Oral History

All Oral Histories

Harry Cabluck

An Associated Press photographer for over forty years, Cabluck was working for the Fort Worth Star-Telegram in 1963. He covered President Kennedy’s visit to Fort Worth and Dallas, ending up at Parkland Memorial Hospital after the assassination. Recorded February 3, 2012.

Jarrold Cabluck

Fort Worth Star-Telegram photographer in 1963, Cabluck covered President Kennedy in Fort Worth and Dallas. Following the assassination, he went to Parkland Memorial Hospital and then took aerial photographs of Dealey Plaza. Recorded February 8, 2012.

Daphne Cagle

A sixth grader in Shreveport, Louisiana, in 1963, Cagle remembers that classmates at school, on the bus, and in her neighborhood cheered the death of President Kennedy because of his views on civil rights. Recorded January 27, 2014.

Dr. Roberto Calderon

Calderon is an associate professor of Latino and Mexican-American Studies at the University of North Texas. He participated in a panel discussion at The Sixth Floor Museum about Latino political leadership in Dallas. Recorded September 27, 2006.

William Caldwell

As a student at Marquette University in Wisconsin, Caldwell saw Sen. John F. Kennedy during the 1960 campaign. Four years later, on June 7, 1964, U.S. Attorney General Robert F. Kennedy delivered the Commencement address at Caldwell’s graduation. Recorded December 29, 2014.

Tony Callaway

A native of Oklahoma, Callaway served in the Vietnam War. Years later, as a Dallas architect, he worked with his partner, Jim Hendricks, on the design of The Sixth Floor Museum’s original Visitors Center and elevator tower. Recorded January 20, 2016.

Adelfa Callejo

A noted Dallas attorney and civil rights activist, Callejo was a longtime community leader. Her memories were recorded during a public program at The Sixth Floor Museum. Recorded September 27, 2006.

Ms. Callejo passed away on January 25, 2014.

Sharon Calloway

An X-Ray Technology School intern at Parkland Memorial Hospital in 1963, Calloway saw the back of President Kennedy’s head before he was moved into Trauma Room One. She later worked closely with the Dallas County medical examiner, Dr. Earl F. Rose, and recalled his feelings about the handling of the president’s remains. Recorded January 27, 2002.

Ms. Calloway passed away on December 15, 2014.

Chris Calvery

Calvery is the son of the late Gloria Calvery, a stenographer with the South-Western Publishing Company on the second floor of the Texas School Book Depository. Standing on the north side of Elm Street in Dealey Plaza, she witnessed the assassination and can be seen in the Zapruder film. Recorded May 26, 2017.

Emily Thornton Calvo

Calvo is the daughter of the late Chicago artist Gregory Thornton, whose works included notable paintings featuring the Kennedy brothers and Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Calvo and her father were both civil rights activists in the 1960s, and Thornton sold art prints at the Democratic National Convention in Chicago in 1968. Recorded May 21, 2018.

Paul Camfield

Camfield is the son of the late Dallas-Fort Worth television personality Bill Camfield. From 1955 to 1972, Bill Camfield worked at local independent KTVT-TV as a writer, reporter and host, best remembered for his character “Icky Twerp,” host of the popular children’s program Slam Bang Theater. Recorded November 7, 2011.

Steve Caminis

Caminis, a Maryland college student in 1963, traveled to Washington, D.C., twice during the assassination weekend to witness the procession of President Kennedy’s casket to and from the U.S. Capitol. Recorded June 18, 2014.

Frank Campagna

A Dallas artist and music promoter credited with helping to revitalize the city’s Deep Ellum area, Campagna was a second grade student in New Jersey at the time of the assassination. His parents were active members of the John Birch Society. Recorded January 4, 2013.

Carl Campbell

Campbell is the son of the late Don Campbell, an advertising salesman at The Dallas Morning News in 1963. Because Don Campbell knew Jack Ruby and spoke with him shortly before the assassination, he testified at the Ruby trial in 1964. Carl Campbell was a Dallas elementary school student at the time. Recorded August 5, 2021.

Cynthia Camuel

A Mississippi native, Camuel attended the University of Mississippi from 1964 to 1968, during a time of social unrest and student activism. Recorded January 24, 2020.

Andrea Candelaria

A senior at Adamson High School in Oak Cliff, Candelaria was on her way to her part-time job in downtown Dallas when she saw the presidential motorcade on Main Street. Her conservative family did not support President Kennedy. Recorded April 7, 2017.

Bill Cannon

As a Dallas County deputy sheriff from 1954 to 1956, Cannon knew Jack Ruby. He interviewed Ruby in 1965 and made detailed notes of the experience, which he later donated to The Sixth Floor Museum. After retiring, Cannon wrote a series of books on Texas history and trivia. Recorded January 10, 2003, and August 29, 2014.

Mr. Cannon passed away on January 12, 2021.

Ronald Cantrell

A senior at W.W. Samuell High School in Dallas, Cantrell and his friends saw the Kennedys at Dallas Love Field and again on Stemmons Freeway moments after the assassination. He then waited outside Parkland’s Emergency Room in the aftermath. Recorded December 11, 2015.

Dick Canty

Canty was an engineer with Western Electric in Chicago in 1963. He recalls that telephone lines went down for several hours following the assassination. Recorded February 7, 2014.

Joyce Pate Capper

The honorary consul to the Grand-Duchy of Luxembourg since 1992, Capper was a longtime Fort Worth civic leader whose late husband, A.M. Pate, Jr., founded the Pate Museum of Transportation (1969-2009). As a member of the Junior League of Fort Worth in 1963, she attended President Kennedy’s breakfast at the Hotel Texas. Recorded July 14, 2010.

Esteban Caras

A member of Assault Brigade 2506, Caras served as part of the Bay of Pigs invasion force. Recorded October 29, 2000.

David Card

The founder of Poor David’s Pub, a Dallas music venue since 1977, Card saw the Kennedy motorcade on November 22, 1963. After his late father and stepmother purchased the home previously occupied by Marguerite Oswald, they discovered Lee Harvey Oswald’s original tombstone–a historic artifact which later became the subject of a protracted legal battle. Recorded April 5, 2017.

