were seated at the head table for the luncheon at the Dallas Trade Mart on November 22, 1963. Charles Sanders was then serving as the Democratic Party precinct chair for Mesquite, Texas, in Dallas County, and during the 1960 presidential election, Bonnie Sanders ran JFK’s campaign office in Mesquite. Recorded December 11, 2009.

Mr. Sanders passed away on March 18, 2013.

Jan Sanders

The widow of Judge Barefoot Sanders, Sanders was with Judge Sarah T. Hughes at the Dallas Trade Mart on November 22, 1963, and later traveled with her to Washington, D.C., for President Kennedy’s funeral. A longtime community leader, who volunteered during the 1960 Kennedy campaign, Sanders was a noted social rights activist in the 1960s and 1970s. Recorded January 31, 2006, and November 28, 2016.

Judge Barefoot Sanders

A prominent member of the Democratic Party and a U.S. Attorney stationed in Dallas in 1963, Sanders played a key role in planning President Kennedy’s visit to Dallas. He later was involved in the Warren Commission’s investigations in Dallas. Recorded March 8, 1995, November 21, 1999, and May 19, 2004.

Judge Sanders passed away on September 21, 2008.

Kim Sanders

Sanders joined the Dallas Police Department in November 1973, retiring thirty-four years later as a homicide detective. Over the years he associated with many of the officers and detectives who worked the Kennedy investigation, particularly his mentor, the late Gus Rose. Recorded August 27, 2009.

Pat Sanders

An Oak Cliff resident in 1963, Sanders captured a color home movie of the Kennedy motorcade on Main Street, which she later donated to the Museum. Recorded August 27, 2009.

Ruth Sanders

An African American community leader and longtime civil rights activist, Sanders was working at the Dallas YWCA at the time of the Kennedy assassination. Recorded October 13, 2010.

Jeanne Saunders

Saunders was the widow of the Rev. Louis Saunders, who performed the funeral services for Lee Harvey Oswald after a last-minute cancellation. Recorded July 2, 2001.

Ms. Saunders passed away on October 15, 2001.

Dr. Kirk Savage

A professor of art history at the University of Pittsburgh, Savage is the author of Monument Wars: Washington, D.C., the National Mall, and the Transformation of the Memorial Landscape (2009). This lecture, on hero and victim monuments within the context of memorialization, was recorded during a public program at The Sixth Floor Museum at Dealey Plaza. Recorded October 8, 2009.

Joe Savage

A driver with Continental Trailways in 1963, Savage drove the first White House press bus in the motorcade. Recorded November 18, 2003.

John Savage

A seventh grader in Tulsa, Oklahoma, in 1963, Savage recalls that some of his classmates cheered the president’s assassination. He moved to Dallas in the early 1980s. Recorded January 7, 2014.

Lt. Donald Sawtelle

First lieutenant with the U.S. Army 3rd Infantry Division in 1963, Sawtelle commanded a “Death Watch” rotation at the White House prior to the president’s funeral. He was later interviewed by William Manchester for the book The Death of a President (1967). Recorded October 24, 2012, and May 11, 2013.

Dr. Allan Saxe

A political science professor at the University of Texas at Arlington since 1965, Saxe has met every U.S. president since Harry Truman. Previously Saxe attended college with Abraham Zapruder’s son, Henry. Recorded December 12, 2012.

Steve Schellenberg

A sophomore in high school in 1963, Schellenberg watched the motorcade pass and was close enough to Dealey Plaza to hear the shots fired. Recorded July 8, 1999.

Harmon Schepps

The founder of Schepps Dairy in Dallas, Schepps attended the Trade Mart luncheon on November 22, 1963, and later visited Jack Ruby in jail. An acquaintance of Ruby since the mid-1950s, Schepps manufactured the sign for the Carousel Club. Recorded January 13, 2009.

Mr. Schepps passed away on August 23, 2011.

Bob Schieffer

CBS’s chief Washington correspondent and longtime news anchor, Schieffer in 1963 was a reporter for the Fort Worth Star-Telegram and drove Marguerite Oswald to Dallas police headquarters that Friday afternoon. He covered Officer J.D. Tippit’s funeral on Monday. Recorded November 21, 2002, and November 15, 2013.

Lawrence Schiller

An acclaimed photojournalist, author, and Emmy award-winning producer/director, Schiller covered the Kennedy assassination for The Saturday Evening Post in 1963 and later recorded Jack Ruby’s last interview. In 1977, he served as associate producer of the television movie, The Trial of Lee Harvey Oswald. Years later he collaborated with author Norman Mailer on the book, Oswald’s Tale: An American Mystery (1995). Recorded October 29, 2015.

Paula Schlinger

A 10-year-old Dallas schoolgirl in 1963, Schlinger watched the motorcade pass by with her mother while her father attended the Trade Mart luncheon. Recorded July 5, 1995.

Paul Schlosser

As a politically active college student, Schlosser served as a Missouri page during the 1964 Democratic National Convention. Since moving to Texas in the 1970s, she has been a school teacher and administrator. Recorded November 17, 2011.

Diane Schmidt

Schmidt was shopping at the Titche-Goettinger department store in downtown Dallas when the assassination took place. Her late husband attended the luncheon at the Dallas Trade Mart.  Recorded June 19, 2015.

Sue Schneider

In 1963, Schneider was a composition editor at the Amarillo Globe Times and AmarilloDaily News in Amarillo, Texas. Her memories were recorded by her granddaughter, Caitlyn Cathleen Lyle, and donated to the Museum in 2005. Recorded circa 2000.

Ms. Schneider passed away on October 22, 2000.

Don & Marjorie Schnurr

Don Schnurr worked in the advertising department at The Dallas Morning News in 1963 and was with Jack Ruby at the time of the assassination. His wife, Marjorie, was a volunteer at the Trade Mart luncheon. Recorded March 15, 2010.

Mr. Schnurr passed away on March 21, 2015.

Woody Schober

Schober was band director at Wilmer-Hutchins High School in Dallas in 1963. His band attended a school football game on the evening of November 22, 1963. A few months later Schober was an extra in the Dallas filming of the rarely-seen movie, The Trial of Lee Harvey Oswald (1964). Recorded October 20, 2015.

John Schoellkopf

A reporter for the Dallas Times Herald, Schoellkopf was at the Texas Theatre when Oswald was arrested and helped cover the events of that weekend. Recorded June 11, 1996.

Reese Schonfeld

Best known as the co-founder of CNN and the Food Network, Schonfeld was an executive with United Press International (UPI) in 1963. He was involved in purchasing the rights to the Marie Muchmore and Orville Nix home movies of the Kennedy assassination. Recorded August 15, 2011.

George Schrader

Schrader served as Dallas city manager during the post-assassination years, a difficult time of transition. Recorded February 9, 1993.

David Schwartz

Schwartz is chief film curator of the Museum of the Moving Image in Astoria, New York. This lecture on recurring themes in presidential campaign commercials (1952-2004) was recorded during a public program at The Sixth Floor Museum at Dealey Plaza. Recorded September 23, 2004.

Erwin Schwartz

The business partner of Abraham Zapruder, Schwartz was with Zapruder throughout that weekend and witnessed his contract with Life magazine. Recorded December 30, 1997.

Mr. Schwartz passed away on December 21, 1999.

Lt. Col. Walter Scott

As a captain in the 3rd U.S. Infantry Regiment, Scott was stationed in the U.S. Capitol rotunda the weekend of the Kennedy assassination and was assigned outside St. Matthew’s Cathedral during the funeral. He was the officer standing closest to John F. Kennedy Jr. at the time of his famous salute. Recorded October 16, 2006.

Karen Westbrook Scranton

A stenographer with the South-Western Publishing Company in 1963, Scranton worked on the second floor of the Texas School Book Depository.  Standing on the north side of Elm Street in Dealey Plaza, she witnessed the assassination and can be seen in the Zapruder film.  Recorded September 23, 2016.

Gary Seale

Seale joined the U.S. Secret Service in 1959 and participated in President Kennedy’s 1961 inauguration. Assigned to an Alabama field office in 1963, Seale was sent to Dallas following the assassination to assist with the local investigation. Recorded June 3, 2011.

Harold Sears

A Fort Worth police officer in 1963, Sears worked the Kennedy motorcade route to the Hotel Texas on November 21. After the assassination, he guarded Lee Harvey Oswald’s remains at Miller Funeral Home and later Oswald’s grave at Rose Hill Cemetery. Recorded January 21, 2011.

John Seeligson

The son of a prominent Dallas real estate developer, Seeligson saw the presidential motorcade on Main Street and heard shots fired in Dealey Plaza. The next day he traveled to New York City before departing on a three-month tour of Europe. During that trip, Seeligson tried to avoid mentioning that he was from Dallas. Recorded July 24, 2008.

Dr. Ira Seiler

A pediatric resident at Georgetown University Hospital in 1960, Seiler participated in the birth and treatment of John F. Kennedy, Jr. As a result, he was invited to sit on the platform for President Kennedy’s inauguration. The letter Seiler wrote to Jackie Kennedy following the assassination was selected for publication in Dr. Ellen Fitzpatrick’s book, Letters to Jackie: Condolences from a Grieving Nation (2010). Recorded August 24, 2010.

Capt. Maury Seitz

A former U.S. Air Force captain who later served as a longtime captain for American Airlines, Seitz was co-pilot on numerous chartered flights that backed up Air Force One during the Kennedy presidency. Seitz met the Kennedy family and spent time with Caroline and John Jr. During the Cuban missile crisis, his plane carried a JFK decoy during a top-secret flight. Recorded February 13, 2002, March 7, 2008, July 15, 2009, and June 9, 2010.

Dr. Richard West Sellars

A longtime administrator with the National Parks Service, Sellars served as chief of the Southwest Cultural Resources Center in Santa Fe, New Mexico. He became a consultant and vocal supporter of The Sixth Floor exhibition during its final years in development. Recorded May 27, 2016.

Dale Sellers

The founder and president of Phoenix 1 Restoration and Construction, Ltd., Sellers provided pro bono restoration services on the John F. Kennedy Memorial in 2000. His recollections were recorded during a Museum public program. Recorded June 15, 2010.

Wade E. Selph

Selph was a nuclear physicist with Ling-Temco-Vought (LTV) in 1963. He was working on a top secret missile project at the time of the Kennedy assassination. Recorded June 23, 2014.

Millie Seltzer

On November 22, 1963, Seltzer took her six children to Dallas Love Field to see President Kennedy’s arrival. Beginning in 1966, she and her husband, the late Dr. Holbrooke Seltzer, became prominent anti-Vietnam War activists in Dallas and participated in weekly silent protests in Dealey Plaza. Recorded January 10, 2006.

Ms. Seltzer passed away on October 6, 2006.

Paula Selzer

A Dallas native, Selzer served as a Peace Corps volunteer in the Dominican Republic from 1990 to 1992. Recorded May 18, 2007, and March 5 and April 19, 2011.

Chris Semos

A former state legislator and Dallas County commissioner, Semos was a member of a prominent local family and an acquaintance of Jack Ruby. In 1991, he vocally supported Oliver Stone’s right to film JFK in Dealey Plaza and use the Texas School Book Depository building. Recorded February 9, 2001.

Mr. Semos passed away on June 14, 2004.

Annamae Shank

Shank is the widow of the late Harold Shank, who was Dallas city secretary in 1963. The Shanks were acquainted with Jack Ruby. Recorded April 17, 2008.

Ms. Shank passed away on March 9, 2011.

Marsha L. Sharp

Education specialist at the Lyndon B. Johnson Library and Museum in Austin, Sharp participated in a Sixth Floor Museum panel discussion on presidential education. Recorded April 13, 2012.

