All Oral Histories
A student at G.B. Dealey Elementary in Dallas, Steve Fagin celebrated his eleventh birthday the day before the assassination. His future wife, Debra Shaw Fagin, was a fifth grader in the Dallas suburb of Mesquite and recalls some students cheering news of President Kennedy’s death. Debra Fagin has maintained a lifelong interest in the assassination, collecting material and meeting several eyewitnesses and researchers. Recorded June 6, 2018.
While attending Central State University in Wilberforce, Ohio, Fankhauser became a civil rights Freedom Rider and was arrested in Jackson, Mississippi, in May 1961. He was incarcerated in a state penitentiary for forty-two days alongside fellow activist Stokely Carmichael. At the time of the assassination, Fankhauser was visiting Vienna, Austria. Recorded July 14, 2021.
Farnsworth was a third grader in New York at the time of the assassination. She turned nine years old on the day of the Oswald shooting, Sunday, November 24, 1963. Recorded June 21, 2018.
Farrington was the nurse stationed at the triage desk in Parkland Memorial Hospital’s emergency room when President Kennedy, Gov. Connally, and Lee Harvey Oswald were admitted to the hospital. It was her decision to take Vice President Johnson and his wife to Minor Medicine for safety. Recorded March 15, 2000.
Ms. Farrington passed away on September 11, 2018.
A Dallas police officer in 1963, Farris was at Parkland Memorial Hospital when the motorcade arrived, and he saw President Kennedy’s body. On Saturday, he guarded the Homicide and Robbery Bureau doorway at Dallas police headquarters. An acquaintance of Jack Ruby, he was later involved in the production of Oliver Stone’s 1991 film JFK. Recorded September 7, 2007.
Feibel saw Sen. John F. Kennedy in Dallas during the 1960 campaign. When she and her family toured Mexico in 1964, they were fearful to reveal that they lived in Dallas. Recorded January 13, 2015.
Fennig, a nurse at Parkland Memorial Hospital in 1963, helped escort President Kennedy’s casket out of the hospital. In December 1966, she treated Jack Ruby when he arrived at Parkland. Recorded May 8, 2014.
A senior at Oklahoma State University in 1963, Fenton defiantly walked out of his classroom following the Kennedy assassination when his professor refused to cancel class for the day. As a result, Fenton failed the course. Recorded January 23, 2009.
A 14-year-old schoolgirl in 1963, Ferguson was standing with friends on Lemmon Avenue to watch the motorcade. In 1964, she campaigned for President Lyndon Johnson. Recorded April 26, 2002.
A Fort Worth native, Fernley turned nine years old two days before the assassination. Her late father, Jesse Herrera, worked at the Fort Worth Star-Telegram at the time and was inspired in part by President Kennedy to become involved with LULAC, the American GI Forum of Texas and other organizations. Recorded November 2, 2020.
A longtime photographer in Kalamazoo, Michigan, Ferraro extensively photographed Senator John F. Kennedy’s brief campaign visit there in October 1960. After the assassination, Ferraro compiled his images into a memorial booklet entitled One Hour in Our History (1964). Recorded April 7, 2010.
Mr. Ferraro passed away on August 1, 2020.
Ferreira was assigned to Sheppard Air Force Base in Texas during the Cuban missile crisis in 1962. The following year, when the assassination took place, he was working on an air base in Taiwan. Recorded February 15, 2019.
Fetech’s late father served in the U.S. Air Force Security Service during the Kennedy years. As a result, Fetech was living in Germany when the Berlin Wall was constructed in 1961 and was in Key West, Florida, at the time of the assassination. Recorded April 11, 2015.
Figueroa was 13 years old and living in Puerto Rico at the time of the assassination. That weekend, she and her family attended a wake for President Kennedy. Recorded August 7, 2007.
Fisher and her mother saw President Kennedy speak in front of the Hotel Texas on November 22, 1963. The shock of the assassination inspired in her a lifelong interest in the Kennedy family. Recorded September 20, 2012.
Art director at KRLD-TV in 1963, Fisher processed film from all over the world during the weekend of the assassination. In 1964, he was a sketch artist for the Jack Ruby trial. Recorded April 8, 2004.
Mr. Fisher passed away on June 19, 2017.
The only full-time Tarrant County deputy sheriff on horseback in 1963, Fisher was stationed outside the Hotel Texas on the morning of the assassination. There he met President Kennedy, who was photographed petting Fisher’s horse, Snuffy. Recorded September 1, 2009, June 15, 2010, and June 8, 2012.
Fisk, thirteen years old in 1963, is the daughter of the late Dr. Robert Stubblefield, a prominent Dallas psychiatrist who evaluated Jack Ruby and testified at his 1964 trial. Recorded November 1, 2019.