Dr. Gilberto Cárdenas

Professor emeritus of sociology and founding director of the Institute for Latino Studies at Notre Dame, Cárdenas was an early activist and documentary photographer in the Chicano Movement. He worked with United Farm Workers and, while attending East Los Angeles Community College, co-founded the Mexican American Student Association (MASA), the first organization for Chicano student activists in California. Recorded August 11, 2021.

Peggy Carey

A California high school student, Carey turned seventeen years old four days prior to the assassination. She was inspired in part by President Kennedy’s death to become an FBI stenographer. Recorded September 17, 2015.

Lt. Gen. Richard Carey

A Marine pilot stationed at the Dallas Naval Air Station, Carey was flying over downtown Dallas and the Dealey Plaza area at the time of the assassination. Recorded January 22, 1996.

David Carlson

Carlson saw Senator John F. Kennedy in Illinois during the 1960 presidential campaign. At the time of the assassination, Carlson was a freshman at the University of Illinois. Recorded March 24, 2010.

Arthur Carlson

As a nineteen-year-old U.S. Army Private First Class, Carlson led the horse Black Jack during President Kennedy’s funeral ceremonies on November 24 and 25, 1963. Recorded February 15, 2016.

Don Carlton

Carlton, an elementary school student in Oak Cliff in 1963, turned nine years old one week prior to the assassination. Recorded June 26, 2019.

John Carpenter

Carpenter skipped high school on November 22, 1963, to go with friends to Dallas Love Field to see the president’s arrival. He was interviewed with his childhood friend Greg McCone. Recorded June 1, 2012.

Liz Carpenter

A longtime journalist and press secretary for Lady Bird Johnson, Carpenter traveled with the presidential party throughout Texas and wrote the brief statement that President Johnson made to the nation the night of November 22, 1963. Recorded November 15, 2003.

Ms. Carpenter passed away on March 20, 2010.

Waggoner Carr

Carr served as attorney general of Texas from 1963 to 1967 and was traveling throughout the state with the presidential party. After the assassination, he served as the Texas liaison to the Warren Commission. Recorded on July 24, 1995.

Mr. Carr passed away on February 25, 2004.

Dr. James Carrico

A resident in general surgery at Parkland Memorial Hospital in 1963, Carrico was the first physician to see President Kennedy upon his arrival at the hospital. Recorded August 2, 1997.

Dr. Carrico passed away on July 25, 2002.

Maurice C. “Mickey” Carroll

A reporter for the New York Herald Tribune in 1963, Carroll covered the scene at Dallas police headquarters and witnessed the shooting of Lee Harvey Oswald. He returned to Dallas to cover the Jack Ruby trial in 1964. Carroll wrote attorney Melvin Belli’s memoir Dallas Justice (1964) and later authored Accidental Assassin (2013). Recorded November 30, 2007, and January 10 and January 11, 2014.

Mr. Carroll passed away on December 6, 2017.

William Carron

Raised by his grandmother, a native of the Dominican Republic, Carron was a twelve-year-old in New York City in 1963. He has maintained a lifelong research interest in the Kennedy family and the assassination. Recorded January 24, 2014, and June 7, 2018.

Dr. Clayborne Carson

Professor emeritus of history at Stanford University, Carson was selected by Coretta Scott King to edit and publish the papers of her late husband. He served as founding director of the Martin Luther King, Jr. Research and Education Institute at Stanford and authored several books, including In Struggle: SNCC and the Black Awakening of the 1960s (1981). As an activist with SNCC, Carson attended the March on Washington on August 28, 1963. Recorded April 23, 2021.

Joe Carter

A United Press International (UPI) reporter at the Dallas bureau, Carter was aboard a motorcade press bus and heard shots fired in Dealey Plaza. He covered the aftermath at Parkland Memorial Hospital and Dallas Love Field. Years later, he became a speechwriter for President Lyndon Johnson. Recorded November 18, 2013.

Jacob Carter

Born more than twenty-five years after the assassination, Carter became interested in the subject after watching Oliver Stone’s JFK. He has since become a researcher, encouraging young people to get interested in the assassination story and writing the book, Before History Dies (2015). Recorded April 8, 2016.

Bill Carter

As an Arkansas college student, Carter worked on the 1960 Kennedy campaign before joining the U.S. Secret Service in 1962. He had several personal contacts with President and Mrs. Kennedy while on assignment, and he worked the Kennedy funeral following the assassination. As part of the Dallas investigation, Carter interviewed more than one hundred individuals, including Marina Oswald, Jack Ruby and numerous employees of the Texas School Book Depository. Recorded April 23 and May 7, 2018.

Gary Cartwright

A longtime writer and editor with Texas Monthly magazine, Cartwright was a sports writer at The Dallas Morning News in 1963. He and his roommate, the late Bud Shrake, often socialized with Jack Ruby and his strippers. Recorded March 18, 2011.

Mr. Cartwright passed away on February 22, 2017.

Prince Cartwright, Jr.

A Dallas high school student in 1963, Cartwright became involved in the Civil Rights Movement and was locally active with the NAACP. He worked closely with prominent Dallas civil rights activist Juanita Craft. Recorded January 14, 2020.

Ron Carver

A Massachusetts native, Carver spent the summer of 1964 working at the Atlanta headquarters of the Student Non-violent Coordinating Committee. He then volunteered with SNCC for the next year in Mississippi, where he was once arrested and beaten in jail. As a student at Columbia University in 1968, Carver became an anti-Vietnam War activist. He is co-editor of Waging Peace in Vietnam: U.S. Soldiers and Veterans Who Opposed the War (2019). Recorded May 24, 2021.

Philip Carver, Jr.

Carver served in the U.S. Air Force during the Vietnam War. His late father, Philip “Doc” Carver, was a White House Naval Aide to President Kennedy in 1963. Following the assassination, he served as a U.S. Secret Service agent for Presidents Johnson to Carter. Recorded March 18, 2017.

Frances Cason

A Dallas Police Department dispatcher in 1963, Cason took angry calls from around the world following the assassination. On Sunday, November 24, 1963, she called for an ambulance after Jack Ruby shot Lee Harvey Oswald. As a result, she later testified to the Warren Commission. Recorded July 31, 2017.

