Oral History

All Oral Histories

Gage Mace

An artist in Portland, Oregon, Mace responded to the Kennedy assassination in the early 1990s by painting a life-size triptych inspired by the Zapruder film. As a ten-year-old, Mace briefly saw President Kennedy in the lobby of the Beverly Hilton Hotel on August 19, 1962. He was deeply impacted by the assassination the following year. Recorded March 4, 2020, and February 24, 2021.

Nancy Dooley Macia

Macia was nine years old in 1963. Her late father, a City of Dallas employee, was acquainted with Jack Ruby prior to the assassination and photographed the Kennedy motorcade on Main Street. Recorded July 9, 2012.

Mary Lou Macias

The widow of the late Gabriel D. Macias, the first Hispanic police officer in Dallas, Macias was at Love Field for the arrival of President and Mrs. Kennedy on November 22, 1963. Recorded July 1, 2010.

Ms. Macias passed away on March 20, 2013.

Steven Mackey

A Grammy Award-winning musician and composer, Mackey is a professor of music at Princeton University. To commemorate the 50th anniversary of the assassination in 2013, he was commissioned to compose “One Red Rose” for string quartet, which premiered at Carnegie Hall and was later performed at The Sixth Floor Museum by the Brentano String Quartet. Mackey was seven years old and home sick from school on November 22, 1963. Recorded September 30 and October 30, 2020.

Robert MacNeil

A veteran broadcast journalist, MacNeil covered the Cuban missile crisis from inside Cuba and, as a White House correspondent for NBC, covered President Kennedy in 1963. He was in the Dallas motorcade on November 22 and phoned NBC from the Texas School Book Depository building within minutes of the shooting. Recorded April 16, 2004.

Al Maddox

A former Dallas County deputy sheriff, Maddox went to the Texas School Book Depository building after the assassination. An acquaintance of Jack Ruby prior to the shooting, Maddox was later assigned to guard Ruby in jail and at Parkland Memorial Hospital. Recorded March 7, 2002, June 4, 2004, and May 8, 2006.

Mr. Maddox passed away on September 7, 2013.

Peggy Madsen

A Dallas native, Madsen was a secretary at IBM in 1963. Her daughter, a student at the University of North Texas, asked Madsen to pick her up on campus because she was so upset following the assassination. Recorded April 26, 2013.

Ms. Madsen passed away on January 25, 2018.

Chris Maes

Born almost a decade after the assassination, Maes developed a childhood interest in John F. Kennedy. He has been a collector of Kennedy memorabilia for more than thirty years and visited Dallas on assassination anniversaries. Recorded September 25, 2015.

Charlene Mahan

Mahan was working in the administrative offices of Six Flags Over Texas in Arlington, Texas, in 1963. The theme park closed that weekend in memory of President Kennedy. Recorded September 24, 2018.

Isabel Make

Make was a high school student in Philadelphia at the time of the assassination. Recorded January 6, 1998.

Thomas Mallon

An award-winning author and critic, Mallon is a contributor to The New Yorker and The New York Times Book Review. While writing Mrs. Paine’s Garage and the Murder of John F. Kennedy (2002), he interviewed Ruth Paine extensively about her experiences. Recorded May 28, 2002.

Wesley Mallory

Mallory was a police officer in Clovis, New Mexico, in 1963. All nearby U.S. military bases, including Roswell, New Mexico, were put on high alert immediately after the assassination. Recorded September 3, 2009.

Ronald & Joy Mankoff

Ardent Kennedy supporters, the Mankoffs moved to Dallas in 1959 and contemplated leaving the city after the assassination. They were inspired by the president’s death to become more politically involved in the community. Recorded October 29, 2013.

Dr. David W. Mantik

A former assistant professor of physics at the University of Wisconsin and associate professor of radiation sciences at Loma Linda University, Mantik became an assassination researcher in 1991 and has studied the president’s autopsy photographs and X-rays and the Zapruder film. Mantik has contributed essays to several books, including Assassination Science (1998) and The Great Zapruder Film Hoax (2003).  Recorded November 20, 2009.

Dr. Gordon Mantler

An associate professor of history and writing at the George Washington University in Washington, D.C., Mantler is the author of Power to the Poor: Black-Brown Coalition & the Fight for Economic Justice, 1960-1974 (2013). Recorded September 20, 2021.

Dr. Michael Marcades

Marcades is the son of the late Melba Christine Youngblood (aka Rose Cherami), a controversial figure who allegedly had foreknowledge of the assassination and then died under mysterious circumstances in 1965. Marcades investigated his mother’s life and wrote the book, Rose Cherami: Gathering Fallen Petals (2016). Recorded November 17, 2017.

James Marcom

Serving in the U.S. Army in 1963, Marcom was stationed in Hanau, Germany. He learned of the assassination while on board a train crossing East Germany. Recorded October 21, 2015.

Stanley Marcus

A longtime community leader and the late chairman emeritus of Neiman Marcus department stores, Marcus was U.N. Ambassador Adlai Stevenson’s host during his visit to Dallas in October 1963. As a member of the Dallas Citizens Council, Marcus openly opposed President Kennedy’s trip to Dallas in November out of concern for his safety. Recorded July 11, 1995.

Mr. Marcus passed away on January 22, 2002.

David Margolick

A longtime contributing editor at Vanity Fair and a former New York Times reporter, Margolick is the author of The Promise and the Dream: The Untold Story of Martin Luther King Jr. and Robert F. Kennedy (2018). He was eleven years old at the time of the Kennedy assassination in 1963. Recorded June 4, 2018.

Carol Marion

As an eight-year-old, Marion spent time with Jack Ruby at the Carousel Club when her mother, the late Joan Marion, briefly performed there under the stage name, “The Black Widow.” Recorded May 3, 2011.

Kathy Forster Marot

Marot is the daughter of the late Dr. Francis Forster, former dean of the Georgetown University Medical School and a medical expert who testified at the 1964 trial of Jack Ruby. Recorded October 10, 2008.

