All Oral Histories
Personal secretary to Lady Bird Johnson in 1963, Abell was at the Johnson Ranch preparing for the arrival of the Kennedys when the assassination took place. Abell then served as the White House social secretary to Mrs. Johnson from 1963 to 1969. Recorded July 25 and August 2, 2011.
Ms. Abell passed away on October 9, 2020.
Abell was Associate General Counsel to the U.S. Post Office at the time of the assassination. During the Johnson administration, he served as Assistant Postmaster General (1964-67) and Chief of Protocol (1968-69), while his wife, Bess Abell, was White House social secretary to Lady Bird Johnson. Recorded July 24, 2018.
A freshman at North Texas State University in 1963, Abraham briefly saw the Kennedy motorcade on its way to Parkland Memorial Hospital. As a part-time employee of the Abbey Rental Company, he helped pack up furnishings at the Dallas Trade Mart after the assassination. At the time, Abraham’s late father, George Abraham, was a stereotyper at The Dallas Morning News printing plant. Recorded March 22, 2019.
A senior at Thomas Jefferson High School in Dallas, Abrams saw the Kennedy motorcade on Lemmon Avenue on November 22, 1963. Recorded October 25, 2014.
Mr. Abrams passed away on September 12, 2016.
A special needs educator and consultant for more than thirty-five years, Acres was a twelve-year-old student in Indiana at the time of the assassination. Recorded December 14, 2015.
As a Wisconsin native living in Canada in 1963, Adams recalls receiving an outpouring of sympathy following the assassination because she was the only American in her office. After moving to Dallas in 1980, she worked for Texas Instruments for twenty years. Recorded April 20, 2021.
A longtime social rights activist, Adams participated in the Mississippi Freedom Summer project in 1964 and worked as an organizer with Students for a Democratic Society (SDS) for several years. She became the first female national secretary of SDS in 1966. Recorded September 3, 2021.
A fellow of the American Institute of Architects and longtime chairman and CEO of RTKL Associates Inc. (1987-2003), Adams worked for noted American architect John Carl Warnecke in the early 1960s. In that capacity, Adams consulted directly with President and Mrs. Kennedy on the Lafayette Square Historic District in Washington, D.C., and supervised a personal project for Robert Kennedy. Adams was actively involved in the planning, design and construction of President Kennedy’s gravesite at Arlington National Cemetery and consulted on early planning for the John F. Kennedy Presidential Library and Museum. Recorded July 5, 2011.
An employee of the National Bank of Commerce in Dallas, Adams saw the Kennedy motorcade near the corner of Main and Houston Streets and heard shots fired in Dealey Plaza. Recorded September 8, 2010.
A community leader and an award-winning champion of historic preservation, Adams is Chairman Emerita of the Dallas County Historical Foundation. She was a key leader in establishing The Sixth Floor Museum at Dealey Plaza and devoted more than a decade to the project. Recorded January 15, 1997, May 29, 2013, and January 28, 2017.
Ms. Adams passed away on September 8, 2021.
Adams had hoped to take her two children to Dallas Love Field to see the Kennedys depart Dallas, but after the assassination, she decided to go to Parkland Memorial Hospital. There she shot a few seconds of film with her home movie camera and was interviewed on ABC Television. Recorded April 3, 2009.
Co-founder of the Woodrow Wilson High School Alumni Association, Inc., Adamson and her husband drove the Kennedy motorcade route through downtown Dallas moments before police closed off the streets for the presidential parade. Recorded January 28, 2013.
As a high school senior, Addington briefly shook hands with President Kennedy as his motorcade passed by on Turtle Creek Boulevard in Dallas. Addington later served in the Vietnam War. Recorded April 12, 2015.
An employee of the First National Bank of Dallas in 1963, Adler took photographs of the Kennedy motorcade on Main Street and sold his roll of unprocessed film to a Life Magazine reporter later that day. Beginning in 1969, Adler spent seventeen years at the Dallas Times Herald. While serving as assistant managing editor, he maintained the newspaper’s significant file of Kennedy assassination-related negatives. Recorded February 3, 1995.