Gladys Cason

Cason was the widow of Jack C. Cason, who was president of the Texas School Book Depository in 1963. The Casons, a conservative family, feared for President Kennedy’s safety during his visit to Dallas. Recorded September 29, 2005.

Ms. Cason passed away on March 15, 2009.

Dr. Raphael Cassimere, Jr.

Professor emeritus of history and the first African American instructor hired by the University of New Orleans, Cassimere served as president of the New Orleans NAACP Youth Council from 1960 to 1966. During that time, he led voter registration drives as well as a successful two-year boycott of thirty-five local businesses. Recorded May 14, 2021.

Vivian Castleberry

Considered the “grandmother of women journalists in Dallas,” Castleberry was the longtime editor of women’s news at the Dallas Times Herald. On the day of the assassination, she was waiting at the Trade Mart to cover Jackie Kennedy’s visit to the city. After the shooting, Castleberry worked in the Times Herald newsroom and wrote several human interest stories that weekend. Recorded October 14, 1991, August 19, 2004August 2, 2006, April 18, 2008, August 5, 2009, and June 15, 2015.

Ms. Castleberry passed away on October 4, 2017.

C. Keith Causey

Causey is the son of the late Max E. Causey, the first juror selected for, and later jury foreman of, the Jack Ruby trial in 1964. Keith Causey donated his father’s handwritten journal and trial-related papers to The Sixth Floor Museum in 2002. Recorded August 23, 2002.

Richard & Joe Cavagnaro, Jr.

The Cavagnaros are the sons of the late Joe Cavagnaro, a longtime manager at the Statler Hilton in Dallas. The senior Cavagnaro was close friends with Jack Ruby and met with him on the morning of the assassination. He later visited Ruby several times in jail. Recorded May 7, 2014.

Charles Ced

As manager of the Playboy Club in Dallas in the mid-1950s, and later the owner and operator of another private club in the 1960s, Ced knew Jack Ruby and often had breakfast with him and other nightclub operators. Recorded March 2, 2009.

Mary Certa

An eighth grade Catholic school girl living in California in 1963, Certa was playing the church organ during Mass when the assassination took place. A letter she wrote to Jackie Kennedy two days after the assassination was included in Dr. Ellen Fitzpatrick’s Letters to Jackie: Condolences from a Grieving Nation (2010). Recorded February 24, 2011.

Bill Ceverha

A reporter for KRLD-TV in 1963, Ceverha was on vacation in Chicago at the time of the assassination. In 1964, he covered the Ruby trial for KRLD-TV and Westinghouse Broadcasting. Ceverha later became an active political leader and served in the Texas House of Representatives. Recorded May 2, 2005.

David Chadwick

A Fort Worth native, Chadwick was present when Ambassador Adlai Stevenson was accosted in Dallas on October 24, 1963. The following year he traveled to Mississippi as a civil rights worker with the Council of Federated Organizations (COFO). As a white southerner, he briefly served as a spy in the heavily segregated city of Natchez, Mississippi, and was later arrested. Recorded April 30, 2021.

Gene Chamberlain

Chamberlain is the son of the late Phil Chamberlain, production supervisor at the Kodak lab in Dallas who worked with Abraham Zapruder on November 22, 1963. Gene Chamberlain, a student at the University of Oklahoma at the time, had previously worked two summers with his father at the Kodak lab. Recorded October 19, 2015.

Howard Chamberlain

A longtime engineer at KRLD-TV, Chamberlain was at the Trade Mart, Parkland Memorial Hospital, Dallas City Hall, and the Dallas County Jail on the weekend of the assassination. His late wife, Pollyann Chamberlain, was an employee at the Old Red Courthouse and heard the shooting take place. In 1964, Chamberlain’s late mother-in-law, Ruth Thornton, was briefly held hostage following a county jail break during the Jack Ruby trial. Recorded May 17, 2006.

Mr. Chamberlain passed away on July 28, 2013.

Phil Chamberlain

Production supervisor at the Kodak lab in Dallas, Chamberlain encountered Abraham Zapruder when his film was brought in to be processed on November 22, 1963. Recorded September 21, 1994.

Mr. Chamberlain passed away on February 10, 2014.

James F. Chambers, Jr.

Publisher of the Dallas Times Herald for many years, Chambers had several personal contacts with President Kennedy and helped keep his newspaper organized and working during the weekend of the assassination. Recorded June 10, 1994.

Mr. Chambers passed away on September 21, 2006.

Marie Chancellor

An Oak Cliff resident in 1963, Chancellor saw the Kennedy motorcade on Main Street. In 1991, her daughter was an extra in Dealey Plaza during the filming of Oliver Stone’s JFK. Recorded July 31, 2009.

Ms. Chancellor passed away on September 25, 2019.

Toby Chandler

One of the youngest U.S. Secret Service agents assigned to the presidential detail, Chandler worked with Presidents Eisenhower, Kennedy, and Johnson. He was in Washington, D.C., at the time of the assassination. Recorded November 20, 2010.

The Rev. Wally Chappell

A longtime religious leader in Dallas, Chappell was pastor of the Ridgewood Park United Methodist Church in 1963. He held a special prayer service for President Kennedy on Friday evening. Recorded October 6, 2004.

The Rev. Chappell passed away on September 18, 2016.

Barbara Fahs Charles

Interviewed with her partner, Robert Staples, Charles of the firm Staples and Charles Ltd was a planner and designer for the exhibition, “John F. Kennedy and the Memory of a Nation,” which opened on the sixth floor of the Texas School Book Depository building in 1989. Recorded August 30, 1994, and February 16, 2009.

George Charlton

A community leader in the arts, Charlton played a key role in the establishment of the Dallas Museum of Art. In 1963, he was the son-in-law of community leader J. Erik Jonsson. Recorded July 18, 2001.

Mr. Charlton passed away on October 26, 2012.

Diana Chase

A Dallas high school student in 1963, Chase was resting in the school nurse’s office when she learned of the assassination. Recorded November 9, 2010.