Anthony & Louis Marotta

The son of Italian immigrants, Anthony Marotta shot a home movie of the Kennedy motorcade on Main Street. His son, Louis, was a first grade student in Dallas in 1963. Louis Marotta is a longtime Kennedy enthusiast and collector. Recorded October 4, 1999, and June 24, 2019.

Mr. Anthony Marotta passed away on September 11, 2000.

Jim Marrs

A former journalist and longtime conspiracy researcher, Marrs is the author of the best-selling Crossfire: The Plot That Killed Kennedy (1989), part of the basis for Oliver Stone’s film JFK (1991). Marrs taught a noncredit course on the assassination at the University of Texas at Arlington from 1976 to 2007. Recorded October 19, 1998, and June 4, 2002.

Mr. Marrs passed away on August 2, 2017.

Steven Marsh

Marsh was a second grader in St. Paul, Minnesota, at the time of the assassination. He attended the NFL game between the Minnesota Vikings and the Detroit Lions on Sunday, November 24, 1963. Recorded December 12, 2018.

Mark Martel

Assassination news coverage is one of Martel’s earliest childhood memories. He was three years old at the time. His late mother observed the Kennedy motorcade on Main Street. Recorded September 4, 2014.

Joyce Martin

The wife of former ABC newsman Murphy Martin, Joyce Martin sat in on every day of the Jack Ruby trial, taking notes for her husband while he conducted interviews outside the courtroom. She became acquainted with both of Jack Ruby’s sisters and always sat with them during the trial. Recorded November 18, 2004.

Ms. Martin passed away on March 27, 2014.

Larry Martin

In 1963, Martin worked in the advertising department of Sears, Roebuck and Company in Chicago. He moved to Dallas a few years later, despite warnings that it was a violent city. Recorded June 16, 2014.

Murphy Martin

A longtime radio and television personality, Martin was a news anchor for ABC Television in New York at the time of the Kennedy assassination. He flew to Dallas that weekend to cover the Oswald funeral. In 1964, Martin supervised ABC’s coverage of the Jack Ruby trial. Over the years, he has interviewed many key players and developed a close friendship with Oswald’s brother, Robert. Recorded June 22, 2001, and March 14, 2004.

Mr. Martin passed away on July 3, 2008.

Ronnie Martin

The band director at Eastern Hills High School in Fort Worth in 1963, Martin’s band played “Hail to the Chief” for President Kennedy for the last time at the Hotel Texas breakfast on the morning of the assassination. A Kennedy supporter, Martin assisted the Secret Service as they made security arrangements for the president’s visit to Fort Worth. Recorded September 25, 2007.

Mr. Martin passed away on November 15, 2018.

Anita Martinez

A longtime community leader, Martinez was the first Mexican-American member of the Dallas city council (1969-73). She then served three years doing evaluations for the Peace Corps. On November 22, 1963, Martinez observed the Kennedy motorcade on Harwood Street. Recorded January 30 and February 25, 2016.

Rene Martinez

Martinez is a recognized community activist and onetime chairman of the Dallas chapter of the League of United Latin American Citizens (LULAC). His memories were recorded during a public program at The Sixth Floor Museum. Recorded October 18, 2006.

Jesus Martinez

An award-winning musician and composer, Martinez is assistant band director at Sam Houston High School in Arlington, Texas. His works include “The Sixth Floor,” a piece commissioned by The Sixth Floor Museum to commemorate its 30th anniversary in 2019, and “3 Hours in Dallas,” a film score to accompany a compilation of Kennedy motorcade footage. Recorded November 13, 2018, January 28, February 18, November 12 and 21, 2019, and September 30, 2020.

Sharon Martyn

Martyn was a first grader in Arizona at the time of the assassination. In the summer of 1972, she visited Dealey Plaza and went inside the Texas School Book Depository building. Recorded January 29, 2015.

Jerry Martynski

A U.S. Marine stationed at the barracks at 8th and I Streets in Washington, D.C., Martynski participated in the funeral services for President Kennedy.  He later went on to serve in the Vietnam War. Recorded January 14, 2010.

Mr. Martynski passed away March 22, 2018.

Anita Marx

A native of London, England, Marx was living in West Germany in 1963. She saw President Kennedy during his visit to Wiesbaden on June 25, 1963. Recorded January 13, 2015.

Sgt. David Masko

As an eleven-year-old altar boy at Our Lady Star of the Sea Catholic Church in Atlantic City, New Jersey, Masko participated in a procession and requiem Mass for President Kennedy on Monday, November 25, 1963. During his twenty-four-year career as a reporter and historian for the U.S. Air Force, Masko had the opportunity to interview several notable figures, including Sen. Ted Kennedy. Recorded August 4, 2020.

Jim Mast

Mast was printer and mechanical engineer at the Palatka Daily News in Palatka, Florida, in 1963. His afternoon daily detailing the president’s shooting went on sale at 2:10PM Eastern that Friday, possibly a national record among newspapers. Recorded March 7, 2011.

Mr. Mast passed away on December 3, 2015.

Mary Jo Mastrangelo

Mastrangelo is the daughter of the late forensic accountant Carmine Bellino. A former FBI agent, Bellino participated in a number of congressional committees, became close friends with Robert Kennedy and served as a special consultant to President Kennedy. As a teenager in the early 1960s, Mastrangelo recalls being a volunteer hostess at the White House on several occasions. Recorded July 27, 2018.

Quin Mathews

A Dallas native, Mathews saw President and Mrs. Kennedy arrive at Love Field on November 22, 1963. Years later, during a long career in Dallas journalism, Mathews covered some assassination-related news stories. He directed the documentary City of Hate (2013). Recorded June 7, 2013, April 12, 2014, and July 30, 2015.

Harry Mathis

A manager with Richardson and Bass Oil Producers in 1963, Mathis observed President Kennedy’s speech in the parking lot of the Hotel Texas from his seventh-floor office window. Previously, Mathis had briefly worked with future Texas governor John B. Connally. Recorded July 7, 2008.

Alphonse C. Matthews

A 32-year veteran of Southwestern Bell, Matthews recalled the telephone chaos that occurred on November 22, 1963. As an African-American living in Dallas, he also provided impressions of segregated life and race relations in the 1960s. Recorded September 25, 2002.