Mr. Adler passed away on December 15, 2002.
Alguhon is co-founder of TARGO, a virtual reality production company in France. In 2021, he participated in a 3D scanning project at several assassination-related sites, including the sixth floor of the Depository building, as part of an upcoming VR documentary exploring November 22, 1963. Agulhon was interviewed with TARGO co-founder Chloé Rochereuil. Recorded April 5, 2021.
A home economics teacher in 1963, Albert visited the Capitol Rotunda on the weekend of the assassination to pay her respects to President Kennedy. At that time, her parents were participating in “Operation Peter Pan,” caring for a twelve-year-old Cuban girl for one year until her mother could settle in Miami. Recorded July 1, 2010.
Ms. Albert passed away on February 22, 2018.
In 1961, Alder co-founded the historic Theatre Three in Dallas, which tackled controversial subjects such as civil rights. He saw the Kennedy motorcade on November 22, 1963. Recorded October 29, 2012.
Mr. Alder passed away on May 22, 2015.
A Dallas housewife in 1963, Alexander was an avid viewer of the long-running soap opera, As The World Turns. She recalls news of the president’s shooting interrupting the November 22nd broadcast. Recorded October 21, 2015.
A lieutenant with the Dallas Fire Department in 1963, Alexander did a safety inspection of the Dallas Trade Mart prior to the presidential luncheon. He was also acquainted with Jack Ruby, having inspected his nightclubs over the years. Recorded October 21, 2015.
Alexander was a sophomore at Ohio State University in 1963. When she moved to Dallas in 1977, Dealey Plaza was one of the first sites that she visited. Recorded August 21, 2018.
Alford’s late father, Dallas police homicide detective T.L. Baker, was heavily involved in the events of the assassination weekend and later testified before the Warren Commission. Alford, a junior high school student in 1963, was outside the police basement when Jack Ruby shot Lee Harvey Oswald. Recorded August 9, 2019.
Allen is currently education director at the Dallas Symphony Orchestra. His presentation on music and the Kennedy assassination was recorded as part of a Museum teacher workshop. Recorded July 17, 2014.
As a clerk with the Federal Bureau of Investigation in the 1970s, Allen spent one year working with the House Select Committee on Assassinations. He is a longtime collector of Kennedy memorabilia. Recorded January 30, 2014.
A state trooper with the Texas Highway Patrol in 1963, Allen was assigned guard duty for Gov. John Connally during his recovery at Parkland Memorial Hospital. Allen was interviewed with his partner, Paul Boone. Recorded April 14, 2010.
Mr. Allen passed away on February 28, 2019.
A civil rights activist, Allen was pastor of the Highland Hills Methodist Church in Dallas in 1963. A leader with the Congress of Racial Equality (CORE), he helped organize a prominent 28-day civil rights protest at the downtown Piccadilly Cafeteria in 1964. Recorded June 23, 2006, and June 11, 2008.
The Rev. Allen passed away on February 16, 2020.
An United Press International photographer on the staff of the Dallas Times Herald in 1963, Allen photographed President Kennedy at the Hotel Texas in Fort Worth and took a number of images in Dealey Plaza and on the sixth floor of the Texas School Book Depository following the assassination. His photographs of the infamous “three tramps” arrested in Dealey Plaza have generated significant research interest over the years. In 1964, Allen covered the Jack Ruby trial. Recorded November 17 and November 18, 2014.
A community leader and minority advocate for many years, Allen served on the founding board of the African American Museum in Dallas. He was attending Henderson County Junior College in 1963. Recorded May 11, 2015.
Allen grew up in Dallas in the 1950s. She was a student at Texas Tech University in Lubbock at the time of the assassination. Recorded January 24, 2017.
Program director at WFAA Radio in 1963, Allman witnessed the assassination from the corner of Houston and Elm Streets. He was then one of the first reporters inside the Texas School Book Depository, where he is believed to have encountered Lee Harvey Oswald leaving the building. Recorded November 30, 1995, November 20, 2006, September 25, 2010, January 26, 2013, October 4, 2014, and February 17, 2016.