Nikki Chayet

Chayet was a young campaign volunteer for John F. Kennedy in 1960 and Robert Kennedy in 1968. She was a seventh grader in Michigan when the assassination took place. Recorded February 17, 2014.

Carol Chazdon

Twelve years old in 1963, Chazdon wrote a poignant essay about the Kennedy assassination one week later. She shared this essay during her oral history. Recorded October 13, 2011.

Nancy Cheney

Cheney saw the Kennedy motorcade on Lemmon Avenue on November 22, 1963. Years later, as a board member of the Dallas County Historical Foundation, Cheney served as liaison to the Kennedy family during the development of The Sixth Floor Museum at Dealey Plaza. Recorded December 1, 1994.

Ms. Cheney passed away on December 13, 2018.

Dr. Diane Holloway Cheney

As a psychiatric nurse at Parkland Memorial Hospital, Cheney interviewed Major General Edwin Walker for five hours as part of an evaluation in 1962. After developing a research interest in the Kennedy assassination, she wrote and edited several books, including Dallas and the Jack Ruby Trial (2001), Analyzing Leaders, Presidents and Terrorists (2002), The Mind of Oswald (2006) and a novel, I Was a VIP on 11/22/63 (2020). Recorded August 12, 2021.

Sam Childers

A local historian, Childers is the author of Historic Dallas Hotels (2010). This lecture on presidential visits to Dallas was recorded during a Museum public program. Recorded February 19, 2007.

Dr. Allen Childs

A sophomore at UT Southwestern Medical School in Dallas, Childs was outside the Emergency entrance to Parkland Memorial Hospital following the assassination.  He is the author of We Were There: Revelations from the Dallas Doctors Who Attended to JFK on November 22, 1963 (2013). Recorded June 1, 2015.

William R. Chiles

Co-owner and vice president of Dallas typesetting company Jaggers-Chiles-Stovall, Chiles oversaw the hiring and firing of employee Lee Harvey Oswald, who worked for the business from October 1962 to April 1963. Recorded January 26, 2011.

Mr. Chiles passed away on March 7, 2015.

Ronald E. Chinitz

Chinitz volunteered for John F. Kennedy’s 1960 campaign and Robert Kennedy’s 1968 campaign. He was in the Embassy Ballroom at the Ambassador Hotel in Los Angeles on June 5, 1968, and was an eyewitness to the assassination of Sen. Kennedy. An active Kennedy collector for several decades, his collection includes political memorabilia and rare assassination-related materials. Recorded September 15, 2016, and August 15, 2018.

John Chism

A Dallas police patrolman in 1963, Chism was assigned to the corner of Mockingbird Lane and Lemmon Avenue during the presidential motorcade. Later, he was taking a robbery victim’s statement in the emergency room of Parkland Memorial Hospital when the president arrived. Chism was briefly inside Trauma Room One and offered assistance to nurses, Secret Service agents, and other officials. Recorded February 12, 2008.

Marvin Faye & Rickey Chism

Standing on Elm Street, the Chism family–the late John Chism, his wife Marvin Faye, and three-year-old son Rickey–were close eyewitnesses to the Kennedy assassination. Interviewed at length that day by the Dallas County Sheriff’s Department, they have since been reluctant to discuss the subject. Recorded January 11, 2012, January 26 and November 20, 2013, and November 22, 2015.

Olin Chism

Serving as a copy editor at the Denton Record-Chronicle in 1963, Chism later worked for other local distinguished newspapers, such as the Fort Worth Star-Telegram, the Dallas Times Herald, and the Dallas Morning News. Recorded May 20, 1995.

Twyla Chocte

Chocte, three years old in 1963, considers televised coverage of the Kennedy funeral one of her earliest childhood memories. Her late aunt, assassination eyewitness Dorothy Ann Garner, worked on the fourth floor of the Texas School Book Depository and recalled brief interactions with Lee Harvey Oswald. Recorded February 26, 2019.

Dr. George Christian

Christian was a private assigned to U.S. Army Intelligence at the Pentagon in 1963. He visited the Capitol Rotunda that weekend to pay his respects and captured a color home movie of the Kennedy funeral procession on Pennsylvania Avenue, which he donated to The Sixth Floor Museum at Dealey Plaza in 2008. Recorded October 28, 2008.

Pastor G. James Christopher

A young civil rights activist in the 1960s, Christopher was inspired by Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. As pastor of the St. Mark African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church in Dallas, he provided the invocation at the opening of The Sixth Floor exhibit on February 20, 1989. Recorded April 19, 2019.

F. Nick Ciacelli

A collector of Kennedy memorabilia since 1963, Ciacelli opened a 1960s-themed McDonald’s restaurant in Florida and later developed the traveling exhibition “JFK Remembered.”  The centerpiece of his collection is a replica Kennedy limousine, used in numerous films and documentaries including Oliver Stone’s JFK (1991). Recorded April 8, 2011.

Dale Clark

Five years old in 1963, Clark and his family saw the Kennedy motorcade on Lemmon Avenue. Recorded January 20, 2011.

John Clark

A longtime maintenance manager with Dallas County, Clark has worked with county-owned buildings in the Dealey Plaza area since 1981. He was involved in air conditioning, lighting, and other facilities work during the early days of The Sixth Floor exhibition. Recorded October 25, 2010.

Richard Clark

A yearbook photographer at North Dallas High School in 1963, Clark took pictures of the Kennedy motorcade on Lemmon Avenue and later captured images inside school classrooms as students reacted to news of the assassination. He donated his images to The Sixth Floor Museum in 2003. Recorded January 8, 2015.

Hubert Clark

As a 1963 member of the U.S. Navy Ceremonial Guard, Clark served as a pallbearer for President Kennedy. After discovering that his memories of the president’s casket at Bethesda Naval Medical Center differed from those of medical corpsmen involved with the autopsy, he wrote the book, Betrayal: A JFK Honor Guard Speaks (2016). Recorded November 20, 2017.

Mr. Clark passed away on December 1, 2020.

J. David Clayton

A Dallas native, Clayton was a recent graduate of Southern Methodist University in 1963 and was employed by Texas Instruments at the time of the assassination. Recorded September 8, 2010.