A noted media personality and professor of history at the University of New Hampshire, Fitzpatrick saw President Kennedy at Amherst College in October 1963. Years later, at the John F. Kennedy Presidential Library, she examined thousands of letters mailed to Jackie Kennedy following the assassination. The result of her research was the book Letters to Jackie: Condolences from a Grieving Nation (2010). Recorded March 11, 2010.
Interviewed with her son, Kip, and son-in-law, Bob Kirkpatrick, Mrs. Flanders was a Dallas housewife in 1963 with two schoolchildren. Recorded April 19, 1995.
Ms. Flanders passed away on August 4, 2010.
A longtime reporter with the Fort Worth Star-Telegram, Flemmons covered the assassination and served as a pallbearer during Lee Harvey Oswald’s funeral on Monday, November 25, 1963. Recorded October 26, 1988.
Mr. Flemmons passed away on September 17, 1999.
Fletcher was a minister in North Carolina in 1963. He observed part of the Dealey Plaza filming of Oliver Stone’s JFK in 1991. Recorded August 10, 2017.
Dr. Fletcher passed away on July 28, 2021.
An Oak Cliff postal worker in 1963, Fletcher was a longtime member of the John Birch Society and an acquaintance of Gen. Edwin Walker. Recorded September 6, 2012.
Mr. Fletcher passed away on January 1, 2018.
A reporter and editor at The Dallas Morning News from 1983 to 2015, Flick was a seventh grader in Ohio in 1963. He wrote a number of assassination-related stories over the years and led the extensive Morning News coverage of the 50th anniversary in 2013. Recorded June 10, 2015.
Fliés served in the Peace Corps in Brazil from 1962 to 1964. During his training in Alabama, he witnessed segregation for the first time. Fliés is the author of Into the Backlands: A Peace Corps Memoir (2018). Recorded December 12, 2018.
Follett was a student nurse in California at the time of the assassination. Although her sister later joined the counterculture of the 1960s, Follett was opposed to the social movements of the decade. Recorded January 7, 2015.
Mayor of Dallas from 1976 to 1981, Folsom was a longtime real estate developer and served as president of the Dallas School Board during the racial integration of the 1960s. Recorded September 5, 2001.
Mr. Folsom passed away on January 24, 2017.
A longtime Dallas businessman, Fonts was a Cuban native living in exile in Florida when he joined the Bay of Pigs invasion force. Recorded November 27, 2000, and January 21, 2016.
Fonzi is the widow of investigative journalist Gaeton Fonzi, who served as a researcher for the Church Committee and the House Select Committee on Assassinations in the 1970s. He later wrote the book, The Last Investigation (1993). Recorded November 19, 2016.
A geography professor at the University of Connecticut, Foote is the author of Shadowed Ground: America’s Landscapes of Violence and Tragedy (1997). He was eight years old at the time of the assassination. Recorded August 12, 2020.
Ford is the son of the late Declan and Katya Ford, acquaintances of Lee and Marina Oswald who both testified before the Warren Commission in 1964. Marina Oswald briefly stayed with the Fords before and after the assassination, and Katya Ford served as her translator on several occasions. Recorded January 15, 2021.
A housewife in Baton Rouge, Louisiana, Ford supported Richard Nixon in 1960. She later witnessed a prominent downtown march during the Civil Rights Movement. Recorded February 8, 2016.
Ms. Ford passed away on December 7, 2019.
A Dallas high school student in 1963, Fordham saw the Kennedys at Dallas Love Field. She was interviewed with her friend, Carolyn Roderick. Recorded June 25, 2010.
Foreman was a junior in high school and went with friends to see the motorcade–particularly Jackie Kennedy–on November 22, 1963. Foreman recalls a feeling of intense sadness after the assassination, when the city completely shut down. Recorded July 27, 1999.
Foster was a junior at Arlington Heights High School in Fort Worth in 1963. From her classroom, she heard the sirens of the presidential procession as it made its way to Carswell Air Force Base for the flight to Dallas. Recorded December 8, 2008.
Fowler was the widow of Dallas attorney Clayton Fowler, a longtime friend of Jack Ruby and his legal consultant from immediately following the shooting of Lee Harvey Oswald until Ruby’s death in January 1967. Recorded July 11, 2008.
Ms. Fowler passed away on March 2, 2019.
During his twenty-nine years as a reporter with Dallas ABC affiliate WFAA-TV, beginning in the mid-1970s, Fox covered a number of Kennedy assassination-related stories, particularly during the House Select Committee on Assassinations investigation. Recorded April 24, 2013.
Six years old in 1963, Francis watched the Kennedy motorcade from the steps of the Old Red Courthouse near Dealey Plaza. For her, the assassination prompted a lifelong interest in Jacqueline Kennedy and her children. Recorded January 22, 2009.
