All Oral Histories
A noted presidential historian and former director of the Richard Nixon Presidential Library and Museum, Naftali is the author of One Hell of a Gamble: Khrushchev, Castro, and Kennedy (1997). He participated in a museum program on the politics of memory. Recorded February 19, 2013.
Nagel was a nine-year-old student in Quincy, Illinois, in 1963 and remembers the Kennedy assassination as a defining moment for his generation. His uncle worked for NASA at the time. Recorded May 21, 2018.
A senior research scientist with the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), Nalli wrote the academic article, “Gunshot-wound Dynamics Model for John F. Kennedy Assassination” (2018). His work was featured on a Mysteries at the Museum special in 2018. Recorded November 26, 2018.
A junior at North Dallas High School in 1963, Nañez got a close look at the Kennedy motorcade from Lee Park at the corner of Lemmon Avenue and Turtle Creek Boulevard. She was interviewed with two of her high school classmates. Recorded July 20, 2016.
A U.S. postal worker in Michigan for 33 years, Nash immediately lowered her post office’s flag to half-staff following the announcement of the president’s death. A letter she wrote to Jackie Kennedy the next day was included in Dr. Ellen Fitzpatrick’s book, Letters to Jackie: Condolences from a Grieving Nation (2010). Recorded October 11, 2010.
A mechanical engineer with the Dictaphone Corporation in Bridgeport, Connecticut, in the early 1960s, Nash worked on a modified system for Air Force One. This customized Dictaphone was later used to record the swearing-in of President Johnson. Recorded February 7, 2011.
A local reporter for KXOL Radio, Neal was riding in the presidential motorcade through Dallas aboard a press bus. Recorded June 8, 1994.
Mr. Neal passed away on October 19, 1999.
The sister and niece of the late photographer Francis Gothard share memories of the widely-distributed image he took of the Kennedy motorcade from the balcony of the Adolphus Hotel. Marjorie Neal worked at KRLD Radio in 1963, while daughter Denise was in the sixth grade. Recorded January 17, 2014.
A U.S. Marine stationed at the barracks at 8th and I Streets in Washington, D.C., Neal participated in the funeral services for President Kennedy. Recorded December 5, 2009.
Politically active conservatives, the Neales were acquainted with members of the Dallas Russian community and met Marina Oswald prior to the Kennedy assassination. Bill Neale, a member of the Citizens Charter Association, was a longtime advertising executive in Dallas. Recorded January 14, 2011.
Ms. Neale passed away on March 25, 2016. Mr. Neale passed away on January 25, 2021.
A native of London, England, Neller was an advertising executive living in Toronto at the time of the assassination. He moved to Dallas, where he opened his own advertising firm, in 1968. Recorded July 1, 2010.
Six years old in 1963, Nelson was attending an all African-American preschool at Good Street Baptist Church in Dallas. He and his classmates saw the Kennedy motorcade. Recorded June 19, 2015.
Nessen served as White House Press Secretary for President Gerald Ford from 1974 to 1977. Prior to that, while working for NBC News throughout the 1960s, Nessen covered Presidents Kennedy and Johnson, civil rights, and the Vietnam War. Recorded June 8, 2015.
Neukom’s late father, Reuben Knight, served as John F. Kennedy’s 1960 campaign manager for Wichita County in Texas. Her parents attended the inauguration in January 1961. Neukom and her family were later at Dallas Love Field in the aftermath of the assassination. She was interviewed with her sister, Chrissy Knight Doherty. Recorded January 22, 2013.
Ms. Neukom passed away on January 2, 2016.
A commercial engineer in Dallas, Newby was at a job site in Oak Cliff when the assassination took place. Although not a Kennedy supporter, his views on the late president changed after 1963. Recorded April 26, 2013.
Newell was inspired by news coverage of the Kennedy assassination to become a journalist. In the 1990s, while working for the television program A Current Affair, he did many assassination-related stories, including the first on-camera interview with one of the infamous “three tramps” arrested in Dealey Plaza. Recorded August 16, 2012.
The closest civilian eyewitnesses to President Kennedy at the time of the fatal shot, the Newmans were on the north side of Dealey Plaza and shielded their small children after the shots were fired. They were then interviewed on live television approximately fifteen minutes after the assassination. Recorded March 10, 1993, July 10, 2003, November 22, 2004, July 15 and November 17, 2008, June 17 and November 11, 2009, September 25, 2010, February 17 and May 12, 2011, November 9, 2012, January 26 and November 9, 2013, and November 18, 2016.