Mr. Matthews passed away on January 26, 2019.

Chris Matthews

An author and political commentator, best known for his long-running MSNBC program,Hardball, Matthews served in the Peace Corps in Swaziland in Africa from 1968 to 1970.  Among his books are Kennedy and Nixon: The Rivalry That Shaped Postwar America(1996) and Jack Kennedy: Elusive Hero (2011). Recorded May 29, 2012.

Pat Mattingly

A longtime educator and director of the Lamplighter School in Dallas for more than twenty-five years, Mattingly was teaching second grade in Austin in 1963. She has served on a number of local boards over the years, including the Dallas Historical Society. Recorded April 13, 2016.

Robert Mayer

A politically active Democrat in Dallas, Mayer campaigned for John F. Kennedy and helped organize his 1960 campaign visit to the city. In 1963, he lobbied for tickets for Kennedy supporters to the bipartisan Trade Mart luncheon, which he attended. Recorded July 22, 2004.

Mr. Mayer passed away on March 30, 2018.

Anna Maynard

A native of the Soviet Union, Maynard was living in Dallas in the early 1960s. As a member of the local Russian community, she was acquainted with Lee and Marina Oswald. Recorded April 11, 2012.

Albert Maysles

A celebrated documentary filmmaker, Maysles worked with Robert Drew on the landmark 1960 Kennedy documentary Primary. In 1975 Maysles and his late brother, David, directed the film Grey Gardens, an intimate portrait of Jacqueline Kennedy’s aunt and cousin. Recorded January 8, 2004.

Mr. Maysles passed away on March 5, 2015.

Peggie Mazziota

The city’s first female photojournalist, Mazziotta worked at both The Dallas Morning Newsand Dallas Times Herald in the 1950s and 1960s. Her late husband, John Mazziotta, was the Herald’s chief photographer at the time of the Kennedy assassination. Recorded May 14, 2009.

Ms. Mazziotta passed away on April 25, 2011.

Dr. John McAdams

A political science professor at Marquette University, McAdams created an extensive website about the Kennedy assassination after becoming interested in the case in 1993. He wrote the book JFK Assassination Logic: How to Think About Claims of Conspiracy (2011). Recorded December 9 and December 10, 2011.

Dr. McAdams passed away on April 15, 2021.

Virginia McAlester

McAlester is a noted Dallas author, historian, and preservation activist. She was attending Radcliffe College in Cambridge, Massachusetts, at the time of the assassination and experienced a negative and hostile reaction towards Dallas. Recorded February 7, 2018.

Ms. McAlester passed away on April 9, 2020.

Joseph McCaffery

McCaffery was a New York City taxi cab driver for three decades, including November 22, 1963. After the assassination, he frequently saw Senator Robert F. Kennedy walking the downtown streets. Recorded June 24, 2010.

Mr. McCaffery passed away on May 10, 2012.

Paul McCaghren

A Dallas police lieutenant in 1963, McCaghren was stationed at the Trade Mart when the assassination took place. He was later part of a special team assigned to investigate the shooting of Oswald in the basement of Dallas City Hall. Recorded October 31, 2003.

Gregory McCall

An Oak Cliff high school student, McCall was standing on Main Street when the presidential motorcade passed by his location. The enthusiastic crowds were so thick he was not able to clearly see President and Mrs. Kennedy. Recorded July 21, 2010.

Dr. Robert N. McClelland

An instructor in surgery at Parkland Memorial Hospital in 1963, McClelland participated in the treatment of President Kennedy in Trauma Room One. He also assisted in the surgery of Gov. John Connally and, less than two days later, the treatment of Lee Harvey Oswald. Frequently interviewed over the years, McClelland continued to research and speak on the subject. Recorded July 16, 2001, February 10, 2011, and September 24, 2013.

Dr. McClelland passed away on September 10, 2019.

Jon McConal

A longtime reporter for the Fort Worth Star-Telegram, McConal spent the weekend of the assassination in the newsroom and interviewed Marguerite Oswald on Sunday. The following day he served as a pallbearer at Lee Harvey Oswald’s funeral. Recorded November 19, 1998, and October 20, 2005.

Mr. McConal passed away on September 5, 2019.

Greg McCone

A student at Jesuit High School in Dallas in 1963, McCone and friends were at Love Field for the president’s arrival and later went to Parkland Memorial Hospital after learning of the shooting. He was interviewed with his childhood friend John Carpenter. Recorded June 1, 2012.

Dr. Thomas McConnell

McConnell was the Medical Officer of the Day at the Pentagon on November 22, 1963, and was assigned duties that weekend at the White House, U.S. Capitol, and Arlington National Cemetery. A Dallas native, he worked in the pathology department at Parkland Memorial Hospital before and after the Kennedy assassination and was present for Jack Ruby’s autopsy. Recorded April 6, 2012, and August 24, 2013.

Joan McConnell

McConnell was a freshman at Texas Tech University in Lubbock, Texas, at the time of the assassination. Recorded April 20, 2010.

Joseph McCormack

McCormack was the four-year-old son of Kennedy supporters living in Dallas in 1963. During a visit to Dealey Plaza some weeks after the assassination, he and his father entered the Texas School Book Depository out of curiosity and were prompted asked to leave the building. Recorded September 10, 2021.

Don McCoy

A Dallas-based actor who has appeared in productions such as North and South (1985)and the Dallas television series, McCoy portrayed Johnny Calvin Brewer in Oliver Stone’s film JFK (1991). McCoy met Brewer on the set and later received from him a handwritten letter and photographs, which McCoy donated to The Sixth Floor Museum in 2010. Recorded March 23, 2010.

June McCoy

McCoy was the widow of Allen McCoy, the second person selected for the jury in the Jack Ruby trial in 1964. Recorded August 7, 2002.

Ms. McCoy passed away on May 17, 2015.