Bill Shaw

An Army presidential helicopter pilot from 1958 to 1973, Shaw flew with four U.S. presidents. On November 21, 1963, he took President and Mrs. Kennedy from the White House to Andrews Air Force Base for their trip to Texas. Recorded September 19, 2008, and August 21, 2009.

J. Gary Shaw

A prominent assassination researcher since the 1960s, Shaw is the author of Cover-Up (1976) and co-author with Dr. Charles Crenshaw of JFK: Conspiracy of Silence(1992). In the 1990s, he served as co-director of the JFK Assassination Information Center in Dallas. Recorded July 23, 2007.

Wanda Shaw

Shaw was living in the Dallas suburb of Mesquite in 1963. Years later, she and her late husband, Bill Shaw, became close friends with eyewitnesses Bill and Gayle Newman. Shaw and Newman served together on the Mesquite City Council. Recorded April 27, 2013.

Mark Shaw

An attorney and legal analyst, Shaw worked with noted San Francisco attorney Melvin Belli in the 1980s. As a prolific author, Shaw has written books related to Belli and the Kennedy assassination: Melvin Belli: King of the Courtroom (2007) and The Poison Patriarch (2013). His book, The Reporter Who Knew Too Much (2016), explores the career and controversial death of famed journalist Dorothy Kilgallen. Recorded November 18, 2016.

George Shawver

Shawver filmed the Kennedy motorcade on Main Street and later formed the Dallas Cinema Associates with other amateur photographers. The group produced a compilation film titled President Kennedy’s Final Hour, for which Shawver provided a narration track on a few rare copies. Recorded April 12, 2007.

Mr. Shawver passed away on December 24, 2008.

Keith Shelton

A political reporter for the Dallas Times Herald, Shelton traveled with the presidential party throughout Texas. Aboard a White House press bus in the motorcade, he heard shots fired in Dealey Plaza and went to the Dallas Trade Mart. He also covered the Jack Ruby trial in 1964. Shelton, later a longtime journalism professor at the University of North Texas, donated his assassination-related papers to the Museum. Recorded February 23, 1998, January 12, 2011, and July 12, 2014.

Father Thomas Shepherd

A onetime recruiter with the NAACP, Father Shepherd later founded the civil rights organization, Awareness, Inc. While living in Kentucky in the mid-1960s, he participated in a march with Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. Recorded July 21, 2011.

David Sherman

A young Kennedy supporter, Sherman dressed as the president for Halloween 1963. He was inspired by the assassination to pursue a career in journalism and went on to become managing editor for a newspaper group in Buffalo, New York. Recorded September 19, 2013.

R. J. Sherman

A reporter for the Dallas Times Herald, Sherman was one of the first reporters on the sixth floor of the Texas School Book Depository building after the assassination. Recorded October 25, 1995.

Mr. Sherman passed away on August 6, 1996.

Roger Sherman

An Academy Award-nominated documentarian, Sherman produced the film Zapruder and Stolley: Witness to an Assassination (2011) which premiered at The Sixth Floor Museum at Dealey Plaza. Recorded November 19, 2011.

Jane Shettle

Shettle was a junior at North Dallas High School in 1963. Her late mother, an employee of Union Station on Houston Street, was standing near the corner of Houston and Elm at the time of the assassination. Shettle was interviewed with two of her high school classmates. Recorded July 20, 2016.

Rhonda Shettle

A junior at North Dallas High School in 1963, Shettle observed the Kennedy motorcade on Main Street, standing in front of Neiman Marcus department store.  She was interviewed with her high school classmate, Judy Moseley. Recorded July 20, 2016.

Dr. Kenneth Shields

A longtime English professor at Southern Methodist University, Shields was one of the founders of the North Texas chapter of the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU). He encountered Lee Harvey Oswald at a Dallas meeting shortly before the assassination. Recorded November 18, 2004.

Joanna Shields

A teacher at Lake Highlands Junior High in 1963, Shields heard a group of students cheer when the president’s shooting was announced. Her call to a Dallas radio station reporting what she had witnessed brought national attention to her and her school. Recorded October 18, 2004.

June Shipley

A teletype operator in downtown Dallas in 1963, Shipley observed the Kennedy motorcade at the corner of Main and Akard Streets. Recorded August 21, 2015.

Bert N. Shipp

Assistant news director and chief photographer at WFAA-TV in 1963, Shipp was at the Trade Mart luncheon and went to Parkland Memorial Hospital after the assassination. He remained very active in the local coverage that weekend. Recorded January 7, 1992, November 22, 1996, and October 23, 2003.

Mr. Shipp passed away on April 20, 2015.

C. Judson Shook

As the award-winning director of public works for Dallas County from 1968 to 1981, Shook helped save the Texas School Book Depository building from demolition by arranging for Dallas County to purchase the structure as part of a 1977 bond election. He was then part of early efforts to establish an exhibition on the sixth floor of the building. Recorded August 13, 1992.

Mr. Shook passed away on April 24, 2010.

Tim Shorrock

Shorrock is an investigative journalist and author of Spies for Hire: The Secret World of Intelligence Outsourcing (2008). The son of missionaries, he visited Vietnam in 1963 and was living in Japan at the time of the assassination. Recorded May 21, 2010.

George Sickler

A senior yearbook photographer for Thomas Jefferson High School in Dallas, Sickler obtained last-minute press credentials for November 22, 1963. He took several photographs of the Kennedys at Dallas Love Field. Recorded April 29, 2016.

Hugh Sidey

A longtime journalist, Sidey was the White House correspondent for Time magazine and had frequent contact with President Kennedy. He was traveling with the presidential party in Dallas on November 22, 1963. Recorded November 20, 1995, and November 21, 2003.

Mr. Sidey passed away on November 21, 2005.

Paul Siegel

A Dallas resident in 1963, Siegel was longtime friends with the late John Sissom, who owned and operated the John F. Kennedy Museum at 501 Elm Street from 1970 to 1982. Recorded October 23, 2014.

Andrew Siff

An award-winning NBC-4 New York reporter, Siff is the grandson of the late Martin Isaacs, a Department of Welfare social worker who helped Lee Harvey Oswald upon his return to the United States in 1962. Siff covered the 50th anniversary commemoration from Dallas in 2013. Recorded February 9, 2015.

Joan Isaacs Siff

Siff is the daughter of the late Martin Isaacs, a Department of Welfare social worker in the early 1960s. Isaacs worked on travel expenses for Lee Harvey Oswald upon his return to the United States in June 1962. As a result, Isaacs was interviewed by the FBI and testified before the Warren Commission.  Recorded June 6, 2013.

Thomas Sills, Jr.

Nine years old in 1963, Sills and his late father saw the Kennedy motorcade from the corner of Main and Houston streets. They were crossing Houston Street towards Dealey Plaza when the assassination took place. Currently a high school history teacher, Sills teaches an extended unit on the Kennedy assassination. Recorded June 30, 2008.

Rabbi Hillel Silverman

Silverman led Congregation Shearith Israel in Dallas during the 1950s and 1960s. He met Jack Ruby in 1958 following the death of Ruby’s father and visited Ruby frequently during his incarceration and 1964 trial. Recorded June 28, 2006.

Marilyn Silvey

A thirty-year veteran of Voice of America radio in Washington, D.C., Silvey observed the Kennedy funeral procession on Pennsylvania Avenue on November 25, 1963. Recorded September 24, 2008.

Rose Marie Simmons

A lifelong Texan with a local heritage dating back many generations, Simmons was with her father and friends at Dallas Love Field on November 22, 1963, where she watched Air Force One arrive and shook President Kennedy’s hand. Less than a month later, she received a letter from Kennedy’s secretary, Evelyn Lincoln. Recorded on December 12, 2002, August 5, 2008, and March 30, 2009.

Ms. Simmons passed away on February 24, 2012.

Sherry Simmons

Sixteen years old in 1963, Simmons saw President and Mrs. Kennedy at Love Field Airport. At the time, she worked part-time as a long distance switchboard operator and was occasionally disconnected because she was calling from Dallas. Recorded March 30, 2009.

Tom Simmons

Assistant managing editor at the Dallas Morning News in 1963, Simmons was present at the Trade Mart luncheon and supervised editorial content of the newspaper throughout that weekend. Recorded July 20, 1994.

Mr. Simmons passed away on March 18, 2000.

The Rev. Robert Simmons

An Ohio college student in 1963, Simmons was hitchhiking home at the time of the assassination. Years later, as minister of the Dallas First Church of the Nazarene, he encountered controversy when he hired an African American staff member. Recorded April 27, 2015

Dr. Dennis M. Simon

A political science professor at Southern Methodist University, Simon was a founding member of the John Goodwin Tower Center for Political Studies. His two Museum lectures focus on the cultural impact of the deaths of U.S. presidents while in office and civil rights in Dallas. Recorded July 27, 2011, and July 29, 2013.

Lydia Simpson

A Dallas native, Simpson was attending college in Mexico in 1963. After seeing the Kennedy motorcade on Friday, she was searched and interrogated at length by officials at the Texas border on Saturday. Recorded September 18, 2013.

Peggy Simpson

The only female Associated Press reporter working in Texas in 1963, Simpson covered the events of that weekend at the Texas School Book Depository building and Dallas police headquarters. On Sunday morning, she was an eyewitness to the shooting of Lee Harvey Oswald. Recorded April 11, 2005.

Jerome Sims

Sims was photo librarian at The Dallas Morning News from 1984 to 2014. He managed the newspaper’s archive of Kennedy-related photography and was actively involved in the donation of those images to The Sixth Floor Museum in 2014. Recorded November 21, 2014.

LaVoyce Sims

On November 22, 1963, the day of her wedding shower, Sims saw the Kennedy motorcade on Main Street. Previously she had met Jack Ruby when he tried to convince her to audition at the Carousel Club. Recorded January 8, 2013.

Richard Sims

A Dallas homicide detective in 1963, Sims was heavily involved in the investigation that weekend, and he served as one of Oswald’s primary handlers on Friday and Saturday. After leaving the Trade Mart and Parkland Memorial Hospital on November 22, 1963, Sims gathered the three empty shells as evidence at the Texas School Book Depository and was then with Oswald during his first interrogations, police lineups, paraffin tests, and the midnight press conference. Recorded February 16, 2007.

Mr. Sims passed away on February 9, 2012.

Dr. S. P. Singh

An eighteen-year-old native of India, Singh was inspired by President Kennedy and asked to speak on behalf of his fellow college students following the assassination. After earning his PhD, Singh taught at Oxford University and is currently a professor at the School of International Studies in New Delhi. Recorded March 25, 2013.

Edward Sinker

An assassination researcher since the mid-1970s, Sinker examined evidentiary material at the National Archives and interviewed Kennedy advisor Dave Powers. In 1978, he served as an informal staff consultant to the House Select Committee on Assassinations. Recorded August 20, 2009.

Marilyn Sitzman

A close eyewitness to the Kennedy assassination, Sitzman was a receptionist in Abraham Zapruder’s office. She was among those who insisted her boss retrieve his camera from home to film the presidential parade. During the assassination, she steadied Zapruder atop a small concrete pedestal in Dealey Plaza. Recorded June 29, 1993.

Ms. Sitzman passed away on August 11, 1993.

Jay & Erma Skaggs

Standing on the corner of Main and Houston streets, the Skaggs heard shots fired and remained in Dealey Plaza for over an hour after the assassination. Jay Skaggs photographed the motorcade and the aftermath in Dealey Plaza and donated his pictures to the Museum. Recorded March 13, 2002.

Mr. Skaggs passed away on April 13, 2009. Mrs. Skaggs passed away on January 13, 2015.