A Massachusetts native, Altman served in the U.S. Army during the Kennedy years. While stationed in Germany in 1962, he knew conservative activist Bernard Weissman who later lent his name to the infamous black-bordered advertisement published in The Dallas Morning News on November 22, 1963. Recorded October 22, 2010.
A nationally recognized philanthropist and longtime Dallas civic leader, Altshuler attended the Trade Mart luncheon. She served on the Dallas County Grand Jury that indicted Jack Ruby the following Monday and later attended the Ruby trial. Dallas Mayor Mike Rawlings appointed Altshuler as chair of the President John F. Kennedy Commemorative Foundation, to mark the 50th anniversary of the assassination in 2013. Recorded May 25, 2001, and September 19, 2017.
Ms. Altshuler passed away on December 8, 2017.
An associate professor at Southern Methodist University from 2001 to 2015, Alvoid was co-editor of her high school newspaper in San Antonio at the time of his assassination. She met President and Mrs. Kennedy, and attended a student press conference with the president, during their visit on November 21, 1963. Recorded February 6, 2013.
Amos is the widow of Col. William Amos, a longtime U.S. Air Force Intelligence Officer. At a private dinner in 1969, she recalls hearing Brig. Gen. Joseph J. Cappucci implicate President Lyndon Johnson in the Kennedy assassination. Recorded July 14, 2015.
In 1963, Amundsen was a student at St. Mark’s School of Texas – Dallas. He has since written a book about the period. Recorded December 31, 1998.
From 1984 to 2010, Anderson was the City of Dallas Urban Planner in charge of historic preservation. During his career he worked with a number of historic buildings in Dallas, including the Texas School Book Depository, the Old Red Courthouse and the Texas Theatre in Oak Cliff. Recorded February 25, 2015.
During the 1960 presidential campaign, Anderson saw both Senator John F. Kennedy and Vice President Richard Nixon. She was a high school junior in Paterson, New Jersey, at the time of the assassination. Recorded May 22, 2017.
A senior at North Dallas High School in 1963, Anderson observed the Kennedy motorcade on Lemmon Avenue. She was interviewed with her brother, Dwaine Sides. Recorded January 30, 2020.
The overnight news broadcaster for KRLD radio in 1963, Angel worked for twenty-seven straight hours editing and processing film on the weekend of the assassination. He spent the following month on the payroll of CBS News working on the Kennedy story in Dallas. Recorded June 12, 2008.
A native of Kiev, Ukraine, Angorina shared memories of working as a schoolteacher under Communist rule during the Cold War. She immigrated to the United States in 1993. Recorded January 27, 2016.
A third grader in West Point, New York, in 1963, Anklam was inspired in part by the Kennedy assassination to pursue a career in journalism. He toured the Texas School Book Depository building while covering the 1984 Republican National Convention in Dallas for Gannett News Service. Recorded August 14, 2019.
While installing tile at an apartment complex on the corner of Tenth and Denver in Oak Cliff, Archer witnessed the shooting of Officer J.D. Tippit on the afternoon of November 22, 1963. Recorded November 4, 1988.
Mr. Archer passed away on January 24, 1993.
A Dallas police auto-theft detective, Archer was assigned to the Dallas Trade Mart for the presidential luncheon on November 22, 1963. That Sunday, he witnessed the shooting of Lee Harvey Oswald and extensively interviewed Jack Ruby, ultimately informing Ruby that he was going to be charged with murder. Recorded March 11, 2002.
Mr. Archer passed away on April 26, 2014.
A recognized leader of the Chicano Movement, Arellanes was the only female minister in the Brown Berets and a vocal anti-Vietnam War activist. She traveled to Washington, D.C. for the 1968 Poor People’s Campaign and has remained a prominent community activist in El Monte, California, for more than sixty years. Recorded July 30, 2021.