Lisa McCubbin

An award-winning journalist who served as a foreign correspondent in Saudi Arabia after the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks, McCubbin co-authored The Kennedy Detail with former Secret Service agent Gerald Blaine (2010) and, with former Secret Service agent Clint Hill, the books Mrs. Kennedy and Me (2012), Five Days in November (2013), and Five Presidents (2016).  Recorded November 18, 19, and 20, 2010, April 19, 2012, and May 9, 2016.

Alice McCurdy

A campaign volunteer for John F. Kennedy in 1960, McCurdy was a first-year junior high school teacher in Dallas in 1963. She recalls that some of her seventh grade students cheered when the president’s shooting was announced. Recorded July 26, 2013.

Mike McDaniel

McDaniel was a student in Oak Cliff in 1963. Decades later, as Director of Sales for Heritage Displays in Dallas, he was involved in building restoration and exhibit construction for The Sixth Floor exhibition. Recorded July 17, 2013.

Fred W. McDarrah

As staff photographer for the Village Voice in New York City, McDarrah covered the avant-garde scene, including Andy Warhol’s Factory, in the 1960s. Recorded April 11, 2003.

Mr. McDarrah passed away on November 6, 2007.

Kaye Buck McDermott

McDermott was the daughter and personal assistant of the late Fort Worth community leader, Raymond Buck, who was president of the Fort Worth Chamber of Commerce in 1963. Buck was involved in planning President Kennedy’s visit to Texas and, as host of the Hotel Texas breakfast, famously presented the president with a cowboy hat and boots. Recorded March 25, 2011.

Ed McDonald

A longtime activist with the National Federation of the Blind, McDonald was an eighth-grader at a school for the blind in West Virginia at the time of the assassination. Recorded June 30, 2006.

M. “Nick” McDonald

The Dallas police officer who arrested Lee Harvey Oswald, McDonald was the first to approach Oswald inside the Texas Theatre and was slightly wounded while scuffling with him during his arrest. Recorded November 20, 2003.

Mr. McDonald passed away on January 27, 2005.

Pat McDonald

A medical technologist at the Medical Arts Building in downtown Dallas, McDonald observed the Kennedy motorcade on Main Street. Recorded April 20, 2010.

Don McDonald

McDonald was a senior at Thomas Jefferson High School in 1963. Following the assassination, his boys’ choir performed a concert in memory of President Kennedy. Recorded March 17, 2015.

Sharon McDougal

A student at Sunset High School in Oak Cliff, McDougal and a group of friends decided to go shopping at Neiman Marcus on Main Street instead of watching the Kennedy motorcade. Recorded August 29, 2019.

Soundra McDuff

McDuff worked at the Dal-Tex building in Dealey Plaza in the early 1960s. She was traveling to Dallas by bus from Oklahoma City at the time of the assassination. Later she participated in occasional civil rights activities in the downtown area. Recorded April 20, 2010.

Jackie McElhaney

In 1963, McElhaney was a recent graduate of Southern Methodist University and was working at the university when she decided to go with friends to see the presidential motorcade. Years later, as a Dallas historian, she worked on photographic research for The Sixth Floor exhibition. Recorded February 23, 1995, June 11, 2009, and October 13, 2012.

Donald McElroy

In 1963, McElroy was a funeral director and embalmer at Oneal Funeral Home in Dallas. He was at Parkland Memorial Hospital when the presidential limousine arrived, and he later helped carry President Kennedy’s casket into the hospital. Recorded October 20, 2008.

Mr. McElroy passed away on June 8, 2012.

John E. McElroy

McElroy served in the Pacific during World War II and was part of the rescue party sent to find John F. Kennedy and party after their ship, PT-109, was lost. Recorded March 4, 1998.

Mr. McElroy passed away on February 10, 2001.

Frances McElvaney

The wife of prominent civil rights and peace movement activist the Rev. Bill McElvaney, Frances McElvaney became involved in the women’s rights movement in the late 1960s. As part of this effort, she helped organize controversial classes for young women at Northaven United Methodist Church in Dallas. Recorded January 14, 2008.

The Rev. Bill McElvaney

The founding pastor of St. Stephen Methodist Church in Mesquite, Texas, McElvaney was involved in the 1960s desegregation of the Mesquite Independent School District in Dallas County. Throughout the 1960s and 1970s, he was a vocal peace activist and participated in silent protests in Dealey Plaza and other local sites. Recorded February 10, 2006, and January 12, 2013.

The Rev. McElvaney passed away on August 24, 2014.

Preston McGraw

A longtime United Press International reporter, McGraw was the bureau manager of the Dallas UPI office in 1963 and covered the assassination weekend. He later served as a pallbearer at Lee Harvey Oswald’s funeral. Recorded October 9, 2001.

Mr. McGraw passed away on May 26, 2009.

Iweeta McIntosh

McIntosh and her late husband were missionaries in Hong Kong at the time of the assassination. In the 1950s, she had worked for the John Sexton Company at their Dallas warehouse on Elm Street, later known as the Texas School Book Depository. Because of this connection, she was interviewed by Hong Kong news media. Recorded June 19, 2015.

Cecile McKenzie

Interviewed at age 105, McKenzie shared stories of her native Fort Worth that covered more than a century of local history and culture. At the time of the assassination, she worked at General Dynamics in Fort Worth. McKenzie was interviewed alongside her lifelong friend, 105-year-old Elizabeth Sullivan. Recorded March 6, 2017.

Ms. McKenzie passed away on November 7, 2017.

William McKenzie

A longtime Dallas attorney, McKenzie represented Marina and Robert Oswald, the widow and brother of accused assassin Lee Harvey Oswald, before the Warren Commission in 1964. Decades later, McKenzie served on the board of the Dallas County Historical Foundation (1992-1996). Recorded July 29, 1999.

Mr. McKenzie passed away on April 18, 2010.

Felix McKnight

Managing editor at the Dallas Times Herald in 1963, McKnight coordinated the news coverage that weekend and wrote the paper’s original lead story, which was tossed out when news of the assassination arrived. Recorded March 9, 1995.

Mr. McKnight passed away on February 7, 2004.