Linda Skiles

A student at Eastern Hills High School in Fort Worth, Skiles saw President Kennedy speak in front of the Hotel Texas on the morning of November 22, 1963.  Recorded April 6, 2016.

Harold T. Slack

A U.S. Marine stationed at the barracks at 8th and I Streets in Washington, D.C., Slack participated in the funeral services for President Kennedy. Recorded December 5, 2009.

John Slate

Born three months after the Kennedy assassination, Slate has served as Dallas City Archivist since 2000. Previously, he co-developed a private Dallas tour called “Conspiracy A-Go-Go” and appeared as an assassination conspiracy theorist in Richard Linklater’s cult film, Slacker (1990). Recorded March 7, 2007, and August 26, 2016.

Bill Slatter

A longtime broadcaster with NBC affiliate WDSU in New Orleans, Slatter interviewed Lee Harvey Oswald on radio and television in August 1963, three months before the assassination. Slatter later covered D.A. Jim Garrison’s controversial investigation. Recorded July 14, 2014.

Mr. Slatter passed away on April 12, 2015.

Lee R. Slaughter, Jr.

A longtime conservative business leader, Slaughter was an active supporter of Congressman Bruce Alger and served on the Dallas Citizens Council for twenty-five years. Slaughter saw the Kennedy motorcade on Lemmon Avenue and enjoyed a brief verbal exchange with the president. Recorded August 5, 2010.

W. David Slawson

Slawson worked on the staff of the Warren Commission in 1964. He later served on the faculty of the University of Southern California Law School. His memories were recorded during a public program on the work of the Warren Commission. Recorded October 11, 2013.

Bill Sloan

A copy editor at the Dallas Times Herald in 1963, Sloan wrote a number of stories on the Kennedy assassination in the 1960s. He later authored The Other Assassin(1989), JFK: The Last Dissenting Witness (1992, with eyewitness Jean Hill), and JFK: Breaking the Silence (1993). Recorded July 31, 2001, and July 11, 2014.

Jo Ann Sloan

Sloan saw the Kennedy motorcade at the corner of Harwood Street and Ross Avenue in downtown Dallas. Recorded May 24, 2010.

Lana Henderson Sloan

Sloan was a women’s news reporter at the Dallas Times Herald in the early 1970s. Later, during a long teaching career, she became friends with assassination eyewitness Jean Hill.  As a result, she witnessed filming for Oliver Stone’s JFK (1991), and her husband, journalist Bill Sloan, co-authored Hill’s autobiography, JFK: The Last Dissenting Witness (1992). Recorded July 11, 2014.

Ann Smith

Recorded with her mother, Mrs. Thomas Suggs, Smith recalls their attendance at the Trade Mart luncheon. Recorded July 11, 1996.

Dr. Thomas H. Smith

A prominent figure in the Dallas history community since 1980, Smith served on the founding board of the Dallas County Historical Foundation. He later worked as project director and executive director of the Old Red Museum of Dallas County History and Culture. Recorded January 24, 2008.

Gail Smith

Smith lived in Washington, D.C., at the time of the Kennedy assassination, and she moved to Dallas in 1964 against the advice of friends. She became a prominent local leader in the women’s rights movement and remained active throughout the 1970s. Recorded September 10, 2008.

Gary N. Smith

The longtime president and executive director of Dallas Heritage Village, Smith was a sixth grader in Fort Worth in 1963. He was released early from school when the assassination took place. Recorded February 27, 2013.

Lonny Smith

A Kennedy volunteer in the 1960 presidential campaign, Smith was working for a conservative businessman in Dallas at the time of the assassination. In January 1964, he visited and photographed the president’s burial site at Arlington National Cemetery. Recorded July 7, 2003.

Maron Smith

A longtime conservative, Smith was social psychologist at the Dallas YMCA in 1963. He felt President Kennedy was unwelcome in Dallas and worried about his city’s reputation after the assassination. Recorded November 9, 2010.

Mary Smith

In 1948, Smith lived next door to the Oswald family in Benbrook, Texas. During that time, she regularly took Marguerite Oswald to work and babysat young Lee Harvey Oswald. Recorded November 11, 2013.

Nancy Smith

As a high school senior, Smith saw the Kennedy motorcade on Lemmon Avenue. In the 1970s and 1980s, while working for The Dallas Morning News and Dallas Times Herald, Smith interviewed many notable individuals, including members of the Kennedy family. She covered the House Select Committee on Assassinations investigation in 1978. Recorded October 27, 2014.

R. Ted Smith

An executive with IBM in 1963, Smith was acquainted with H.L. Hunt, H. Ross Perot, and other community leaders. Smith saw the Kennedy motorcade on Main Street. Recorded April 19, 2013.

Thomas N. Smith

Fourteen years old in 1963, Smith saw the Kennedy motorcade on Main Street. In 1964, he attended one day of the Jack Ruby trial. The letter he wrote to Jackie Kennedy on November 23, 1963, was later selected for publication in Dr. Ellen Fitzpatrick’s book, Letters to Jackie: Condolences from a Grieving Nation (2010). Recorded April 9, 2010.

Windell “Wink” Smith, Jr.

The son of Deaf parents, Smith is a writer, performer, and founder of Winkshop, Inc. In 2014, he partnered with The Sixth Floor Museum at Dealey Plaza to create a full American Sign Language (ASL) translation of the Museum’s audio tour. Recorded September 22, 2014.

Larry A. Sneed

A high school U.S. history teacher in Georgia for thirty-five years, Sneed became an assassination researcher in the early 1980s and recorded over sixty hours of interviews with eyewitnesses and law enforcement officials between 1987 and 1992.  He published first-person narratives of those oral histories in the book No More Silence(1998).  Recorded November 2, 2009.

Robert & Ellen Solender

Robert Solender was the head of the advertising department at the Dallas Times Herald in 1963. His wife, Southern Methodist University law professor Ellen Solender, was the vice president of the Dallas chapter of the League of Women Voters. Both of them attended the Adlai Stevenson event on U.N. Day and were at the Dallas Trade Mart luncheon on the day of the assassination. Recorded October 27, 2004.

Mr. Solender passed away on November 10, 2008.  Mrs. Solender passed away on August 1, 2015.

Gail Solomon-Canty

Solomon-Canty was a high school student in New York City in 1963. She later saw Sen. Robert F. Kennedy and actively followed his presidential campaign. Recorded February 7, 2014.

John Sparks

A veteran Dallas/Fort Worth broadcast producer and journalist for more than four decades, Sparks saved the original WFAA-TV/Channel 8 films and videotapes of Kennedy assassination news coverage from being destroyed in the early 1980s. On November 22, 1963, as a trumpet player in the Eastern Hills High School band, Sparks performed at the presidential breakfast at the Hotel Texas in Fort Worth. Recorded October 6, 2006, November 18, 2014, July 30, 2015, January 13 and November 3, 2016.

Olivia Spence

In 1963, Spence was married to the late Sidney Pietzsch, a longtime PR consultant and speechwriter for Earle Cabell, mayor of Dallas (1961-64) and U.S. congressman (1965-73). Recorded September 8, 2004.

Ms. Spence passed away on March 5, 2009.

Jules Spiegel

A German native who fled the Nazis and served in the U.S. Army during World War II, Spiegel filmed the Kennedy motorcade on Main Street. He later joined with other amateur photographers to form the Dallas Cinema Associates, which produced the compilation film, President Kennedy’s Final Hour. Recorded February 21, 2011.

Mr. Spiegel passed away on August 10, 2011.

Dan Spigel

Spigel attended Arlington Heights High School in Fort Worth at the same time as Lee Harvey Oswald. Working in Mississippi in 1963, Spigel recalled that several people cheered upon learning of the assassination. Recorded January 13, 2015.

Linda Squire

A high school student in Mabank, Texas, at the time of the assassination, Squire and her classmates were taken to the gymnasium for a prayer assembly before school was dismissed for the day. Recorded November 9, 2010.

Harriet Stambaugh

A social worker with the Dallas County Health Department in 1963, Stambaugh was across the street from Parkland Memorial Hospital following the assassination. She knew two of the nurses who treated President Kennedy. Recorded August 11, 2014.

Betty Jo Standridge

Standridge saw the Kennedys in San Antonio on November 21, 1963. She was longtime friends with Dallas residents John and Estelle Sissom, who owned and operated the John F. Kennedy Museum at 501 Elm Street from 1970 to 1982. Recorded August 11, 2014.

C. W. Standridge

In 1963, Standridge was a Dallas police patrol officer stationed at the Trade Mart luncheon. Recorded June 4, 1996.

Mr. Standridge passed away on March 4, 1998.

Dorothy Stanfield

An Irving, Texas, housewife in 1963, Stanfield was not a Kennedy supporter. She was driving to Fort Worth when the assassination took place. Recorded August 21, 2015.

Dr. Gerald Stanglin

A sixteen-year-old high school student in 1963, Stanglin saw President and Mrs. Kennedy at Dallas Love Field. Moments after the assassination, he and his family saw the motorcade on its way to Parkland Memorial Hospital. Recorded June 24, 2014.

Robert Staples

Interviewed with his partner, Barbara Charles, Staples of the firm Staples and Charles Ltd was a planner and designer for the exhibition, “John F. Kennedy and the Memory of a Nation,” which opened on the sixth floor of the Texas School Book Depository building in 1989. Recorded August 30, 1994, and February 16, 2009.

Barbara Starkey

A Kennedy supporter, Starkey was a telephone switchboard operator at the time of the assassination. In the years since she has maintained an interest in the subject and collected numerous books. Recorded May 9, 2014.

Susanne Starling

A native Texan, Starling was a history teacher at Bryan Adams High School in 1963 and later served on the faculty of El Centro Community College and Eastfield College in Dallas County.  She had planned to support President Kennedy for reelection in 1964 despite not voting for him in 1960.  Recorded March 22, 2016.

Gary W. Starr

Thirteen years old at the time of the assassination, Starr attended the infamous football game between the Dallas Cowboys and the Cleveland Browns on Sunday, November 24, 1963. Inspired by President Kennedy to enter politics, Starr has served as mayor of Middleburg Heights, Ohio, for more than three decades. Recorded June 20, 2014.

John Stemmons

A prominent community leader and member of the Dallas Citizens Council, Stemmons was the co-owner of the Dallas Trade Mart and helped plan the presidential luncheon. Recorded August 11, 1992.

Mr. Stemmons passed away on July 21, 2001.

Vernon & Jacqueline Stephens

Oak Cliff high school students in 1963, Vernon Stephens and his future wife, Jacqueline, worked part-time at the Texas Theatre. They were both scheduled to work on the evening of November 22, 1963, but the theater closed following the assassination. Recorded February 5, 2016.

Candace Reed Stern

Stern is a goddaughter of President Kennedy. Her late father, James A. Reed, and John F. Kennedy were longtime friends, having met in the South Pacific during World War II.  Reed served as Assistant Secretary of the U.S. Treasury from 1962 to 1965. Recorded April 2, 2013.

Shari Goldstein Stern

Stern is the daughter of the late Rueben “Honest Joe” Goldstein, a legendary pawn shop owner in the Deep Ellum area of Dallas.  “Honest Joe,” an acquaintance of Jack Ruby, advertised his business on November 22, 1963, by driving up and down Main Street prior to the presidential parade. Recorded March 24, 2014.

Bernadine Stetzel

An American painter, quilt maker and woodcarver, Stetzel specialized in native or primitive art. Beginning in 1968, she responded to the Kennedy assassination by creating a series of seventy-one paintings that depict the life and death of President Kennedy. Recorded July 7, 2011.

Ms. Stetzel passed away on August 5, 2016.