As a student at Tougaloo College in Mississippi from 1959 to 1963, Armstrong was active in civil rights demonstrations and voter registration drives. He worked with NAACP activist Medgar Evers and participated in the 1961 Freedom Rides. Armstrong is the author of Autobiography of a Freedom Rider: My Life as a Foot Soldier for Civil Rights (2011). Recorded May 7, 2021.
Arnold came forward in 1978 as an assassination eyewitness. Reportedly standing on the grassy knoll, Arnold believed he encountered a gunman wearing a Dallas police uniform immediately following the shooting. His controversial account was featured in the documentary, The Men Who Killed Kennedy (1988). Recorded June 5, 1989.
Mr. Arnold passed away on October 15, 1997.
The widow and son of controversial assassination eyewitness Gordon Arnold, the Arnolds share their thoughts and memories of his life and experiences, including his reluctance to share his story of the president’s shooting. Recorded January 13, 2006.
An eighth-grade schoolteacher in Garland, Texas, in 1963, Ashenhurst recalls how the events of November 22, 1963, affected the school and her students. Recorded July 22, 1999.
Ms. Ashenhurst passed away on September 19, 2011.
Thirteen years old in 1963, Ashmore was attending Catholic school in the Oak Cliff section of Dallas. Recorded October 26, 2018.
Two years old in 1963, Assiff grew up in Dallas and was inspired by his lifelong interest in the Kennedy assassination to pursue a career in law enforcement. He is an active collector of assassination memorabilia and has met several authors and key figures over the years. Recorded August 13, 2021.
Living in his native Iran in 1963, Atarod was deeply impacted by the Kennedy assassination. He was interviewed with his wife, Malahat Kahnamoui-Zadeh. Recorded May 14, 2018.
A student at Sunset High School in 1963, Atchison worked as an usher at the Texas Theatre in Oak Cliff. He was scheduled to work on the evening of Friday, November 22, 1963, but the theater closed following the arrest of Lee Harvey Oswald. Recorded February 3, 2014.
Assigned by the U.S. Navy as the White House Cinematographer from 1963 to 1969, Atkins extensively filmed President’s Kennedy’s trip to Texas. His recognizable color footage was edited into the documentary film, “The Last Two Days.” Recorded March 14, 2011.
Mr. Atkins passed away on August 24, 2011.
A Dallas schoolgirl, Atkinson shook hands with President and Mrs. Kennedy at Dallas Love Field and later waited outside Parkland Memorial Hospital for news of the president’s condition. A Dallas Times Herald photograph of Atkinson in tearful prayer was distributed internationally. One year after the Kennedy assassination, Atkinson produced a charity event at Southern Methodist University to benefit the John F. Kennedy Presidential Library and Museum. Recorded July 29, 2011.
Ms. Atkinson passed away on May 1, 2013.
A reporter for The Dallas Morning News in 1963, Atterberry witnessed the assassination from the north side of Elm Street and can be seen in the Zapruder film. Recorded November 10, 2003.
Ms. Atterberry passed away on October 23, 2009.
A noted dancer and choreographer, Augins is currently Chair of the Dance Department at the Duke Ellington School of the Arts in Washington, D.C. After experiencing high school desegregation in Virginia, Augins was a civil rights activist and participated in the March on Washington on August 28, 1963. Recorded April 3, 2015.
An author, preacher, and teacher, Ayers is Pastor of Justice at Friendship West Baptist Church in Dallas. She participated in a Museum panel discussion featuring local civic leaders. Recorded February 4, 2021.
A science and aviation reporter for The Dallas Morning News in 1963, Aynesworth was the only known journalist to witness the president’s assassination, the arrest of Lee Harvey Oswald and the shooting of Oswald by Jack Ruby. In the aftermath, Aynesworth followed up investigative leads and wrote numerous stories about the Kennedy assassination. The author of JFK: Breaking the News (2003) and November 22, 1963: Witness to History (2013), Aynesworth is considered an authority on the assassination. Recorded July 28, 1994, November 19, 1998, April 18 and November 19, 2007, October 5, 2013, September 18, 2014, August 7 and 24, 2015, February 17, 2016, and October 27, 2017.