Katherine Clayton

Clayton was a history teacher at Thomas Jefferson High School in Dallas in 1963. She was in class with only two students at the time of the assassination because the others had been excused to see the presidential parade. Recorded September 8, 2010.

Virginia Clements

Clements was the widow of the late W.W. “Foots” Clements, president, CEO, and chairman of the board of the Dr. Pepper Company (1974-80). As vice president of marketing in 1963, W.W. Clements organized the Dr. Pepper bottlers meeting held in Dallas on the same day as the Kennedy assassination. The Clements were later instrumental in the opening of the Dr. Pepper Museum and Free Enterprise Institute in Waco, Texas. Recorded January 23, 2012.

Ms. Clements passed away on May 6, 2021.

Evelyn Clemmons

A housewife in Lockport, New York, in 1963, Clemmons was caring for her two young children at the time of the assassination. Recorded February 26, 2019.

Gilbert Clift

A World War II veteran, Clift was working in Houston, Texas, at the time of the assassination. He later joined the Peace Corps, serving in Honduras from 1978 to 1979. Recorded February 8, 2016.

Raymond R. Cline

A Dallas police officer from 1954 to 1977, Cline was assigned to the Dallas Trade Mart for President Kennedy’s planned luncheon. He once visited Jack Ruby’s Carousel Club after being told that officers received free drinks there. Later in his career, he came to know Marina Oswald when she worked at a Dallas convenience store on his patrol beat. Recorded August 6, 2009.

Mr. Cline passed away on January 9, 2013.

Ed Cloutman

A Louisiana native, Cloutman has devoted his entire law career to civil rights. Upon moving to Dallas in 1970, he became the lead attorney in the controversial court case to integrate the Dallas Independent School District.  He remained with the case until 2003 and argued it before the U.S. Supreme Court. Recorded April 8, 2011.

Col. Richard C. Cloy

A U.S. Army captain in the early 1960s, Cloy commanded the 3rd U.S. Infantry Regiment, traditionally known as “The Old Guard,” in Washington, D.C. In that capacity, he interacted with President and Mrs. Kennedy on several occasions and was actively involved in arranging the Kennedy funeral procession. Recorded January 31, 2018.

Francais Clymer

A longtime executive with the Meadows Foundation in Dallas, Clymer was a senior at Southern Methodist University in 1963. She spent the weekend of the Kennedy assassination with friends in New York City. Recorded April 8, 2008.

Ms. Clymer passed away on January 15, 2015.

Diana Coady

A student at a Catholic school in Fort Worth, Coady turned twelve years old on November 22, 1963. That day had a profound impact on her life. Recorded January 7, 2009, and March 16, 2012.

Charles E. Cobb, Jr.

An author, former NPR reporter, and the first African American staff writer hired by National Geographic, Cobb was arrested during his first sit-in in Annapolis, Maryland, in 1961. As a civil rights worker with the Student Non-violent Coordinating Committee, Cobb was active in Mississippi from 1962 to 1967. He then took a tour of Vietnam as a SNCC representative. Recorded May 4, 2021.

Gretchen Coben

A Dallas social worker in 1963, Coben watched the Kennedy motorcade and witnessed part of the assassination from the second-floor balcony of the Old Red Courthouse. Recorded June 15, 2007.

Mike Cochran

A reporter with the Associated Press for nearly four decades, Cochran covered President Kennedy in Fort Worth, the assassination aftermath at Parkland Memorial Hospital, and Lee Harvey Oswald’s funeral, where he served as a pallbearer. He later covered the Jack Ruby trial. Recorded July 14, 1993, November 19, 1998, and October 14, 2013.

Monica Cochran

As a fifth grader at Holy Trinity Catholic School in Dallas, Cochran saw the Kennedy motorcade on Lemmon Avenue. Her priest, Father Oscar Huber, administered the Last Rites to President Kennedy at Parkland Memorial Hospital. Recorded June 5, 2019.

Joe Cody

A burglary and theft detective with the Dallas Police Department in 1963, Cody went to the Texas School Book Depository after the assassination. A friend of Jack Ruby’s, Cody purchased a gun for Ruby in 1960 that Ruby later used to shoot Lee Harvey Oswald. Recorded October 11, 1999.

Mr. Cody passed away on June 28, 2008.

Jeanne Cofer

A native of Denison, Texas, Cofer was a young Kennedy campaign volunteer in 1960. She was attending college at the time of the assassination. Recorded September 24, 2019.

Gary Coffman

A longtime executive with the Woodbine Development Corporation in Dallas, Coffman was attending Southern Methodist University in 1963. After Woodbine purchased the former Hotel Texas property in downtown Fort Worth in 1978, Coffman was involved in the building’s renovations. Recorded December 19, 2011.

Leland & Patricia Coggan

Conservative Dallasites who had moved to New York City days prior to the Kennedy assassination, the Coggans were publicly insulted in the aftermath because of their hometown. They returned to Dallas one year later. Recorded March 25, 2013.

Sol Cohen

Living in the same Oak Cliff apartment complex as Jack Ruby in 1963, Cohen claims to have predicted the shooting of Lee Harvey Oswald on Sunday, November 24. Recorded June 25, 2014.

Ernestine Cole

A Florida native, Cole was one of five African American students selected for the first school integration in her community. Later in the 1960s, she became active with the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP). Recorded November 9, 2010.

Carrol Coleman

An insurance salesman in Dallas, Coleman made a joke about a possible shooting before learning of the assassination. Although not a Kennedy supporter, he was deeply impacted by the president’s death. Recorded April 26, 2013.

Mr. Coleman passed away on January 10, 2014.

Don Coleman

A Fort Worth resident in 1963, Coleman wrote letters around the world and collected more than 200 newspapers from the days surrounding the assassination. His collection of papers from the United States and 25 other countries, written in 16 languages, was donated to the Museum in 2003. Recorded September 15, 2003.

Larry Coleman

Coleman, an insurance underwriter at Pacific Indemnity in Dallas, watched the Kennedy motorcade from the corner of Main and Ervay streets. He recalled that twice that week Secret Service agents visited his workplace looking for former employees. Recorded May 23, 2007.