George Stevens, Jr.

As chief of the United States Information Agency’s motion picture division in the 1960s, Stevens produced the celebrated documentary John F. Kennedy: Years of Lightning, Day of Drums. As the first director of the American Film Institute, he was involved in the opening of the Kennedy Center in Washington, D.C., and has produced The Kennedy Center Honors since the program’s inception. Recorded November 21 and 22, 2003.

Sterling Steves

A longtime Fort Worth attorney and political leader, Steves was locally involved in the Kennedy campaign during the 1960 presidential election. He attended the Hotel Texas breakfast on November 22, 1963, and was aware of the behind-the-scenes planning of the president’s trip to Texas. Recorded March 25, 2011.

Timothy Stiles

Stiles was in the eighth grade on November 22, 1963. While working as a jail guard and ambulance driver in the 1970s, he collected memorabilia and interacted with individuals involved in the assassination story, including Parkland Memorial Hospital nurse Doris Nelson. Recorded December 14, 2009.

William O. Stinson

Texas Gov. John Connally’s administrative aide, Stinson was with Connally, who was wounded in the shooting, at Parkland Memorial Hospital. Stinson also worked with Lyndon Johnson for a lengthy period of time. Recorded January 27, 1993.

Mr. Stinson passed away on March 26, 2008.

Dr. Kathleen Stokes

As a student nurse at Georgetown University Hospital, Stokes had several personal encounters with Kennedy family members, including President Kennedy, between 1960 and 1963. Recorded November 2, 2011.

Richard B. Stolley

The senior editorial advisor of Time, Inc., and the founding managing editor of Peoplemagazine, Stolley was the Los Angeles bureau chief for Life magazine in 1963. Immediately after the assassination, he traveled to Dallas and negotiated the magazine’s purchase of the rights to the Abraham Zapruder film. Recorded November 22, 1996, November 21, 2003, October 15, 2008, November 19, 2011, and October 26, 2013.

Allen Stone

A longtime Dallas reporter and sportscaster, Stone became interested in the assassination in the 1970s after meeting prominent researcher Mary Ferrell. He investigated and reported on the assassination throughout the 1970s and interviewed many key participants. Recorded April 6, 1993, and April 5, 2011.

Eddie Stone

In 1963, Stone was vice president of the W.O. Bankston automotive dealerships in Dallas. He attended the Trade Mart luncheon with Bankston, D.A. Henry Wade, and Judge Lew Sterrett. Following the assassination, Stone spent much of his weekend in the office of his friend, Dallas County Sheriff Bill Decker. Recorded August 15, 2008.

Mr. Stone passed away on January 3, 2012.

Robert Stone

An Academy Award- and Emmy-nominated director, Stone produced a series of documentaries for the John F. Kennedy Presidential Library and Museum in the 1990s. In 2007, he wrote, produced and directed the documentary film Oswald’s Ghost for the American Experience series on PBS. Recorded November 19, 2007.

Tansill Stough

An artist in Hot Springs, Arkansas, Stough was in the second grade in 1963. Leading up to the 50th anniversary of the Kennedy assassination, she created a series of paintings entitled “Fading Memories, in Honor of JFK.” Three of these works were on display at the Arkansas Governor’s Mansion in 2013. Recorded February 13, 2015.

Cecil Stoughton

A captain in the U.S. Army Signal Corps, Stoughton was an official White House photographer for Presidents Kennedy and Johnson. He took more than 8,000 photographs of the Kennedys between 1961 and 1963, though he is best known as the only photographer to capture the swearing-in of Lyndon Johnson at Dallas Love Field. Recorded May 29, 1998.

Mr. Stoughton passed away on November 3, 2008.

Jerry Stoughton

Stoughton was a cameraman and engineer at WBAP-TV in Fort Worth from 1949 to 1991. During the weekend of the assassination, he processed film in the studio for NBC News. Recorded September 14, 2011.

Jerry Strader

An advertising salesman and part-time photographer for a newspaper in Greenville, Texas, Strader captured images at Dallas Love Field, on Stemmons Freeway, and at Parkland Memorial Hospital. His photographs were widely distributed by the Associated Press. Recorded October 26, 2012.

Ambassador Robert Strauss

Former chairman of the Democratic National Committee (1973-76) and U.S. ambassador to the Soviet Union (1991-92), Strauss was Gov. John Connally’s Dallas representative for the planning of the presidential visit. A close family friend, he comforted Nellie Connally at Parkland Memorial Hospital while her wounded husband underwent surgery. Recorded May 24, 1996.

Ambassador Strauss passed away on March 19, 2014.

Jamie Kelly Strauss

Strauss was a desk clerk and switchboard operator at the Executive Inn in Dallas in 1963. Following the assassination, the Oswald family briefly stayed at the hotel for security reasons. Recorded June 9, 2011.

William Stricker

A sixth grader at the time of the assassination, Stricker later worked for Lee Harvey Oswald’s brother, Robert, in the 1970s. Recorded September 21, 2012.

Larry Sturdivan

A physical scientist and wounds ballistics expert, Sturdivan worked with both the Warren Commission and the House Select Committee on Assassinations in analyzing ballistics evidence associated with Lee Harvey Oswald’s rifle and the wounds of President Kennedy and Gov. Connally. Recorded on October 4, 1997.

Sharon Sugarek

Sugarek served in the Peace Corps in the Gambia from 1971 to 1973. After a career in corporate marketing, she returned as a Peace Corps administrator from 2002 to 2010. Sugarek participated in a Museum panel discussion to commemorate the 50th anniversary of the Peace Corps. Recorded March 5, 2011.

Dr. Wadi Suki

Suki joined the staff of Parkland Memorial Hospital in 1959. He was working at UT Southwestern Medical School on the day of the assassination and donated blood for Gov. John Connally. Recorded April 1, 2013.

Robert Sullivan

A former journalist and broadcast commentator, Sullivan is editorial director of LifeBooks. He participated in a Museum panel discussion on the 2013 publication, LIFE: The Day Kennedy Died. Recorded October 26, 2013.

Malcolm Summers

An eyewitness to the assassination who can be seen in the Zapruder film, Summers was standing along Elm Street opposite the grassy knoll. Recorded March 7, 2002.

Mr. Summers passed away on October 8, 2004.

John Summey

A U.S. Army flight engineer and crew chief from 1958 to 1974, Summey flew aboard White House helicopters during the Eisenhower to Nixon administrations.  He had several personal interactions with President Kennedy and his family. Recorded September 19, 2008, and July 8, 2013.

Shawn Sutherland

Sutherland’s late father, Rusty Sutherland, was stopped downtown by Dallas police officers approximately thirty minutes after the Kennedy assassination because he matched the description of suspect Lee Harvey Oswald. Recorded May 24, 2010.

Nancy Ann Sutherland

Sutherland’s late father, E. Vance Nichols, worked with Dallas transportation for several decades. At the time of the assassination, he was the Director of Research and Planning for the City of Dallas and oversaw all city bus routes. Recorded April 10, 2015.

Patsy Swank

A Dallas-based reporter for Life magazine in 1963, Swank is credited with alerting magazine officials that local dress manufacturer Abraham Zapruder had captured the assassination on film. Recorded June 11, 1996.

Ms. Swank passed away on February 7, 2006.

Jenny Sweeney

Sweeney is education specialist at the National Archives Southwest Region in Fort Worth. Her two Museum programs focus on presidential education and civil rights. Recorded April 13, 2012, and July 30, 2013.

Dr. Dolores Tadlock

An educator and author, Tadlock served in the Peace Corps from 1964 to 1966 and was part of the first group assigned to work in West Bengal, India. Upon her return to the United States, Tadlock and her husband became active Vietnam War protestors. Recorded July 30, 2008.

Eric Tagg

A Kennedy assassination researcher since 1988, Tagg is the author of Brush with History (1998). His late mother, Carol Tagg, was a Dallas music teacher in 1963. Her memories of cheering schoolchildren following news of the assassination inspired part of a controversial sermon preached by the Rev. Bill Holmes on Sunday, November 24, 1963. Recorded February 19, 2016.

James Tague

A bystander standing near the triple underpass, Tague was slightly wounded on the cheek by a bullet fragment or a chip of concrete during the shooting. He later wrote the books Truth Withheld: A Survivor’s Story (2003) and LBJ and the Kennedy Killing(2013). Recorded March 30, 1999, and May 4, 2012.

Mr. Tague passed away on February 28, 2014.

Thakor Tailor

A native of India, Tailor was living in Baltimore at the time of the assassination. His boss threatened to fire him if he missed work to attend the Kennedy funeral, but Tailor and his pregnant wife drove to Washington, D.C., regardless to witness the procession. Recorded February 2, 2009.

David Talbot

A longtime journalist and founder of the online magazine, Salon.com, Talbot is the author of the best-selling books, Brothers: The Hidden History of the Kennedy Years (2007) and The Devil’s Chessboard: Allen Dulles, the CIA, and the Rise of America’s Secret Government (2015).  Recorded February 15 and 23, 2016.

Sam Tasby

Tasby saw President Kennedy outside of Dallas Love Field on November 22, 1963. In 1970, he became a local champion for civil rights as the lead plaintiff in the controversial court case to integrate the Dallas Independent School District. Recorded March 16, 2011.

Mr. Tasby passed away on August 16, 2015.

Carol Tate

The daughter of Dallas Times Herald women’s editor Vivian Castleberry, Tate was a seventh-grader in Dallas and watched the motorcade on November 22, 1963. Recorded August 16, 2004.

Henry Tatum

Tatum is the son of the late C.A. Tatum Jr., former CEO of Texas Utilities and a noted Dallas civic leader. C.A. Tatum served as chairman of the board of governors at Southern Methodist University and was a longtime member of the Dallas Citizens Council. Henry Tatum joined the Dallas Morning News in 1967 and retired in 2004 as associate editor of the editorial page. Recorded September 15, 2006.

Larry Taunton

As an Arkansas delegate to the American Legion Boys Nation, Taunton saw President Kennedy at a White House reception on July 24, 1963. Taunton’s roommate at the time, who famously shook hands with Kennedy that day, was future President Bill Clinton. Recorded January 23, 2014.

Jenny Taylor

Twelve years old in 1963, Taylor saw the Kennedy motorcade at the corner of Main and Houston Streets and heard shots fired in Dealey Plaza. The assassination had a traumatic impact on her life. Recorded February 22, 2013.

Lonn Taylor

A young campaign volunteer for John F. Kennedy in 1960, Taylor was attending Texas Christian University at the time of the assassination. Later, as a longtime museum professional, he was part of an early conversation about an exhibit inside the Texas School Book Depository. Recorded March 10, 2014.

Thomas Taylor

The managing principal of Datum Engineers Inc. in Dallas, Taylor served as the structural engineer for the John F. Kennedy Memorial and later the Texas School Book Depository during its Dallas County renovation and the construction of The Sixth Floor exhibition. Recorded May 21, 2014.

Warren W. Taylor

A U.S. Secret Service agent in 1963, Taylor was assigned to Vice President Johnson’s detail and was riding in his follow-up car in the Dallas motorcade. After the assassination, Taylor was assigned to protect Lady Bird Johnson. Recorded October 14, 2005.

John Templin

Standing on the north side of Elm Street, Templin was an eyewitness to the Kennedy assassination. Standing next to his friend, Ernest Brandt, Templin can be seen in the Zapruder film. Recorded June 28, 1995.

Mr. Templin passed away on May 31, 2013.

Marshall Terry

A longtime Texas novelist, Terry began teaching at Southern Methodist University (SMU) in 1954 and has long been considered an expert on Dallas and SMU history. Recorded June 18, 2003.