Betty & Mollie McKool

The widow and daughter of the late Texas State Senator Mike McKool (1969-72) share memories of his life and career, including his early efforts to save the Texas School Book Depository from demolition. Longtime political activists, Mike and Betty McKool were leaders within the local Democratic Party. Daughter Mollie later did early publicity photography for The Sixth Floor exhibit. Recorded June 19, 2013.

Ms. Betty McKool passed away on January 11, 2018.

H. B. McLain

A longtime Dallas police motorcycle officer, McLain rode in the presidential parade through Dallas and, following the assassination, escorted Jackie Kennedy into Parkland Memorial Hospital. In the 1970s, McLain was thought by the House Select Committee to be the officer with the open microphone who might have inadvertently recorded the assassination. Recorded July 16, 2003, and September 5, 2014.

Mr. McLain passed away on June 25, 2015.

The Rev. Asriel McLain

Ten years old in 1963, McLain attended a segregated school in Shreveport, Louisiana, and was later among the first in his community to attend an integrated high school. While attending Bishop College in Dallas, McLain became acquainted with George de Mohrenschildt. Recorded June 14, 2018.

Joe McLaughlin

Seven years old in 1963, McLaughlin and his family were waiting for the arrival of President Kennedy’s body outside Bethesda Naval Medical Center on the night of the assassination, when he believes he caught sight of Jackie Kennedy seated inside an ambulance. Later, as an elementary school educator, he wrote a novel about the Kennedy assassination titled Trail of Death (2007). Recorded November 9, 2007.

Cosy McLemore

McLemore was an employee of the Dallas County Historical Foundation from 1987 to 1990. During that time she conducted research for The Sixth Floor exhibition, and following the opening in 1989, she handled early marketing and educational initiatives. Recorded February 24, 2016.

Joel McLendon

The longest-running tenant at the Dallas Trade Mart, McLendon was among the first to open an office and showroom when the facility opened in 1959. He was a guest at the Trade Mart luncheon on the day of the assassination. Recorded March 29, 2007.

Mr. McLendon passed away on February 27, 2012.

Ernest McMillan

An outspoken human rights activist, McMillan was attending Morehouse College in Atlanta at the time of the assassination. While in Georgia, he met Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. and became active with the Student Non-violent Coordinating Committee (SNCC). McMillan later co-founded the Dallas chapter of SNCC and ultimately served more than three years in prison following a local civil rights demonstration. Recorded January 25 and September 6, 2006, June 8, 2013, February 3, 2014, November 18, 2015, June 13, 2017, March 6, 2019, and May 18, 2021.

Eva McMillan

A longtime African American community leader, McMillan was actively involved in voter registration drives and prison reform in Texas. In the late 1960s, she and her family were locally active with the Student Non-violent Coordinating Committee (SNCC). Recorded April 12, 2006.

Ms. McMillan passed away on September 21, 2021.

Gary McMillen

A resident of Oak Cliff in 1963, McMillen lived two blocks from the Texas Theatre. From 1965 to 1966, he was a driver with Oneal Funeral Home and heard many stories about the assassination weekend. Recorded September 16, 2011.

Jack McNairy

A Dallas high-school student and Dallas Times Herald employee in 1963, McNairy saw the motorcade on Stemmons Freeway and gave an official a ride to Parkland Memorial Hospital. He had the opportunity to examine the backseat of the presidential limousine. Recorded December 10, 2003, and October 6, 2014.

Dr. William McNiece

A sixth grader in Indiana, McNiece was home sick from school on November 22, 1963. During his interview, he shared excerpts from his late mother’s diary from the assassination weekend. Recorded May 24, 2011.

Allen McReynolds

McReynolds was a longtime real estate developer for the Trammell Crow Company in Dallas. In addition to several local preservation projects, McReynolds was actively involved with the Dallas Parks Foundation in a landscaping rejuvenation of Dealey Plaza in the 1980s. Recorded July 30, 2018.

Billye McSpedden

McSpedden’s late husband, Dallas attorney Richard L. McSpedden, was at the Dallas County Criminal Courts Building on November 22, 1963. He saw the Kennedy motorcade and heard shots fired in Dealey Plaza. Recorded June 16, 2014.

Ms. McSpedden passed away on July 12, 2016.

Shirley McVay

An employee with the United Steelworkers labor union for more than twenty-five years, McVay worked in Dallas on the 1960 and 1964 presidential campaigns. She was part of the escort for Lyndon and Lady Bird Johnson when they were accosted by protestors in Dallas on November 4, 1960. On the day of the assassination, McVay attended the Dallas Trade Mart luncheon. Recorded January 7, 2015.

Margarita McWilliams

A native of Costa Rica, McWilliams saw President Kennedy when he visited her country on March 19, 1963. She moved to Dallas in 1968. Recorded June 6, 2012.

Ellen Meacham

A longtime journalist and professor of journalism at the University of Mississippi, Meacham is the author of Delta Epiphany: Robert F. Kennedy in Mississippi (2018). Recorded June 18, 2018.

Walter R. Mears

A Pulitzer Prize-winning political reporter for the Associated Press for more than forty years, Mears covered every presidential election from 1960 to 2000. He also covered the Cuban missile crisis from the Pentagon and, following the assassination, was the first AP reporter to cover President Lyndon Johnson. Mears wrote the books Deadlines Past (2003) and The Kennedy Brothers (2009). Recorded August 27, 2010, and September 13 and September 14, 2013.

Roberto & Ricardo Medrano

Part of a longtime politically active family, former Dallas school board member Robert Medrano (1974-87) and his brother, former city councilman Ricardo Medrano (1977-83), were members of the Dallas chapter of the Viva Kennedy Club in 1960. Robert Medrano observed the Kennedy motorcade and, shortly after the assassination, visited Dealey Plaza, Parkland Memorial Hospital, and the Dallas Trade Mart where other family members were attending the scheduled luncheon. Recorded April 22, 2011.

Jeff Meek

Managing editor of the Hot Springs Village Voice in Arkansas, Meek became a Kennedy assassination researcher in 1975. He interviewed a number of Dallas police officers and worked closely with researcher Mary Ferrell. Recorded May 4, 2018.