Willie Mae Coleman

Coleman grew up in a segregated neighborhood in south Dallas. A longtime African American community leader, she was locally involved in some civil rights activities during the 1960s. Recorded October 31, 2018.

Jacqueline Collins

A 23-year-old typist at the Bateson Construction Company in Dallas, Collins watched the Kennedy motorcade on Main Street. About one month prior to the assassination, she met Jack Ruby on a downtown street, and he pursued her by telephone for several weeks in the hopes of convincing her to audition at the Carousel Club. Recorded November 2, 2007.

William E. Collins

A local attorney in Dallas, Collins was one of the Dallas County Historical Foundation’s original board members. Recorded June 12, 1997.

Mr. Collins passed away on December 1, 1997.

Linda Colston

From 1962 to 1964, Colston worked at the circulation desk at The Dallas Morning News. She frequently saw Jack Ruby at the newspaper, including on the day of the Kennedy assassination. Recorded March 16, 2009.

J R Compton

Editor of the student magazine at the University of Dallas at the time of the assassination, Compton went on to serve in the Vietnam War and become a vocal anti-war critic. After working as a staff photographer at the Dallas Times Herald in the early 1970s, he was publisher of the left-wing underground newspapers Dallas NOTES and HOOKA. Recorded March 17, 2006.

Darryl Conine

An employee of John Sexton and Company for forty-four years, Conine worked in the firm’s warehouse at 411 Elm Street in Dallas – later known as the Texas School Book Depository building – from 1952 to 1961. He shared knowledge of the building’s history and layout. Recorded January 15, 2002, and August 14, 2013.

Nellie Connally

The widow of former Texas Gov. John Connally, Nellie Connally was in the presidential limousine at the time of the assassination and spoke the last words to President Kennedy. Connally’s memories were recorded during a public speaking appearance in Dallas. Recorded December 6, 1996.

Ms. Connally passed away on September 1, 2006.

John M. Connally

A cousin of Texas Gov. John Connally, John M. Connally served as campaign manager for the governor’s brother, Wayne Connally, when he unsuccessfully ran for Texas lieutenant governor in 1972. On the day of the assassination, John M. Connally saw the motorcade–and waved at his cousin–on Main Street. Recorded December 14, 2017.

Michael Connelly

A sports writer for the Boston Herald, Connelly is the author of The President’s Team: The 1963 Army-Navy Game and the Assassination of JFK (2009). Recorded November 11, 2011.

Dr. Nancy Connors

A longtime educator, Connors was a high school senior in Illinois at the time of the assassination. On January 31, 1968, she was in the front row of the studio audience for District Attorney Jim Garrison’s appearance on The Tonight Show. Connors has maintained a research interest in the Kennedy assassination for decades and authored the young adult novel, Grassy Knoll (2018). Recorded January 9, 2020.

Chuck Conrad

Conrad began a career in broadcast news, production, and engineering in the late 1960s. Since the 1980s he has been an active collector of radio and television memorabilia.  His collection includes a WFAA-TV Dumont Telecruiser and a KRLD-TV camera used during the assassination weekend.  Recorded May 13, 2015.

Beatrice Constantino

Constantino is the daughter of the late Edmond Van Brandt, a carpenter at Brooks Air Force Base in San Antonio. Brandt built a custom lectern that was used by President Kennedy during his visit on Thursday, November 21, 1963. Constantino was interviewed with two of her siblings. Recorded April 11, 2015.

Jim Conzelman

Currently the president and CEO of the Ripon Society in Washington, D.C., Conzelman was an assistant to President Gerald Ford before serving as a senior research analyst for the House Select Committee on Assassinations investigation from 1977 to 1978. Recorded May 31, 2016.

Joe Cook

A photo technician specialist in Chicago, Cook processed film for Life magazine the weekend of the assassination and was invited to an early screening of the Zapruder film. In 2003, Cook was part of a team that examined the Mary Moorman photo for the Discovery Channel. Recorded September 4, 2003.

Noel Cook

An employee of the Federal Aviation Administration, Cook was stationed at Dallas Love Field when the presidential party arrived. He later became an aviation historian. Recorded August 24, 1999.

Mr. Cook passed away on October 23, 2005.

Phil Cook

As a patrolman with the Dallas County Sheriff’s Department, Cook escorted Lyndon and Lady Bird Johnson during their visit to Dallas in November 1960. Years later, as a criminal investigator, he was assigned escort and courtroom guard duty for Jack Ruby during his 1964 trial. Recorded June 16, 2008.

Tom Cook

An associate director with CBS Television in New York in 1963, Cook was involved in covering the events of the assassination. Recorded January 31, 1992.

Mr. Cook passed away on April 19, 2016.

Elizabeth Cooper

Cooper was a Kennedy supporter living outside Houston, Texas, in 1963. She was very concerned about the John Birch Society and its strong presence in Dallas. Recorded June 23, 2014.

George & Sarah Cooper

Students at Pepperdine University in California in 1963, the Coopers met on a university-sponsored trip to Germany and were there when the Kennedy assassination took place. Recorded March 11, 2011.

The Rev. Bob Cooper

Beginning in 1965, Cooper was associate chaplain at the Perkins School of Theology at Southern Methodist University. He was heavily involved in the Dallas peace movement and participated in a number of protests, including a 17-mile march from Fort Worth to Dallas that culminated with a rally near Dealey Plaza. Recorded October 29, 2007.

William Cooper

The head of Dallas Market Hall, which included the Trade Mart, Cooper was one of the Dallas County Historical Foundation’s original board members. Recorded March 30, 1994.

Mr. Cooper passed away on March 6, 2008.

Francis J. Corbett

Working as a physicist at the ITEK Corporation in 1975, Corbett was the principal investigator for their John Kennedy Assassination Film Analysis for CBS News. In addition to related journal articles and presentations, he also did film analysis for the 1993 PBS Frontline special, “Who was Lee Harvey Oswald?”  Ironically, beginning in the late 1950s, Corbett had several personal interactions with John F. Kennedy and his family as an employee of the Hyannisport Club in Hyannis Port, Massachusetts. Recorded November 22, 2016.