Charles Tessmer

A notable criminal lawyer in 1963, Tessmer was a friend of Jack Ruby’s and turned down the opportunity to represent him at his trial. Recorded March 31, 2000.

Mr. Tessmer passed away on July 3, 2003.

Edward Thomas

An employee at the Iran desk in the U.S. State Department, Thomas served as an interpreter at a White House dinner honoring the king of Afghanistan in September 1963. He was later assigned as an escort to the Iran representative attending President Kennedy’s funeral. Recorded July 17, 2007.

Gordon Thomas

A seventh grader in North Carolina, Thomas vividly recalls going to school on Monday, November 24, 1963, despite it being a national day of mourning. From 1976 to 1980, he served on the staff of Congressman L.H. Fountain and attended hearings of the House Select Committee on Assassinations. Recorded September 26, 2013, and March 27, 2014.

Josiah Thompson

A prominent assassination researcher, Thompson was a consultant with Life magazine and wrote the book Six Seconds in Dallas (1967). Recorded November 21, 1998, November 19, 2007, and June 15, 2011.

Maurice Thompson

A high school student living in Paris, Texas, in 1963, Thompson recalled two military jets flying low over his home in the immediate aftermath of the Kennedy assassination. Recorded July 1, 2010.

J. Garland Threadgill

Threadgill was the surveyor for the John F. Kennedy Memorial in Dallas and donated the original site survey maps to The Sixth Floor Museum at Dealey Plaza. Recorded August 6, 1998.

Mr. Threadgill passed away on January 19, 2002.

The Rev. Tom Tickner

An Illinois native, Tickner was a freshman in high school in 1963. One of his teachers, vocally opposed to President Kennedy, frightened her students about the Cold War. Recorded April 26, 2013.

B. H. “Tim” Timmins, Jr.

As an Assistant U. S. Attorney in Dallas, Timmins worked directly with the FBI and reported to the Justice Department following the assassination. In 1966, he argued the Mannlicher-Carcano forfeiture case in federal court. Recorded September 18, 2003, and March 15, 2004.

Mr. Timmins passed away on April 2, 2013.

Jackie Tindel

Standing at the intersection of Harwood and Main streets, Tindel filmed the presidential motorcade on November 22, 1963. He later donated both his film and his camera to The Sixth Floor Museum. Recorded on May 14, 2003, and May 2, 2008.

Margaret M. Tinker

As a college student, Tinker saw President Kennedy in Vienna, Austria, in 1961. She joined the Peace Corps in 1963 and was training in New York at the time of the assassination.  Tinker served in Colombia, South America, from 1964 to 1965.  Recorded May 22, 2015.

Jack Tinsley

A reporter for the Fort Worth Star-Telegram in 1963, Tinsley later served as the paper’s executive editor (1975-86). His memories of the Kennedy assassination were recorded during a Fort Worth Press Club event. Recorded November 19, 1998.

Mr. Tinsley passed away on October 12, 2004.

Brad Tippit

The nephew of slain Dallas police officer J.D. Tippit, Brad Tippit was inspired by his late uncle to begin a career in Texas law enforcement in 1994. Recorded February 5, 2009.

Ronald Tippit

The youngest brother of slain Dallas police officer J.D. Tippit, Ronald Tippit was 15 years old at the time of the assassination. He and his family traveled to Dallas for Officer Tippit’s funeral on Monday, November 25. Recorded January 19, 2007.

J. D. Tippit Family

Widow Marie and children Brenda and Curtis share thoughts and stories about the late Dallas police officer J.D. Tippit, who was shot and killed in Oak Cliff on November 22, 1963. Their memories were recorded during a Museum public program. Recorded September 18, 2014.

Dr. David Tobolowsky

As a young child in the 1930s, Tobolowsky ran a Dallas Times Herald paper route in the Dealey Plaza area. In 1963, he was a pediatrician in Oak Cliff. Recorded September 4, 2014.

Isaac Todd

A Dallas County deputy sheriff in 1963, Todd observed the Kennedy motorcade and was then involved in the initial search of the Texas School Book Depository. Recorded November 28, 2011.

Marion Toews

A Catholic schoolgirl in 1963, Toews was living in a small village in Saskatchewan, Canada. An admirer of President Kennedy, she was impacted by his assassination. Recorded November 17, 2016.

Lemma Tole

A junior at Sunset High School in Oak Cliff, Tole observed the Kennedy motorcade at the corner of Main and Houston streets and heard shots fired in Dealey Plaza. She and her friends lingered for over an hour in front of the Texas School Book Depository. Recorded August 28, 2013.

Joe Tonahill

A longtime attorney in Jasper, Texas, Tonahill served as one of Jack Ruby’s defense attorneys during his 1964 trial and the subsequent appeal process. He remained loyal to Ruby even after the Ruby family dismissed him from the case. Recorded August 9, 1996.

Mr. Tonahill passed away November 6, 2001.

Max Tonkon

Owner of a national millinery company based in Dallas, Tonkon attended the Adolphus Hotel luncheon on November 4, 1960, where Lyndon and Lady Bird Johnson were heckled by bystanders on the street. On November 22, 1963, Tonkon observed the Kennedy motorcade on Cedar Springs Road. Recorded July 23, 2013.

Vance & Dee W. Torbert, Jr.

Vance W. Torbert, Jr., was a PT boat captain during World War II and was stationed in the Pacific with Lt. John F. Kennedy. He was later offered the position of White House architect. Dee Torbert, who in 1963 was married to the late U.S. Rep. James M. Collins, was at the Trade Mart luncheon with her husband on the day of the assassination. Recorded November 17, 2004.

Mr. Torbert passed away on May 6, 2006.

Charlene Torchiana

Torchiana became a Kennedy supporter after hearing his inaugural address on January 20, 1961. She was a sixth grade teacher in Arizona at the time of the assassination. Recorded September 4, 2014.

James, Pat & Tina Towner

The Towner family – Jim, Pat, and daughter Tina – were eyewitnesses to the assassination. James Towner took still photographs while 13-year-old Tina filmed with her father’s home movie camera as the limousine turned onto Elm Street. Tina Towner Pender, who donated her family’s images to The Sixth Floor Museum in 2015, wrote the book, Tina Towner: My Story as the Youngest Photographer at the Kennedy Assassination (2012). Recorded March 30 and November 22, 1996, November 21, 2000, February 1, 2008, and September 25, 2010.

Mr. James Towner passed away on November 13, 2002.  Mrs. Patricia Towner passed away on August 29, 2005.

Jimmie Travis

Travis joined the civil rights movement in Jackson, Mississippi, in 1961. During his efforts, he was shot and wounded by members of the Ku Klux Klan. His memories were recorded with those of other civil rights activists. Recorded February 28, 2006.

Dr. Saul Trevino

In 1963, Trevino was a second-year student at UT Southwestern Medical School in Dallas. He waited with fellow students outside of the emergency entrance to Parkland Memorial Hospital to hear word of the president’s condition. Recorded May 30, 2008.

Alexander Troup

Troup’s late parents were part of the local arts community in the early 1960s and owned the Gallery Trohafole, later named the C. Troup Gallery, in Dallas. The Troups sold art to many prominent residents, including Tom Landry, Henry Wade and Abraham Zapruder. Recorded July 18, 2011.

Mark A. Troy

An Assistant Dallas District Attorney in 1963, Troy saw the Kennedy motorcade on Main Street. As part of the prosecution team during the Jack Ruby trial in 1964, Troy prepared witnesses and sat in on every day of the trial. Recorded June 11, 2013.

Edward Z. Tucker

As a U.S. Secret Service agent, Tucker served on the White House Detail for Presidents Eisenhower and Kennedy. He was working in the Chicago field office at the time of the assassination. Recorded May 6, 2015.

Richard Tullius

A Dallas high school student, Tullius took photographs at Love Field and along the motorcade route. Following the assassination, he met other amateur photographers and collected a number of slides, which he later donated to The Sixth Floor Museum. Recorded October 7, 2013.

Pauline Tuohy

A Dallas housewife, she and her family saw the Kennedys at Dallas Love Field and then witnessed the motorcade immediately following the assassination. Recorded August 11, 2014.

Peggy Norvell Turlington

A longtime private school teacher, Turlington was a first grader in Dallas in 1963. Her uncle passed away on November 22, 1963, so she was not able to follow any assassination news coverage that weekend. In the early 1980s, she and several friends developed a private Dallas tour called “Conspiracy A-Go-Go,” which was later adapted into an iPhone application. Recorded June 27. 2016.

Jerry Turman

Between 1969 and 1970, Turman lived in the room at 1026 North Beckley Avenue in Oak Cliff that was occupied by Lee Harvey Oswald in 1963. Turman heard interesting stories about Oswald and the rooming house from owners A.C. and Gladys Johnson. Recorded May 23, 2008.

Clayton Turner

Turner was production manager at local independent KTVT-TV in 1963. He directed their pool coverage of President Kennedy’s breakfast speech in Fort Worth and, for NBC from outside the Dallas county jail, the transfer of Lee Harvey Oswald when he was shot. Previously, Turner documented John Connally’s run for Texas governor in 1962. Recorded October 20, 2008.

Lee J. Turner

An officer in the Navy Ceremonial Guard in 1963, Turner helped unload President Kennedy’s casket from Air Force One on the evening of the assassination. On Monday, he marched in the funeral procession to Arlington National Cemetery. Recorded November 23, 2005.

Tom Turner

Turner’s wife was employed at the Old Red Courthouse near Dealey Plaza in 1963, and as a result, he was able to watch the presidential motorcade from the courthouse’s second-floor balcony. Turner heard shots fired and observed part of the assassination and later went to Dealey Plaza to briefly speak with eyewitnesses. Recorded July 18 and August 3, 2007.

William W. Turner

A former FBI agent, Turner co-authored the 1981 book The Fish Is Red, later republished as Deadly Secrets: The CIA-Mafia War Against Castro and the Assassination of JFK. Recorded October 23, 1992.

James Turney

A student at Woodrow Wilson High School in 1963, Turney saw the Kennedys at Dallas Love Field. He later participated in peace movement activities while attending college. His late father, Frank M. Turney, had been an associate of Lyndon Johnson in the 1940s and 1950s.  Recorded August 13, 2014.

Carol Udel-Rodriguez

Udel-Rodriguez met President and Mrs. Kennedy while working for the U.S. Information Agency in the early 1960s. From 1963 to 1965, she served in the Peace Corps in Bogotá, Colombia, producing educational programming for Colombia television. Upon her return to the United States, she produced education media that was used in schools around the country. Recorded April 15, 2011.

Cheryl Underhill

Underhill was a student at St. Catherine Elementary School in Port Arthur, Texas, in 1963. The Kennedy assassination had a profound emotional impact on her. Recorded November 3, 2006.

Mark Updegrove

An award-winning author and presidential historian, Updegrove was publisher of Newsweek magazine and Los Angeles manager of Time magazine. He became director of the Lyndon B. Johnson Library and Museum in 2009. He participated in a Museum panel discussion on the evolution of presidential legacies. Recorded February 23, 2011.

John Updike

A two-time Pulitzer Prize winner, Updike was a prolific American novelist, poet and literary critic. He was at a dental appointment in Massachusetts when he learned that President Kennedy had been shot. He wrote a short piece in the New Yorker in response to the assassination. Recorded January 10, 2008.

Mr. Updike passed away on January 27, 2009.

Bettie Usher

Usher was employed at the Dal-Tex building at Houston and Elm Streets in 1963. She and a co-worker were in Dealey Plaza when the assassination took place. Recorded June 11, 2014.