A member of Assault Brigade 2506, Franco served as part of the Bay of Pigs invasion force. Recorded October 29, 2000.
Mr. Franco passed away on September 20, 2003.
An award-winning documentarian, Frank has written, directed, and edited programming for television networks including PBS, ABC, Discovery Channel, and History Channel. He produced and edited The Lost JFK Tapes: The Assassination(2009) for National Geographic Channel. Frank was interviewed with two of his documentary associates. Recorded November 17, 2009.
An associate professor of composition and theory at Southern Methodist University, Frank was named in honor of Robert F. Kennedy. One of his works, “Metallic Origami,” premiered at The Sixth Floor Museum in 2019. Recorded November 12 and 21, 2019.
Six-year-old Franzen witnessed the assassination alongside his parents in Dealey Plaza. The Franzens, who can be seen in the Zapruder film, were interviewed that day by the FBI. Recorded July 8, 2014.
Former chair of the Dallas County Historical Commission, Frazer has been locally active in historic preservation since the 1990s. As a senior at Monterrey High School in Lubbock, Texas, he recorded a pep rally on November 22, 1963, where students reacted to news of President Kennedy’s death. Frazer donated this audio reel to The Sixth Floor Museum in 2003. Recorded March 2, 2018.
In 1963, Frazier was a nineteen-year-old order filler at the Texas School Book Depository. He trained fellow employee Lee Harvey Oswald and drove Oswald to work occasionally, including on November 22, 1963. After witnessing the Kennedy assassination, Frazier was detained and questioned by Dallas police. He later testified at length before the Warren Commission, particularly regarding the package he observed Oswald carrying on the morning of the assassination. Recorded June 19 and 21, 2002, July 13, 2013, and August 9, 2021.
A longtime employee of Union Switch and Signal and Rock Island Railroad, Fredland provided extensive knowledge on the inner workings of railroad switching tower mechanisms. Recorded April 30, 2004.
A resident of Idaho in 1963, Freeman was without access to radio or television while visiting family during the weekend of the assassination. As a result, she felt disconnected from the event. Recorded June 23, 2014.
Ms. Freeman passed away on September 3, 2019.
An emerita professor of classical studies at Millsaps College in Mississippi, Freis was a student at the University of California, Berkeley, in 1963. She was inspired by President Kennedy to become socially and politically active. Recorded August 21, 2018.
A Dallas attorney, French saw the Kennedy motorcade on Harwood Street. Prior to the assassination, he represented Jack Ruby in a tax-related matter. French visited at length with Ruby at the Carousel Club and in French’s law office. Recorded April 16, 2009.
A teenager in 1963, French saw the presidential motorcade on Houston Street and ran toward the Triple Underpass after shots were fired. After briefly lingering outside the Texas School Book Depository building, he boarded a bus to return to school. French was interviewed with his friend, Phill Brown. Recorded November 5, 2008.
An ardent Kennedy supporter, Friedman attended the Democratic National Convention in Los Angeles in 1960. She was attending the University of California, Los Angeles, at the time of the assassination. Recorded January 17, 2019.
Frindell’s late mother, Claire Frindell, observed the Kennedy motorcade on Main Street. Since his family did not own a television in 1963, Frindell recalls following news of the assassination at a neighbor’s house. Recorded April 19, 2019.
A respected feminist, author and lawyer, Fuentes began to actively participate in women’s rights activities in 1963. She was the first female attorney in the Office of the General Counsel at the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) and was later a founder of the National Organization for Women (NOW). Recorded August 23, 2010.
Fuhrman was a Fort Worth housewife in 1963. Although not a Kennedy supporter, she was emotionally impacted by the assassination. Recorded June 23, 2014.
Ms. Fuhrman passed away on March 21, 2018.
A bestselling author and former Los Angeles police detective best known for his involvement in the O.J. Simpson investigation, Fuhrman is the author of the 2006 Kennedy assassination book A Simple Act of Murder: November 22, 1963. Recorded May 12, 2006.
A senior at W.W. Samuell High School in 1963, Fuller worked part-time as a messenger for Western Union in downtown Dallas. With his messenger credentials, he visited Dallas police headquarters on the evening of the assassination. Recorded March 2 and November 22, 2015.
A noted professor and public health researcher at Columbia University Medical Center, Fullilove was attending Colgate University in New York at the time of the assassination. As a staff member with the Student Non-violent Coordinating Committee from 1964 to 1967, he was a field secretary in Mississippi and later worked in the New York SNCC office. Recorded June 28, 2021.
A Dallas social worker in 1963, Furnish saw the Kennedys arrive at Dallas Love Field. Throughout the 1960s, she was locally active in the civil rights movement. Recorded August 21, 2008.
Ms. Furnish passed away on December 9, 2018.