Janet Cormier

Cormier was a Kennedy volunteer in Boston during the 1960 presidential election. She saw him in person that year and had hoped to volunteer for his re-election campaign in 1964. Recorded October 7, 2014.

Ms. Cormier passed away on January 23, 2017.

Gary Cornwell

Cornwell was a prosecutor with the U.S. Department of Justice when he was selected to serve as the Deputy Chief Counsel for the House Select Committee on Assassinations in 1977. He headed up the HSCA’s Kennedy assassination investigation and personally interviewed a number of individuals. Cornwell later wrote the book Real Answers (1998). Recorded March 28, 2012.

Mercedes Cortez

A Kennedy admirer, Cortez was living in Mexico in 1963. She immigrated to the United States in 1970. Recorded November 3, 2017.

Nickolas Costas

Costas’s late father, Greek immigrant Anthony Costas, owned or managed several private clubs in Dallas beginning in the 1940s. Nickolas Costas purchased the historic Cipango Club in Dallas in the 1970s. Recorded November 1, 2012.

Michael Coston

Coston was a student at Jesuit High School in Dallas in 1963. His late mother volunteered at the Dallas Trade Mart luncheon while his older brother, the late Dallas Morning News photographer Fred Coston, heard shots fired in Dealey Plaza and went to Parkland Memorial Hospital. Michael Coston vividly remembers seeing a copy of the Zapruder film, obtained by his brother, on Sunday, November 24, 1963. Recorded February 14, 2020.

Dr. Malcom Couch

A part-time news photographer for Dallas ABC affiliate WFAA-TV/Channel 8, Couch covered the president’s arrival at Dallas Love Field and was riding in the motorcade when he heard three shots fired and saw a rifle barrel in the sixth floor window of the Texas School Book Depository building. Recorded circa 1989, November 21, 2000, and April 2, 2007.

Dr. Couch passed away on February 12, 2013.

J. Walter Coughlin

A U.S. Secret Service agent from 1961 to 1977, Coughlin served on the details of Presidents Kennedy and Johnson and Vice President Hubert Humphrey. He was part of the advance team for San Antonio on President Kennedy’s trip to Texas. In 1973, Coughlin became the agent-in-charge of the Dallas field office. Recorded February 18, 2011, May 3, 2014, and March 21, 2016.

David Coulson

Having celebrated his seventh birthday one week earlier, Coulson was home sick from school on November 22, 1963. The assassination remains one of his earliest and most powerful childhood memories. Recorded January 29, 2010.

Robert B. Counts

A Dallas police patrolman, Counts escorted officials to the Dallas Trade Mart on the morning of November 22, 1963. Following the assassination, he was assigned guard duty at the Texas School Book Depository and Dallas police headquarters. Recorded February 20, 2012.

Will Courtney

A Fort Worth native, Courtney attended the Chamber of Commerce breakfast at the Hotel Texas on November 22, 1963. He then had a brief encounter with President Kennedy outside the hotel. Recorded March 19, 2014.

Mr. Courtney passed away on April 16, 2019.

Billie Cox

Cox, a longtime teacher at Annie Webb Blanton Elementary in Dallas, was close friends with fellow teacher–and well-known assassination eyewitness–Jean Hill for more than thirty years. Cox attended many assassination talks with Hill and was in Dealey Plaza for the filming of Oliver Stone’s JFK (1991). Recorded June 16, 2014.

Ms. Cox passed away on May 10, 2015.

Don Cox

Cox was Officer of the Day for the 35th Engineer Battalion at Fort Polk, Louisiana, on November 22, 1963. He was sent by his commanding officer to retrieve black-bordered letters about the assassination to be read to all troops. Recorded March 4, 2014.

Charles Cox

Cox was a freshman at Southern Methodist University in Dallas at the time of the assassination. As academic committee chair of the SMU Students’ Association, he coordinated a speech on campus by Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. on March 17, 1966. Cox went on to serve in the Vietnam War. Recorded April 18, 2018.

Judy Coyne

A Catholic schoolgirl in Dallas, Coyne was a fervent supporter of President Kennedy. After her class missed seeing the motorcade, Coyne responded to the assassination by compiling a scrapbook. Recorded May 3, 2013.

Horace Craig

Assistant city editor at the Fort Worth Star-Telegram in 1963, Craig was in the office on Sunday and helped coordinate coverage when Lee Harvey Oswald was shot. In later years Craig was active with the Fort Worth Stockyards National Historic District. Recorded March 10, 2004.

Mr. Craig passed away on October 1, 2006.

Herman Craighead

A Dallas police officer from 1954 to 1978, Craighead was assigned to guard the head table for the presidential luncheon at the Dallas Trade Mart on November 22, 1963. Previously, Craighead had worked with Officer J.D. Tippit. Recorded July 7, 2010.

Mr. Craighead passed away on September 29, 2012.

John Crain

Since the 1970s, Crain has worked with a variety of institutions including the Texas Historical Commission and the Texas State Historical Association.  As longtime chairman of the Dallas Historical Society, he served on the founding board of the Dallas County Historical Foundation and was involved in the development of The Sixth Floor exhibition. Recorded June 26, 2013.

Ann Crane

A history teacher at W.W. Samuell High School in Dallas, Crane remembers the vast majority of her students were not in class on November 22, 1963. Years later, in the early 1980s, she toured the empty sixth floor of the Texas School Book Depository with local preservation activist Lindalyn Adams. Recorded January 11, 2016.

Charles Cravotta

Cravotta’s family operated a first-floor showroom at the Dallas Trade Mart in 1963. As a result, five-year-old Charles was allowed to stand near the head table to await the president’s arrival at the luncheon. Recorded January 27, 2014.

Dr. John Crawford

A longtime research scientist and particle physicist, Crawford was studying in Great Britain in 1963. He began to research the Kennedy assassination, specifically the Zapruder film and the jet effect theory, in 2008 and conducted a series of tests in 2013. Recorded March 3, 2014.

George & Jeannette Crawford

The Crawfords were active in the civil rights and peace movements of the 1960s. They both recall Dallas as a city of hatred and anger at the time of the Kennedy assassination because of vocal right-wing extremism. Recorded June 12, 2009, and February 8, 2016.