Nick Ut

Born in Vietnam shortly before the start of the war, Ut became an Associated Press photographer at the age of sixteen. His iconic image of children in flight from a napalm bombing won the 1973 Pulitzer Prize for Spot News Photography. Recorded September 21 and 22, 2016.

Jack Valenti

Longtime president of the Motion Picture Association of America (1966-2004), Valenti served as special assistant to President Johnson from 1963 to 1966. He was traveling with the presidential party in Dallas on November 22, 1963. Recorded February 24, 2004.

Mr. Valenti passed away on April 26, 2007.

Edmond Van Brandt, Jr.

Van Brandt is the son of the late Edmond Van Brandt, a carpenter at Brooks Air Force Base in San Antonio. Brandt, Sr., built a custom lectern that was used by President Kennedy during his visit on Thursday, November 21, 1963. Brandt was interviewed with two of his siblings. Recorded April 11, 2015.

Dr. Ann van Kleek

Currently a professor at the University of Texas at Dallas, van Kleeck was a sixth grade Kennedy supporter living in Upstate New York in 1963. Later, while attending college, she was active in the peace movement. Recorded February 19, 2015.

Ambassador William vanden Heuvel

A distinguished lawyer and former representative to the United Nations, vanden Heuvel was Attorney General Robert Kennedy’s assistant in the Justice Department during the Kennedy administration. Recorded November 21 and 22, 2003.

Judge Tom Vandergriff

County Judge in Tarrant County from 1991 to 2007, Vandergriff was mayor of Arlington, Texas (1951-77), and later a U.S. congressman (1983-85). He attended the Fort Worth breakfast for President Kennedy on November 22, 1963. Prior to the assassination, Marguerite Oswald was briefly employed in his home. Recorded June 3, 1992.

Judge Vandergriff passed away on December 30, 2010.

John Vargo

A longtime Washington, D.C., attorney, Vargo served as counsel for the House Committee on Standards of Official Conduct from 1996 to 2005.  His interest in politics began during the 1960 presidential election, and he subsequently became a collector and researcher specializing in Roosevelt and Kennedy campaign materials. Recorded July 15, 2015.

Harold Vaughan

A campaign secretary for the Boston area during John F. Kennedy’s senatorial campaign in the 1950s, Vaughan had personal contact with JFK and arranged several of his appearances and public events, particularly in local African-American communities. He maintained political ties to the Kennedy family and later worked with Ted Kennedy on his early senatorial campaigns. Recorded July 25, 2007.

Mr. Vaughan passed away on April 22, 2016.

Stephen Vaughan

Vaughn is the grandson of the late Dallas County deputy sheriff Willard Vaughn. As a jailer, Vaughn spent time with Jack Ruby during his incarceration at the Dallas County Jail from 1963 to late 1966. Recorded March 7, 2012.

Royce Vavrek

A native of Alberta, Canada, Vavrek is the librettist of the opera JFK, which had its world premiere at the Fort Worth Opera in 2016. Vavrek was interviewed alongside JFK composer David T. Little. Recorded March 24 and April 15, 2016.

Gene Veal

A railroad switching tower operator from 1952 to 1989, Veal provided extensive information about the structure and operation of the switching tower in the parking lot of the former Texas School Book Depository building. He also knew and worked with tower operator Lee Bowers, an assassination eyewitness who died in 1966. Recorded July 12 and August 30, 2001, and April 16, 2003.

Mr. Veal passed away on October 25, 2011.

Harlin Veasey

A state trooper assigned to motor vehicle inspection, Veasey drove the national press pool car in the Kennedy motorcade. Following the assassination, he was assigned guard duty for Gov. Connally at Parkland Memorial Hospital and was at the hospital when Lee Harvey Oswald arrived following his shooting. Recorded December 1, 2010.

Frank Velasco

A member of the League of United Latin American Citizens (LULAC), Velasco saw President and Mrs. Kennedy at the organization’s annual conference at the Rice Hotel in Houston on November 21, 1963. Recorded May 16, 2013.

Robert & Brian Venner

The widower and son of the late Kennedy supporter Jo Ann Venner, the Venners discussed the color home movie she captured of Senator John F. Kennedy during the 1960 presidential election, which was donated to the Museum in 2007. On November 22, 1963, son Brian was with his mother at Dallas Love Field and Parkland Memorial Hospital. Recorded October 6, 2009.

Mr. Robert Venner passed away on January 18, 2013.

Gov. Jesse Ventura

A onetime professional wrestler, media personality, and former governor of Minnesota (1999-2003), Ventura was a political assassinations researcher and co-author, with Dick Russell, of American Conspiracies (2010). Twelve years old at the time of the assassination, Ventura went on to serve in the Vietnam War. Recorded June 30, 2010.

Ross Vick, Jr.

A Dallas CPA, Vick and his two young children observed the Kennedy motorcade on Main Street. Recorded November 17, 2016.

Aron Vigushin

A building engineer and member of the Young Communist League, Vigushin was living in the Soviet city of Minsk when Lee Harvey Oswald defected to Russia.  Vigushin was acquainted with both Oswald and his future wife, Marina Prusakova, and he practiced at the same firing range as Oswald between 1960 and 1961. Recorded November 6, 2009.

Gladys Villarreal

Villarreal is the daughter of the late Edmond Van Brandt, a carpenter at Brooks Air Force Base in San Antonio. Brandt built a custom lectern that was used by President Kennedy during his visit on Thursday, November 21, 1963. Villarreal was interviewed with two of her siblings. Recorded April 11, 2015.

Dennis Vincent

An actor and co-founder of the Dallas Children’s Theater, Vincent visited Havana twice in 2000 and provided impressions of modern-day Cuba under the control of Fidel Castro. Recorded September 27, 2000.

Phil Vinson

Fort Worth Star-Telegram reporter in 1963, Vinson helped cover the activities at Dallas police headquarters on November 22, 1963, and later observed Oswald’s funeral. His late father, Doyle D. Vinson, was news editor for WBAP-TV in Fort Worth and also covered the events of that weekend. Ironically, in 1947, Vinson attended second grade with Lee Harvey Oswald at Lily B. Clayton Elementary in Fort Worth. Recorded March 4, 2005.

Milton Viorst

A White House correspondent for the New York Post in the early 1960s, Viorst attended press conferences and had contact with President Kennedy. Later he interviewed Marguerite Oswald and Warren Commission chief counsel Lee Rankin. Recorded March 5, 2003.

Jay Vogelson

An attorney with the U.S. Justice Department from 1963 to 1966, Vogelson worked closely with Attorney General Robert Kennedy. During the summer of 1964, he was assigned to review evidence for the Warren Commission investigation. Recorded April 3 and October 11, 2013.

Mary Vogelson

A Dallas native, Vogelson worked as an economist in the Labor Department during the Kennedy presidency. Her husband, Justice Department lawyer Jay Vogelson, was assigned to work with the Warren Commission in 1964. Upon her return to Dallas in 1968, Mary Vogelson became a prominent activist for civil rights, fair housing rights, and women’s rights. Recorded March 5, 2008.

Rondine Volpert

Born in California in 1961, Volpert is the granddaughter of the late Ann Rubenstein Volpert, one of Jack Ruby’s siblings. Rondine Volpert did not learn of her great uncle’s connection to the shooting of Lee Harvey Oswald until the early 1970s.  Recorded March 9, 2016.

Mary Waddell

Waddell was a teacher at Abington Junior High School in Pennsylvania in 1963.  One of her students, whose father was a white supremacist, made a cryptic comment on the day of the assassination which later prompted an FBI interview. Recorded May 3, 2016.

Henry Wade

The district attorney for Dallas County from 1951 to 1987, Wade was extensively involved in the local Kennedy assassination investigation and later served as chief prosecutor during the Jack Ruby trial. Recorded July 20, 1992.

Mr. Wade passed away on March 1, 2001.

William Kim Wade

Ten years old in 1963, Wade saw the Kennedy motorcade from the steps of the Old Red Courthouse and heard shots fired in Dealey Plaza. His late father, longtime Dallas District Attorney Henry Wade, was extensively involved in the local assassination investigation and served as chief prosecutor during the Jack Ruby trial. Recorded August 15, 2013.

Boyd Waggoner

A Dallas attorney in 1963, Waggoner saw the Kennedy motorcade on Main Street. In March 1964, as the guest of an assistant district attorney, he observed closing arguments in the Jack Ruby trial. Recorded May 1, 2013.

Ken Wagoner

Eight years old in 1963, Wagoner was attending Catholic school in Colorado. His late father, an employee of RCA, was in Washington, D.C., that weekend and witnessed the Kennedy funeral procession. Recorded September 8, 2014.

Allen D. Walker

A member of the White House Communications Agency from 1962 to 1964, Walker was stationed in Paris and coordinated direct telephone communication from the White House to European leaders. He was alone in the office when the assassination took place and lost contact with the White House for more than an hour. Recorded July 12, 2007.

Dr. Robert V. Walker

A medical researcher and doctor of oral surgery at Parkland Memorial Hospital in 1963, Walker was briefly inside Trauma Room One as an observer during the treatment of President Kennedy. Recorded March 18 and July 26, 2009.

Dr. Walker passed away on April 28, 2011.

Jim Walker

A mail sorter at the Terminal Annex building in Dealey Plaza, Walker photographed the presidential motorcade from the corner of Main and Market Streets. On the afternoon of the assassination, he photographed the scene at Dealey Plaza and the Texas Theatre. Walker donated his photographs to The Sixth Floor Museum in 2006. Recorded June 6, 2006, and September 2, 2016.

Breck Wall

An entertainer in Dallas in 1963, Wall was one of Jack Ruby’s best friends at the time of the assassination. He spoke to Ruby on the phone the day before Oswald’s shooting and was one of the only individuals allowed to visit him in jail. Later, Wall was almost implicated in Jim Garrison’s controversial investigation. Recorded December 28, 1993.

Mr. Wall passed away on November 15, 2010.

Gerald Wall

In February 1963, Wall successfully completed a 50-mile hike in twelve hours as part of President Kennedy’s popular physical fitness program. He was a first-year high school teacher in Fort Worth at the time of the assassination. Recorded April 8, 2015.

Dr. David Wallace

Traveling with a group of fellow high school seniors on November 22, 1963, Wallace saw the Kennedys at Dallas Love Field and again on Stemmons Freeway moments after the assassination. With his friends, Wallace waited outside Parkland’s Emergency Room in the aftermath. Recorded June 29, 1989, and September 11, 2014.

John Wallace

An Oak Cliff high school student, Wallace went to Parkland Memorial Hospital after the assassination and briefly saw the inside of the Kennedy limousine. Recorded July 21, 2010.

Nadine Wallentine

Wallentine’s daughter observed the Kennedy motorcade in Dallas. She called her mother shortly after the parade passed her location and learned of the assassination. Recorded September 4, 2014.

Leslie Warnock

A Dallas firefighter in 1963, Warnock was sent to the sixth floor of the Texas School Book Depository immediately after the assassination. His memories of the sniper’s perch differ from those of police investigators. Recorded May 24, 2001.

William Ward Warren

A sophomore at Thomas Jefferson High School in 1963, Warren captured a color home movie of the presidential party’s arrival at Dallas Love Field. His film gained international attention after it was donated to The Sixth Floor Museum in 2010. Recorded January 22, 2010, and August 3, 2016.

Maxine Warsaw

A mother of three in 1963, Warsaw was attending college in Chicago at the time of the Kennedy assassination. She moved to Dallas in 1975. Recorded January 27, 2016.

Doris Wasserman

A native of London, Wasserman moved to Texas in 1946. She saw the Kennedy motorcade outside the entrance to Dallas Love Field. Recorded August 11, 2014.