Howard Megredy

A flight instructor who served in World War II, Megredy was Director of Aviation for the City of Dallas from 1955-1980. He was at Dallas Love Field on November 22, 1963. Recorded January 7, 1994.

Mr. Megredy passed away on September 3, 2000.

Judy Melby

A freshman at the University of Illinois, Melby was preparing to go to an ROTC military ball on November 23, 1963. The event was canceled due to the Kennedy assassination. Recorded June 26, 2019.

Dr. Joan Mellen

A prolific author and professor of English at Temple University in Philadelphia, Mellen met New Orleans D.A. Jim Garrison in 1969 and maintained contact with him for twenty years. Her decade-long study of his life and career yielded the books A Farewell to Justice(2005) and Jim Garrison, His Life and Times – The Early Years (2008). Recorded August 9, 2010.

Sarah Mendoza

Mendoza served in the Peace Corps in Micronesia from 2008 to 2010. Her country host was a former Peace Corps volunteer from the 1970s. Recorded September 23, 2011.

Bonar Menninger

A former business reporter in Washington, D.C., Menninger is the author of Mortal Error: The Shot that Killed JFK (1992), based on the work of assassination researcher Howard Donahue. Menninger later contributed to the documentary, JFK: The Smoking Gun (2013). Recorded November 9, 2018.

Ardyce Mentzel

Mentzel saw the Kennedy motorcade in Dallas on November 22, 1963. Her late husband, Dallas police patrolman W.D. Mentzel, was assigned to the area in Oak Cliff where Officer J.D. Tippit was killed. Recorded May 21, 2007.

Bill Mercer

An award-winning broadcast journalist, Mercer is a member of the Texas Radio Hall of Fame. As a broadcaster with KRLD Radio and TV, Mercer reported live from Dallas police headquarters on November 22, 1963. At a midnight press briefing, he was the one to initially inform suspect Lee Harvey Oswald that he had been charged with the president’s murder. Recorded November 22, 1998, February 23, 2005,  November 1, 2007, November 20, 2008, October 19, 2013, and November 22, 2019.

Martha Ellen Metarelis

Metarelis saw Sen. John F. Kennedy twice during the 1960 campaign. As a student at the University of Texas at Austin, she had hoped to see him a third time on the evening of November 22, 1963. Recorded September 4, 2014.

Don Michel

Owner of radio station WRAJ in Anna, Illinois, in 1963, Mr. Michel reported news of the assassination and was one of the earliest to broadcast the name of suspect Lee Harvey Oswald. In 1961, he was present at the White House when President Kennedy presented astronaut Alan Shepard with the NASA Distinguished Service Medal. Recorded November 23, 2005.

Mr. Michel passed away on January 25, 2020.

Marsha Middleton

A Dallas native, Middleton became locally active with the NAACP Youth Council in the 1960s and attended several NAACP national conventions with prominent civil rights activist Juanita Craft. Recorded December 9, 2020.

Sharyl Miglio

Miglio was living in France in 1963 while her father worked as a civil servant on a U.S. Air Force-NATO base. She attended a local memorial service after the assassination, and a nearby street was renamed in memory of President Kennedy. Recorded October 4, 2013.

Eleanor Miguez

A mother of four in 1963, Miguez was living in Great Britain at the time of the assassination while her husband was serving in the U.S. Air Force. Recorded July 25, 2019.

Konnie Miles

A student at Sunset High School in Oak Cliff, Miles visited Dealey Plaza on the day after the assassination. Her late mother was vocally opposed to President Kennedy. Recorded August 18, 2014.

Dr. Sidney Milkis

A distinguished presidential historian and author, Milkis is a political science professor and Assistant Director for Academic Studies at the Miller Center of Public Affairs at the University of Virginia. He participated in a Museum panel discussion on the evolution of presidential legacies. Recorded February 23, 2011.

Carol Miller

A conservative Dallas housewife, Miller was advised not to go downtown to see the Kennedy motorcade because she was pregnant at the time. Her husband, a local attorney, saw the parade on his lunch hour. Recorded July 1, 2010.

Ms. Miller passed away on March 21, 2018.

Mike Miller

Miller owned a private nightclub in Dallas in 1963. Acquainted with Jack Ruby, he briefly saw him the weekend of the assassination. In 1972, Miller purchased appliances and material from the Carousel Club at public auction, some of which he later donated to the Museum. Recorded August 13, 2007.

Robert Miller

Assistant city editor at the Dallas Morning News in 1963, Miller attended the Trade Mart luncheon on November 22 and served as weekend city editor at the newspaper the morning Lee Harvey Oswald was shot. Miller provided detailed information about the atmosphere in Dallas at the time of the assassination. Recorded June 24, 2005, and November 1, 2013.

Mr. Miller passed away on November 30, 2019.

Tom Miller

A longtime travel writer and a veteran of the 1960s underground press, Miller wrote The Assassination Please Almanac (1977) and Jack Ruby’s Kitchen Sink (2000). Recorded October 24, 2011.

Mary Lou Miller

While working at Titche-Goettinger department store in Dallas in the early 1960s, Miller once encountered Jack Ruby, who offered her a job at his Carousel Club. In the 1970s, Miller was a women’s rights activist in Washington, D.C. Recorded January 10, 2019.

Johanny Miller

Miller, who turned twenty years old on the day of the Pearl Harbor bombing in 1941, saw President and Mrs. Kennedy at Kelly Air Force Base in San Antonio on November 21, 1963. Recorded August 14, 2019.

Bob Mills

A Fort Worth businessman, Mills saw President Kennedy speak in the parking lot of the Hotel Texas on the morning of the assassination. Prior to the president’s visit to Fort Worth, Mills observed U.S. Secret Service agents during a security check of his nearby office building. Recorded July 22, 2011.

Suzanne Mingea

Mingea was a fourth grader in Overton, Texas, in 1963. She turned nine years old on the day of the Kennedy funeral. Recorded June 21, 2017.