Mr. Crawford passed away on July 16, 2018.

Dr. Peadar Cremin

The president of Mary Immaculate College at the University of Limerick, Cremin was fourteen years old when he saw President Kennedy during his June 1963 visit to Ireland. Recorded March 12, 2009.

Dr. Cremin passed away on November 30, 2015.

John A. Crichton

An oil and gas company executive and longtime chairman of the board of Arabian American Development Co., Crichton worked for Dallas Civil Defense in 1963 and obtained a translator for Marina Oswald after her husband’s arrest. Crichton was also a friend of George de Mohrenschildt, an acquaintance of Lee Harvey Oswald. Recorded July 6, 2001.

Mr. Crichton passed away on December 10, 2007.

Gerry Cristol

The longtime archivist at Temple Emanu-El in Dallas, Cristol is the author of A Light in the Prairie: Temple Emanu-El of Dallas, 1872-1997 (1998). She saw the Kennedy motorcade on Turtle Creek Boulevard. Recorded November 13, 2013.

John Criswell

A recognized Dallas/Fort Worth broadcast journalist for more than twenty years, Criswell was an anchor/producer at ABC affiliate WFAA-TV (1973-90) and CBS/FOX affiliate KDFW-TV  (1990-97). As a young reporter at WFAA Radio in 1964, he briefly encountered Jack Ruby during his infamous trial. Recorded January 12, 2017.

Tom Croft

A Fort Worth native, Croft was living in west Texas in 1963. He attended one of the few high school football games played in the state on the evening of the assassination. Recorded September 8, 2010.

James Cron

A jail clerk at the Dallas Police Department at the time of the assassination, Cron started the first Crime Scene Search Unit at the Dallas County Sheriff’s Department in 1970 and has since become a veteran crime scene investigator and law enforcement consultant. Recorded May 10 and May 16, 2007.

Mr. Cron passed away on April 24, 2019.

Gail Cronauer

An award-winning stage and screen actress and longtime theater teacher, Cronauer portrayed “Janet Williams,” based on Ruth Paine, in Oliver Stone’s JFK (1991). Ironically, she attended the same college as Paine, Antioch College in Ohio, and was a student activist in the 1960s. Recorded August 21, 2019.

Walter Cronkite

A legendary broadcast journalist, Cronkite was managing editor and anchorman of the CBS Evening News during the Kennedy years. On November 22, 1963, he reported the news of the president’s death on live television. This interview was recorded in conjunction with the John F. Kennedy Presidential Library and Museum. Recorded April 14, 2004.

Mr. Cronkite passed away on July 17, 2009.

Gary Crouse

A U.S. Marine from 1961 to 1964, Crouse was part of the flight crew for the Marine helicopters used by Presidents Kennedy and Johnson. Recorded November 9, 2011.

Jerry Crow

Twelve years old in 1963, Crow saw President and Mrs. Kennedy upon their arrival at Dallas Love Field. A longtime collector of Kennedy memorabilia, Crow was deeply impacted by the assassination. Recorded February 15, 2012.

Phil Crow

A fifty-year veteran of the Dallas/Forth Worth television market, Crow was the studio supervisor at independent station KTVT-TV in 1963. He operated the camera during President Kennedy’s Fort Worth breakfast speech, at Parkland Hospital, and during the funeral services for Officer J.D. Tippit. On Sunday, Crow was prepared to shoot video of a Fort Worth memorial service when Lee Harvey Oswald was shot in Dallas. Recorded October 14, 2008.

Sue Crutchfield

Crutchfield was the cousin of the late U.S. Senator John McClellan of Arkansas (1943-77), an acquaintance of the Kennedy family.  According to Crutchfield, her cousin was sent to Dallas to survey the city’s political climate shortly before President Kennedy’s trip to Texas. Recorded June 19, 2015.

Ms. Crutchfield passed away on May 28, 2016.

Betty Culbreath

A longtime community leader, and director of Dallas County Health and Human Services for more than two decades, Culbreath became active in the civil rights movement while attending the University of Texas in Austin. She participated in protests and sit-ins, including a filmed altercation that aired on local television. Recorded April 26, 2011.

Lee Cullum

Part of a prominent local family, Cullum is a veteran Dallas/Fort Worth newspaper, radio, and television journalist and editor. An active community leader for decades, she is a senior fellow at the Tower Center for Political Studies at Southern Methodist University. Recorded August 24, 2000, and March 12, 2018.

Amy Cunningham

A high school sophomore in 1963, Cunningham saw the Kennedy motorcade on Main Street. In the aftermath of the assassination, she assisted at the Cinderella Flower Shop in Oak Cliff, creating a large number of memorial floral arrangements and transporting them to Dealey Plaza. Recorded July 11, 2008.

Col. Walt Cunningham

America’s second civilian astronaut, Cunningham in 1968 was the lunar module pilot for Apollo 7, the first manned mission in the Apollo program. He joined NASA in October 1963, less than one month before the Kennedy assassination. Recorded October 4, 2007, May 27, 2011, and October 22, 2015.

Sam Cunningham

Cunningham helped build and was manager of the John F. Kennedy Museum at 501 Elm Street, which opened in 1970. Over the years, he met a number of individuals connected with the assassination. His late cousin, Bill Beal, was a photographer at the Dallas Times Herald who covered the events of that weekend. Recorded February 1, 2017.

Mr. Cunningham passed away on June 18, 2018.

John W. Curington

Curington was personal assistant and attorney to Texas oil tycoon and conservative activist H.L. Hunt from 1957 to 1969. In that capacity, Curington had contact with J. Edgar Hoover and came to believe that Hunt was connected to political assassinations in the 1960s. Recorded May 3, 2018.

Gene E. Curry

Curry is the son of the late Dallas Police Chief Jesse Curry, who was actively involved in arranging local security for President Kennedy’s visit to Dallas and the subsequent assassination investigation. Gene Curry, a local insurance adjustor in 1963, went to Parkland Memorial Hospital immediately after the assassination and briefly spoke with his father. Recorded August 4, 2021.