Harold Waters

A Dallas photographer for the Associated Press, Waters covered the Kennedys’ arrival at Dallas Love Field and, following the assassination, Lee Harvey Oswald at Dallas police headquarters. He also covered the Jack Ruby trial and later interviewed Marguerite Oswald. Recorded July 9, 1999, and September 16, 2013.

Ann Watley

A junior at North Dallas High School in 1963, Watley caught a brief glimpse of the Kennedy motorcade on Main Street. She was interviewed with two of her high school classmates. Recorded July 20, 2016.

Jack Watson

Watson was the radio dispatcher for the Dallas County Sheriff’s Department on November 22, 1963. He observed the presidential parade from his office window and heard shots fired in Dealey Plaza. Following the assassination he relayed information from the Dallas Police Department, coordinated the movements of deputy sheriffs, and announced the death of President Kennedy. Recorded August 22, 2008.

Jan Watson

The daughter of Kennedy supporters, Watson’s third grade class was aboard a school bus on their way to see the president when the assassination took place. She spoke with a grief counselor at school the following week. Recorded February 15, 2013.

Gladys Barron Watt

A relief cashier at the Texas Theatre in Oak Cliff, Watt was across the street when Lee Harvey Oswald was arrested. She watched police escort him from the theater’s entrance. Recorded April 17, 2008.

Ms. Watt passed away on December 27, 2009.

Jeanine Watters

While attending Ohio State University in 1960, Watters volunteered for the John F. Kennedy presidential campaign. She has volunteered for every Democratic presidential candidate for over half a century. Recorded February 25, 2013.

Charlotte Webberman

A resident of Arkansas in 1963, Webberman and her children were visiting family for Thanksgiving and saw the Kennedys at Dallas Love Field on the day of the assassination. Recorded November 9, 2010.

Sharon Weber

Weber’s mother worked at the Dallas Trade Mart in 1963 and got special permission for her children to observe the luncheon from the second floor balcony. Following the assassination, Weber took yellow roses from the head table, one of which she donated to The Sixth Floor Museum in 2010. Recorded March 19, 2010.

Dr. Cyril Wecht

A well-known forensic pathologist, consultant, and author, Wecht has researched the Kennedy assassination since 1965. He served on the forensic pathology panel for the House Select Committee on Assassinations in the 1970s and was a consultant on Oliver Stone’s JFK (1991). Wecht remains an outspoken critic of the Warren Commission investigation. Recorded November 19, 2016.

John Weeks

An editorial assistant at the Dallas Times Herald, Weeks received a letter from Lee Harvey Oswald prior to the assassination. Recorded July 31, 1998.

Dr. Howard Weiner

Weiner shook hands with President and Mrs. Kennedy at Dallas Love Field on November 22, 1963. During the 1960 presidential election, he was harassed by some of his classmates because his family supported John F. Kennedy. Recorded April 1, 2014.

Abe Weinstein

Weinstein was the owner of the Colony Club, a burlesque establishment two doors down from Jack Ruby’s Carousel Club on Commerce Street. Considered the most reputable burlesque establishment in Dallas, the Colony Club was the chief rival of Ruby’s club. Recorded August 16, 1994.

Mr. Weinstein passed away on January 4, 2000.

Dr. Dan Weiser

A longtime mathematician and political analyst, Weiser served as president of the Dallas County Young Democrats in 1963. In 1960, he worked locally on the Kennedy campaign, and a month before the assassination, he attended the Adlai Stevenson event on U.N. Day. In the early 1970s, Weiser was the key political expert in the Texas redistricting trials, advocating single-member voting districts for the state. Recorded April 24, 2006.

Dr. Weiser passed away on June 20, 2015.

Bart Weiss

An award-winning producer/director and co-founder of the Dallas Video Festival, Weiss is currently an associate professor at the University of Texas at Arlington. Working with filmmakers Allen and Cynthia Mondell in the late 1980s, Weiss served as editor of the documentary films seen in The Sixth Floor exhibit. Recorded November 30, 2015.

Bernard Weissman

A conservative activist, Weissman briefly lived in Dallas in November 1963. During that time he associated with right-wing organizations, including the John Birch Society, and ultimately co-wrote and signed his name to the black-bordered, anti-Kennedy advertisement published in The Dallas Morning News on November 22, 1963.  Weissman later testified before the Warren Commission.  Recorded April 5, 2016.

Dorothy Weitz

Eighteen-year-old Weitz was living in Washington, D.C., in 1963. She and friends witnessed the Kennedy funeral procession on Pennsylvania Avenue. Recorded February 3, 2015.

Steven Weitz

Weitz and his late mother, a school teacher, were living in Guam during the 1960 election. At the time of the assassination, he was a high school student in Tacoma, Washington. Recorded February 3, 2015.

Bob Welch

A reporter and cameraman for Dallas NBC affiliate WBAP-TV, Welch covered the attempted shooting of Maj. Gen. Edwin Walker. On November 22, 1963, Welch was at Dallas Love Field, the Trade Mart, and Parkland Memorial Hospital, where he captured the only known sound recording of the announcement of President Kennedy’s death. In 1964, he covered the Jack Ruby trial. Later, as an NBC News photographer, he covered the Civil Rights Movement and spent six months in Vietnam. Recorded September 28, 1994, November 19, 1998, February 5 and May 2, 2014, and April 18, 2015.

Frank Welch

An award-winning Dallas architect, Welch was the author of Philip Johnson & Texas (2000), which explored the legendary architect’s Texas projects, including the John F. Kennedy Memorial dedicated in 1970. Recorded June 15 and 18, 2010.

Carol Wells

A 1960s Dallas restaurateur, Wells owned the La Pigalle club, a popular nightspot among the Dallas gay community. Among her frequent customers were Jack Ruby and several of his strippers. Recorded February 6, 2007.

Ms. Wells passed away on March 5, 2012.

Robert Wening

A fourth-grader at the time of the assassination, Wening became a Kennedy admirer later in life and is now a researcher, collector and longtime member of the international group Kennedy Political Items Collectors. Recorded April 19, 2004.

Dr. Hal Wert

A professor of history at the Kansas City Art Institute, Wert is an author and collector of presidential campaign posters. A young Nixon supporter in 1960, he switched sides during the election after a personal encounter with Sen. John F. Kennedy. Recorded February 2 and 3, 2016.

Kathleen Wesley

The daughter of Kennedy supporters, Wesley was a fourth grader at a Catholic school in Ohio in 1963. Recorded January 5, 2015.

Anthony Due West

West is the son of the late Dallas County surveyor Robert West, who heard shots fired at the Kennedy motorcade from his office in the Old Red Courthouse. In 1964, Robert West did survey work in Dealey Plaza for the Warren Commission and later testified at the Clay Shaw trial in New Orleans. Recorded January 21, 2011.

Marjorie Westberry

A longtime social activist and educator, Westberry was a missonary in Africa from 1958 to 1962. Upon moving to Dallas in 1971, she founded a local chapter of the National Organization for Women (NOW). Recorded September 8, 2010.

Susanne Westphal

Westphal’s late father operated a first-floor showroom at the Dallas Trade Mart. As a result, she was able to observe the presidential luncheon on November 22, 1963. Recorded November 16, 2016.

Dick Wheeler

A longtime Dallas radio and TV broadcaster, Wheeler was hired by Eddie Barker at KRLD just 11 days before the Kennedy assassination. On that day, he was assigned to cover the Fort Worth breakfast and Trade Mart luncheon for KRLD radio. Following the shooting, Wheeler spent the majority of the weekend at Dallas police headquarters. Recorded September 20, 2006.

Mr. Wheeler passed away on July 1, 2015.

The Rev. Paul Whipple

An Ohio minister in 1963, Whipple held a memorial service for President Kennedy following the assassination. He then traveled to Washington, D.C., to attend the president’s funeral. Whipple and his late wife were peace movement activists in the 1960s. Recorded October 28, 2014.

Jerry White

An Army presidential helicopter pilot from 1961 to 1964, White flew with Presidents Kennedy and Johnson. Recorded September 19, 2008, and September 26, 2012.

Aurora Wible

Wible grew up in the Little Mexico area of Dallas. She saw the Kennedy motorcade at the corner of Cedar Springs Road and Harwood Street. Recorded October 7, 2014.

David Wiegman, Jr.

As the official White House photographer for NBC News during the presidencies of Eisenhower through Carter, Wiegman had unprecedented access to JFK during his time in office and followed him on numerous trips. In Dallas, he recorded footage at Love Field, along the motorcade route, and at Parkland Memorial Hospital. Recorded November 15, 2002.

Paul Wilkins

A patrolman with the Dallas Police Department in 1963, Wilkins was involved in the initial search of the sixth and seventh floors of the Texas School Book Depository. He was among those who first discovered the Mannlicher-Carcano rifle in the northwest corner of the sixth floor. Recorded April 15, 2009.

Howard P. Willens

Willens was working at the Justice Department when became Assistant Counsel to the Warren Commission in 1964. He wrote the book History Will Prove Us Right: Inside the Warren Commission Investigation into the Assassination of John F. Kennedy (2013). His memories were recorded during a public program on the work of the Warren Commission. Recorded October 11, 2013.

Bill Williams

Williams was a city employee who inadvertently found himself on an elevator with Dallas police officers and Lee Harvey Oswald on the afternoon of the assassination. Recorded on July 2, 2003.

David F. Williams

A law student at Southern Methodist University in 1963, Williams saw President and Mrs. Kennedy at Dallas Love Field. The following year he actively followed the Jack Ruby trial. Recorded May 18, 2006, and February 5, 2016.

Dr. Phillip E. Williams

As an intern at Parkland Memorial Hospital in 1963, Williams had a brief interaction with Jackie Kennedy outside of Trauma Room One. Less than two days later, he assisted in the surgery of Lee Harvey Oswald. Recorded May 22, 2003, July 8, 2008, and April 28, 2016.

Gail Williams

A sophomore at Woodrow Wilson High School in 1963, Williams and a classmate watched the motorcade pass by on Main Street. She believes that shortly after the limousine passed her, she heard one of the shots fired in Dealey Plaza. Recorded February 3, 2006.

Sanford Williams

A 16-year employee of The Sixth Floor Museum, Williams supervised Museum facilities from 1990 to 2006. At the time of the assassination, he was a waiter in Detroit, Michigan. Recorded August 10, 2006.

Eileen Williams

Williams was a volunteer server at the Dallas Trade Mart luncheon on November 22, 1963. Informally assigned to the head table, she might have been one of President Kennedy’s servers had the assassination not taken place. Recorded November 17, 2016.

Billy Joe Willis

A Dallas-based musician and professional wrestler since the 1940s, Willis was the drummer at the Carousel Club in 1963 and spoke with Jack Ruby on the day of the assassination. Willis was later interviewed by the FBI. Recorded May 15, 2012.

Harold Willis

A second grade student in Grand Prairie, Texas, in 1963, Willis attended perhaps the only high school football game played in the state on the night of the Kennedy assassination. At the time, his late uncle, George Wheeler, lived in the same Oak Cliff rooming house as Lee Harvey Oswald. Recorded May 7, 2010.

Marilyn Willis

Willis was in Dealey Plaza with her daughter and husband, the late Phil Willis. Phil Willis took a series of important still photographs, including one during the assassination, that continue to be studied by researchers for possible evidentiary value. Marilyn Willis’ memories were briefly recorded during a group interview with other eyewitnesses. Recorded November 22, 1996.

Ms. Willis passed away on April 16, 2004.

Margaret Wilonsky

An X-Ray Technology School intern at Parkland Memorial Hospital in 1963, Wilonsky was near the emergency room when President Kennedy was admitted to the hospital. She believes that X-rays were made of the president’s body at Parkland, which has long been a point of controversy among researchers. Recorded August 29, 2005.