Bill Minutaglio

A native of New York, Minutaglio moved to Dallas in 1983 and worked at The Dallas Morning News.  Currently a journalism professor at the University of Texas at Austin, he is co-author of the best-selling book Dallas 1963 (2013). Recorded April 12 and 18, 2014.

Dan Mishkin

A comic book writer for four decades, best known for his work at DC Comics, Mishkin was ten years old in 1963. He is the author of the 2014 graphic novel, The Warren Commission Report: A Graphic Investigation into the Kennedy Assassination. Recorded June 21, 2018.

Harriet Mitchell

A Dallas native, Mitchell was living on a U.S. Air Force Base in France at the time of the assassination. Because of the disconnect from her hometown, the president’s death had no emotional impact. Recorded April 26, 2013.

Carol Mitchell

A student in Oak Cliff in 1963, Mitchell saw the Kennedy motorcade on Main Street. She went on to be a school teacher for more than three decades. Recorded July 30, 2013.

Lu Mitchell

A Dallas-based songwriter and folk singer for more than 45 years, Mitchell performed at numerous civil rights and peace movement rallies, including vigils held in Dealey Plaza. She saw the presidential motorcade as it exited Dallas Love Field and wrote a poignant ballad that weekend in memory of President Kennedy. Recorded May 13, 2008.

Ms. Mitchell passed away on March 25, 2019.

Kathy Kilmer Moak

A student in the class of 1967 at Woodrow Wilson High School, Moak saw the presidential parade on Main Street. Four decades later, she compiled the recollections of her classmates in the book, November 22, 1963: Memories of East Dallas Students, 40 Years Later (2003).  Recorded June 13, 2012.

Don Moffeit

A clerk at the Retail Credit Company in Oak Cliff, Moffeit and some of his coworkers were standing outside the Texas Theatre when Dallas police brought Lee Harvey Oswald outside. Recorded May 31, 2007.

Mr. Moffeit passed away on June 13, 2019.

Frances Moffeit

Fourteen years old in 1963, Moffeit was standing in front of the Old Red Courthouse on Main Street and heard shots fired in Dealey Plaza. An Oak Cliff resident, she frequented Austin’s BBQ where Officer J.D. Tippit worked. Recorded May 31, 2007.

Harry M. Moffett III

A U.S. Marine stationed at the barracks at 8th and I Streets in Washington, D.C., Moffett participated in the funeral services for President Kennedy. Recorded December 5, 2009.

Ben Molina

A longtime employee of KRLD-TV, Molina was the station’s stage manager in 1963 and was assigned to Dallas City Hall the weekend of the assassination. On Sunday morning, he was outside the police basement with CBS correspondent Nelson Benton when Lee Harvey Oswald was shot. Recorded June 30, 2005.

Mr. Molina passed away on January 6, 2019.

Peter Moll

Moll was a teenager attending military school in Lima, Peru, at the time of the assassination. He is the brother of popular Peruvian actor Roberto Moll. Recorded November 3, 2017.

Allen & Cynthia Mondell

Award-winning documentarians, the Mondells wrote, produced and directed the films seen in the permanent exhibition at The Sixth Floor Museum. Allen Mondell was working as a member of the Peace Corps in Sierra Leone at the time of the assassination. Recorded June 13, 2002, May 18, 2007, and March 5 and March 11, 2011.

Frances Monismith

A native of Fort Worth, Monismith was not a Kennedy supporter. Her late brother-in-law, C.A. Monismith, was a longtime reporter with the Fort Worth Star-Telegram and friends with Marguerite Oswald. He paid for her newspaper subscription and once invited her to spend Thanksgiving with his family. Recorded February 10, 2014.

Mary Catherine Monroe

A longtime social studies teacher in the Dallas-Fort Worth area, Monroe was a student at Texas Christian University when she and several classmates saw President Kennedy speak outside the Hotel Texas in Fort Worth on November 22, 1963. Recorded July 9, 2009.

Dr. David Montague

An associate professor of criminal justice at the University of Arkansas at Little Rock, Montague served as senior investigator for the John F. Kennedy Assassination Records Review Board from 1995 to 1997. Recorded August 28, 2012.

Oscar Montes de Oca Rivera

Montes de Oca Rivera was a six-year-old native of Peru in 1963. After the assassination, he recalls his teacher telling the class about President Kennedy and his support of Latin America. Recorded June 14, 2021.

Dr. Marian Ann Montgomery

Montgomery was the first director of interpretation at The Sixth Floor Museum at Dealey Plaza and worked at the institution from 1994 to 1999. A fashion historian, she was given the rare opportunity to examine Jacqueline Kennedy’s famous pink suit in the National Archives. Recorded November 22, 1996, and December 12, 2008.

L. D. Montgomery

A Dallas homicide detective in 1963, Montgomery was sent to the Texas School Book Depository shortly after the assassination. He discovered a brown paper bag on the sixth floor that might have been used to carry a weapon into the building. On Sunday, Montgomery was walking directly behind Lee Harvey Oswald when Jack Ruby shot Oswald. Recorded on November 25, 2002.

Mr. Montgomery passed away on October 4, 2010.

Valda H. Montgomery

As a child in the 1960s, Montgomery was part of a prominent African-American family in Montgomery, Alabama. She observed the aftermath of the 1955 bus boycott and the activities of the civil rights Freedom Riders, and had contact with Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Her memories were recorded with those of other civil rights activists. Recorded February 28, 2006.

Lowell Moon

Employed by Sanger-Harris department store in Dallas, Moon was present when their downtown lunch counter integrated in the late 1950s. He and his late mother, Billie Moon, knew Jack Ruby. A longtime nurse at the Dallas County Jail, Billie Moon treated Ruby during his incarceration. Recorded September 10, 2014.

Luke Mooney

In 1963, Mooney was a Dallas County deputy sheriff who watched the motorcade pass and heard shots fired. Later, while investigating the sixth floor of the Texas School Book Depository building, he discovered the “sniper’s nest” and three empty rifle shells. Recorded on December 4, 2002, November 20, 2006, June 24, 2009, and July 28, 2010.

Mr. Mooney passed away on December 3, 2010.