Standing with their parents, Bill and Gayle Newman, on the north side of Elm Street, Billy, age four, and Clayton, age two, were among the closest civilian eyewitnesses to the assassination. They were shielded by their parents following the shooting. Recorded November 8 and November 9, 2013.
Newman was in attendance at the Dallas Trade Mart luncheon where President Kennedy was scheduled to speak. Recorded September 13, 1999.
Newman was a seventh-grade teacher at Highland Park Jr. High School in Dallas at the time of the assassination. A few years later, she taught seventh-grade math to John Hinckley Jr., who shot President Ronald Reagan in 1981. Recorded June 29, 2006.
Education specialist at the George W. Bush Presidential Library and Museum in Dallas, Nice participated in a Sixth Floor Museum panel discussion on presidential education. Recorded April 13, 2012.
An Alabama native, eleven-year-old Nichols and her family visited Dealey Plaza the Sunday following the assassination to pay their respects. In 1965, the family moved to Dallas. Recorded July 23, 2009.
Nichols was head of the Dallas Bar Association in 1963 and offered Lee Harvey Oswald legal assistance, which Oswald refused. Recorded June 1, 1999, and May 19, 2004.
Mr. Nichols passed away on April 25, 2010.
A friend of Texas Theatre cashier Julia Postal, Nichols was on her way to visit Postal at the theater when the assassination took place. Nichols believed that Postal was traumatized and frightened after the assassination, and as a result, she lost touch with her by the end of 1963. Recorded September 19, 2005.
Ms. Nichols passed away on November 9, 2016.
Nix is the son of the late Orville Nix Sr., a Dallas air conditioning engineer who recorded a famous film of the assassination across the street from Abraham Zapruder. The Nix film is considered one of the most important films made in Dealey Plaza. Recorded November 22, 1996, November 21, 2000, and August 15, 2002.
An ambulance driver with Camp and Son Funeral Home in Mesquite, Texas, Noah was inside Parkland Memorial Hospital when the presidential party arrived. He briefly examined the backseat of the Kennedy limousine. Recorded July 6, 2010.
Mr. Noah passed away on May 11, 2019.
Noah was working in a Dallas doctor’s office on November 22, 1963. Her late husband, ambulance driver Lyle Noah, was at Parkland Memorial Hospital at the time of the assassination. Recorded August 14, 2019.
Nolte and her mother arrived at Parkland Memorial Hospital shortly after the assassination on November 22, 1963. Unaware of the shooting, they were being vaccinated for international travel. Recorded February 8, 2016.
Currently a battalion chief with the Los Angeles Fire Department, Norman briefly spoke with Senator John F. Kennedy at a 1960 campaign rally in California. The encounter was captured in a photograph by Stanley Tretick and published in Life magazine. Recorded May 6, 2009.
An employee of the Texas School Book Depository in 1963, Norman was on the fifth floor underneath the alleged sniper’s perch at the time of the assassination. Recorded July 31, 1991.
Mr. Norman passed away on September 17, 1994.
As an associate producer on Geraldo Rivera’s ABC program, Goodnight America, in 1976, North arranged several assassination-related interviews, including Marguerite Oswald. In later years, as a radio broadcaster and freelance journalist, North continued to cover the assassination story, ultimately interviewing a number of Kennedy, Oswald, and Ruby family members. Recorded March 30, 2017.
Northway was a student at John J. Pershing Elementary in Dallas in 1963. He vividly recalls walking home following the assassination after his school was dismissed early. Recorded February 26, 2020.
The son-in-law and daughter of the late Judge Joe B. Brown shared memories of his life and career, including the 1964 Jack Ruby trial. As an engineer at Ling-Temco-Vought in the early 1960s, Don Norwood had the opportunity to see John F. Kennedy at the LTV plant in Grand Prairie, Texas. Recorded August 22, 2019.
Former director of the Dallas Committee on Foreign Relations, Novack is the daughter of the late Colorado Republican leader Peter H. Dominick. Dominick, an acquaintance of President Kennedy and his brothers, served in the U.S. House of Representatives (1961-63) and the U.S. Senate (1963-75). Recorded May 20, 2015.
A native of Buffalo, New York, Nowak was twelve years old in 1963. He is the author of The White House in Mourning: Deaths and Funerals of Presidents in Office (2010), as well as a book about presidential connections to Buffalo. Recorded April 16, 2018.
A 44-year employee with the Walt Disney Company, Nunis met Sen. John F. Kennedy when he visited Disneyland in 1960. As director of operations for the park in 1963, Nunis was in New York preparing for Disney’s role in the 1964 World’s Fair. He rushed back to California to close Disneyland on November 23, in memory of President Kennedy. Recorded October 8, 2007.