Billy D. Wilson

Although not a Kennedy supporter, Wilson saw the presidential parade on Main Street. On the evening of the assassination, he drove his family through downtown Dallas to see Dealey Plaza and Dallas City Hall. Recorded June 4, 2008.

Ronald Wilson

One of the few African American U.S. Marines stationed at the barracks at 8th and I Streets in Washington, D.C. in 1963, Wilson participated in the funeral services for President Kennedy. Recorded December 5, 2009.

Bill Winfrey

A longtime photographer with the Dallas Morning News, Winfrey was heavily involved in covering the events of the weekend from Parkland Memorial Hospital to Dallas City Hall. He later covered the Ruby trial and interacted with many of the key figures. Prior to the assassination, he frequented the Carousel Club and knew Ruby and many of his dancers. Recorded July 15, 2004.

Mr. Winfrey passed away on January 15, 2009.

Edna Winnette

The daughter of Hispanic migrant workers, Winnette was an ardent Kennedy supporter. The late president inspired her later career in social services and education. Recorded December 16, 2011.

Betty Lou Winslow

During the 1970s, Winslow and her husband worked in the Peace Corps administrative offices in Washington, D.C. They traveled to approximately fifty locations around the world to meet and assess volunteers in the field. Recorded February 8, 2016.

Patricia Winston

While on an extended tour of the world in the 1960s, Winston and her friend, Pam Mumford, rode on a lengthy bus trip from Monterrey, Mexico, to Mexico City with Lee Harvey Oswald in September 1963. They were later interviewed by the FBI. Recorded October 15, 2013.

Wes Wise

Mayor of Dallas from 1971 to 1976, Wise in 1963 was a reporter for KRLD-TV in Dallas and president of the Dallas Press Club. He spoke with Jack Ruby in Dealey Plaza the day after the assassination. Previously, in October 1963, Wise captured on film the famous attack on U.N. Ambassador Adlai Stevenson in Dallas. From 1992 to 1997, Wise served as a consultant and primary interviewer for the Museum’s Oral History Project. Recorded January 26, 1993, November 22, 1998, September 22, 2005, November 1, 2007, November 20, 2008, October 19, 2013, and January 31, 2015.

J. W. “Bill” Wiseman

A Dallas County deputy sheriff in 1963, Wiseman was standing at the corner of Main and Houston Streets and heard shots fired at the presidential motorcade. He ran to Dealey Plaza where he spoke with eyewitnesses, including Abraham Zapruder’s receptionist, Marilyn Sitzman. Wiseman then participated in the initial search of the Texas School Book Depository. Recorded July 16, 2008.

Mr. Wiseman passed away on January 25, 2011.

Senator Harris Wofford

A onetime civil rights advisor to both President Kennedy and Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., Wofford also served as associate director of the Peace Corps (1962-66) and U.S. senator from Pennsylvania (1991-95). He wrote the book Of Kennedys and Kings: Making Sense of the Sixties (1992). Recorded September 21, 2010.

Adah Leah Wolf

The first full-time staff member hired by the Dallas County Historical Foundation in 1987, Wolf was assistant project director for The Sixth Floor exhibit. She continued to work for the foundation until 1990. Recorded May 11, 2009.

Paul E. Wolf

A radioman in the U.S. Navy, Wolf was stationed in San Diego at the time of the assassination. His father, the late Wilbur Wolf, was a glass installer at Hess & Eisenhardt in Cincinnati, Ohio, and he installed the windshield in the Kennedy limousine. Recorded May 3, 2006.

Helmut Wolff

A native of Germany, Wolff and his family moved to Dallas in 1936. Standing at the corner of Harwood and Live Oak Streets, he took a series of still photographs as the presidential parade passed on November 22, 1963. Recorded April 8, 2013.

Rhea Wolfram

An active member of the Dallas Jewish community, Wolfram saw the Kennedy motorcade on Lemmon Avenue. Her late husband, Dr. Julius Wolfram, worked at Parkland Memorial Hospital in 1963. Recorded August 29, 2013.

Max Womack

A state trooper with the Texas Highway Patrol in 1963, Womack was stationed at the Dallas Trade Mart for the presidential luncheon. A few days later, he was assigned guard duty for Gov. John Connally during his recovery at Parkland Memorial Hospital. Recorded June 21, 2010.

Terry Wood

A high school junior in Dallas in 1963, Wood was at Love Field and then drove with a friend toward the Trade Mart, ending up near the Texas School Book Depository at the time of the shooting. He was interviewed with his friend, John T. Puddington. Recorded November 19, 2003.

Richard B. Woodward

An art critic whose work has appeared in The New York Times and Wall Street Journal, Woodward has written on the Abraham Zapruder film and the shooting of Lee Harvey Oswald. Ten years old in 1963, Woodward and his family had moved to Massachusetts one month before the Kennedy assassination. Recorded March 19, 2012.

Bill Worrell

An executive with the Circle Ten Council of the Boy Scouts of America in 1963, Worrell saw the Kennedy motorcade in downtown Dallas. He later became friends with the late Waggoner Carr, who was Texas attorney general at the time of the assassination. Recorded October 2, 2007.

David Wright

Wright was a copy editor at the London Daily Mirror in 1963. After joining the staff of the National Enquirer in 1976, he covered numerous Kennedy assassination stories over the next three decades. Recorded May 10, 2013.

Dennis Wright

A 46-year educator and school administrator, Wright was a high school teacher engaged in a debate tournament in Kansas on November 22, 1963. The two-day tournament was not canceled, despite news of the Kennedy assassination. Recorded July 1, 2010.

Speaker Jim Wright

A Democratic U.S. Congressman (1955-89) for more than three decades, Wright was Speaker of the House of Representatives from 1987 to 1989.  In 1963, he was one of the key planners for President Kennedy’s visit to Fort Worth, and he traveled with the presidential party to Dallas. Recorded February 22, 1996.

Speaker Wright passed away on May 6, 2015.

Lawrence Wright

A staff writer for The New Yorker, Wright is the Pulitzer Prize-winning author of The Looming Tower: Al-Qaeda and the Road to 9/11 (2006). He was a student at Woodrow Wilson High School in Dallas at the time of the assassination and later wrote about his experiences in the autobiographical book, In the New World: Growing Up with America from the Sixties to the Eighties (1987). Recorded April 30, 2016.

Dale Wunderlich

A U.S. Secret Service agent assigned to the Protective Research Division in 1963, Wunderlich did an intelligence advance in Fort Worth prior to the presidential visit, coordinating sweeps of the Hotel Texas and conducting background checks on all employees. Following the assassination, he was part of a team that provided security for Marina Oswald for several months prior to her Warren Commission testimony. Recorded October 15, 2005.

Bobbie Wygant

An entertainment reporter and critic at the Dallas NBC affiliate for more than sixty-five years, Wygant started her long career at WBAP-TV two weeks before the station went on the air in 1948. News of the assassination interrupted her live talk show multiple times on November 22, 1963, which was also her thirty-seventh birthday. Recorded August 31, 2015.

George Wysota

A fourth grade student in Brooklyn, New York, in 1963, Wysota wrote a letter to Jackie Kennedy shortly after the assassination. It was later selected for publication in Dr. Ellen Fitzpatrick’s Letters to Jackie: Condolences from a Grieving Nation (2010). Recorded May 23, 2011.

John Yanko

Yanko was working at an insurance company in Indiana at the time of the assassination. He later moved to Dallas. Recorded November 9, 2010.

Gen. Chuck Yeager

The U.S. Air Force test pilot who first broke the sound barrier in the experimental Bell X-1 aircraft on October 14, 1947, Yeager was serving as first commandant of the United States Air Force Aerospace Research Pilot School at the time of the Kennedy assassination. Recorded January 11, 2007.

J. Robert Yeargan

An employee of J.P. Awalt & Company in Dallas, where he worked with assassination eyewitness Charles Brehm, Yeargan filmed the Kennedy motorcade from the corner of Main and Market streets. Recorded May 22, 2007.

Mr. Yeargan passed away on January 15, 2014.

Alan Young

A longtime radio and television personality, Young was the star of the popular Mister Ed situation comedy series from 1961 to 1966. The program was reportedly a favorite of the Kennedy children. Recorded June 7, 2010.

Mr. Young passed away on May 19, 2016.

Dr. Louise Young

A longtime women’s rights and gay rights activist, Young was profoundly influenced and inspired by President Kennedy. She served as a young campaign volunteer in the 1960 election and was attending high school in Oklahoma at the time of the assassination. Since the late 1970s, Dr. Young has been an active leader with the Dallas Gay and Lesbian Alliance. Recorded July 12 and September 22, 2006.

Terry Young

As the South Texas bureau chief for United Press International in 1963, Young secured an interview with Parkland Hospital physician Malcolm Perry within days of the assassination. Later, as a public relations executive, Young worked with the Lyndon Johnson and John Connally families. Recorded April 10, 2015.

James Zanker

Zanker was seven years old in 1963 and had vivid memories of the news of the assassination. Recorded May 19, 1999.

Alexandra Zapruder

The granddaughter of Kennedy assassination eyewitness Abraham Zapruder, Alexandra Zapruder is the author of 26 Seconds: A Personal History of the Zapruder Film (2016). She also contributed an essay to the 2013 publication, LIFE: The Day Kennedy Died. Recorded October 26, 2013, and November 21 and 22, 2016.

Jill Zarnowitz

A sixth grader in San Diego, California, in 1963, Zarnowitz and her parents were active in the civil rights movement. The letter she wrote to Jackie Kennedy as part of a class project was included in Dr. Ellen Fitzpatrick’s book, Letters to Jackie: Condolences from a Grieving Nation (2010). Recorded October 5, 2010.

Roland Zavada

A longtime engineer and executive with the Eastman Kodak Company, Zavada authenticated the Abraham Zapruder film and other photographic evidence for the Assassination Records Review Board in the 1990s. Since then he has continued to study the film and speak on the subject. Recorded November 15, 2010.

Dr. Dennis Zembala

A University of Michigan student in 1960, Zembala saw Senator John F. Kennedy give a significant October 14th speech which laid the groundwork for the Peace Corps. Zembala later served in the Peace Corps in Bolivia from 1966 to 1969. Recorded February 27, 2013.

Rosian Zerner

A native of Lithuania, Zerner grew up in Boston, Massachusetts. She and her husband were in Dublin, Ireland, at the time of the assassination. Recorded October 25, 2016.

Rabbi Sidney Zimelman

While serving in the U.S. Air Force in Japan, Zimelman was selected to give a radio eulogy for President Kennedy on the Far East Armed Forces Network. His memorial service was broadcast live from Tokyo on November 23, 1963. Recorded March 11, 2013.

Zinntae Jay Zo

Born in Korea shortly before World War II, Zo was an instructor in the South Korean Air Force (ROKAF) in 1963. He moved to Dallas a decade later. Recorded January 7, 2016.

Tony Zoppi

The nightclub editor for the Dallas Morning News in 1963, Zoppi knew Jack Ruby for more than 12 years. He maintained contact with Ruby after the assassination and became good friends with Ruby’s flamboyant defense attorney, Melvin Belli. Recorded June 1, 1992.

Mr. Zoppi passed away on August 24, 2012.

Barry Zorthian

A longtime employee of the United States Information Agency, Zorthian worked at Voice of America radio from 1947 to 1960. At the time of the Kennedy assassination, he was stationed in India as a senior officer in the U.S. Foreign Service. Recorded October 24, 2008.

Mr. Zorthian passed away on December 30, 2010.