Jim Moore

A prolific author and researcher, Moore wrote the Kennedy assassination book Conspiracy of One (1990) as well as a best-selling biography of President Bill Clinton. He served as a consultant to The Sixth Floor exhibition during its development. Recorded September 21, 2011.

Karen Moore

An Oak Cliff native, Moore was in the hospital at the time of the assassination. Her late mother, Doris Mumford, witnessed the shooting from the north side of Elm Street in Dealey Plaza. Recorded August 13, 2013.

Mary Moore

A onetime professional Irish folk dancer, Moore was living in New York City at the time of the Kennedy assassination. Recorded June 25, 2010.

Ms. Moore passed away on September 13, 2014.

David Moore

Five years old in 1963, Moore recalls seeing the Zapruder film for the first time in a high school history class in the mid-1970s. His late father, Dean Moore, a local political activist and NAACP volunteer, attended the Dallas Trade Mart luncheon. Recorded January 13, 2021.

Frances Moreno-Randle

Moreno-Randle was part of a large Hispanic community in Brownsville, Texas, at the time of the Kennedy assassination. She waited in line on the morning of February 20, 1989, to be among the first visitors to experience The Sixth Floor exhibit. Recorded July 1, 2010.

Diane Morgan

Morgan was attending college in Huntsville, Texas, in 1963. While living in Germany over the next two years, she was frequently asked about Dallas and the Kennedy assassination. Recorded May 14, 2018.

Doc Morgan

A radio broadcaster and voice-over artist, Morgan has worked with a wide variety of companies, including American Airlines and the Ford Motor Company. After moving to Dallas in the 1980s, Morgan recorded the narration for The Sixth Floor exhibit films. Recorded July 1, 2016.

Jefferson Morley

An investigative reporter and author, Morley began researching the Kennedy assassination in the early 1990s. He is the author of Our Man in Mexico: Winston Scott and the Hidden History of the CIA (2008) and The Ghost: The Secret Life of CIA Spymaster James Jesus Angleton (2017). Morley also serves as editor of an assassination news and research website. Recorded November 16, 2017.

Dr. Carlos Morton

A professor of theater and dance at the University of California, Santa Barbara, Morton was living in Panama during the Cuban Missile Crisis. On November 22, 1963, he was preparing for a high school play, which was delayed one week because of the assassination. Recorded August 16, 2013.

Judy Moseley

A junior at North Dallas High School in 1963, Moseley observed the Kennedy motorcade on Main Street, standing in front of Neiman Marcus department store.  She was interviewed with her high school classmate, Rhonda Shettle. Recorded July 20, 2016.

Franci Moses

An intern at the Pentagon during the summers of 1962 and 1963, Moses later saw President Kennedy speak in front of the Hotel Texas on November 22, 1963. Recorded July 11, 2012.

Justice Richard M. Mosk

A longtime judge on the Iran-United States Claims Tribunal, Mosk was appointed to the California Court of Appeal in 2001. He served on the staff of the Warren Commission in 1964. His memories were recorded during a public program on the work of the Warren Commission. Recorded October 11, 2013.

Judge Mosk passed away on April 17, 2016.

Dr. J. Todd Moye

Moye is an associate professor of history at the University of North Texas and director of the university’s oral history program. This lecture on civil rights oral histories was recorded as part of a teacher institute at The Sixth Floor Museum at Dealey Plaza. Recorded August 1, 2013.

Barney Mozley

A 22-year veteran of Dallas railroad switching towers, Mozley relieved tower operator Lee Bowers the day of the assassination. Recorded April 19, 2002.

Mr. Mozley passed away on November 1, 2004.

Andrea Mueller

Mueller’s late father, Harold Teague, was Lyndon Johnson’s personal pilot in the early 1960s, which allowed Mueller to spend time with the Johnson and Connally families. As an adult, working at the Dallas Convention and Visitors Bureau in the 1970s, she dealt with persistent tourist interest in the Dealey Plaza area. Recorded May 30, 2012.

Dr. Carlos Muñoz, Jr.

A native of El Segundo Barrio in El Paso, Muñoz was a founding leader of the Chicano civil rights movement and a friend of Cesar Chavez. Author of several pioneering works about the Mexican American experience, including the award-winning Youth, Identity, Power: The Chicano Movement (1989), Muñoz is professor emeritus at the University of California, Berkeley. Recorded June 3, 2021.

Ray Murphey

Murphey was a seventh grader in Oak Cliff at the time of the assassination. His father was acquainted with Jack Ruby, who came to their home on occasion. Murphey later served in the Vietnam War. Recorded May 31, 2013.

Charles Murphy

A reporter for WBAP-TV, Murphy went live on the air shortly after the assassination. He served as an NBC correspondent that weekend and was instrumental in arranging Gov. Connally’s first press conference. On Monday, Murphy recorded a significant interview with the widow of Officer J.D. Tippit. Recorded November 19, 1998, and June 13, 2005.

Hugh Murray

Murray attended Beauregard Junior High School in New Orleans at the same time as Lee Harvey Oswald. After becoming a left-wing activist in high school, he was arrested during the first civil rights sit-in in New Orleans. Interviewed by the FBI within days of the assassination, Murray later observed several days of the controversial Clay Shaw trial. Recorded November 2, 2016.

Michael Musa

A native of Havana, Cuba, ten-year-old Musa and his sister came to the United States as part of “Operation Peter Pan” in May 1961. They stayed with a family in Indianapolis for six months until their parents could immigrate. Recorded September 7, 2012.

Nancy Myers

Performing under the stage name “Tammi True,” Myers was a headlining stripper at Jack Ruby’s Carousel Club around the time of the assassination. Recorded May 6, 2010, and September 6, 2014.

Ms. Myers passed away on July 9, 2019.

Dale K. Myers

A Kennedy assassination researcher since 1975, Myers is the author of With Malice: Lee Harvey Oswald and the Murder of Officer J. D. Tippit (1998).  His computer animation work was featured on the Emmy-winning ABC News documentary, The Kennedy Assassination: Beyond Conspiracy (2003). Recorded May 27, 2015.